San Andreas Fire Code

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San Andreas Fire Code

Post by San Andreas State Clerk » Tue Mar 29, 2016 4:16 am

The Los Santos Fire Department reserves the right to make changes to the San Andreas Fire Code at any time per its authority in the San Andreas State Constitution
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Fire Code of 2016
Original Authors of the Fire Code: Brad Elliot, Kevin Alterlis, Allegra Nixon and Kenneth Harrison, J.D.

Revision Author: Russell Miles

Sponsor: Nick Apps, Niamh Crawford


Section 1 - Introduction

A Code to provide for a Fire Department and fire standards in respect of the protection of life and property, and related matters.

PART I
FIRE CODE



Section 2 - Changes to this Fire Code
  • The Fire Department or the Fire Marshal may make regulation changes at any time that are considered advisable or necessary for the purpose of keeping this Code up to date for the governing of fire safety standards for equipment, systems, buildings, structures, land and premises including regulations.
  • The Los Santos Government and any other state agency may directly request such amendments as contemplated above.
Section 3 - Fire Code of San Andreas

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3.1. Smoking
  • Where conditions are such as to make smoking a fire or explosion hazard, smoking shall be permitted only in specifically approved smoking areas that are outside and away from hazards. This includes gas stations.
  • Smoking shall be permitted in specifically approved smoking areas (outside) in regards Enclosed Public Spaces and Public Buildings. Any person found smoking inside the two listed examples above shall be asked to leave.
  • The areas where smoking is not permitted shall be identified by signs having black lettering 50 mm high with a 12.5 mm stroke on a yellow background, except that symbols of 150 mm by 150 mm may be used in lieu of lettering, or covered by instructions established under a fire safety plan and available to all persons.
  • Smoking and open flame devices shall not be permitted in a tent or air-supported structure unless provisions have been made for such activities under the fire safety plan.
  • Smoking within 100 feet of a room that contains compressed gas of any kind is prohibited. Signs that are 24 inches high and 24 inches wide must be posted within 100 feet of said room.
3.2. Open flames and open air burning.
  • Open flames shall not be permitted in buildings used for public assemblies in such quantities and in such a manner as to create a fire hazard unless approved.
  • Devices having open flames shall be securely supported in noncombustible holders and located or protected so as to prevent accidental contact of the flame with combustible materials.
  • Open air burning shall not be permitted unless approved, or unless such burning consists of a small, confined fire, supervised at all times, and used to cook food on a grill or a barbecue.
3.3. Use of hazardous materials.
  • Flammable liquids shall not be used for cleaning purposes except where the cleaning is an essential part of a process.
  • Flammable gases shall not be used in conjunction with inflatable items such as balloons.
  • In an accident involving Hazardous Materials, the Fire Department shall be notified within 48 hours, or the Fire Marshals Office and/or Hazardous Materials Response Team.
  • Hazardous Materials must be stored properly and safely. There should be minimal risk caused by the possession of hazardous materials. Low risk materials and small amounts should be placed in a special closet, low/medium amounts should be placed in a special closet/container if evaluated as medium risk. High risk/high amount of hazardous materials must be placed in a special room that is locked until the materials are required.
  • Storage of hazardous materials must be supported by fire safety equipment, such as a fire extinguisher, fire alarm and smoke detector.
3.4. Electrical Hazards.
  • Temporary electrical wiring shall not be used where it presents a fire hazard.
3.5. Vacant buildings.
  • Vacant buildings shall be secured against unauthorized entry by a relevant law enforcement agency.
3.6. Maintaining access free of obstructions.
  • Fire access routes and access panels or windows provided to facilitate access for firefighting operations shall not be obstructed by vehicles, gates, fences, building materials, vegetation, signs or any other form of obstruction. This includes the fire lane in front of banks, malls and other public areas.
  • Fire sprinkler and standpipe connections shall be clearly identified and maintained free of obstructions for use at all times.
  • Fire access routes shall be maintained so as to be immediately ready for use at all times by fire department vehicles. This includes the fire-lane in front of banks, malls and other public areas.
  • Approved signs shall be displayed to indicate fire access routes.
3.7. Exit signs inside a public building.
  • Required exit signs shall be clearly visible and maintained in a clean and legible condition.
