Helping Overcome Oppression and Validating Essential Rights Act of 2013An act to reaffirm the rights of the citizens.Principle Author: Brad HooverSection 1: ActsArticle I. The Los Santos government shall allocate “Free Speech Zones” in certain public areas for the purpose of assembly and protest. These areas are given the utmost protections to allow for free speech. Except in cases of imminent and widespread violence, such assemblies shall be immune to interference. Individuals who choose to commit crimes in these areas are not immune. All areas that are not "Free Speech Zones" will still require a permit from the Los Santos Government before a protest or demonstration is deemed legal.
Article II. The use of recording devices, including but not limited to, voice, video and picture, shall be permitted without question while on public property. This includes using such devices to record objects or people on private property but only while located on public property. The only exception is if you are actively interfering with emergency operations.
Article III. Property owners have the right to deny entrance or access to anyone. Nothing can be taken from a property without the property owner's permission. Police may only enter or seize private property if they have a warrant, are in pursuit of a suspect, or have exigent circumstances.
Article IV: You have the right to remain silent and cannot be compelled to testify against yourself. You have the right to know if and why you are being detained and any possible charges against you. If you are being questioned, you have a right to a lawyer. You cannot be compelled to testify against a spouse whom you are legally married to.
Article V: The government shall not impose excessive or cruel fines, bail or imprisonment.
Article VI: All citizens of Los Santos who are over the age of 18 have the right to vote and shall not be denied that right under any circumstances.
Article VII: You have the right to stand your ground and defend yourself as necessary if you have a reasonable belief that you are about to sustain imminent harm. You additionally have the right to protect your property or others in self-defense. Section 2: Author's NotesThe authors notes are to expand beyond the articles and give authorial intent in writing each section. If you are unsure of the meaning or consequences of an article refer to this section.
Article I: This article allows people the right to protest in these selected zones for any reason and at any time without having to obtain a permit. Anyone in the protest/demonstration who commits a crime, such as attacking someone or throwing rocks, is liable for their own action but the protest/demonstration as a whole cannot be held accountable for another person's action. For example, blocking a street in an area designated as a "Free Speech Zone" still constitutes breaking the law. Only in situations where the majority of the protestors are committing crimes should the protest be stopped. The Los Santos Government shall make public a list of locations with a corresponding map that list all "Free Speech Zones". Any changes to the list must be made public and a seven (7) day grace period allowed till those changes take effect.
Article II: This article allows anyone to film anyone on a public area. Public areas include but are not limited to streets, sidewalks, parks, beaches, public areas of government buildings etc. This act is allowed without question unless they are actively interfering with a police operation or committing a crime. Persons must be actively and intently obstructing police or other emergency government officials from conducting business to be deprived of this right. Bystanders filming police activities from a reasonable distance is allowed. Individuals who actively hinder an investigation or interfere at a scene are not protected under this article.
Article III: This article prevents wrongful trespassing by the government. This includes impounding of vehicles on private property without the property owners permission. People are allowed to deny frisk/search/enter. Exigent circumstances include armed gunmen or other dangerous situations that pose an imminent and severe threat to the public.
Article IV: You have the right to remain silent at any time. You may also refuse to answer when being questioned by any government authority. Remaining silent cannot be used by authorities as an admission of guilt. You additionally have the right to ask an Officer if you are being detained and receive a truthful answer. If you are being detained you have the right to know what charges are being held against you. If being questioned by a peace officer you have the right to have an attorney present. The Government can provide a lawyer if one is available or you can have your own lawyer present.
Article V: Any punishment shall fit the crime committed. Punishments can be appealed to the Department of Justice.
Article VI: The right to vote shall not be infringed for any reason. A person who is 18 or older has the unquestionable right to vote.
Article VII: An individual has the right to defend themselves against an attacker. You may only respond with proportional and justifiable response. The individual must believe that they are in immediate danger and force is necessary to prevent injury. Individuals cannot use self defense when directly involved in a related crime or criminal activity. For example, if a person's illegal activity leads them into a situation where they have to kill someone in order to save their own life they would not be able to claim self defense. However, the act of owning an unlicensed firearm is not enough to deny self defense.When in doubt the reasonable person standard should be applied for any conflicts or disagreements regarding the wording or meaning. The Courts of San Andreas shall have the final ruling if there are any disputes regarding to the Hoover Acts.