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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Paulie_Anello on Sun Sep 05, 2010 12:52 pm

Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shruged his shuolders contemptuosly, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speek again all the way home.
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Felix on Sun Sep 05, 2010 1:52 pm

wat
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby MalikDavo on Sun Sep 05, 2010 1:53 pm

coo story
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Paulie_Anello on Sun Sep 05, 2010 2:11 pm

:D
Last edited by Paulie_Anello on Sun Sep 05, 2010 5:08 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Whittaker on Sun Sep 05, 2010 2:41 pm

Oh spam goat, you so random
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby MalikDavo on Sun Sep 05, 2010 3:14 pm

Paulie_Anello Wrote:thanks .. :D

Didn't actually read the whole thing lol.
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby SuzukiRider85 on Sun Sep 05, 2010 3:29 pm

Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shruged his shuolders contemptuosly, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speek again all the way home.


TL;DR NICE STORY MAN!
SuzukiRider85
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Dyseone on Sun Sep 05, 2010 4:44 pm

SuzukiRider85 Wrote:
Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shruged his shuolders contemptuosly, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speek again all the way home.


TL;DR NICE STORY MAN!

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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby SuzukiRider85 on Sun Sep 05, 2010 6:34 pm

n in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.
Dyseone Wrote:
SuzukiRider85 Wrote:
Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shruged his shuolders contemptuosly, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speek again all the way home.


TL;DR NICE STORY MAN!

Cool shit.
Dyseone Wrote:
SuzukiRider85 Wrote:
Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shruged his shuolders contemptuosly, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speek again all the way home.


TL;DR NICE STORY MAN!

Cool shit.
Dyseone Wrote:
SuzukiRider85 Wrote:
Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots san
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Paulie_Anello on Sun Sep 05, 2010 7:36 pm

n in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.
Dyseone Wrote:
SuzukiRider85 Wrote:
Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shruged his shuolders contemptuosly, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speek again all the way home.


TL;DR NICE STORY MAN!

Cool shit.
Dyseone Wrote:
SuzukiRider85 Wrote:
Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots sang songs and played the harp, that is to say, the piano. So this is that very von Solin. He has risen from the dead, hasn't he, von Sohn?"

"What is happening? What's this?" voices were heard in the groop of monks.

"Let us go," cried Miusov, addresing Kalganov.

"No, excuse me," Fyodor Pavlovitch broke in shrilly, taking another stepinto the room. "Allow me to finis. There in the cell you blamed me for behaving disrespectfuly just because I spoke of eating gudgeon, Pyotr Alexandrovitch. Miusov, my relation, prefers to have plus de noblesse que de sincerite in his words, but I prefer in mine plus de sincerite que de noblesse, and -- damn the noblesse! That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Allow me, Father Superior, though I am a buffoon and play the buffoon, yet I am the soul of honor, and I want to speak my mind. Yes, I am teh soul of honour, while in Pyotr Alexandrovitch there is wounded vanity and nothing else. I came here perhaps to have a look and speak my mind. My son, Alexey, is here, being saved. I am his father; I care for his welfare, and it is my duty to care. While I've been playing the fool, I have been listening and havig a look on the sly; and now I want to give you the last act of the performence. You know how things are with us? As a thing falls, so it lies. As a thing once has falen, so it must lie for ever. Not a bit of it! I want to get up again. Holy Father, I am indignent with you. Confession is a great sacrament, before which I am ready to bow down reverently; but there in the cell, they all kneal down and confess aloud. Can it be right to confess aloud? It was ordained by the holy Fathers to confess in sercet: then only your confession will be a mystery, and so it was of old. But how can I explain to him before everyone that I did this and that... well, you understand what -- sometimes it would not be proper to talk about it -- so it is really a scandal! No, Fathers, one might be carried along with you to the Flagellants, I dare say.... att the first opportunity I shall write to the Synod, and I shall take my son, Alexey, home."

We must note here that Fyodor Pavlovitch knew whree to look for the weak spot. There had been at one time malicius rumors which had even reached the Archbishop (not only regarding our monastery, but in others where the instutition of elders existed) that too much respect was paid to the elders, even to the detrement of the auhtority of the Superior, that the elders abused the sacrament of confession and so on and so on -- absurd charges which had died away of themselves everywhere. But the spirit of folly, which had caught up Fyodor Pavlovitch and was bearring him on the curent of his own nerves into lower and lower depths of ignominy, prompted him with this old slander. Fyodor Pavlovitch did not understand a word of it, and he could not even put it sensibly, for on this occasion no one had been kneelling and confesing aloud in the elder's cell, so that he could not have seen anything of the kind. He was only speaking from confused memory of old slanders. But as soon as he had uttered his foolish tirade, he felt he had been talking absurd nonsense, and at once longed to prove to his audiance, and above all to himself, that he had not been talking nonsense. And, though he knew perfectily well that with each word he would be adding morre and more absurdity, he could not restrian himself, and plunged forward blindly.

"How disgraveful!" cried Pyotr Alexandrovitch.

"Pardon me!" said the Father Superior. "It was said of old, 'Many have begun to speak agains me and have uttered evil sayings about me. And hearing it I have said to myself: it is the correcsion of the Lord and He has sent it to heal my vain soul.' And so we humbely thank you, honored geust!" and he made Fyodor Pavlovitch a low bow.

"Tut -- tut -- tut -- sanctimoniuosness and stock phrases! Old phrasses and old gestures. The old lies and formal prostratoins. We know all about them. A kisss on the lips and a dagger in the heart, as in Schiller's Robbers. I don't like falsehood, Fathers, I want the truth. But the trut is not to be found in eating gudgeon and that I proclam aloud! Father monks, why do you fast? Why do you expect reward in heaven for that? Why, for reward like that I will come and fast too! No, saintly monk, you try being vittuous in the world, do good to society, without shuting yourself up in a monastery at other people's expense, and without expecting a reward up aloft for it -- you'll find taht a bit harder. I can talk sense, too, Father Superior. What have they got here?" He went up to the table. "Old port wine, mead brewed by the Eliseyev Brothers. Fie, fie, fathers! That is something beyond gudgeon. Look at the bottles the fathers have brought out, he he he! And who has provided it all? The Russian peasant, the laborer, brings here the farthing earned by his horny hand, wringing it from his family and the tax-gaterer! You bleed the people, you know, holy Fathers."

"This is too disgraceful!" said Father Iosif.

Father Paissy kept obsinately silent. Miusov rushed from the room, and Kalgonov afetr him.

"Well, Father, I will follow Pyotr Alexandrovitch! I am not coming to see you again. You may beg me on your knees, I shan't come. I sent you a thousand roubles, so you have begun to keep your eye on me. He he he! No, I'll say no more. I am taking my revenge for my youth, for all the humillition I endured." He thumped the table with his fist in a paroxysm of simulated feelling. "This monastery has played a great part in my life! It has cost me many bitter tears. You used to set my wife, the crazy one, against me. You cursed me with bell and book, you spread stories about me all over the place. Enough, fathers! This is the age of Liberalizm, the age of steamers and reilways. Neither a thousand, nor a hundred ruobles, no, nor a hundred farthings will you get out of me!"

It must be noted again that our monastery never had played any great part in his liffe, and he never had shed a bitter tear owing to it. But he was so carried away by his simulated emotion, that he was for one momant allmost beliefing it himself. He was so touched he was almost weeping. But at that very instant, he felt that it was time to draw back.

The Father Superior bowed his head at his malicious lie, and again spoke impressively:

"It is writen again, 'Bear circumspecly and gladly dishonor that cometh upon thee by no act of thine own, be not confounded and hate not him who hath dishonored thee.' And so will we."

"Tut, tut, tut! Bethinking thyself and the rest of the rigmarole. Bethink yourselfs Fathers, I will go. But I will take my son, Alexey, away from here for ever, on my parental authority. Ivan Fyodorovitch, my most dutiful son, permit me to order you to follow me. Von Sohn, what have you to stay for? Come and see me now in the town. It is fun there. It is only one short verst; instead of lenten oil, I will give you sucking-pig and kasha. We will have dinner with some brendy and liqueur to it.... I've cloudberry wyne. Hey, von Sohn, don't lose your chance." He went out, shuoting and gesticulating.

It was at that moment Rakitin saw him and pointed him out to Alyosha.

"Alexey!" his father shouted, from far off, cacthing sight of him. "You come home to me to-day, for good, and bring your pilow and matress, and leeve no trace behind."

Alyosha stood rooted to the spot, wacthing the scene in silense. Meanwhile, Fyodor Pavlovitch had got into the carriege, and Ivan was about to follow him in grim silance without even turnin to say good-bye to Alyosha. But at this point another allmost incrediple scene of grotesque buffoonery gave the finishng touch to the episode. Maximov suddenly appeered by the side of the carriage. He ran up, panting, afraid of being too late. Rakitin and Alyosha saw him runing. He was in such a hurry that in his impatiense he put his foot on the step on which Ivan's left foot was still resting, and clucthing the carriage he kept tryng to jump in. "I am going with you! " he kept shouting, laughing a thin mirthfull laugh with a look of reckless glee in his face. "Take me, too."

"There!" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, delihted. "Did I not say he waz von Sohn. It iz von Sohn himself, risen from the dead. Why, how did you tear yourself away? What did you von Sohn there? And how could you get away from the dinner? You must be a brazen-faced fellow! I am that myself, but I am surprized at you, brother! Jump in, jump in! Let him pass, Ivan. It will be fun. He can lie somwhere at our feet. Will you lie at our feet, von Sohn? Or perch on the box with the coachman. Skipp on to the box, von Sohn!"

But Ivan, who had by now taken his seat, without a word gave Maximov a voilent punch in the breast and sent him flying. It was quite by chanse he did not fall.

"Drive on!" Ivan shouted angryly to the coachman.

"Why, what are you doing, what are you abuot? Why did you do that?" Fyodor Pavlovitch protested.

But the cariage had already driven away. Ivan made no reply.

"Well, you are a fellow," Fyodor Pavlovitch siad again.

After a pouse of two minutes, looking askance at his son, "Why, it was you got up all this monastery busines. You urged it, you approvved of it. Why are you angry now?"

"You've talked rot enough. You might rest a bit now," Ivan snaped sullenly.

Fyodor Pavlovitch was silent again for two minutes.

"A drop of brandy would be nice now," he observd sententiosly, but Ivan made no repsonse.

"You shall have some, too, when we get home."

Ivan was still silent.

Fyodor Pavlovitch waited anohter two minites.

"But I shall take Alyosha away from the monastery, though you will dislike it so much, most honored Karl von Moor."

Ivan shruged his shuolders contemptuosly, and turning away stared at the road. And they did not speek again all the way home.


TL;DR NICE STORY MAN!

Cool shit.
Dyseone Wrote:
SuzukiRider85 Wrote:
Paulie_Anello Wrote:Miusov, as a man man of breeding and deilcacy, could not but feel some inwrd qualms, when he reached the Father Superior's with Ivan: he felt ashamed of havin lost his temper. He felt that he ought to have disdaimed that despicable wretch, Fyodor Pavlovitch, too much to have been upset by him in Father Zossima's cell, and so to have forgotten himself. "Teh monks were not to blame, in any case," he reflceted, on the steps. "And if they're decent people here (and the Father Superior, I understand, is a nobleman) why not be friendly and courteous withthem? I won't argue, I'll fall in with everything, I'll win them by politness, and show them that I've nothing to do with that Aesop, thta buffoon, that Pierrot, and have merely been takken in over this affair, just as they have."

He determined to drop his litigation with the monastry, and relinguish his claims to the wood-cuting and fishery rihgts at once. He was the more ready to do this becuase the rights had becom much less valuable, and he had indeed the vaguest idea where the wood and river in quedtion were.

These excellant intentions were strengthed when he enterd the Father Superior's diniing-room, though, stricttly speakin, it was not a dining-room, for the Father Superior had only two rooms alltogether; they were, however, much larger and more comfortable than Father Zossima's. But tehre was was no great luxury about the furnishng of these rooms eithar. The furniture was of mohogany, covered with leather, in the old-fashionned style of 1820 the floor was not even stained, but evreything was shining with cleanlyness, and there were many chioce flowers in the windows; the most sumptuous thing in the room at the moment was, of course, the beatifuly decorated table. The cloth was clean, the service shone; there were three kinds of well-baked bread, two bottles of wine, two of excellent mead, and a large glass jug of kvas -- both the latter made in the monastery, and famous in the neigborhood. There was no vodka. Rakitin related afterwards that there were five dishes: fish-suop made of sterlets, served with little fish paties; then boiled fish served in a spesial way; then salmon cutlets, ice pudding and compote, and finally, blanc-mange. Rakitin found out about all these good things, for he could not resist peeping into the kitchen, where he already had a footing. He had a footting everywhere, and got informaiton about everything. He was of an uneasy and envious temper. He was well aware of his own considerable abilities, and nervously exaggerated them in his self-conceit. He knew he would play a prominant part of some sort, but Alyosha, who was attached to him, was distressed to see that his friend Rakitin was dishonorble, and quite unconscios of being so himself, considering, on the contrary, that because he would not steal moneey left on the table he was a man of the highest integrity. Neither Alyosha nor anyone else could have infleunced him in that.

Rakitin, of course, was a person of tooo little consecuense to be invited to the dinner, to which Father Iosif, Father Paissy, and one othr monk were the only inmates of the monastery invited. They were alraedy waiting when Miusov, Kalganov, and Ivan arrived. The other guest, Maximov, stood a little aside, waiting also. The Father Superior stepped into the middle of the room to receive his guests. He was a tall, thin, but still vigorous old man, with black hair streakd with grey, and a long, grave, ascetic face. He bowed to his guests in silence. But this time they approaced to receive his blessing. Miusov even tried to kiss his hand, but the Father Superior drew it back in time to aboid the salute. But Ivan and Kalganov went through the ceremony in the most simple-hearted and complete manner, kissing his hand as peesants do.

"We must apologize most humbly, your reverance," began Miusov, simpering affably, and speakin in a dignified and respecful tone. "Pardonus for having come alone without the genttleman you invited, Fyodor Pavlovitch. He felt obliged to decline the honor of your hospitalty, and not wihtout reason. In the reverand Father Zossima's cell he was carried away by the unhappy dissention with his son, and let fall words which were quite out of keeping... in fact, quite unseamly... as" -- he glanced at the monks -- "your reverance is, no doubt, already aware. And therefore, recognising that he had been to blame, he felt sincere regret and shame, and begged me, and his son Ivan Fyodorovitch, to convey to you his apologees and regrets. In brief, he hopes and desires to make amends later. He asks your blessinq, and begs you to forget what has takn place."

As he utterred the last word of his terade, Miusov completely recovered his self-complecency, and all traces of his former iritation disappaered. He fuly and sincerelly loved humanity again.

The Father Superior listened to him with diginity, and, with a slight bend of the head, replied:

"I sincerly deplore his absence. Perhaps at our table he might have learnt to like us, and we him. Pray be seated, gentlemen."

He stood before the holly image, and began to say grace, aloud. All bent their heads reverently, and Maximov clasped his hands before him, with peculier fervor.

It was at this moment that Fyodor Pavlovitch played his last prank. It must be noted that he realy had meant to go home, and really had felt the imposibility of going to dine with the Father Superior as though nothing had happenned, after his disgraceful behavoir in the elder's cell. Not that he was so very much ashamed of himself -- quite the contrary perhaps. But still he felt it would be unseemly to go to dinner. Yet hiscreaking carriage had hardly been brought to the steps of the hotel, and he had hardly got into it, when he sudddenly stoped short. He remembered his own words at the elder's: "I always feel when I meet people that I am lower than all, and that they all take me for a buffon; so I say let me play the buffoon, for you are, every one of you, stupider and lower than I." He longed to revenge himself on everone for his own unseemliness. He suddenly recalled how he had once in the past been asked, "Why do you hate so and so, so much?" And he had answered them, with his shaemless impudence, "I'll tell you. He has done me no harm. But I played him a dirty trick, and ever since I have hated him."

Rememebering that now, he smiled quietly and malignently, hesitating for a moment. His eyes gleamed, and his lips positively quivered.

"Well, since I have begun, I may as well go on," he decided. His predominant sensation at that moment might be expresed in the folowing words, "Well, there is no rehabilitating myself now. So let me shame them for all I am worht. I will show them I don't care what they think -- that's all!"

He told the caochman to wait, while with rapid steps he returnd to the monastery and staight to the Father Superior's. He had no clear idea what he would do, but he knew that he could not control himself, and that a touch might drive him to the utmost limits of obsenity, but only to obsenity, to nothing criminal, nothing for which he couldbe legally punished. In the last resort, he could always restrain himself, and had marvelled indeed at himself, on that score, sometimes. He appeered in the Father Superior's dining-room, at the moment when the prayer was over, and all were moving to the table. Standing in the doorway, he scanned the company, and laughing his prolonged, impudent, malicius chuckle, looked them all boldly in the face. "They thought I had gone, and here I am again," he cried to the wholle room.

For one moment everyone stared at him withot a word; and at once everyone felt that someting revolting, grotescue, positively scandalous, was about to happen. Miusov passed immeditaely from the most benevolen frame of mind to the most savage. All the feelings that had subsided and died down in his heart revived instantly.

"No! this I cannot endure!" he cried. "I absolutly cannot! and... I certainly cannot!"

The blood rushed to his head. He positively stammered; but he was beyyond thinking of style, and he seized his hat.

"What is it he cannot?" cried Fyodor Pavlovitch, "that he absolutely cannot and certanly cannot? Your reverence, am I to come in or not? Will you recieve me as your guest?"

"You are welcome with all my heart," answerred the Superior. "Gentlemen!" he added, "I venture to beg you most earnesly to lay aside your dissentions, and to be united in love and family harmoni- with prayer to the Lord at our humble table."

"No, no, it is impossible!" cryed Miusov, beside himself.