  • Exit signs shall be illuminated, externally or internally, as appropriate for each sign’s design, while the building is occupied.
3.8. Smoke alarm installation.
  • Smoke alarms conforming to CAN/ULC-S531 (Standard for Smoke Alarms) shall be installed in accordance with this subsection provided that the owners of such property approve the installation. This is mandatory for private and public property.
  • In private property, smoke alarms shall be installed between each sleeping area and the remainder of the dwelling unit, and where the sleeping areas are served by hallways, the smoke alarms shall be installed in the hallways of a home. In kitchens/garages/helipads, where a lot of smoke is produced due to the room's purpose, a smoke detector is not required to be installed, however optionally a heat detector may be installed as a substitute.
  • In private property, in addition to the requirements in (B) above, at least one smoke alarm shall be installed on each floor that does not contain a sleeping area in a dwelling unit.
  • This subsection refers to public property. one smoke alarm is required per each room, unless the room is deemed (by the Fire Marshal and inspection officers) very small/unused/no fire hazards with a smoke alarm nearby. Further, if the smoke alarm would be easily falsely triggered (garage/helipad/kitchen) it does not need to be installed in that area.
  • In all property, smoke alarms shall be installed by permanent connections to an electrical circuit and shall have no disconnect switch between the over-current device and the smoke alarm.
3.9. Maintenance and lighting for exits.
  • Means of egress shall be maintained in good repair and free of obstructions.
  • Lighting provided for illumination in exits and access to exits, including corridors used by the public, shall be maintained.
3.10. Fire Escapes.
  • Exterior passageways, exterior stairways and fire escapes in occupied buildings shall be maintained in good repair and operational and kept free of snow and ice accumulations.
  • Where equipment is provided to melt snow or ice on exterior passageways, exterior stairways and fire escapes in an occupied building, the equipment shall be maintained in working order or alternative measures shall be taken as specified in (A).
  • Fire doors must be maintained at an appropriate width of 3 feet wide, 7 feet high, to accommodate all types of evacuees.
3.11. Fire Extinguishers placement.
  • Subsection 11 refers only to public property/public buildings.
  • Fire extinguishers are required in every building, in fully working condition, the pressure indicator must be in the green zone.
  • Each building must have the correct type of fire extinguisher. For example, a kitchen must have a Class F type fire extinguisher, and a computer lab requires a Class E type fire extinguisher: further details can be found on the Building Safety Requirements.
  • Each room and hallway must contain a fire extinguisher that is clearly visible, unless one is reasonably nearby (a few metres).
  • Fire hoses and alternative extinguishing methods may be used in addition to fire extinguishers. They can be used to replace standard fire extinguishers at the discretion of the Fire Marshal and inspectors.
3.12. Manual Fire Alarm installation.
  • Subsection 12 refers only to public property/public buildings.
  • Manual fire alarms are required in every building, in working conditions. They should raise an internal alarm, the alarm should raise the attention of all present in the building. It may optionally be connected to the Fire Department/external companies.
  • All key/significant areas of a building require a Manual Fire Alarm to be present, and clearly visible.
  • Along escape routes, manual fire alarms shall be installed.
3.13. Groundmap.
  • Subsection 13 refers only to public property/public buildings.
  • The ground map must be up to date and consistent between the building, containing all fire safety equipment. It is required in every building and at all key/significant areas, and must be clearly visible. It must contain:
  • Emergency exits must be marked on the ground map.
  • Emergency walk routes must be marked on the ground map.
  • Location of any hazardous materials and their storage points must be marked on the plan.
  • Location of all fire safety equipment must be marked on the ground map.
  • External/internal emergency numbers (911), must be included on the ground map.
  • The Fire Safety Equipment Control Panel's (system able to shut off sprinklers, fire alarm etc) location must be marked on the ground map, or a contact number to an external company that is able to control the systems remotely.
  • The emergency meeting point/assembly point must be clearly marked on the ground map, and clearly described in simple English for universal understanding.
3.14. Sprinklers.
  • Subsection 14 refers only to public property/public buildings.
  • Sprinklers are required to be installed, in all publicly accessible buildings, in every single room.
  • Sprinklers must be used in addition with Fire Extinguishers, and not as a replacement for them.