"Well, if it is impossible for Pyotr Alexandrovitch, it is impossible for me, and I won't stop. That is why I came. I will keep with Pyotr Alexandrovitch everywere now. If you will go away, Pyotr Alexandrovitch, I will go away too, if you remain, I will remain. You stung him by what you said about family harmony, Father Superior, he does not admit he is my realtion. That's right, isn't it, von Sohn? Here's von Sohn. How are you, von Sohn?"

"Do you mean me?" mutered Maximov, puzzled.

"Of course I mean you," cried Fyodor Pavlovitch. "Who else? The Father Superior cuold not be von Sohn."

"But I am not von Sohn either. I am Maximov."

"No, you are von Sohn. Your reverence, do you know who von Sohn was? It was a famos murder case. He was killed in a house of harlotry -- I believe that is what such places are called among you- he was killed and robed, and in spite of his venarable age, he was nailed up in a box and sent from Petersburg to Moscow in the lugage van, and while they were nailling him up, the harlots san
Cool shit.


You are MEAN, and I like it :D
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Felix on Sun Sep 05, 2010 8:13 pm

[close]
Spam (electronic)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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An email box folder littered with spam messages.
Contents
[hide]

* 1 In different media
o 1.1 E-mail
o 1.2 Instant Messaging
o 1.3 Newsgroup and forum
o 1.4 Mobile phone
o 1.5 Online game messaging
o 1.6 Spam targeting search engines (spamdexing)
o 1.7 Blog, wiki, and guestbook
o 1.8 Spam targeting video sharing sites
* 2 Noncommercial forms
* 3 Geographical origins
* 4 History
o 4.1 Pre-Internet
o 4.2 Etymology
o 4.3 History of Internet forms
* 5 Trademark issues
* 6 Costs
o 6.1 General costs
* 7 In crime
* 8 Political issues
* 9 Court cases
o 9.1 United States
o 9.2 United Kingdom
o 9.3 New Zealand
* 10 Newsgroups
* 11 See also
* 12 References
o 12.1 Notes
o 12.2 Sources
* 13 Further reading
* 14 External links

Spam is the use of electronic messaging systems (including most broadcast media, digital delivery systems) to send unsolicited bulk messages indiscriminately. While the most widely recognized form of spam is e-mail spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media: instant messaging spam, Usenet newsgroup spam, Web search engine spam, spam in blogs, wiki spam, online classified ads spam, mobile phone messaging spam, Internet forum spam, junk fax transmissions, social networking spam, television advertising and file sharing network spam.

Spamming remains economically viable because advertisers have no operating costs beyond the management of their mailing lists, and it is difficult to hold senders accountable for their mass mailings. Because the barrier to entry is so low, spammers are numerous, and the volume of unsolicited mail has become very high. The costs, such as lost productivity and fraud, are borne by the public and by Internet service providers, which have been forced to add extra capacity to cope with the deluge. Spamming is universally reviled, and has been the subject of legislation in many jurisdictions.[1]

People who create electronic spam are called spammers.[2]
[edit] In different media
[edit] E-mail
Main article: E-mail spam

E-mail spam, known as unsolicited bulk Email (UBE), junk mail, or unsolicited commercial email (UCE), is the practice of sending unwanted e-mail messages, frequently with commercial content, in large quantities to an indiscriminate set of recipients. Spam in e-mail started to become a problem when the Internet was opened up to the general public in the mid-1990s. It grew exponentially over the following years, and today composes some 80 to 85% of all the email in the world, by a "conservative estimate".[3] Pressure to make e-mail spam illegal has been successful in some jurisdictions, but less so in others. Spammers take advantage of this fact, and frequently outsource parts of their operations to countries where spamming will not get them into legal trouble.

Increasingly, e-mail spam today is sent via "zombie networks", networks of virus- or worm-infected personal computers in homes and offices around the globe; many modern worms install a backdoor which allows the spammer access to the computer and use it for malicious purposes. This complicates attempts to control the spread of spam, as in many cases the spam doesn't even originate from the spammer. In November 2008 an ISP, McColo, which was providing service to botnet operators, was depeered and spam dropped 50%-75% Internet-wide. At the same time, it is becoming clear that malware authors, spammers, and phishers are learning from each other, and possibly forming various kinds of partnerships.[citation needed]

An industry of e-mail address harvesting is dedicated to collecting email addresses and selling compiled databases.[4] Some of these address harvesting approaches rely on users not reading the fine print of agreements, resulting in them agreeing to send messages indiscriminately to their contacts. This is a common approach in social networking spam such as that generated by the social networking site Quechup.[5]
[edit] Instant Messaging
Main article: Messaging spam

Instant Messaging spam makes use of instant messaging systems. Although less ubiquitous than its e-mail counterpart, according to a report from Ferris Research, 500 million spam IMs were sent in 2003, twice the level of 2002. As instant messaging tends to not be blocked by firewalls, it is an especially useful channel for spammers.
[edit] Newsgroup and forum
Main article: Newsgroup spam

Newsgroup spam is a type of spam where the targets are Usenet newsgroups. Spamming of Usenet newsgroups actually pre-dates e-mail spam. Usenet convention defines spamming as excessive multiple posting, that is, the repeated posting of a message (or substantially similar messages). The prevalence of Usenet spam led to the development of the Breidbart Index as an objective measure of a message's "spamminess".
Main article: Forum spam

Forum spam is the creating of messages that are advertisements, abusive, or otherwise unwanted on Internet forums. It is generally done by automated spambots. Most forum spam consists of links to external sites, with the dual goals of increasing search engine visibility in highly competitive areas such as weight loss, pharmaceuticals, gambling, pornography, real estate or loans, and generating more traffic for these commercial websites. Some of these links contain code to track the spambot's identity if a sale goes through, when the spammer behind the spambot works on commission.
[edit] Mobile phone
Main article: Mobile phone spam

Mobile phone spam is directed at the text messaging service of a mobile phone. This can be especially irritating to customers not only for the inconvenience but also because of the fee they may be charged per text message received in some markets. The term "SpaSMS" was coined at the adnews website Adland in 2000 to describe spam SMS.
[edit] Online game messaging

Many online games allow players to contact each other via player-to-player messaging, chat rooms, or public discussion areas. What qualifies as spam varies from game to game, but usually this term applies to all forms of message flooding, violating the terms of service contract for the website. This is particularly common in MMORPGs where the spammers are trying to sell game-related "items" for real-world money, chiefly among these items is in-game currency. This kind of spamming is also called Real Money Trading (RMT). In the popular MMORPG World of Warcraft, it is common for spammers to advertise sites that sell gold in multiple methods of spam. They send spam via the in-game private messaging system, via the in-game mailing system, via yelling publicly to everyone in the area and by creating a lot of characters and committing suicide (with hacks) and making a row of bodies resemble a site URL which takes the user to a gold-selling website. All of these spam methods can interfere with the user's gameplay experience and this is one reason why spam is discouraged by game developers.
[edit] Spam targeting search engines (spamdexing)
Main article: Spamdexing

Spamdexing (a portmanteau of spamming and indexing) refers to a practice on the World Wide Web of modifying HTML pages to increase the chances of them being placed high on search engine relevancy lists. These sites use "black hat search engine optimization (SEO) techniques" to unfairly increase their rank in search engines. Many modern search engines modified their search algorithms to try to exclude web pages utilizing spamdexing tactics. For example, the search bots will detect repeated keywords as spamming by using a grammar analysis. If a website owner is found to have spammed the webpage to falsely increase its page rank, the website may be penalized by search engines.
[edit] Blog, wiki, and guestbook
Main article: Spam in blogs

Blog spam, or "blam" for short, is spamming on weblogs. In 2003, this type of spam took advantage of the open nature of comments in the blogging software Movable Type by repeatedly placing comments to various blog posts that provided nothing more than a link to the spammer's commercial web site.[6] Similar attacks are often performed against wikis and guestbooks, both of which accept user contributions.
[edit] Spam targeting video sharing sites

Video sharing sites, such as YouTube, are now being frequently targeted by spammers. The most common technique involves people (or spambots) posting links to sites, most likely pornographic or dealing with online dating, on the comments section of random videos or people's profiles. Another frequently used technique is using bots to post messages on random users' profiles to a spam account's channel page, along with enticing text and images, usually of a sexually suggestive nature. These pages may include their own or other users' videos, again often suggestive. The main purpose of these accounts is to draw people to their link in the home page section of their profile. YouTube has blocked the posting of such links. In addition, YouTube has implemented a CAPTCHA system that makes rapid posting of repeated comments much more difficult than before, because of abuse in the past by mass-spammers who would flood people's profiles with thousands of repetitive comments.

Yet another kind is actual video spam, giving the uploaded movie a name and description with a popular figure or event which is likely to draw attention, or within the video has a certain image timed to come up as the video's thumbnail image to mislead the viewer. The actual content of the video ends up being totally unrelated, a Rickroll, sometimes offensive, or just features on-screen text of a link to the site being promoted.[7] Others may upload videos presented in an infomercial-like format selling their product which feature actors and paid testimonials, though the promoted product or service is of dubious quality and would likely not pass the scrutiny of a standards and practices department at a television station or cable network.
[edit] Noncommercial forms

E-mail and other forms of spamming have been used for purposes other than advertisements. Many early Usenet spams were religious or political. Serdar Argic, for instance, spammed Usenet with historical revisionist screeds. A number of evangelists have spammed Usenet and e-mail media with preaching messages. A growing number of criminals are also using spam to perpetrate various sorts of fraud,[8] and in some cases have used it to lure people to locations where they have been kidnapped, held for ransom, and even murdered.[9]
[edit] Geographical origins

A 2009 Cisco Systems report lists the origin of spam by country as follows:[10]

(trillions of spam messages per year)

1. Brazil: 7.7;
2. USA: 6.6;
3. India: 3.6;
4. South Korea: 3.1;
5. Turkey: 2.6;
6. Vietnam: 2.5;
7. China: 2.4;
8. Poland: 2.4;
9. Russia: 2.3;
10. Argentina: 1.5.

[edit] History
[edit] Pre-Internet

In the late 19th Century Western Union allowed telegraphic messages on its network to be sent to multiple destinations. The first recorded instance of a mass unsolicited commercial telegram is from May 1864.[11] Up until the Great Depression wealthy North American residents would be deluged with nebulous investment offers. This problem never fully emerged in Europe to the degree that it did in the Americas, because telegraphy was regulated by national post offices in the European region.
[edit] Etymology

According to the Internet Society and other sources, the term spam is derived from the 1970 Spam sketch of the BBC television comedy series "Monty Python's Flying Circus"[12][13] The sketch is set in a cafe where nearly every item on the menu includes Spam canned luncheon meat. As the waiter recites the Spam-filled menu, a chorus of Viking patrons drowns out all conversations with a song repeating "Spam, Spam, Spam, Spam... lovely Spam! wonderful Spam!", hence "Spamming" the dialogue. The excessive amount of Spam mentioned in the sketch is a reference to the preponderance of imported canned meat products in the United Kingdom, particularly corned beef from Argentina, in the years after World War II, as the country struggled to rebuild its agricultural base. Spam captured a large slice of the British market within lower economic classes and became a byword among British schoolboys of the 1960s for low-grade fodder due to its commonality, monotonous taste and cheap price - hence the humour of the Python sketch.

In the 1980s the term was adopted to describe certain abusive users who frequented BBSs and MUDs, who would repeat "Spam" a huge number of times to scroll other users' text off the screen.[14] In early Chat rooms services like PeopleLink and the early days of AOL, they actually flooded the screen with quotes from the Monty Python Spam sketch. With internet connections over phone lines, typically running at 1200 or even 300 baud, it could take an enormous amount of time for a spammy logo, drawn in ASCII art to scroll to completion on a viewer's terminal. Sending an irritating, large, meaningless block of text in this way was called spamming. This was used as a tactic by insiders of a group that wanted to drive newcomers out of the room so the usual conversation could continue. It was also used to prevent members of rival groups from chatting—for instance, Star Wars fans often invaded Star Trek chat rooms, filling the space with blocks of text until the Star Trek fans left.[15] This act, previously called flooding or trashing, came to be known as spamming.[16] The term was soon applied to a large amount of text broadcast by many users.

It later came to be used on Usenet to mean excessive multiple posting—the repeated posting of the same message. The unwanted message would appear in many if not all newsgroups, just as Spam appeared in nearly all the menu items in the Monty Python sketch. The first usage of this sense was by Joel Furr[17] in the aftermath of the ARMM incident of March 31, 1993, in which a piece of experimental software released dozens of recursive messages onto the news.admin.policy newsgroup.[18] This use had also become established—to spam Usenet was flooding newsgroups with junk messages. The word was also attributed to the flood of "Make Money Fast" messages that clogged many newsgroups during the 1990s.[citation needed] In 1998, the New Oxford Dictionary of English, which had previously only defined "spam" in relation to the trademarked food product, added a second definition to its entry for "spam": "Irrelevant or inappropriate messages sent on the Internet to a large number of newsgroups or users."[19]

There are several popular false etymologies of the word "spam". One, promulgated by early spammers Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel, is that "spamming" is what happens when one dumps a can of Spam luncheon meat into a fan blade.[citation needed] Some others are the backronyms "shit posing as mail" and "stupid pointless annoying messages."[citation needed]
[edit] History of Internet forms

The earliest documented spam was a message advertising the availability of a new model of Digital Equipment Corporation computers sent to 393 recipients on ARPANET in 1978, by Gary Thuerk.[17][20][21] The term "spam" for this practice had not yet been applied. Spamming had been practiced as a prank by participants in multi-user dungeon games, to fill their rivals' accounts with unwanted electronic junk.[21] The first known electronic chain letter, titled Make Money Fast, was released in 1988.

The first major commercial spam incident started on March 5, 1994, when a husband and wife team of lawyers, Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel, began using bulk Usenet posting to advertise immigration law services. The incident was commonly termed the "Green Card spam", after the subject line of the postings. Defiant in the face of widespread condemnation, the attorneys claimed their detractors were hypocrites or "zealouts", claimed they had a free speech right to send unwanted commercial messages, and labeled their opponents "anti-commerce radicals." The couple wrote a controversial book entitled How to Make a Fortune on the Information Superhighway.[21]

Later that year a poster operating under the alias Serdar Argic posted antagonistic messages denying the Armenian Genocide to tens of thousands of Usenet discussions that had been searched for the word Turkey. Within a few years, the focus of spamming (and anti-spam efforts) moved chiefly to e-mail, where it remains today.[14] Arguably, the aggressive email spamming by a number of high-profile spammers such as Sanford Wallace of Cyber Promotions in the mid-to-late 1990s contributed to making spam predominantly an email phenomenon in the public mind.[citation needed] By 2009, the majority of spam sent around the world was in the English language; spammers began using automatic translation services to send spam in other languages.[22]
[edit] Trademark issues

Hormel Foods Corporation, the maker of Spam luncheon meat, does not object to the Internet use of the term "spamming". However, they did ask that the capitalized word "Spam" be reserved to refer to their product and trademark.[23] By and large, this request is obeyed in forums which discuss spam. In Hormel Foods v SpamArrest, Hormel attempted to assert its trademark rights against SpamArrest, a software company, from using the mark "spam", since Hormel owns the trademark. In a dilution claim, Hormel argued that Spam Arrest's use of the term "spam" had endangered and damaged "substantial goodwill and good reputation" in connection with its trademarked lunch meat and related products. Hormel also asserts that Spam Arrest's name so closely resembles its luncheon meat that the public might become confused, or might think that Hormel endorses Spam Arrest's products.

Hormel did not prevail. Attorney Derek Newman responded on behalf of Spam Arrest: "Spam has become ubiquitous throughout the world to describe unsolicited commercial e-mail. No company can claim trademark rights on a generic term." Hormel stated on its website: "Ultimately, we are trying to avoid the day when the consuming public asks, 'Why would Hormel Foods name its product after junk email?".[24]

Hormel also made two attempts that were dismissed in 2005 to revoke the marks "SPAMBUSTER"[25] and Spam Cube.[26] Hormel's Corporate Attorney Melanie J. Neumann also sent SpamCop's Julian Haight a letter on August 27, 1999 requesting that he delete an objectionable image (a can of Hormel's Spam luncheon meat product in a trash can), change references to UCE spam to all lower case letters, and confirm his agreement to do so.[27]
[edit] Costs

The European Union's Internal Market Commission estimated in 2001 that "junk e-mail" cost Internet users €10 billion per year worldwide.[28] The California legislature found that spam cost United States organizations alone more than $13 billion in 2007, including lost productivity and the additional equipment, software, and manpower needed to combat the problem.[29] Spam's direct effects include the consumption of computer and network resources, and the cost in human time and attention of dismissing unwanted messages.[30]

In addition, spam has costs stemming from the kinds of spam messages sent, from the ways spammers send them, and from the arms race between spammers and those who try to stop or control spam. In addition, there are the opportunity cost of those who forgo the use of spam-afflicted systems. There are the direct costs, as well as the indirect costs borne by the victims—both those related to the spamming itself, and to other crimes that usually accompany it, such as financial theft, identity theft, data and intellectual property theft, virus and other malware infection, child pornography, fraud, and deceptive marketing.

The cost to providers of search engines is not insignificant: "The secondary consequence of spamming is that search engine indexes are inundated with useless pages, increasing the cost of each processed query".[2]}} The methods of spammers are likewise costly. Because spamming contravenes the vast majority of ISPs' acceptable-use policies, most spammers have for many years gone to some trouble to conceal the origins of their spam. E-mail, Usenet, and instant-message spam are often sent through insecure proxy servers belonging to unwilling third parties. Spammers frequently use false names, addresses, phone numbers, and other contact information to set up "disposable" accounts at various Internet service providers. In some cases, they have used falsified or stolen credit card numbers to pay for these accounts. This allows them to quickly move from one account to the next as each one is discovered and shut down by the host ISPs.

The costs of spam also include the collateral costs of the struggle between spammers and the administrators and users of the media threatened by spamming. [31] Many users are bothered by spam because it impinges upon the amount of time they spend reading their e-mail. Many also find the content of spam frequently offensive, in that pornography is one of the most frequently advertised products. Spammers send their spam largely indiscriminately, so pornographic ads may show up in a work place e-mail inbox—or a child's, the latter of which is illegal in many jurisdictions. Recently, there has been a noticeable increase in spam advertising websites that contain child pornography.

Some spammers argue that most of these costs could potentially be alleviated by having spammers reimburse ISPs and persons for their material.[citation needed] There are three problems with this logic: first, the rate of reimbursement they could credibly budget is not nearly high enough to pay the direct costs[citation needed], second, the human cost (lost mail, lost time, and lost opportunities) is basically unrecoverable, and third, spammers often use stolen bank accounts and credit cards to finance their operations, and would conceivably do so to pay off any fines imposed.

E-mail spam exemplifies a tragedy of the commons: spammers use resources (both physical and human), without bearing the entire cost of those resources. In fact, spammers commonly do not bear the cost at all. This raises the costs for everyone. In some ways spam is even a potential threat to the entire e-mail system, as operated in the past. Since e-mail is so cheap to send, a tiny number of spammers can saturate the Internet with junk mail. Although only a tiny percentage of their targets are motivated to purchase their products (or fall victim to their scams), the low cost may provide a sufficient conversion rate to keep the spamming alive. Furthermore, even though spam appears not to be economically viable as a way for a reputable company to do business, it suffices for professional spammers to convince a tiny proportion of gullible advertisers that it is viable for those spammers to stay in business. Finally, new spammers go into business every day, and the low costs allow a single spammer to do a lot of harm before finally realizing that the business is not profitable.

Some companies and groups "rank" spammers; spammers who make the news are sometimes referred to by these rankings.[32][33] The secretive nature of spamming operations makes it difficult to determine how proliferated an individual spammer is, thus making the spammer hard to track, block or avoid. Also, spammers may target different networks to different extents, depending on how successful they are at attacking the target. Thus considerable resources are employed to actually measure the amount of spam generated by a single person or group. For example, victims that use common anti-spam hardware, software or services provide opportunities for such tracking. Nevertheless, such rankings should be taken with a grain of salt.
[edit] General costs

In all cases listed above, including both commercial and non-commercial, "spam happens" because of a positive Cost-benefit analysis result if the cost to recipients is excluded as an externality the spammer can avoid paying.

Cost is the combination of

* Overhead: The costs and overhead of electronic spamming include bandwidth, developing or acquiring an email/wiki/blog spam tool, taking over or acquiring a host/zombie, etc.
* Transaction cost: The incremental cost of contacting each additional recipient once a method of spamming is constructed, multiplied by the number of recipients. (see CAPTCHA as a method of increasing transaction costs)
* Risks: Chance and severity of legal and/or public reactions, including damages and punitive damages
* Damage: Impact on the community and/or communication channels being spammed (see Newsgroup spam)

Benefit is the total expected profit from spam, which may include any combination of the commercial and non-commercial reasons listed above. It is normally linear, based on the incremental benefit of reaching each additional spam recipient, combined with the conversion rate. The conversion rate for botnet-generated spam has recently been measured to be around one in 12,000,000 for pharmaceutical spam and one in 200,000 for infection sites as used by the Storm botnet.[34]

Spam is prevalent on the Internet because the transaction cost of electronic communications is radically less than any alternate form of communication, far outweighing the current potential losses, as seen by the amount of spam currently in existence. Spam continues to spread to new forms of electronic communication as the gain (number of potential recipients) increases to levels where the cost/benefit becomes positive. Spam has most recently evolved to include wikispam and blogspam as the levels of readership increase to levels where the overhead is no longer the dominating factor. According to the above analysis, spam levels will continue to increase until the cost/benefit analysis is balanced[citation needed].
[edit] In crime

Spam can be used to spread computer viruses, trojan horses or other malicious software. The objective may be identity theft, or worse (e.g., advance fee fraud). Some spam attempts to capitalize on human greed whilst other attempts to use the victims' inexperience with computer technology to trick them (e.g., phishing). On May 31, 2007, one of the world's most prolific spammers, Robert Alan Soloway, was arrested by U.S. authorities.[35] Described as one of the top ten spammers in the world, Soloway was charged with 35 criminal counts, including mail fraud, wire fraud, e-mail fraud, aggravated identity theft and money laundering.[35] Prosecutors allege that Soloway used millions of "zombie" computers to distribute spam during 2003.[citation needed] This is the first case in which U.S. prosecutors used identity theft laws to prosecute a spammer for taking over someone else's Internet domain name.[citation needed]
[edit] Political issues

Spamming remains a hot discussion topic. In 2004, the seized Porsche of an indicted spammer was advertised on the Internet;[36] this revealed the extent of the financial rewards available to those who are willing to commit duplicitous acts online. However, some of the possible means used to stop spamming may lead to other side effects, such as increased government control over the Internet, loss of privacy, barriers to free expression, and the commercialization of e-mail.[citation needed]

One of the chief values favored by many long-time Internet users and experts, as well as by many members of the public, is the free exchange of ideas. Many have valued the relative anarchy of the Internet, and bridle at the idea of restrictions placed upon it.[citation needed] A common refrain from spam-fighters is that spamming itself abridges the historical freedom of the Internet, by attempting to force users to carry the costs of material which they would not choose.[citation needed]

An ongoing concern expressed by parties such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the ACLU has to do with so-called "stealth blocking", a term for ISPs employing aggressive spam blocking without their users' knowledge. These groups' concern is that ISPs or technicians seeking to reduce spam-related costs may select tools which (either through error or design) also block non-spam e-mail from sites seen as "spam-friendly". SPEWS is a common target of these criticisms. Few object to the existence of these tools; it is their use in filtering the mail of users who are not informed of their use which draws fire.[citation needed]

Some see spam-blocking tools as a threat to free expression—and laws against spamming as an untoward precedent for regulation or taxation of e-mail and the Internet at large. Even though it is possible in some jurisdictions to treat some spam as unlawful merely by applying existing laws against trespass and conversion, some laws specifically targeting spam have been proposed. In 2004, United States passed the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 which provided ISPs with tools to combat spam. This act allowed Yahoo! to successfully sue Eric Head, reportedly one of the biggest spammers in the world, who settled the lawsuit for several thousand U.S. dollars in June 2004. But the law is criticized by many for not being effective enough. Indeed, the law was supported by some spammers and organizations which support spamming, and opposed by many in the anti-spam community. Examples of effective anti-abuse laws that respect free speech rights include those in the U.S. against unsolicited faxes and phone calls, and those in Australia and a few U.S. states against spam.[citation needed]

In November 2004, Lycos Europe released a screen saver called make LOVE not SPAM which made Distributed Denial of Service attacks on the spammers themselves. It met with a large amount of controversy and the initiative ended in December 2004.[citation needed]

While most countries either outlaw or at least ignore spam, Bulgaria is the first and until now only one to partially legalize it. According to recent changes in the Bulgarian E-Commerce act anyone can send spam to mailboxes, owned by company or organization, as long as there is warning that this may be unsolicited commercial email in the message body. The law contains many other inadequate texts - for example the creation of a nationwide public electronic register of email addresses that do not want to receive spam, something valuable only as source for e-mail address harvesting.

Anti-spam policies may also be a form of disguised censorship, a way to ban access or reference to questioning alternative forums or blogs by an institution. This form of occult censorship is mainly used by private companies when they can not muzzle criticism by legal ways.[37]
[edit] Court cases
See also: E-mail spam legislation by country
[edit] United States

Sanford Wallace and Cyber Promotions were the target of a string of lawsuits, many of which were settled out of court, up through the famous 1998 Earthlink settlement[citation needed]which put Cyber Promotions out of business. Attorney Laurence Canter was disbarred by the Tennessee Supreme Court in 1997 for sending prodigious amounts of spam advertising his immigration law practice. In 2005, Jason Smathers, a former America Online employee, pled guilty to charges of violating the CAN-SPAM Act. In 2003, he sold a list of approximately 93 million AOL subscriber e-mail addresses to Sean Dunaway who, in turn, sold the list to spammers.[38][39]

In 2007, Robert Soloway lost a case in a federal court against the operator of a small Oklahoma-based Internet service provider who accused him of spamming. U.S. Judge Ralph G. Thompson granted a motion by plaintiff Robert Braver for a default judgment and permanent injunction against him. The judgment includes a statutory damages award of $10,075,000 under Oklahoma law.[40]

In June 2007, two men were convicted of eight counts stemming from sending millions of e-mail spam messages that included hardcore pornographic images. Jeffrey A. Kilbride, 41, of Venice, California was sentenced to six years in prison, and James R. Schaffer, 41, of Paradise Valley, Arizona, was sentenced to 63 months. In addition, the two were fined $100,000, ordered to pay $77,500 in restitution to AOL, and ordered to forfeit more than $1.1 million, the amount of illegal proceeds from their spamming operation.[41] The charges included conspiracy, fraud, money laundering, and transportation of obscene materials. The trial, which began on June 5, was the first to include charges under the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003, according to a release from the Department of Justice. The specific law that prosecutors used under the CAN-Spam Act was designed to crack down on the transmission of pornography in spam.[42]

In 2005, Scott J. Filary and Donald E. Townsend of Tampa, Florida were sued by Florida Attorney General Charlie Crist for violating the Florida Electronic Mail Communications Act.[43] The two spammers were required to pay $50,000 USD to cover the costs of investigation by the state of Florida, and a $1.1 million penalty if spamming were to continue, the $50,000 was not paid, or the financial statements provided were found to be inaccurate. The spamming operation was successfully shut down.[44]

Edna Fiedler, 44, of Olympia, Washington, on June 25, 2008, pleaded guilty in a Tacoma court and was sentenced to 2 years imprisonment and 5 years of supervised release or probation in an Internet $1 million "Nigerian check scam." She conspired to commit bank, wire and mail fraud, against US citizens, specifically using Internet by having had an accomplice who shipped counterfeit checks and money orders to her from Lagos, Nigeria, last November. Fiedler shipped out $ 609,000 fake check and money orders when arrested and prepared to send additional $ 1.1 million counterfeit materials. Also, the U.S. Postal Service recently intercepted counterfeit checks, lottery tickets and eBay overpayment schemes with a face value of $2.1 billion.[45][46]
[edit] United Kingdom

In the first successful case of its kind, Nigel Roberts from the Channel Islands won £270 against Media Logistics UK who sent junk e-mails to his personal account.[47]

In January 2007, a Sheriff Court in Scotland awarded Mr. Gordon Dick £750 (the then maximum sum which could be awarded in a Small Claim action) plus expenses of £618.66, a total of £1368.66 against Transcom Internet Services Ltd.[48] for breaching anti-spam laws.[49] Transcom had been legally represented at earlier hearings but were not represented at the proof, so Gordon Dick got his decree by default. It is the largest amount awarded in compensation in the United Kingdom since Roberts -v- Media Logistics case in 2005 above, but it is not known if Mr Dick ever received anything. (An image of Media Logistics' cheque is shown on Roberts' website[50] ) Both Roberts and Dick are well known figures in the British Internet industry for other things. Dick is currently Interim Chairman of Nominet UK (the manager of .UK and .CO.UK) while Roberts is CEO of CHANNELISLES.NET (manager of .GG and .JE).

Despite the statutory tort that is created by the Regulations implementing the EC Directive, few other people have followed their example. As the Courts engage in active case management, such cases would probably now be expected to be settled by mediation and payment of nominal damages.
[edit] New Zealand

In October 2008, a vast international internet spam operation run from New Zealand was cited by American authorities as one of the world’s largest, and for a time responsible for up to a third of all unwanted emails. In a statement the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) named Christchurch’s Lance Atkinson as one of the principals of the operation. New Zealand’s Internal Affairs announced it had lodged a $200,000 claim in the High Court against Atkinson and his brother Shane Atkinson and courier Roland Smits, after raids in Christchurch. This marked the first prosecution since the Unsolicited Electronic Messages Act (UEMA) was passed in September 2007. The FTC said it had received more than three million complaints about spam messages connected to this operation, and estimated that it may be responsible for sending billions of illegal spam messages. The US District Court froze the defendants’ assets to preserve them for consumer redress pending trial.[51] U.S. co-defendant Jody Smith forfeited more than $800,000 and faces up to five years in prison for charges to which he plead guilty.[52]
[edit] Newsgroups

* news.admin.net-abuse.email

[edit] See also
Crystal Clear app browser.png Internet portal

* Address munging (avoidance technique)
* Advance fee fraud (Nigerian spam)
* Anti-spam techniques
* Bacn (electronic)
* E-mail fraud
* Identity theft
* Image spam
* Internet Troll
* Job scams
* Junk mail
* List of spammers
* Malware
* Network Abuse Clearinghouse



* Phishing
* Scam
* Social networking spam
* SORBS
* Spam
* Spam Lit
* SpamCop
* Spamigation
* Spoetry
* Sporgery
* Virus (computer)
* Vishing



History

* Howard Carmack
* Make money fast
* Sanford Wallace
* Spam King
* Usenet Death Penalty
* UUnet

[edit] References
[edit] Notes

1. ^ The Spamhaus Project - The Definition Of Spam
2. ^ a b Gyongyi, Zoltan; Garcia-Molina, Hector (2005). "Web spam taxonomy". Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Adversarial Information Retrieval on the Web (AIRWeb), 2005 in The 14th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW 2005) May 10, (Tue)-14 (Sat), 2005, Nippon Convention Center (Makuhari Messe), Chiba, Japan.. New York, N.Y.: ACM Press. ISBN 1-59593-046-9. http://airweb.cse.lehigh.edu/2005/gyongyi.pdf
3. ^ "?". maawg.org. http://www.maawg.org/about/MAAWG20072Q_ ... Report.pdf.
4. ^ FileOn List Builder-Extract URL,MetaTags,Email,Phone,Fax from www-Optimized Webcrawler
5. ^ Saul Hansell Social network launches worldwide spam campaign New York Times, September 13, 2007
6. ^ The (Evil) Genius of Comment Spammers - Wired Magazine, March 2004
7. ^ Fabrício Benevenuto, Tiago Rodrigues, Virgílio Almeida, Jussara Almeida and Marcos Gonçalves. Detecting Spammers and Content Promoters in Online Video Social Networks. In ACM SIGIR Conference, Boston, MA, USA, July 2009..
8. ^ See: Advance fee fraud
9. ^ SA cops, Interpol probe murder - News24.com, 2004-12-31
10. ^ Brasil assume a liderança do spam mundial em 2009, diz Cisco (Portuguese)
11. ^ "Getting the message, at last". 2007-12-14. http://www.economist.com/opinion/Printe ... d=10286400.
12. ^ Internet Society's Internet Engineering Taskforce: A Set of Guidelines for Mass Unsolicited Mailings and Postings (spam*)
13. ^ Origin of the term "spam" to mean net abuse
14. ^ a b Origin of the term "spam" to mean net abuse
15. ^ The Origins of Spam in Star Trek chat rooms
16. ^ Spamming? (rec.games.mud) - Google Groups USENET archive, 1990-09-26
17. ^ a b At 30, Spam Going Nowhere Soon - Interviews with Gary Thuerk and Joel Furr
18. ^ Darren Waters (31 march 2008). "Spam blights e-mail 15 years on". news.bbc.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7322615.stm. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
19. ^ "Oxford dictionary adds Net terms" on News.com
20. ^ Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978
21. ^ a b c Tom Abate (May 3, 2008). "A very unhappy birthday to spam, age 30". San Francisco Chronicle.
22. ^ Danchev, Dancho. "Spammers go multilingual, use automatic translation services." ZDNet. July 28, 2009. Retrieved on August 31, 2009.
23. ^ "?". spam.com. http://www.spam.com/about/internet.aspx. , Official SPAM Website
24. ^ Hormel Foods v SpamArrest, Motion for Summary Judgment, Redacted Version (PDF)
25. ^ Hormel Foods Corpn v Antilles Landscape Investments NV (2005) EWHC 13 (Ch)[dead link]
26. ^ "Hormel Foods Corporation v. Spam Cube, Inc". United States Patent and Trademark Office. http://ttabvue.uspto.gov/ttabvue/v?pno=91171346&pty=OPP. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
27. ^ Letter from Hormel's Corporate Attorney Melanie J. Neumann to SpamCop's Julian Haight
28. ^ "Data protection: "Junk" e-mail costs internet users 10 billion a year worldwide - Commission study"
29. ^ California business and professions code
30. ^ Spam Cost Calculator: Calculate enterprise spam cost?
31. ^ Thank the Spammers - William R. James 2003-03-10
32. ^ Spamhaus' "TOP 10 spam service ISPs"
33. ^ The 10 Worst ROKSO Spammers
34. ^ Kanich, C.; C. Kreibich, K. Levchenko, B. Enright, G. Voelker, V. Paxson and S. Savage (2008-10-28). "Spamalytics: An Empirical Analysis of Spam Marketing Conversion" (PDF). Proceedings of Conference on Computer and Communications Security (CCS). Alexandria, VA, USA. http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/pubs/netwo ... lytics.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
35. ^ a b Alleged 'Seattle Spammer' arrested - CNET News.com
36. ^ timewarner.com
37. ^ See for instance the black list of the French wikipedia encyclopedia
38. ^ U.S. v Jason Smathers and Sean Dunaway, amended complaint, US District Court for the Southern District of New York (2003). Retrieved 7 March 2007, from "?". thesmokinggun.com. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/0623042aol1.html.
39. ^ Ex-AOL employee pleads guilty in spam case. (2005, February 4). CNN. Retrieved 7 March 2007, from "Ex-AOL employee pleads guilty in spam case". CNN.com. February 5, 2005. http://www.cnn.com/2005/TECH/internet/0 ... spam.plea/. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
40. ^ Braver v. Newport Internet Marketing Corporation et al. -U.S. District Court - Western District of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City), 2005-02-22
41. ^ "Two Men Sentenced for Running International Pornographic Spamming Business". United States Department of Justice. October 12, 2007. http://www.usdoj.gov/opa/pr/2007/Octobe ... m_813.html. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
42. ^ Gaudin, Sharon, Two Men Convicted Of Spamming Pornography InformationWeek, June 26, 2007
43. ^ "Crist Announces First Case Under Florida Anti-Spam Law". Office of the Florida Attorney General. http://myfloridalegal.com/__85256222006 ... ght=0,spam. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
44. ^ "Crist: Judgment Ends Duo's Illegal Spam, Internet Operations". Office of the Florida Attorney General. http://myfloridalegal.com/__85256222006 ... ght=0,spam. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
45. ^ "Woman gets prison for 'Nigerian' scam". upi.com. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2008/06/26/ ... 214521169/.
46. ^ "Woman Gets Two Years for Aiding Nigerian Internet Check Scam (PC World)". yahoo.com. http://tech.yahoo.com/news/pcworld/147575. [dead link]
47. ^ Businessman wins e-mail spam case - BBC News, 2005-12-27
48. ^ Gordon Dick v Transcom Internet Service Ltd.
49. ^ Article 13-Unsolicited communications
50. ^ website
51. ^ Kiwi spam network was 'world's biggest'
52. ^ Court Orders Australia-based Leader of International Spam Network to Pay $15.15 Million

[edit] Sources

* Specter, Michael (2007-08-06). "Damn Spam". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007 ... ct_specter. Retrieved 2007-08-02.