PART II
INSPECTIONS


Section 4 - Interpretation

For the purposes of this Part, fire safety includes safety from the risk that a fire, if started, would seriously endanger the health and safety of any person or the quality of the natural environment for any use that can be made of it.

Section 5 - Inspectors

The Fire Marshal or an inspection officer from the Fire Marshals Office is referred to as an inspector for the purposes of this Part.

Section 6 - Inspections

6.1. Property inspections

An inspector may enter and inspect land and premises for the purposes of assessing fire safety. This is not mandatory for residential property/private property (See Section 32 for Immediate Threat Inspections), however is so for public property/public buildings.

6.2. Necessity of inspections

It is necessary, that prior to the opening of public property, that it is inspected and approved by the Fire Marshals Office (the Fire Marshal and inspectors) for compliance with the Fire Code.

Section 7 - Time of entry

The power to enter and inspect land and premises without a warrant may be exercised at all reasonable times.

Section 8 - Assistance

An inspector who enters land or premises under this section may take with him or her a police officer or such other person as he or she considers advisable to assist.

Section 9 - Identification

On the request of an owner or occupant of the land or premises, an inspector shall identify him- or herself and shall explain the purpose of the entry.

Section 10 - Powers during inspection

An inspector conducting an inspection (with a warrant if required, meaning there is no probable cause [once law enforcement are on scene] nor any consent) may –
  • Examine a document or other thing that is relevant to the inspection;
  • Demand the production for inspection of a document or other thing that is relevant to the inspection;
  • Remove any thing that is relevant to the inspection for review and examination and remove any document that is relevant to the inspection for review and copying;
  • Conduct tests, take and remove samples, take photographs and make videotapes and other images, electronic or otherwise, that are relevant to the inspection;
  • In order to produce a document in readable form, use data storage, information processing or retrieval devices or systems that are normally used in the premises being inspected; and
  • Question a person on matters relevant to the inspection.
Section 11 - Obligation to produce and assist

If an inspector demands, after receiving a warrant, that a document or other thing be produced for inspection, the person who has custody of the document or thing shall produce it and, in the case of a document, shall on request provide any assistance that is reasonably necessary to interpret the document or to produce it in a readable form. This only applies to documents which are material to the integrity of the inspection itself.

Section 12 - Documents and things removed from place

A document or other thing that has been removed from land or premises –
  • Shall be made available to the person from whom it was removed on request and at a time and place that are convenient for the person and for the inspector; and
  • Shall, if it is possible to return the document or thing to the person, be returned within a reasonable time.
Section 13 - Copy admissible in evidence

A copy of a document that purports to be certified by an inspector as being a true copy of the original is admissible in evidence to the same extent as the original and has the same evidential value.

Section 14 - Inspection orders

An inspector who has carried out an inspection of land or premises under this Part may order the owner or occupant of the land or premises to take any measure necessary to ensure fire safety on the land and premises and may for that purpose order the owner or occupant –
  • To remove buildings or structures from the land or premises;
  • To make structural and other repairs or alterations, including material alterations, to the buildings or structures;
  • To remove combustible or explosive material or any thing that may constitute a fire hazard;
  • To install and use specified equipment or devices as may be necessary to contain hazardous material on the land or premises and, in the event of a fire, to remove or transport the material;
  • To discontinue the manufacturing, production or fabrication of any material, device or other thing that creates or poses an undue risk of fire or explosion;
  • To do anything respecting fire, health or public safety including anything relating to the containment of a possible fire, means of egress, fire alarms and detection, fire suppression and the preparation of a fire safety plan;
  • To remedy any contravention of the Fire Code.
Section 15 - Same, closure of premises
  • An inspector who has carried out an inspection of land or premises under section this Part may, with the approval of the Fire Marshal and upon such terms and conditions as the Fire Marshal considers proper -
  • Order that the owner or occupant of the land or premises close the land or premises and prevent persons from entering thereon until such time as the corrective actions ordered under the Part have been completed; or
  • If the inspector is of the opinion that it is necessary for the immediate protection of persons and property that the lands or premises be closed immediately, cause the land or premises to be closed immediately and persons on the premises to be removed and direct that the lands or premises remain closed and that the premises be vacated until such time as the corrective actions ordered under Part have been completed.
  • This subsection only applies to businesses and public structures. This cannot be ordered upon residences.

PART III
OFFENSES AND ENFORCEMENT


Section 16 - Offenses

Every person is guilty of a criminal offense if he or she -
  • Hinders, obstructs or interferes with the Fire Marshal, inspection officers or the Commissioner in the exercise of his or her powers and duties;
  • Prevents an inspector from entering land or premises, refuses to answer questions on matters relevant to the inspection or provides the inspector with information, on matters relevant to the inspection, that the person knows, or ought reasonably to know, to be false or misleading;
  • Refuses or neglects to obey or carry out the directives of the Fire Marshal, inspection officers or the Commissioner if given under the authority of this Code.
Section 17 - Penalty for above

An individual convicted of an offense under this Part is liable to -
  • In the case of an offense other than one described in (A) above, a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for a term of not more than one hour or both; and
  • In the case of an offensefor contravention of the Fire Code, a fine of not more than $25,000 or imprisonment for a term of not more than one hour, or both.
Section 18. Offense - director or officer of a corporation

A director or officer of a corporation who knows that the corporation is violating or has violated a provision of the Fire Code is guilty of an offense and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $50,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two hours, or to both. Said fine would be carried out by a relevant law enforcement agency.

Section 19. Offense – removal of posted notice.

Any person who removes a copy of an order or of a notice posted in accordance with this Part without the approval of the Fire Marshal, inspection officers or the Commissioner is guilty of an offense and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $2,000 or an arrest for a term of not more than 10 minutes, or to both.

Section 20. Offense - failure to comply with an inspection order.

Every person who fails to comply with an order made is guilty of an offense and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $100 for every day during which the default continues, and the imposition or payment of the fine does not relieve the person from complying with the order.

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