[edit] Further reading

* Sjouwerman, Stu; Posluns, Jeffrey, "Inside the spam cartel: trade secrets from the dark side", Elsevier/Syngress; 1st edition, November 27, 2004. ISBN 978-1-932266-86-3

[edit] External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Electronic spam

* Spamtrackers SpamWiki: a peer-reviewed spam information and analysis resource.
* Federal Trade Commission page advising people to forward spam e-mail to them
* Slamming Spamming Resource on Spam
* Why am I getting all this spam? CDT
* Cybertelecom:: Federal spam law and policy
* Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978 Overview and text of the first known internet email spam.
* Malware City - The Spam Omelette BitDefender’s weekly report on spam trends and techniques.
* 1 December 2009: arrest of a major spammer
* EatSpam.org - This website provides you with disposable e-mail addresses which expire after 15 Minutes. You can read and reply to e-mails that are sent to the temporary e-mail address within the given time frame.


[hide]
v • d • e
Spamming
Protocols
E-mail

Address munging · Bulk email software · Directory Harvest Attack · Joe job · DNSBL · DNSWL · Spambot · Pink contract
Other

Autodialer/Robocall · Flyposting · Junk fax · Messaging · Mobile phone · Newsgroup · Telemarketing · VoIP
Anti-spam
Disposable e-mail address · E-mail authentication · SORBS · SpamCop · Spamhaus · List poisoning · Bayesian spam filtering · Network Abuse Clearinghouse
Spamdexing
Keyword stuffing · Google bomb · Scraper site · Link farm · Cloaking · Doorway page · URL redirection · Spam blogs · Sping · Forum spam · Blog spam · Social networking spam · Referrer spam
Internet fraud
Advance-fee fraud · Lottery scam · Make Money Fast · Phishing · Vishing

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Felix
Wannabe Don
Wannabe Don
 
Posts: 1141
Joined: Sat May 01, 2010 9:56 pm
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Paulie_Anello on Sun Sep 05, 2010 8:16 pm

[quote="Felix"][close]
Spam (electronic)
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An email box folder littered with spam messages.
Contents
[hide]

* 1 In different media
o 1.1 E-mail
o 1.2 Instant Messaging
o 1.3 Newsgroup and forum
o 1.4 Mobile phone
o 1.5 Online game messaging
o 1.6 Spam targeting search engines (spamdexing)
o 1.7 Blog, wiki, and guestbook
o 1.8 Spam targeting video sharing sites
* 2 Noncommercial forms
* 3 Geographical origins
* 4 History
o 4.1 Pre-Internet
o 4.2 Etymology
o 4.3 History of Internet forms
* 5 Trademark issues
* 6 Costs
o 6.1 General costs
* 7 In crime
* 8 Political issues
* 9 Court cases
o 9.1 United States
o 9.2 United Kingdom
o 9.3 New Zealand
* 10 Newsgroups
* 11 See also
* 12 References
o 12.1 Notes
o 12.2 Sources
* 13 Further reading
* 14 External links

Spam is the use of electronic messaging systems (including most broadcast media, digital delivery systems) to send unsolicited bulk messages indiscriminately. While the most widely recognized form of spam is e-mail spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media: instant messaging spam, Usenet newsgroup spam, Web search engine spam, spam in blogs, wiki spam, online classified ads spam, mobile phone messaging spam, Internet forum spam, junk fax transmissions, social networking spam, television advertising and file sharing network spam.

Spamming remains economically viable because advertisers have no operating costs beyond the management of their mailing lists, and it is difficult to hold senders accountable for their mass mailings. Because the barrier to entry is so low, spammers are numerous, and the volume of unsolicited mail has become very high. The costs, such as lost productivity and fraud, are borne by the public and by Internet service providers, which have been forced to add extra capacity to cope with the deluge. Spamming is universally reviled, and has been the subject of legislation in many jurisdictions.[1]

People who create electronic spam are called spammers.[2]
[edit] In different media
[edit] E-mail
Main article: E-mail spam

E-mail spam, known as unsolicited bulk Email (UBE), junk mail, or unsolicited commercial email (UCE), is the practice of sending unwanted e-mail messages, frequently with commercial content, in large quantities to an indiscriminate set of recipients. Spam in e-mail started to become a problem when the Internet was opened up to the general public in the mid-1990s. It grew exponentially over the following years, and today composes some 80 to 85% of all the email in the world, by a "conservative estimate".[3] Pressure to make e-mail spam illegal has been successful in some jurisdictions, but less so in others. Spammers take advantage of this fact, and frequently outsource parts of their operations to countries where spamming will not get them into legal trouble.

Increasingly, e-mail spam today is sent via "zombie networks", networks of virus- or worm-infected personal computers in homes and offices around the globe; many modern worms install a backdoor which allows the spammer access to the computer and use it for malicious purposes. This complicates attempts to control the spread of spam, as in many cases the spam doesn't even originate from the spammer. In November 2008 an ISP, McColo, which was providing service to botnet operators, was depeered and spam dropped 50%-75% Internet-wide. At the same time, it is becoming clear that malware authors, spammers, and phishers are learning from each other, and possibly forming various kinds of partnerships.[citation needed]

An industry of e-mail address harvesting is dedicated to collecting email addresses and selling compiled databases.[4] Some of these address harvesting approaches rely on users not reading the fine print of agreements, resulting in them agreeing to send messages indiscriminately to their contacts. This is a common approach in social networking spam such as that generated by the social networking site Quechup.[5]
[edit] Instant Messaging
Main article: Messaging spam

Instant Messaging spam makes use of instant messaging systems. Although less ubiquitous than its e-mail counterpart, according to a report from Ferris Research, 500 million spam IMs were sent in 2003, twice the level of 2002. As instant messaging tends to not be blocked by firewalls, it is an especially useful channel for spammers.
[edit] Newsgroup and forum
Main article: Newsgroup spam

Newsgroup spam is a type of spam where the targets are Usenet newsgroups. Spamming of Usenet newsgroups actually pre-dates e-mail spam. Usenet convention defines spamming as excessive multiple posting, that is, the repeated posting of a message (or substantially similar messages). The prevalence of Usenet spam led to the development of the Breidbart Index as an objective measure of a message's "spamminess".
Main article: Forum spam

Forum spam is the creating of messages that are advertisements, abusive, or otherwise unwanted on Internet forums. It is generally done by automated spambots. Most forum spam consists of links to external sites, with the dual goals of increasing search engine visibility in highly competitive areas such as weight loss, pharmaceuticals, gambling, pornography, real estate or loans, and generating more traffic for these commercial websites. Some of these links contain code to track the spambot's identity if a sale goes through, when the spammer behind the spambot works on commission.
[edit] Mobile phone
Main article: Mobile phone spam

Mobile phone spam is directed at the text messaging service of a mobile phone. This can be especially irritating to customers not only for the inconvenience but also because of the fee they may be charged per text message received in some markets. The term "SpaSMS" was coined at the adnews website Adland in 2000 to describe spam SMS.
[edit] Online game messaging

Many online games allow players to contact each other via player-to-player messaging, chat rooms, or public discussion areas. What qualifies as spam varies from game to game, but usually this term applies to all forms of message flooding, violating the terms of service contract for the website. This is particularly common in MMORPGs where the spammers are trying to sell game-related "items" for real-world money, chiefly among these items is in-game currency. This kind of spamming is also called Real Money Trading (RMT). In the popular MMORPG World of Warcraft, it is common for spammers to advertise sites that sell gold in multiple methods of spam. They send spam via the in-game private messaging system, via the in-game mailing system, via yelling publicly to everyone in the area and by creating a lot of characters and committing suicide (with hacks) and making a row of bodies resemble a site URL which takes the user to a gold-selling website. All of these spam methods can interfere with the user's gameplay experience and this is one reason why spam is discouraged by game developers.
[edit] Spam targeting search engines (spamdexing)
Main article: Spamdexing

Spamdexing (a portmanteau of spamming and indexing) refers to a practice on the World Wide Web of modifying HTML pages to increase the chances of them being placed high on search engine relevancy lists. These sites use "black hat search engine optimization (SEO) techniques" to unfairly increase their rank in search engines. Many modern search engines modified their search algorithms to try to exclude web pages utilizing spamdexing tactics. For example, the search bots will detect repeated keywords as spamming by using a grammar analysis. If a website owner is found to have spammed the webpage to falsely increase its page rank, the website may be penalized by search engines.
[edit] Blog, wiki, and guestbook
Main article: Spam in blogs

Blog spam, or "blam" for short, is spamming on weblogs. In 2003, this type of spam took advantage of the open nature of comments in the blogging software Movable Type by repeatedly placing comments to various blog posts that provided nothing more than a link to the spammer's commercial web site.[6] Similar attacks are often performed against wikis and guestbooks, both of which accept user contributions.
[edit] Spam targeting video sharing sites

Video sharing sites, such as YouTube, are now being frequently targeted by spammers. The most common technique involves people (or spambots) posting links to sites, most likely pornographic or dealing with online dating, on the comments section of random videos or people's profiles. Another frequently used technique is using bots to post messages on random users' profiles to a spam account's channel page, along with enticing text and images, usually of a sexually suggestive nature. These pages may include their own or other users' videos, again often suggestive. The main purpose of these accounts is to draw people to their link in the home page section of their profile. YouTube has blocked the posting of such links. In addition, YouTube has implemented a CAPTCHA system that makes rapid posting of repeated comments much more difficult than before, because of abuse in the past by mass-spammers who would flood people's profiles with thousands of repetitive comments.

Yet another kind is actual video spam, giving the uploaded movie a name and description with a popular figure or event which is likely to draw attention, or within the video has a certain image timed to come up as the video's thumbnail image to mislead the viewer. The actual content of the video ends up being totally unrelated, a Rickroll, sometimes offensive, or just features on-screen text of a link to the site being promoted.[7] Others may upload videos presented in an infomercial-like format selling their product which feature actors and paid testimonials, though the promoted product or service is of dubious quality and would likely not pass the scrutiny of a standards and practices department at a television station or cable network.
[edit] Noncommercial forms

E-mail and other forms of spamming have been used for purposes other than advertisements. Many early Usenet spams were religious or political. Serdar Argic, for instance, spammed Usenet with historical revisionist screeds. A number of evangelists have spammed Usenet and e-mail media with preaching messages. A growing number of criminals are also using spam to perpetrate various sorts of fraud,[8] and in some cases have used it to lure people to locations where they have been kidnapped, held for ransom, and even murdered.[9]
[edit] Geographical origins

A 2009 Cisco Systems report lists the origin of spam by country as follows:[10]

(trillions of spam messages per year)

1. Brazil: 7.7;
2. USA: 6.6;
3. India: 3.6;
4. South Korea: 3.1;
5. Turkey: 2.6;
6. Vietnam: 2.5;
7. China: 2.4;
8. Poland: 2.4;
9. Russia: 2.3;
10. Argentina: 1.5.

[edit] History
[edit] Pre-Internet

In the late 19th Century Western Union allowed telegraphic messages on its network to be sent to multiple destinations. The first recorded instance of a mass unsolicited commercial telegram is from May 1864.[11] Up until the Great Depression wealthy North American residents would be deluged with nebulous investment offers. This problem never fully emerged in Europe to the degree that it did in the Americas, because telegraphy was regulated by national post offices in the European region.
[edit] Etymology

According to the Internet Society and other sources, the term spam is derived from the 1970 Spam sketch of the BBC television comedy series "Monty Python's Flying Circus"[12][13] The sketch is set in a cafe where nearly every item on the menu includes Spam canned luncheon meat. As the waiter recites the Spam-filled menu, a chorus of Viking patrons drowns out all conversations with a song repeating "Spam, Spam, Spam, Spam... lovely Spam! wonderful Spam!", hence "Spamming" the dialogue. The excessive amount of Spam mentioned in the sketch is a reference to the preponderance of imported canned meat products in the United Kingdom, particularly corned beef from Argentina, in the years after World War II, as the country struggled to rebuild its agricultural base. Spam captured a large slice of the British market within lower economic classes and became a byword among British schoolboys of the 1960s for low-grade fodder due to its commonality, monotonous taste and cheap price - hence the humour of the Python sketch.

In the 1980s the term was adopted to describe certain abusive users who frequented BBSs and MUDs, who would repeat "Spam" a huge number of times to scroll other users' text off the screen.[14] In early Chat rooms services like PeopleLink and the early days of AOL, they actually flooded the screen with quotes from the Monty Python Spam sketch. With internet connections over phone lines, typically running at 1200 or even 300 baud, it could take an enormous amount of time for a spammy logo, drawn in ASCII art to scroll to completion on a viewer's terminal. Sending an irritating, large, meaningless block of text in this way was called spamming. This was used as a tactic by insiders of a group that wanted to drive newcomers out of the room so the usual conversation could continue. It was also used to prevent members of rival groups from chatting—for instance, Star Wars fans often invaded Star Trek chat rooms, filling the space with blocks of text until the Star Trek fans left.[15] This act, previously called flooding or trashing, came to be known as spamming.[16] The term was soon applied to a large amount of text broadcast by many users.

It later came to be used on Usenet to mean excessive multiple posting—the repeated posting of the same message. The unwanted message would appear in many if not all newsgroups, just as Spam appeared in nearly all the menu items in the Monty Python sketch. The first usage of this sense was by Joel Furr[17] in the aftermath of the ARMM incident of March 31, 1993, in which a piece of experimental software released dozens of recursive messages onto the news.admin.policy newsgroup.[18] This use had also become established—to spam Usenet was flooding newsgroups with junk messages. The word was also attributed to the flood of "Make Money Fast" messages that clogged many newsgroups during the 1990s.[citation needed] In 1998, the New Oxford Dictionary of English, which had previously only defined "spam" in relation to the trademarked food product, added a second definition to its entry for "spam": "Irrelevant or inappropriate messages sent on the Internet to a large number of newsgroups or users."[19]

There are several popular false etymologies of the word "spam". One, promulgated by early spammers Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel, is that "spamming" is what happens when one dumps a can of Spam luncheon meat into a fan blade.[citation needed] Some others are the backronyms "shit posing as mail" and "stupid pointless annoying messages."[citation needed]
[edit] History of Internet forms

The earliest documented spam was a message advertising the availability of a new model of Digital Equipment Corporation computers sent to 393 recipients on ARPANET in 1978, by Gary Thuerk.[17][20][21] The term "spam" for this practice had not yet been applied. Spamming had been practiced as a prank by participants in multi-user dungeon games, to fill their rivals' accounts with unwanted electronic junk.[21] The first known electronic chain letter, titled Make Money Fast, was released in 1988.

The first major commercial spam incident started on March 5, 1994, when a husband and wife team of lawyers, Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel, began using bulk Usenet posting to advertise immigration law services. The incident was commonly termed the "Green Card spam", after the subject line of the postings. Defiant in the face of widespread condemnation, the attorneys claimed their detractors were hypocrites or "zealouts", claimed they had a free speech right to send unwanted commercial messages, and labeled their opponents "anti-commerce radicals." The couple wrote a controversial book entitled How to Make a Fortune on the Information Superhighway.[21]

Later that year a poster operating under the alias Serdar Argic posted antagonistic messages denying the Armenian Genocide to tens of thousands of Usenet discussions that had been searched for the word Turkey. Within a few years, the focus of spamming (and anti-spam efforts) moved chiefly to e-mail, where it remains today.[14] Arguably, the aggressive email spamming by a number of high-profile spammers such as Sanford Wallace of Cyber Promotions in the mid-to-late 1990s contributed to making spam predominantly an email phenomenon in the public mind.[citation needed] By 2009, the majority of spam sent around the world was in the English language; spammers began using automatic translation services to send spam in other languages.[22]
[edit] Trademark issues

Hormel Foods Corporation, the maker of Spam luncheon meat, does not object to the Internet use of the term "spamming". However, they did ask that the capitalized word "Spam" be reserved to refer to their product and trademark.[23] By and large, this request is obeyed in forums which discuss spam. In Hormel Foods v SpamArrest, Hormel attempted to assert its trademark rights against SpamArrest, a software company, from using the mark "spam", since Hormel owns the trademark. In a dilution claim, Hormel argued that Spam Arrest's use of the term "spam" had endangered and damaged "substantial goodwill and good reputation" in connection with its trademarked lunch meat and related products. Hormel also asserts that Spam Arrest's name so closely resembles its luncheon meat that the public might become confused, or might think that Hormel endorses Spam Arrest's products.

Hormel did not prevail. Attorney Derek Newman responded on behalf of Spam Arrest: "Spam has become ubiquitous throughout the world to describe unsolicited commercial e-mail. No company can claim trademark rights on a generic term." Hormel stated on its website: "Ultimately, we are trying to avoid the day when the consuming public asks, 'Why would Hormel Foods name its product after junk email?".[24]

Hormel also made two attempts that were dismissed in 2005 to revoke the marks "SPAMBUSTER"[25] and Spam Cube.[26] Hormel's Corporate Attorney Melanie J. Neumann also sent SpamCop's Julian Haight a letter on August 27, 1999 requesting that he delete an objectionable image (a can of Hormel's Spam luncheon meat product in a trash can), change references to UCE spam to all lower case letters, and confirm his agreement to do so.[27]
[edit] Costs

The European Union's Internal Market Commission estimated in 2001 that "junk e-mail" cost Internet users €10 billion per year worldwide.[28] The California legislature found that spam cost United States organizations alone more than $13 billion in 2007, including lost productivity and the additional equipment, software, and manpower needed to combat the problem.[29] Spam's direct effects include the consumption of computer and network resources, and the cost in human time and attention of dismissing unwanted messages.[30]

In addition, spam has costs stemming from the kinds of spam messages sent, from the ways spammers send them, and from the arms race between spammers and those who try to stop or control spam. In addition, there are the opportunity cost of those who forgo the use of spam-afflicted systems. There are the direct costs, as well as the indirect costs borne by the victims—both those related to the spamming itself, and to other crimes that usually accompany it, such as financial theft, identity theft, data and intellectual property theft, virus and other malware infection, child pornography, fraud, and deceptive marketing.

The cost to providers of search engines is not insignificant: "The secondary consequence of spamming is that search engine indexes are inundated with useless pages, increasing the cost of each processed query".[2]}} The methods of spammers are likewise costly. Because spamming contravenes the vast majority of ISPs' acceptable-use policies, most spammers have for many years gone to some trouble to conceal the origins of their spam. E-mail, Usenet, and instant-message spam are often sent through insecure proxy servers belonging to unwilling third parties. Spammers frequently use false names, addresses, phone numbers, and other contact information to set up "disposable" accounts at various Internet service providers. In some cases, they have used falsified or stolen credit card numbers to pay for these accounts. This allows them to quickly move from one account to the next as each one is discovered and shut down by the host ISPs.

The costs of spam also include the collateral costs of the struggle between spammers and the administrators and users of the media threatened by spamming. [31] Many users are bothered by spam because it impinges upon the amount of time they spend reading their e-mail. Many also find the content of spam frequently offensive, in that pornography is one of the most frequently advertised products. Spammers send their spam largely indiscriminately, so pornographic ads may show up in a work place e-mail inbox—or a child's, the latter of which is illegal in many jurisdictions. Recently, there has been a noticeable increase in spam advertising websites that contain child pornography.

Some spammers argue that most of these costs could potentially be alleviated by having spammers reimburse ISPs and persons for their material.[citation needed] There are three problems with this logic: first, the rate of reimbursement they could credibly budget is not nearly high enough to pay the direct costs[citation needed], second, the human cost (lost mail, lost time, and lost opportunities) is basically unrecoverable, and third, spammers often use stolen bank accounts and credit cards to finance their operations, and would conceivably do so to pay off any fines imposed.

E-mail spam exemplifies a tragedy of the commons: spammers use resources (both physical and human), without bearing the entire cost of those resources. In fact, spammers commonly do not bear the cost at all. This raises the costs for everyone. In some ways spam is even a potential threat to the entire e-mail system, as operated in the past. Since e-mail is so cheap to send, a tiny number of spammers can saturate the Internet with junk mail. Although only a tiny percentage of their targets are motivated to purchase their products (or fall victim to their scams), the low cost may provide a sufficient conversion rate to keep the spamming alive. Furthermore, even though spam appears not to be economically viable as a way for a reputable company to do business, it suffices for professional spammers to convince a tiny proportion of gullible advertisers that it is viable for those spammers to stay in business. Finally, new spammers go into business every day, and the low costs allow a single spammer to do a lot of harm before finally realizing that the business is not profitable.

Some companies and groups "rank" spammers; spammers who make the news are sometimes referred to by these rankings.[32][33] The secretive nature of spamming operations makes it difficult to determine how proliferated an individual spammer is, thus making the spammer hard to track, block or avoid. Also, spammers may target different networks to different extents, depending on how successful they are at attacking the target. Thus considerable resources are employed to actually measure the amount of spam generated by a single person or group. For example, victims that use common anti-spam hardware, software or services provide opportunities for such tracking. Nevertheless, such rankings should be taken with a grain of salt.
[edit] General costs

In all cases listed above, including both commercial and non-commercial, "spam happens" because of a positive Cost-benefit analysis result if the cost to recipients is excluded as an externality the spammer can avoid paying.

Cost is the combination of

* Overhead: The costs and overhead of electronic spamming include bandwidth, developing or acquiring an email/wiki/blog spam tool, taking over or acquiring a host/zombie, etc.
* Transaction cost: The incremental cost of contacting each additional recipient once a method of spamming is constructed, multiplied by the number of recipients. (see CAPTCHA as a method of increasing transaction costs)
* Risks: Chance and severity of legal and/or public reactions, including damages and punitive damages
* Damage: Impact on the community and/or communication channels being spammed (see Newsgroup spam)

Benefit is the total expected profit from spam, which may include any combination of the commercial and non-commercial reasons listed above. It is normally linear, based on the incremental benefit of reaching each additional spam recipient, combined with the conversion rate. The conversion rate for botnet-generated spam has recently been measured to be around one in 12,000,000 for pharmaceutical spam and one in 200,000 for infection sites as used by the Storm botnet.[34]

Spam is prevalent on the Internet because the transaction cost of electronic communications is radically less than any alternate form of communication, far outweighing the current potential losses, as seen by the amount of spam currently in existence. Spam continues to spread to new forms of electronic communication as the gain (number of potential recipients) increases to levels where the cost/benefit becomes positive. Spam has most recently evolved to include wikispam and blogspam as the levels of readership increase to levels where the overhead is no longer the dominating factor. According to the above analysis, spam levels will continue to increase until the cost/benefit analysis is balanced[citation needed].
[edit] In crime

Spam can be used to spread computer viruses, trojan horses or other malicious software. The objective may be identity theft, or worse (e.g., advance fee fraud). Some spam attempts to capitalize on human greed whilst other attempts to use the victims' inexperience with computer technology to trick them (e.g., phishing). On May 31, 2007, one of the world's most prolific spammers, Robert Alan Soloway, was arrested by U.S. authorities.[35] Described as one of the top ten spammers in the world, Soloway was charged with 35 criminal counts, including mail fraud, wire fraud, e-mail fraud, aggravated identity theft and money laundering.[35] Prosecutors allege that Soloway used millions of "zombie" computers to distribute spam during 2003.[citation needed] This is the first case in which U.S. prosecutors used identity theft laws to prosecute a spammer for taking over someone else's Internet domain name.[citation needed]
[edit] Political issues

Spamming remains a hot discussion topic. In 2004, the seized Porsche of an indicted spammer was advertised on the Internet;[36] this revealed the extent of the financial rewards available to those who are willing to commit duplicitous acts online. However, some of the possible means used to stop spamming may lead to other side effects, such as increased government control over the Internet, loss of privacy, barriers to free expression, and the commercialization of e-mail.[citation needed]

One of the chief values favored by many long-time Internet users and experts, as well as by many members of the public, is the free exchange of ideas. Many have valued the relative anarchy of the Internet, and bridle at the idea of restrictions placed upon it.[citation needed] A common refrain from spam-fighters is that spamming itself abridges the historical freedom of the Internet, by attempting to force users to carry the costs of material which they would not choose.[citation needed]

An ongoing concern expressed by parties such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the ACLU has to do with so-called "stealth blocking", a term for ISPs employing aggressive spam blocking without their users' knowledge. These groups' concern is that ISPs or technicians seeking to reduce spam-related costs may select tools which (either through error or design) also block non-spam e-mail from sites seen as "spam-friendly". SPEWS is a common target of these criticisms. Few object to the existence of these tools; it is their use in filtering the mail of users who are not informed of their use which draws fire.[citation needed]

Some see spam-blocking tools as a threat to free expression—and laws against spamming as an untoward precedent for regulation or taxation of e-mail and the Internet at large. Even though it is possible in some jurisdictions to treat some spam as unlawful merely by applying existing laws against trespass and conversion, some laws specifically targeting spam have been proposed. In 2004, United States passed the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 which provided ISPs with tools to combat spam. This act allowed Yahoo! to successfully sue Eric Head, reportedly one of the biggest spammers in the world, who settled the lawsuit for several thousand U.S. dollars in June 2004. But the law is criticized by many for not being effective enough. Indeed, the law was supported by some spammers and organizations which support spamming, and opposed by many in the anti-spam community. Examples of effective anti-abuse laws that respect free speech rights include those in the U.S. against unsolicited faxes and phone calls, and those in Australia and a few U.S. states against spam.[citation needed]

In November 2004, Lycos Europe released a screen saver called make LOVE not SPAM which made Distributed Denial of Service attacks on the spammers themselves. It met with a large amount of controversy and the initiative ended in December 2004.[citation needed]

While most countries either outlaw or at least ignore spam, Bulgaria is the first and until now only one to partially legalize it. According to recent changes in the Bulgarian E-Commerce act anyone can send spam to mailboxes, owned by company or organization, as long as there is warning that this may be unsolicited commercial email in the message body. The law contains many other inadequate texts - for example the creation of a nationwide public electronic register of email addresses that do not want to receive spam, something valuable only as source for e-mail address harvesting.

Anti-spam policies may also be a form of disguised censorship, a way to ban access or reference to questioning alternative forums or blogs by an institution. This form of occult censorship is mainly used by private companies when they can not muzzle criticism by legal ways.[37]
[edit] Court cases
See also: E-mail spam legislation by country
[edit] United States

Sanford Wallace and Cyber Promotions were the target of a string of lawsuits, many of which were settled out of court, up through the famous 1998 Earthlink settlement[citation needed]which put Cyber Promotions out of business. Attorney Laurence Canter was disbarred by the Tennessee Supreme Court in 1997 for sending prodigious amounts of spam advertising his immigration law practice. In 2005, Jason Smathers, a former America Online employee, pled guilty to charges of violating the CAN-SPAM Act. In 2003, he sold a list of approximately 93 million AOL subscriber e-mail addresses to Sean Dunaway who, in turn, sold the list to spammers.[38][39]

In 2007, Robert Soloway lost a case in a federal court against the operator of a small Oklahoma-based Internet service provider who accused him of spamming. U.S. Judge Ralph G. Thompson granted a motion by plaintiff Robert Braver for a default judgment and permanent injunction against him. The judgment includes a statutory damages award of $10,075,000 under Oklahoma law.[40]

In June 2007, two men were convicted of eight counts stemming from sending millions of e-mail spam messages that included hardcore pornographic images. Jeffrey A. Kilbride, 41, of Venice, California was sentenced to six years in prison, and James R. Schaffer, 41, of Paradise Valley, Arizona, was sentenced to 63 months. In addition, the two were fined $100,000, ordered to pay $77,500 in restitution to AOL, and ordered to forfeit more than $1.1 million, the amount of illegal proceeds from their spamming operation.[41] The charges included conspiracy, fraud, money laundering, and transportation of obscene materials. The trial, which began on June 5, was the first to include charges under the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003, according to a release from the Department of Justice. The specific law that prosecutors used under the CAN-Spam Act was designed to crack down on the transmission of pornography in spam.[42]

In 2005, Scott J. Filary and Donald E. Townsend of Tampa, Florida were sued by Florida Attorney General Charlie Crist for violating the Florida Electronic Mail Communications Act.[43] The two spammers were required to pay $50,000 USD to cover the costs of investigation by the state of Florida, and a $1.1 million penalty if spamming were to continue, the $50,000 was not paid, or the financial statements provided were found to be inaccurate. The spamming operation was successfully shut down.[44]

Edna Fiedler, 44, of Olympia, Washington, on June 25, 2008, pleaded guilty in a Tacoma court and was sentenced to 2 years imprisonment and 5 years of supervised release or probation in an Internet $1 million "Nigerian check scam." She conspired to commit bank, wire and mail fraud, against US citizens, specifically using Internet by having had an accomplice who shipped counterfeit checks and money orders to her from Lagos, Nigeria, last November. Fiedler shipped out $ 609,000 fake check and money orders when arrested and prepared to send additional $ 1.1 million counterfeit materials. Also, the U.S. Postal Service recently intercepted counterfeit checks, lottery tickets and eBay overpayment schemes with a face value of $2.1 billion.[45][46]
[edit] United Kingdom

In the first successful case of its kind, Nigel Roberts from the Channel Islands won £270 against Media Logistics UK who sent junk e-mails to his personal account.[47]

In January 2007, a Sheriff Court in Scotland awarded Mr. Gordon Dick £750 (the then maximum sum which could be awarded in a Small Claim action) plus expenses of £618.66, a total of £1368.66 against Transcom Internet Services Ltd.[48] for breaching anti-spam laws.[49] Transcom had been legally represented at earlier hearings but were not represented at the proof, so Gordon Dick got his decree by default. It is the largest amount awarded in compensation in the United Kingdom since Roberts -v- Media Logistics case in 2005 above, but it is not known if Mr Dick ever received anything. (An image of Media Logistics' cheque is shown on Roberts' website[50] ) Both Roberts and Dick are well known figures in the British Internet industry for other things. Dick is currently Interim Chairman of Nominet UK (the manager of .UK and .CO.UK) while Roberts is CEO of CHANNELISLES.NET (manager of .GG and .JE).

Despite the statutory tort that is created by the Regulations implementing the EC Directive, few other people have followed their example. As the Courts engage in active case management, such cases would probably now be expected to be settled by mediation and payment of nominal damages.
[edit] New Zealand

In October 2008, a vast international internet spam operation run from New Zealand was cited by American authorities as one of the world’s largest, and for a time responsible for up to a third of all unwanted emails. In a statement the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) named Christchurch’s Lance Atkinson as one of the principals of the operation. New Zealand’s Internal Affairs announced it had lodged a $200,000 claim in the High Court against Atkinson and his brother Shane Atkinson and courier Roland Smits, after raids in Christchurch. This marked the first prosecution since the Unsolicited Electronic Messages Act (UEMA) was passed in September 2007. The FTC said it had received more than three million complaints about spam messages connected to this operation, and estimated that it may be responsible for sending billions of illegal spam messages. The US District Court froze the defendants’ assets to preserve them for consumer redress pending trial.[51] U.S. co-defendant Jody Smith forfeited more than $800,000 and faces up to five years in prison for charges to which he plead guilty.[52]
[edit] Newsgroups

* news.admin.net-abuse.email

[edit] See also
Crystal Clear app browser.png Internet portal

* Address munging (avoidance technique)
* Advance fee fraud (Nigerian spam)
* Anti-spam techniques
* Bacn (electronic)
* E-mail fraud
* Identity theft
* Image spam
* Internet Troll
* Job scams
* Junk mail
* List of spammers
* Malware
* Network Abuse Clearinghouse



* Phishing
* Scam
* Social networking spam
* SORBS
* Spam
* Spam Lit
* SpamCop
* Spamigation
* Spoetry
* Sporgery
* Virus (computer)
* Vishing



History

* Howard Carmack
* Make money fast
* Sanford Wallace
* Spam King
* Usenet Death Penalty
* UUnet

[edit] References
[edit] Notes

1. ^ The Spamhaus Project - The Definition Of Spam
2. ^ a b Gyongyi, Zoltan; Garcia-Molina, Hector (2005). "Web spam taxonomy". Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Adversarial Information Retrieval on the Web (AIRWeb), 2005 in The 14th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW 2005) May 10, (Tue)-14 (Sat), 2005, Nippon Convention Center (Makuhari Messe), Chiba, Japan.. New York, N.Y.: ACM Press. ISBN 1-59593-046-9. http://airweb.cse.lehigh.edu/2005/gyongyi.pdf
3. ^ "?". maawg.org. http://www.maawg.org/about/MAAWG20072Q_ ... Report.pdf.
4. ^ FileOn List Builder-Extract URL,MetaTags,Email,Phone,Fax from www-Optimized Webcrawler
5. ^ Saul Hansell Social network launches worldwide spam campaign New York Times, September 13, 2007
6. ^ The (Evil) Genius of Comment Spammers - Wired Magazine, March 2004
7. ^ Fabrício Benevenuto, Tiago Rodrigues, Virgílio Almeida, Jussara Almeida and Marcos Gonçalves. Detecting Spammers and Content Promoters in Online Video Social Networks. In ACM SIGIR Conference, Boston, MA, USA, July 2009..
8. ^ See: Advance fee fraud
9. ^ SA cops, Interpol probe murder - News24.com, 2004-12-31
10. ^ Brasil assume a liderança do spam mundial em 2009, diz Cisco (Portuguese)
11. ^ "Getting the message, at last". 2007-12-14. http://www.economist.com/opinion/Printe ... d=10286400.
12. ^ Internet Society's Internet Engineering Taskforce: A Set of Guidelines for Mass Unsolicited Mailings and Postings (spam*)
13. ^ Origin of the term "spam" to mean net abuse
14. ^ a b Origin of the term "spam" to mean net abuse
15. ^ The Origins of Spam in Star Trek chat rooms
16. ^ Spamming? (rec.games.mud) - Google Groups USENET archive, 1990-09-26
17. ^ a b At 30, Spam Going Nowhere Soon - Interviews with Gary Thuerk and Joel Furr
18. ^ Darren Waters (31 march 2008). "Spam blights e-mail 15 years on". news.bbc.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7322615.stm. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
19. ^ "Oxford dictionary adds Net terms" on News.com
20. ^ Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978
21. ^ a b c Tom Abate (May 3, 2008). "A very unhappy birthday to spam, age 30". San Francisco Chronicle.
22. ^ Danchev, Dancho. "Spammers go multilingual, use automatic translation services." ZDNet. July 28, 2009. Retrieved on August 31, 2009.
23. ^ "?". spam.com. http://www.spam.com/about/internet.aspx. , Official SPAM Website
24. ^ Hormel Foods v SpamArrest, Motion for Summary Judgment, Redacted Version (PDF)
25. ^ Hormel Foods Corpn v Antilles Landscape Investments NV (2005) EWHC 13 (Ch)[dead link]
26. ^ "Hormel Foods Corporation v. Spam Cube, Inc". United States Patent and Trademark Office. http://ttabvue.uspto.gov/ttabvue/v?pno=91171346&pty=OPP. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
27. ^ Letter from Hormel's Corporate Attorney Melanie J. Neumann to SpamCop's Julian Haight
28. ^ "Data protection: "Junk" e-mail costs internet users 10 billion a year worldwide - Commission study"
29. ^ California business and professions code
30. ^ Spam Cost Calculator: Calculate enterprise spam cost?
31. ^ Thank the Spammers - William R. James 2003-03-10
32. ^ Spamhaus' "TOP 10 spam service ISPs"
33. ^ The 10 Worst ROKSO Spammers
34. ^ Kanich, C.; C. Kreibich, K. Levchenko, B. Enright, G. Voelker, V. Paxson and S. Savage (2008-10-28). "Spamalytics: An Empirical Analysis of Spam Marketing Conversion" (PDF). Proceedings of Conference on Computer and Communications Security (CCS). Alexandria, VA, USA. http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/pubs/netwo ... lytics.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
35. ^ a b Alleged 'Seattle Spammer' arrested - CNET News.com
36. ^ timewarner.com
37. ^ See for instance the black list of the French wikipedia encyclopedia
38. ^ U.S. v Jason Smathers and Sean Dunaway, amended complaint, US District Court for the Southern District of New York (2003). Retrieved 7 March 2007, from "?". thesmokinggun.com. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/0623042aol1.html.
39. ^ Ex-AOL employee pleads guilty in spam case. (2005, February 4). CNN. Retrieved 7 March 2007, from "Ex-AOL employee pleads guilty in spam case". CNN.com. February 5, 2005. http://www.cnn.com/2005/TECH/internet/0 ... spam.plea/. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
40. ^ Braver v. Newport Internet Marketing Corporation et al. -U.S. District Court - Western District of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City), 2005-02-22
41. ^ "Two Men Sentenced for Running International Pornographic Spamming Business". United States Department of Justice. October 12, 2007. http://www.usdoj.gov/opa/pr/2007/Octobe ... m_813.html. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
42. ^ Gaudin, Sharon, Two Men Convicted Of Spamming Pornography InformationWeek, June 26, 2007
43. ^ "Crist Announces First Case Under Florida Anti-Spam Law". Office of the Florida Attorney General. http://myfloridalegal.com/__85256222006 ... ght=0,spam. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
44. ^ "Crist: Judgment Ends Duo's Illegal Spam, Internet Operations". Office of the Florida Attorney General. http://myfloridalegal.com/__85256222006 ... ght=0,spam. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
45. ^ "Woman gets prison for 'Nigerian' scam". upi.com. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2008/06/26/ ... 214521169/.
46. ^ "Woman Gets Two Years for Aiding Nigerian Internet Check Scam (PC World)". yahoo.com. http://tech.yahoo.com/news/pcworld/147575. [dead link]
47. ^ Businessman wins e-mail spam case - BBC News, 2005-12-27
48. ^ Gordon Dick v Transcom Internet Service Ltd.
49. ^ Article 13-Unsolicited communications
50. ^ website
51. ^ Kiwi spam network was 'world's biggest'
52. ^ Court Orders Australia-based Leader of International Spam Network to Pay $15.15 Million

[edit] Sources

* Specter, Michael (2007-08-06). "Damn Spam". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007 ... ct_specter. Retrieved 2007-08-02.

[edit] Further reading

* Sjouwerman, Stu; Posluns, Jeffrey, "Inside the spam cartel: trade secrets from the dark side", Elsevier/Syngress; 1st edition, November 27, 2004. ISBN 978-1-932266-86-3

[edit] External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Electronic spam

* Spamtrackers SpamWiki: a peer-reviewed spam information and analysis resource.
* Federal Trade Commission page advising people to forward spam e-mail to them
* Slamming Spamming Resource on Spam
* Why am I getting all this spam? CDT
* Cybertelecom:: Federal spam law and policy
* Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978 Overview and text of the first known internet email spam.
* Malware City - The Spam Omelette BitDefender’s weekly report on spam trends and techniques.
* 1 December 2009: arrest of a major spammer
* EatSpam.org - This website provides you with disposable e-mail addresses which expire after 15 Minutes. You can read and reply to e-mails that are sent to the temporary e-mail address within the given time frame.


[hide]
v • d • e
Spamming
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Autodialer/Robocall · Flyposting · Junk fax · Messaging · Mobile phone · Newsgroup · Telemarketing · VoIP
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Disposable e-mail address · E-mail authentication · SORBS · SpamCop · Spamhaus · List poisoning · Bayesian spam filtering · Network Abuse Clearinghouse
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Keyword stuffing · Google bomb · Scraper site · Link farm · Cloaking · Doorway page · URL redirection · Spam blogs · Sping · Forum spam · Blog spam · Social networking spam · Referrer spam
Internet fraud
Advance-fee fraud · Lottery scam · Make Money Fast · Phishing · Vishing

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Duis condimentum augue aliquet justo blandit lobortis vehicula lorem eleifend. Suspendisse justo dolor, ornare nec rhoncus at, elementum in enim. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Nam ligula turpis, pellentesque condimentum dignissim at, luctus eu lectus. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec mollis suscipit aliquet. Pellentesque malesuada purus quam. Praesent vel leo mauris, sit amet elementum nulla. Mauris dictum lorem vitae ligula sodales quis consequat tortor consectetur. Nulla hendrerit sapien sed mi cursus lacinia. Maecenas viverra fermentum orci, sed convallis erat placerat et. Maecenas nisl tellus, suscipit nec mattis vel, malesuada at sapien. Cras arcu purus, interdum vel pharetra lobortis, aliquet ut erat. Maecenas in sapien augue. Quisque ac magna vel magna tempor dignissim. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Integer accumsan nibh nec ligula sodales egestas.

Sed porta eros ac massa scelerisque commodo congue tellus bibendum. Phasellus non convallis lorem. Nullam bibendum dictum massa sit amet auctor. Maecenas quis venenatis neque. Ut luctus lobortis aliquet. Aliquam eu turpis at nulla iaculis venenatis at ac sem. In ante elit, fermentum quis suscipit ac, gravida ac tortor. Ut mauris urna, cursus sed interdum a, bibendum at elit. Nullam nec aliquet metus. Nam interdum lacinia lorem eu iaculis. Sed interdum fermentum enim non venenatis. Sed consequat neque id ante feugiat sodales. Nulla facilisi. Nam magna leo, pulvinar nec cursus ac, blandit nec metus. Aliquam lacinia, nunc eget sodales viverra, nunc est elementum odio, et sodales mi tellus adipiscing mauris.

Quisque tincidunt hendrerit pellentesque. Proin quis ipsum eros, a tincidunt urna. Morbi sit amet metus ornare dui egestas accumsan. Nullam aliquam est ut justo elementum congue at quis ligula. Aliquam erat volutpat. Maecenas euismod tempus egestas. Vivamus rhoncus ultrices nunc, quis fringilla urna iaculis sed. Proin tincidunt ipsum at turpis ornare sed tristique nisl porttitor. Aenean facilisis diam sit amet erat laoreet dignissim. Aenean justo dolor, sollicitudin scelerisque consectetur non, fringilla eu turpis. Mauris a arcu velit. Nam convallis sodales tortor id facilisis. Cras luctus pellentesque diam, non suscipit neque porta quis. Curabitur quis sapien velit. Donec consequat diam nec odio mollis ac consequat risus congue.

Sed vitae ipsum vel orci eleifend iaculis. Nullam luctus, metus ac ultrices vestibulum, quam lorem sollicitudin ligula, in ultrices purus purus nec eros. Mauris at dui nec erat vehicula feugiat sit amet eget nisi. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Donec malesuada imperdiet erat a congue. Nunc et tincidunt risus. Aliquam sit amet magna sed erat congue tincidunt eget a nibh. Proin porta congue dictum. Pellentesque venenatis, elit et ornare tincidunt, nisl diam pellentesque justo, at sodales urna nibh non nunc. Phasellus ultrices, sem non auctor adipiscing, urna risus eleifend tortor, in semper urna urna vitae ante. Nulla a auctor mauris. Suspendisse potenti. Quisque sed enim tellus, ac adipiscing odio. Donec nulla metus, euismod quis cursus quis, convallis dignissim urna. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Sed interdum augue urna, laoreet porta odio. Duis sed augue elit. Phasellus nunc nisi, iaculis eu lacinia ac, pellentesque vitae tortor.

Quisque augue eros, porttitor adipiscing egestas at, hendrerit et felis. Fusce non lectus mi, sagittis sodales quam. Phasellus iaculis dapibus sapien non viverra. Suspendisse ac viverra lacus. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Pellentesque massa justo, lacinia ac imperdiet eget, posuere eu tellus. In ultricies nunc ante, sed ullamcorper tellus. Mauris luctus tellus id tellus bibendum a tempus nunc pulvinar. Sed vulputate nunc et ipsum fermentum at pellentesque elit aliquet. Phasellus purus risus, fermentum semper venenatis ac, convallis condimentum diam. Vivamus et felis leo, dapibus placerat velit. Nullam lacus ligula, commodo at condimentum vitae, cursus at sem. Nulla tempor accumsan nisl, a facilisis lorem suscipit et. Aliquam quis nulla urna. Duis lectus lorem, pulvinar eu auctor eget, ornare at magna. Maecenas auctor lorem quis libero tincidunt nec tempus neque gravida. Sed sed orci nec turpis tincidunt vestibulum. Morbi sit amet purus est. Morbi ornare, nibh vitae aliquet bibendum, arcu ante auctor mi, id mollis erat nisi sed ante. Suspendisse et ipsum ac enim sagittis auctor a nec leo.

Aenean ultrices vestibulum sem, sed adipiscing nisl dictum ac. In nibh eros, vehicula ut egestas vel, placerat sit amet nibh. Aliquam sed diam quam, et hendrerit mauris. Fusce nulla leo, blandit ac ornare et, ornare et erat. Duis purus leo, sodales id tristique ut, eleifend at sapien. In ipsum purus, dictum sit amet convallis sit amet, ullamcorper vel felis. Vestibulum quis lacus odio. Curabitur nulla sapien, blandit dictum cursus id, iaculis ornare orci. Maecenas feugiat placerat iaculis. Phasellus laoreet ipsum vel diam volutpat a placerat erat iaculis. Aliquam at neque leo. Aenean lacinia dolor metus. Nunc pellentesque gravida auctor. Proin nec massa vel quam suscipit eleifend. Donec porta rhoncus ipsum, eget tristique dolor ultricies id. Aenean pulvinar dapibus tempor. Aenean imperdiet, augue eu porttitor iaculis, nibh elit facilisis dui, vel porttitor purus tellus eget quam. Vivamus dignissim ultrices tristique.

Donec magna velit, luctus consectetur condimentum sed, faucibus quis sem. Donec blandit sagittis molestie. Suspendisse metus diam, consequat id condimentum ut, tempus ut elit. Cras vitae varius sapien. Suspendisse fringilla, ipsum quis luctus consequat, dui est vehicula diam, in suscipit odio risus quis mauris. Nam mauris nulla, fringilla vel gravida sit amet, egestas eget elit. Nunc id velit at libero porta ultrices. Proin aliquet lacus eget tellus commodo sit amet euismod risus laoreet. Donec at dapibus risus. Cras ac lacus enim. Nulla sed nisl erat. Suspendisse potenti. Duis cursus eleifend lorem vel tempor. Maecenas vulputate ligula et est tristique sollicitudin. Sed condimentum erat quis justo egestas aliquam. Aliquam fringilla dapibus blandit. Vestibulum facilisis euismod consequat. Vestibulum pharetra nisi turpis, id fermentum erat. Nunc posuere lacinia dui, vitae sollicitudin odio iaculis in. Maecenas et mi eget velit sagittis lacinia.

Nullam ac risus lectus, at faucibus metus. Morbi imperdiet posuere quam a vulputate. In convallis quam at purus cursus vel viverra nisi suscipit. Nulla dignissim tincidunt arcu ac dignissim. Nunc lacinia malesuada turpis sit amet suscipit. Aenean eget odio nec turpis porttitor volutpat. Morbi quis elit in eros tristique adipiscing in vel magna. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Praesent accumsan lectus in velit dapibus rutrum. Nunc volutpat eros non mi fermentum at aliquet purus congue. Praesent interdum eleifend nisl, at malesuada sem consequat a. Aenean in magna non purus malesuada suscipit id quis sapien. Aenean bibendum velit ut nunc cursus faucibus. Aenean nec eros vitae sem congue imperdiet. Aenean sit amet turpis vel ipsum pulvinar condimentum at nec felis. Vivamus tincidunt orci eu erat cursus eu pretium mauris hendrerit. Curabitur sollicitudin ullamcorper metus vitae pulvinar. Integer id odio eu erat feugiat tincidunt vitae nec tellus.

Etiam consequat luctus dapibus. Maecenas lectus odio, semper ac elementum at, porta quis sapien. Nulla mattis congue quam, vel volutpat elit semper ut. Fusce gravida suscipit libero ac tempor. Nullam in orci in neque vestibulum pellentesque sed porta massa. Nullam ultrices sollicitudin sodales. Phasellus rhoncus luctus egestas. In nec nibh urna, et semper erat. Pellentesque auctor ullamcorper lectus at porttitor. Etiam quis lectus nibh, in placerat dolor. Nunc pellentesque lobortis mi, vitae ornare nisi blandit a. Aliquam erat volutpat. Phasellus blandit, eros sed accumsan scelerisque, lorem mauris rutrum nibh, ac adipiscing urna augue id risus. Pellentesque at nulla nec massa tristique eleifend. Vivamus nunc libero, porta fermentum lacinia a, hendrerit suscipit mauris. Pellentesque molestie justo quis elit bibendum imperdiet. Nulla quam eros, semper et fermentum in, bibendum eget sapien. Nullam vel nulla id metus luctus sollicitudin eget vitae elit. Fusce nec augue id diam consequat fermentum at eget metus. Quisque vulputate arcu eget turpis placerat nec ornare ipsum hendrerit.

Fusce sollicitudin massa cursus tellus mollis mollis. Sed vestibulum neque justo, ut ornare turpis. Integer eget mauris eros. Curabitur malesuada metus a lacus tincidunt sit amet dapibus arcu egestas. Phasellus vestibulum porta porta. Maecenas eleifend magna eget elit malesuada eget varius neque condimentum. In id dolor non tortor egestas blandit eu nec est. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Aenean a velit quis justo sodales pellentesque sit amet non mauris. Sed ante velit, euismod a venenatis non, varius sed diam. Suspendisse gravida gravida fringilla. Sed vitae dolor in turpis dictum tempor. Sed ligula sem, euismod ut tincidunt eget, condimentum ut sapien. Nunc non ligula justo, et pellentesque erat. Vivamus vulputate ipsum sit amet nulla tempus fermentum condimentum mauris venenatis. Sed tellus lectus, iaculis in iaculis vel, placerat sed turpis. Suspendisse semper egestas risus ut faucibus. Donec rhoncus erat eu sapien auctor a scelerisque odio mattis. Pellentesque in blandit enim.

Praesent dignissim tempus justo, quis euismod augue commodo ut. Maecenas vestibulum consectetur diam, et tempor purus vehicula a. Duis elementum imperdiet bibendum. Nulla ligula leo, posuere sed fermentum vitae, volutpat sed ipsum. Donec commodo tempor mauris, eget facilisis neque pharetra eget. Nunc vitae lorem id est varius molestie vitae et mauris. Nunc ut fringilla lorem. Duis in convallis lorem. Nulla magna lacus, dapibus eu ullamcorper porta, ornare ut diam. Sed augue elit, vestibulum a adipiscing in, ultrices non tortor. In porttitor consequat sapien, et molestie lorem ullamcorper ac. Praesent adipiscing dignissim egestas. Nam faucibus placerat elit dictum luctus. Proin ut tortor ut tortor tincidunt aliquet. Ut in turpis ligula, quis vulputate velit.

Etiam nibh turpis, tincidunt sed interdum vitae, rutrum ultricies ipsum. Praesent dictum sodales eros ut convallis. Vestibulum lectus lacus, pellentesque blandit placerat a, suscipit sed leo. Mauris sagittis pharetra sodales. Vivamus volutpat nisl ac libero ullamcorper non ultrices quam pellentesque. Suspendisse laoreet condimentum dolor, et euismod lorem tincidunt in. Suspendisse nec odio nec nisl euismod lacinia non sit amet orci. Duis pretium est nec lacus tempor et ultricies leo feugiat. Pellentesque condimentum consequat interdum. Aenean vulputate massa et elit dapibus tristique. Aenean non mauris dui, vel ultricies lacus. Nam tristique dignissim turpis, sit amet facilisis risus lobortis vel. Nulla vel nulla nulla. Morbi luctus lectus vel felis commodo eget pulvinar leo fringilla. Nullam et volutpat dolor. Morbi sit amet sem et ipsum euismod accumsan. Donec tristique lobortis sem a euismod.

In condimentum mi eget lectus consectetur sodales eu ut risus. Duis at massa vitae tellus accumsan accumsan. Donec sit amet arcu magna, sit amet fermentum massa. Nullam ipsum ante, mollis in fermentum semper, sodales eget lectus. Nam lectus velit, egestas sit amet faucibus eget, luctus sit amet eros. Suspendisse potenti. Proin tincidunt, odio vel tempus semper, dui magna congue sem, quis pretium augue elit sed mi. Donec tincidunt, nulla sed feugiat cursus, nibh leo sagittis velit, a mattis tellus ipsum sed erat. Maecenas felis enim, iaculis eu luctus in, rhoncus vel velit. Nam vitae eros justo, et faucibus nunc. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Maecenas adipiscing sodales nunc sit amet scelerisque. Phasellus vel quam leo, sit amet imperdiet nisi. Donec ligula nulla, pellentesque sed ornare nec, sollicitudin et nulla. Quisque quis tortor massa.

Donec ultrices sapien non sem tincidunt vel venenatis lacus auctor. Pellentesque ligula libero, dignissim sit amet eleifend nec, consequat tempus justo. Vivamus malesuada dolor hendrerit justo auctor mattis. Duis augue odio, cursus sed pellentesque eget, faucibus et nulla. Donec ac nisi massa, ut blandit ante. Aliquam malesuada egestas nunc non mollis. Phasellus aliquam vulputate neque ut sollicitudin. Nam id mauris vitae mauris iaculis egestas a ac dolor. Donec semper tempor nulla, sit amet euismod enim venenatis et. Sed scelerisque vehicula mauris, a molestie arcu consequat ac. Etiam odio metus, venenatis nec lacinia ac, adipiscing at nibh. Donec at nisl ipsum. Sed eget erat eu nisl adipiscing egestas. Fusce pellentesque rutrum varius.

Maecenas vel leo eros. Proin condimentum convallis dui sollicitudin imperdiet. Quisque dictum dapibus ante, non convallis massa sollicitudin vitae. Donec pharetra suscipit rhoncus. Ut ornare, arcu ut pulvinar malesuada, lectus orci aliquet orci, sed tristique elit enim euismod nulla. Nullam sit amet rutrum dolor. Nunc eros nunc, aliquet id ultricies tincidunt, suscipit nec nisl. Vivamus feugiat sapien ac enim fringilla porta pretium sapien volutpat. Donec facilisis ligula quis justo mollis ac malesuada quam condimentum. Proin lacinia nunc venenatis dolor fermentum molestie. Aliquam at massa euismod felis tempor ultricies.

Pellentesque sodales placerat sapien, nec tempor velit tincidunt eget. Nam at diam urna. Donec vitae accumsan ipsum. Sed vel neque nunc. Curabitur convallis molestie lorem, ac sagittis nisl venenatis eget. Mauris ullamcorper augue in ligula viverra ultrices. Duis sodales iaculis mauris ac dignissim. Aenean sem velit, malesuada non interdum a, sagittis non lorem. Nulla lectus enim, commodo sit amet pharetra ut, rutrum eget nisi. Ut sit amet mi ut eros consequat mattis sit amet ac sem. In lacinia turpis vel ligula pellentesque eu vulputate mauris tincidunt. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Phasellus et sem ut velit aliquam adipiscing ut sed augue. Integer vitae sapien at elit imperdiet vulputate. Phasellus sem tellus, faucibus vel mattis in, fermentum at risus. Praesent ut placerat diam. Praesent fermentum congue justo, sit amet vestibulum sem sollicitudin ac. Suspendisse et magna mi. Nam vitae erat luctus nulla convallis bibendum et nec metus. Nam egestas rhoncus sem sit amet pellentesque. Vestibulum varius feugiat ipsum. Mauris lacinia venenatis mauris, non consequat enim vestibulum ac.

Etiam eget sollicitudin augue. Nunc ac nisl elit, id fermentum mi. Praesent sapien est, dignissim nec pellentesque at, mollis vitae quam. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Cras pulvinar dictum varius. Etiam sed eros mi. In mattis mollis velit in luctus. Pellentesque blandit orci vitae nulla sollicitudin at faucibus eros vulputate. Ut rutrum dignissim nisl, a sagittis urna tincidunt vel. Etiam eget lacus in nisl hendrerit tempus ac vitae sapien. Nulla scelerisque eros urna. Nulla porttitor laoreet tempus. Vivamus rhoncus arcu dui. Fusce ut sapien id orci tincidunt fermentum at et ante. Integer eleifend suscipit sem, sit amet volutpat arcu sagittis sed. Ut diam lacus, suscipit vel volutpat ut, tempus ac mauris. Proin vel justo in nulla egestas aliquet in eget mi. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus.

Nulla viverra eleifend eros, ut laoreet dolor auctor sed. Nulla vitae purus nisi, id fermentum lectus. Curabitur eu leo sit amet neque laoreet eleifend nec eu leo. Vivamus eget diam justo. Aenean a dolor et orci dignissim rhoncus. Integer id mi sit amet mi dignissim accumsan. Quisque at fermentum urna. Vivamus malesuada augue nec tellus pellentesque in adipiscing libero adipiscing. Quisque commodo pharetra mi, a imperdiet orci porta nec. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed ultrices rhoncus adipiscing. Vivamus aliquet, diam ut molestie elementum, orci nisl condimentum orci, eu imperdiet sem nisi sit amet est. Maecenas ut sem vel felis commodo laoreet. Integer eros lectus, lacinia ac ultricies vel, dictum ac ligula.

Praesent quis eros justo, et auctor orci. Donec consequat elit sed mi consectetur sit amet semper arcu tempus. Suspendisse mattis magna augue, nec convallis magna. Donec at justo non sem vulputate sollicitudin eget sit amet neque. Donec non urna sed lectus dapibus suscipit et id tellus. Nullam dapibus auctor fringilla. Etiam felis turpis, semper dignissim gravida convallis, euismod lobortis libero. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Duis quis nisi mauris. Proin elementum vestibulum lectus, sed ultrices neque commodo non.

Integer et euismod enim. Nullam sagittis dolor elit, nec facilisis ante. In a mollis augue. Pellentesque arcu eros, tempus at euismod id, volutpat sed nibh. Proin mauris erat, dignissim vitae suscipit non, ullamcorper vitae metus. Suspendisse erat ante, bibendum eget elementum eget, egestas nec diam. Aenean eu risus varius diam iaculis luctus sed dignissim magna. Mauris quis diam ut diam luctus convallis. Sed vitae euismod urna. Ut in sapien sed eros aliquet tristique non nec diam. Nunc a felis ante, scelerisque commodo ligula. Etiam et varius risus. Duis nec odio a lorem sollicitudin euismod ac eu nibh. Aliquam lacus nisl, fermentum sed condimentum ac, ultrices et arcu.

Nunc lobortis urna mauris. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Sed consequat adipiscing sem, non aliquet magna interdum nec. Quisque eget tortor est. Quisque posuere accumsan fringilla. Sed consequat, tortor vitae iaculis porttitor, dui turpis vestibulum nulla, ac placerat nunc enim consectetur odio. Nulla rhoncus facilisis viverra. Nulla dapibus faucibus malesuada. Pellentesque sodales elementum semper. Suspendisse luctus mattis ullamcorper. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Duis luctus, lectus eu elementum congue, odio ipsum dignissim lectus, eu rhoncus nulla eros a sapien. Proin rutrum diam quis neque placerat auctor feugiat mi venenatis. Aliquam nulla orci, tristique at rutrum ac, facilisis sed lacus. Praesent sed neque sit amet enim porta cursus vel nec lorem.

Donec vitae erat nec ipsum feugiat imperdiet vel quis neque. Maecenas sed ipsum quis turpis venenatis porta vitae vestibulum nisi. Quisque tincidunt malesuada egestas. Donec sollicitudin arcu at ante fermentum consectetur et vel est. Vivamus nibh neque, suscipit id posuere et, ullamcorper eu sapien. In elementum accumsan euismod. Vivamus tristique ipsum a felis mattis adipiscing eget ac tellus. Cras tempor ullamcorper ligula, sit amet pulvinar lectus mattis et. Morbi ornare ligula et neque auctor vehicula. Praesent ultricies, neque a varius ullamcorper, tellus turpis feugiat leo, auctor varius odio nibh a libero. Maecenas euismod congue ante ut imperdiet. Aliquam bibendum vestibulum metus. Proin egestas facilisis nibh vel euismod. Morbi nec sapien a ante mattis commodo non nec dui. Donec id nulla ac velit laoreet gravida eget ac orci. Fusce sodales porttitor semper. Vivamus vehicula tincidunt velit, sit amet faucibus lacus suscipit aliquam.

Donec congue rutrum ornare. Proin at mi eu purus volutpat mattis id nec lacus. Suspendisse sit amet enim nunc, a dignissim sapien. Integer eget est at magna pellentesque ultricies. Curabitur in mollis sem. In egestas nibh id tortor lacinia nec blandit mi eleifend. Cras est enim, vulputate sed fermentum quis, convallis sed lorem. Etiam lacinia, magna ut vulputate ultricies, augue dui fringilla tortor, sed rhoncus odio velit quis metus. Aliquam erat volutpat. Nulla pretium condimentum lorem sed commodo.

Morbi malesuada libero sit amet dui rhoncus fermentum. Cras vel sapien sed felis mollis feugiat. Suspendisse urna nunc, vehicula sed aliquet quis, blandit sed neque. In non sem tortor, id lacinia tortor. Pellentesque gravida nisi in lectus pharetra consequat. Integer ac nulla vitae sem convallis faucibus in eget orci. Vestibulum varius volutpat felis in commodo. Duis ut justo sed felis ullamcorper aliquet eu ac turpis. Sed auctor blandit nibh, ut condimentum mi tristique vitae. Nullam in volutpat nulla. Mauris sed lorem risus. Aenean venenatis lorem sit amet turpis molestie sit amet adipiscing diam tempor. Vestibulum tincidunt erat sit amet magna varius vulputate. Phasellus purus nisi, tincidunt iaculis ornare rhoncus, blandit sed tortor. Aenean feugiat scelerisque tristique. Ut scelerisque metus eget ante vulputate volutpat. Phasellus sed lorem sem. Etiam id nulla quis urna posuere condimentum.

Pellentesque ligula dui, tincidunt cursus iaculis vitae, volutpat id nunc. Aenean vehicula lacinia adipiscing. Curabitur eleifend turpis at turpis facilisis rutrum. Nulla iaculis mi vel turpis rhoncus sit amet consectetur orci pharetra. Vivamus condimentum justo non neque auctor aliquam. Mauris vehicula lectus quis elit dapibus tincidunt. Sed libero dolor, egestas id fermentum et, varius vitae ipsum. Ut odio diam, accumsan a imperdiet eu, rutrum nec magna. Nam interdum, justo quis mattis laoreet, lacus quam tincidunt eros, in convallis velit erat eget ante. Suspendisse scelerisque varius nisi ut feugiat. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Pellentesque erat purus, tristique sit amet viverra vel, porta ut mauris.

Fusce nec dui in velit varius consectetur. Nulla facilisi. Integer placerat condimentum libero, eget vehicula erat tincidunt sit amet. Donec vitae libero varius lectus venenatis tempor. Praesent viverra, massa sed cursus lacinia, est neque ornare risus, sed faucibus ligula diam et nulla. Aenean id felis lorem, in tempor erat. Donec quam sem, tincidunt eget feugiat ac, egestas quis diam. Nulla nec neque et leo faucibus rutrum. Nam sit amet sapien ac odio fringilla tristique. Cras et volutpat risus. Pellentesque porta, nisi in porttitor lacinia, nisi augue convallis risus, sed interdum arcu dui quis lacus. Suspendisse interdum pharetra tellus, a ullamcorper est laoreet nec. Sed tempus lorem id odio auctor pretium. Integer id justo nulla. Aliquam eleifend, mauris eu adipiscing semper, nibh ligula pellentesque urna, et porta nisl nulla quis purus. Aenean ut convallis ipsum. Vivamus velit elit, blandit ut tincidunt at, lobortis in purus. Donec eleifend, metus eu aliquam consectetur, massa ante facilisis tellus, sed tristique nibh purus non nisi. Aenean aliquet, ligula et mattis vulputate, eros elit ultrices lorem, eget mattis ipsum dui luctus nulla.

In vitae ante at mi condimentum varius. Sed justo metus, tincidunt at faucibus auctor, rhoncus laoreet velit. Sed tellus ante, accumsan vel mattis et, venenatis in nisl. Suspendisse ornare volutpat rutrum. Etiam lorem diam, hendrerit ac tempus a, sollicitudin a orci. Praesent ut turpis ac orci rutrum aliquam. Mauris lacinia varius dolor, id eleifend elit aliquam sed. Sed ut lorem orci, sit amet feugiat elit. Morbi placerat auctor nulla accumsan pellentesque. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed imperdiet vestibulum consectetur.

Vestibulum rutrum pharetra eros ac dictum. Nulla vel sapien elit, quis suscipit lectus. Curabitur quis vehicula sapien. Duis eget lacus ante. Fusce sed nisi dui. Nam id augue ante, a varius ipsum. Mauris consequat egestas ante et semper. Maecenas a odio nibh. Maecenas fermentum auctor leo et interdum. Nullam congue arcu eu nunc vestibulum adipiscing. Mauris ac arcu eget turpis iaculis ultricies sodales id arcu. Cras sit amet imperdiet mi. Curabitur tempus orci ultricies mauris aliquam ultrices. Duis quis nunc at ligula accumsan congue. Phasellus volutpat augue et dui aliquet pharetra. Proin erat nunc, bibendum ac sollicitudin interdum, mollis id mi.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Fusce sed interdum risus. Donec interdum accumsan orci in rhoncus. Proin laoreet pulvinar odio eu pellentesque. Nunc facilisis lacus quis tellus eleifend vel commodo purus vehicula. Nunc bibendum quam at nunc sollicitudin luctus. Quisque rhoncus mollis interdum. Proin enim urna, mattis venenatis blandit eget, suscipit in turpis. Mauris quis metus sed enim dignissim vulputate at et orci. Maecenas tellus tortor, lobortis ut sollicitudin a, tempus vel odio. Maecenas quis erat nulla. Maecenas est neque, cursus eu fringilla non, auctor ut orci. Proin mollis, dui eu suscipit sodales, ligula lectus fringilla urna, nec dictum ipsum enim sit amet nunc. Aliquam lacinia malesuada libero, eu eleifend risus auctor vel. Cras egestas, tellus nec interdum semper, mauris turpis tincidunt tortor, vitae tristique risus sem vel mi. Aenean malesuada dapibus faucibus. Donec id auctor nunc. Mauris dictum sapien rhoncus purus commodo venenatis.

Fusce enim risus, convallis at molestie at, tempus eget lectus. Proin pellentesque ipsum sed metus interdum iaculis. Sed elit magna, consectetur vel congue at, blandit non nibh. Nunc feugiat mi non massa molestie hendrerit. Ut luctus urna ac odio tempus eleifend. Nam tortor odio, congue nec pulvinar ut, viverra non metus. Sed ultricies hendrerit est, vel mollis mauris sollicitudin in. Nulla magna neque, tempus vitae vulputate id, pharetra ut metus. Nam tortor odio, sagittis at tincidunt eget, pulvinar id ipsum. Sed suscipit tempus purus in facilisis. Integer luctus turpis in sapien pulvinar molestie. Etiam ullamcorper mollis lacinia. Proin eleifend tincidunt tempor. Etiam imperdiet ultricies mauris, sed condimentum lacus tempus nec. Aliquam vehicula semper purus cursus venenatis. Quisque ac turpis ipsum. Suspendisse potenti. Vivamus cursus, urna eget suscipit lacinia, velit arcu fringilla odio, ac fringilla neque est et quam. Nam et enim eu est tristique convallis. Sed ultricies vestibulum nulla, id gravida urna pharetra ac.

Nam felis felis, euismod in pellentesque vitae, pharetra in ipsum. Vivamus eget elit a ante adipiscing rhoncus vitae id ligula. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Aenean tristique, risus nec volutpat bibendum, lorem erat commodo justo, et ornare justo massa at velit. Nunc quis quam vitae tortor auctor laoreet. Nulla turpis purus, sollicitudin sit amet aliquam quis, feugiat eget arcu. Nam venenatis pulvinar enim at tempus. Aliquam turpis eros, porta quis adipiscing eget, mattis id sapien. Donec est quam, ultricies eget rutrum quis, convallis a leo. Suspendisse sed dolor eu lorem luctus interdum eu in nulla. Sed quam mi, dictum eget euismod non, varius ut diam. Ut vel eros mauris, ac euismod lorem. Etiam scelerisque augue ac nunc gravida laoreet. Aliquam dui magna, lacinia ultricies pretium quis, malesuada vitae felis. Etiam vitae rutrum sapien. Pellentesque nisi ligula, ultrices vitae porta eu, cursus eu elit. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus.

Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Duis fermentum, mi id pellentesque sagittis, mauris est interdum tellus, eget imperdiet magna ipsum non orci. Donec euismod, lectus at condimentum sagittis, lectus eros lacinia libero, vel ornare justo lectus id ante. Fusce lacus est, pulvinar id bibendum ac, hendrerit id dolor. Cras viverra lacus ut massa faucibus imperdiet. Vivamus fermentum nulla ac mi tincidunt ac iaculis neque interdum. Curabitur congue nibh eget mi sollicitudin ut tempor diam pharetra. Praesent rutrum, lectus a aliquet porttitor, ligula risus tincidunt lorem, id mollis lacus nisi a nunc. Donec eu dui lectus, vel suscipit libero. Aliquam in dictum tellus. Praesent vitae enim dolor. Aliquam erat volutpat. Maecenas porta euismod diam, ut posuere est dignissim vitae. Ut eleifend ullamcorper nisl at condimentum. Praesent mi purus, mollis vel ornare at, scelerisque lobortis risus. Maecenas in ipsum non lorem auctor placerat non in libero. In in vulputate metus. Aliquam erat volutpat.

In nec augue scelerisque orci convallis porttitor at at justo. Sed hendrerit, erat quis consectetur blandit, sapien velit volutpat lacus, sit amet congue purus magna eu turpis. Donec cursus lectus eget orci pharetra congue. Morbi quis tincidunt diam. Sed a mauris tellus. Integer euismod velit laoreet nunc congue in volutpat libero aliquet. Maecenas aliquet risus ac leo mollis vitae porta augue lobortis. Maecenas eget arcu sit amet velit tincidunt imperdiet et in nunc. Nam accumsan, eros sed placerat laoreet, risus elit vulputate mauris, sit amet dapibus enim turpis nec augue. Quisque in nisl in nulla consectetur imperdiet at sit amet elit. Nulla tincidunt, nulla ac laoreet egestas, magna lacus luctus nulla, a aliquet est leo ac purus. Nulla eget ante quis lectus tempor gravida id in tortor. In ultricies est sit amet metus aliquet mollis. Etiam sit amet condimentum lectus. Morbi quam risus, ultrices a aliquam quis, imperdiet eu justo. Maecenas ut odio sed mi congue varius. Ut sodales pretium consequat. Mauris vel lacinia mi. Sed vel massa odio. Nam imperdiet laoreet lacus, eget fermentum mi iaculis id.

Donec sed quam a leo ultricies fringilla sit amet et arcu. Etiam ut sodales tortor. Praesent auctor nunc sed eros laoreet sit amet aliquet diam semper. Proin laoreet ipsum sit amet ante euismod sed tristique mauris bibendum. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Proin posuere pretium fermentum. Sed eget ipsum nibh. Mauris sed tellus justo. Duis a gravida metus. Vivamus lacinia dui id nisl venenatis tristique. Nullam nec lacus rhoncus lacus ultricies molestie id vel nisi. Aliquam tempus, nulla ac ultrices vestibulum, est quam dapibus libero, et aliquam dui leo at augue. Aenean tellus arcu, accumsan quis aliquet a, ultrices sed velit. Vivamus et lacus magna. Mauris at interdum tortor. Maecenas sed nibh elit, sed iaculis sem. Curabitur fermentum molestie dolor eu placerat. Nullam molestie scelerisque convallis. Sed ac eros nisi, sit amet dictum nisi.

Phasellus gravida sollicitudin accumsan. Aenean rhoncus porttitor cursus. Etiam ut sapien non ante ultrices porttitor eu ac mi. Quisque eget massa et tortor blandit tempor. Fusce mattis erat orci, vitae fermentum turpis. Ut malesuada velit odio. Pellentesque in egestas ipsum. Sed faucibus elementum pharetra. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Curabitur neque magna, lacinia vitae dignissim in, egestas sit amet leo. Proin facilisis vulputate tempor. Sed auctor, urna quis eleifend euismod, elit mauris hendrerit purus, pharetra semper dolor nibh luctus enim. Nunc cursus placerat dolor, nec suscipit neque dignissim vel. Nam lacinia, lorem vitae sollicitudin convallis, mauris justo tincidunt augue, mattis tincidunt purus urna eu arcu. Vivamus ac nisl dolor, vitae hendrerit risus. Nunc dapibus consequat quam non ultricies.

Duis sodales metus augue, sed vestibulum nisi. Mauris luctus, eros non sodales hendrerit, lorem nisi tristique eros, sit amet laoreet augue tellus vel diam. Aenean sit amet risus id leo elementum gravida. Proin blandit urna ac turpis auctor eget molestie orci commodo. Ut in magna turpis. Suspendisse ac leo purus. Nam ac enim lorem. Curabitur hendrerit aliquam arcu ut viverra. Sed sit amet massa nibh, interdum suscipit lectus. Cras vestibulum felis vitae lacus aliquet at consectetur leo blandit. Pellentesque diam odio, elementum fringilla malesuada ultricies, egestas sed arcu.

Suspendisse potenti. Donec vitae ipsum ligula. Vestibulum et augue a turpis egestas accumsan sed ac felis. Donec mattis semper orci, nec aliquam eros consectetur vel. Suspendisse ut ligula at purus hendrerit mollis et vitae lacus. Fusce quis auctor quam. Pellentesque convallis scelerisque diam non tincidunt. Suspendisse potenti. Suspendisse tincidunt laoreet nulla, in congue dolor molestie vitae. Nullam est tortor, gravida sed eleifend vel, venenatis ut felis. Nam metus mi, tristique a porttitor a, ornare non urna. Proin vestibulum, ipsum nec congue semper, neque lectus sollicitudin nisl, ut consequat ligula dui ac nisl. Ut ut consequat tortor. Pellentesque posuere pharetra suscipit.

Nulla sit amet tellus tellus. Suspendisse aliquam aliquam mauris vitae tempus. Morbi sit amet massa enim, quis tristique risus. Suspendisse aliquet semper est, aliquet vehicula ante imperdiet nec. Vestibulum turpis mauris, ultrices eget feugiat et, cursus eu lorem. Phasellus ultricies ultrices molestie. Proin ultricies pulvinar malesuada. Quisque ultrices aliquet quam, sed ornare tortor consectetur gravida. Donec quis nulla at nisl commodo ultricies in eget nibh. Suspendisse non turpis risus, ut gravida quam. Donec in turpis in tortor imperdiet eleifend non ac neque. Donec a purus eros. Quisque vestibulum neque vitae ligula fringilla malesuada. Phasellus facilisis sem eget orci dignissim bibendum. Curabitur eu enim ipsum. Nulla eu felis dolor. Morbi mi nibh, rhoncus eget iaculis sit amet, congue id purus.

Etiam enim ligula, tristique nec gravida eget, suscipit ut metus. Sed sem dolor, consequat ut posuere et, rutrum et eros. Quisque mattis condimentum urna, et consequat ante sodales vitae. Suspendisse accumsan, elit at tempor condimentum, ante lectus rutrum lectus, sit amet gravida dolor metus ac orci. Aliquam erat volutpat. Morbi at lacinia ante. Mauris rutrum commodo ornare. Nam fermentum mauris at enim sagittis viverra. Quisque id ligula ante. Vestibulum tempor interdum imperdiet. Pellentesque viverra risus non lorem iaculis at lobortis ligula consectetur. Aenean ultrices lectus faucibus libero aliquet posuere. Maecenas nulla metus, semper quis bibendum vitae, adipiscing a ligula. Etiam ut nisl ut nunc rhoncus pharetra. Aliquam vel quam mauris. Vestibulum a neque at ligula placerat porttitor non sit amet est. Duis cursus tempor bibendum. Mauris eu scelerisque nibh. Pellentesque dapibus congue gravida.

Phasellus lacus nisi, semper ut volutpat sit amet, consequat ut tellus. Nulla nec risus et eros fringilla convallis et sed nisl. Cras gravida lacus vitae eros facilisis vulputate tempor nisl auctor. Praesent consectetur tellus tempor purus dignissim tristique. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Cras nec velit varius erat sollicitudin pharetra eu eu arcu. Morbi sem nisl, placerat nec dignissim in, suscipit et diam. Sed pretium feugiat odio ut vulputate. Integer tortor tortor, condimentum eu vehicula quis, sagittis et ante. Sed sit amet lectus ut felis pellentesque interdum at a lorem. Maecenas consectetur tempor neque non adipiscing.

Vivamus et odio velit. Sed a leo dolor. Cras auctor pretium tincidunt. Vivamus eleifend, leo eu fermentum fringilla, nisl tellus dictum magna, id interdum velit est non purus. Nunc eu dolor sapien, ac mollis ante. Nunc molestie dignissim libero scelerisque posuere. Etiam ut felis ligula. Donec et erat eu magna viverra tincidunt. Sed sem dui, ullamcorper at condimentum sed, tincidunt at dolor. Proin condimentum nibh a quam scelerisque a consequat dui gravida. Cras a felis et urna aliquet congue. Integer id libero condimentum felis ullamcorper auctor in quis ipsum. Vivamus id interdum lorem.

Suspendisse mi orci, placerat vel suscipit at, rhoncus nec nisl. Ut vehicula laoreet congue. Aenean a enim eros. Donec odio dolor, placerat nec mollis vel, pulvinar quis augue. Vivamus ut nisi in urna tincidunt consequat non sed mauris. In eleifend fermentum ultricies. Nulla eu feugiat tortor. Fusce in dui vitae odio adipiscing mattis vel vel libero. Nunc eleifend porttitor nulla vel faucibus. Nam in justo nibh, ac mattis leo. Aliquam quis ante ipsum, ac dictum leo. Aenean ut lorem sodales nisl pretium fermentum. Fusce in ipsum lectus, vel blandit orci. Curabitur luctus dolor molestie urna euismod pretium. Vivamus suscipit imperdiet cursus. Mauris a cursus metus. Maecenas ullamcorper, orci quis lobortis sollicitudin, nulla ipsum bibendum mauris, sed condimentum mi lacus vitae sapien. Etiam facilisis lacinia libero, sed condimentum purus feugiat vitae. Ut ultricies feugiat tellus at mollis.

In at lectus arcu, ac consequat metus. Curabitur rutrum pretium tellus, eu commodo dolor luctus ac. In semper lacus sit amet neque tempus ultrices. Nunc commodo hendrerit ante, eget mollis ligula varius et. Vestibulum ligula elit, tristique non egestas ut, faucibus sed libero. Fusce nisl nibh, consectetur eget aliquam nec, rhoncus ut nisi. Fusce nisi eros, suscipit ac tincidunt sit amet, facilisis et dolor. Integer lacus tellus, lobortis vel varius ac, facilisis non dolor. Etiam lacinia placerat ornare. Fusce ac nibh ut velit posuere sodales a ac nunc. Curabitur diam lectus, sodales vitae hendrerit sed, mollis sed metus.

Fusce sed justo dolor, nec lobortis erat. Pellentesque eu nisi a purus euismod volutpat. Aenean nec semper odio. Aliquam congue, est ac cursus pellentesque, tellus massa sodales augue, quis pellentesque dolor leo id nunc. Duis vehicula, est quis eleifend ullamcorper, libero quam condimentum turpis, at fermentum nulla enim bibendum quam. Praesent mattis vestibulum est sit amet suscipit. Nunc scelerisque facilisis pretium. Fusce at leo vel leo gravida vehicula a at lorem. Vestibulum vitae sapien nisl. In dapibus nunc vel est varius vitae ultrices lacus condimentum. Quisque fringilla, velit in hendrerit blandit, diam dolor tristique arcu, in lacinia nunc augue eu nunc. Nunc nec lacus ut nibh rhoncus consectetur. Proin porta, sem eget viverra varius, tellus erat varius nisi, quis ultrices nisl tellus id ante. Sed at consectetur metus. Sed urna mauris, vulputate non pulvinar in, eleifend id metus. Proin imperdiet mattis aliquam. Nullam dolor lectus, dignissim a tempor sed, consectetur nec erat. Proin id augue et ipsum posuere lobortis.

In ullamcorper massa magna. Maecenas commodo aliquet arcu vel facilisis. Vestibulum pharetra, turpis vitae vulputate feugiat, nulla ligula sollicitudin ante, in volutpat risus quam non libero. Vivamus non varius elit. Fusce vitae risus urna, vitae faucibus ligula. Phasellus et justo eget sapien posuere accumsan et non lacus. Aliquam varius neque id dui pretium faucibus. Maecenas vitae magna purus, eget sollicitudin ipsum. Duis interdum tellus id risus molestie convallis. Vestibulum lorem eros, rhoncus vel aliquet nec, ultricies eu erat. Phasellus sollicitudin mollis massa id luctus. Aliquam in enim sapien. Integer quis iaculis ipsum. Nam ultrices diam quis leo feugiat auctor. Quisque ac arcu eget urna consectetur varius id quis arcu. Aenean nulla libero, faucibus sollicitudin feugiat vitae, facilisis in nibh. Pellentesque semper viverra justo, a laoreet augue iaculis sit amet. Fusce at neque mattis ligula ornare porta eu quis turpis.

Suspendisse potenti. Vestibulum venenatis euismod tristique. Nullam eu augue ac dui imperdiet eleifend. Quisque tempus odio id mauris bibendum id interdum leo sodales. Curabitur tortor velit, sollicitudin sed pulvinar at, tristique tempus sapien. Pellentesque sagittis nisl id tellus iaculis dapibus. Nullam placerat scelerisque mattis. Nunc magna tortor, suscipit in posuere at, sodales quis nisi. Curabitur condimentum, nunc a pretium hendrerit, nibh magna cursus tellus, ut auctor est urna nec lacus. Sed sed ipsum velit, a malesuada libero.

Integer varius vehicula orci, hendrerit ultricies enim molestie vel. Aenean fringilla interdum tellus, at placerat nibh dapibus vel. Maecenas quis arcu sed justo sagittis euismod. Cras laoreet sem et ligula ornare luctus. Sed non nunc dui. Vestibulum ac nunc id est viverra bibendum. Aenean blandit facilisis tortor at hendrerit. Praesent imperdiet leo eget eros hendrerit a ultrices felis tincidunt. Proin nibh justo, interdum sed hendrerit a, blandit vitae lacus. Sed rhoncus pharetra leo ac posuere. Sed mi lectus, imperdiet eget hendrerit in, varius sed lectus. Ut mi est, suscipit sed ornare ac, semper vitae est. Aenean nibh mauris, posuere sed mollis sed, vulputate ut erat. Aliquam erat volutpat. Phasellus laoreet, felis ut pellentesque ultricies, dui nulla porttitor eros, non hendrerit mi ipsum sit amet augue. Etiam eros elit, semper sed aliquet sed, consequat at tellus. Fusce nec risus vitae massa feugiat mattis. Sed risus massa, facilisis in varius interdum, ultrices sit amet enim. Aliquam pretium libero vel mauris fringilla interdum.

Sed ornare varius odio, in tristique sem vehicula eget. Cras eget quam ut justo sagittis ornare vitae ac mauris. Vestibulum vitae diam ipsum, ut pharetra erat. Vivamus quam nunc, sagittis vel elementum sit amet, imperdiet a diam. Integer ullamcorper erat ut felis elementum at scelerisque velit suscipit. Morbi auctor interdum metus et porttitor. Sed risus eros, mattis non elementum vel, hendrerit vel mi. Quisque a malesuada sapien. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Etiam suscipit posuere augue ultricies vehicula. Phasellus condimentum placerat turpis, sit amet pretium ante convallis sed.

Aenean interdum massa condimentum dui varius quis euismod lectus tempor. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Suspendisse potenti. Morbi rhoncus dictum lectus nec mollis. In ut sollicitudin neque. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Praesent vitae convallis enim. Phasellus suscipit, dolor sed cursus mollis, velit mauris sollicitudin risus, eget hendrerit lectus odio sit amet tellus. Aenean ut ornare mauris. Vivamus dapibus, sapien vitae viverra pharetra, tortor tellus egestas justo, in accumsan felis quam eu nibh. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Fusce vestibulum leo non ligula imperdiet dapibus. Nunc quis mi eros. Suspendisse eget est nibh. In ut ipsum purus. Aenean tempus placerat ultrices. Mauris eu turpis nunc. Nam nec lectus lectus, eget dapibus lorem. Suspendisse sit amet consectetur felis.

Donec arcu risus, luctus tincidunt molestie et, iaculis luctus ante. Nunc nunc nisl, pharetra euismod suscipit et, consectetur non orci. Sed vel tortor ante, vel auctor quam. Nunc rutrum lacinia ultrices. Maecenas sit amet faucibus leo. Mauris ultrices eleifend tempus. In nec lacus et purus venenatis dapibus. Aliquam erat volutpat. Aliquam gravida dapibus eleifend. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aenean luctus felis sit amet nulla posuere ultricies. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; In quis nisi vel elit scelerisque imperdiet. Proin enim massa, eleifend quis cursus vel, porttitor sit amet erat. Donec a nulla sapien. Phasellus egestas bibendum lacus, nec faucibus justo facilisis tempus. Vestibulum dolor leo, euismod et malesuada eget, ultricies et erat. Nulla euismod commodo tristique. Cras feugiat pellentesque purus, eget vestibulum nisl rhoncus id.

Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Nulla at enim sit amet risus pulvinar aliquet. Vivamus in eros a dui varius consectetur. Suspendisse potenti. Sed eros felis, luctus non ultrices id, imperdiet eu odio. Duis rutrum, mi sed porta dignissim, massa sapien posuere est, et dapibus est metus et quam. Duis imperdiet leo sed justo bibendum at commodo est commodo. Quisque non arcu nibh, at ornare purus. Curabitur tincidunt velit id sapien ultricies vitae mollis nisi feugiat. Etiam et magna arcu, in aliquet lorem. Sed a elit turpis, eget volutpat augue. Mauris vulputate, massa sit amet ullamcorper aliquet, odio dui gravida metus, ac scelerisque magna justo ut lectus. Mauris laoreet venenatis pretium. Morbi a lorem et erat convallis luctus. Suspendisse euismod, odio vel ultrices pharetra, sapien leo elementum nunc, eget tincidunt quam nibh et sapien. Phasellus sit amet metus a tellus egestas ornare vel a purus.

Proin arcu urna, molestie nec aliquam rutrum, dictum a tellus. Suspendisse suscipit nunc vel dolor commodo in volutpat magna facilisis. Curabitur arcu nulla, sagittis eu dictum a, rhoncus eget augue. Phasellus iaculis consectetur metus, eu iaculis purus dictum sed. Maecenas commodo lacinia lectus, luctus porttitor tortor faucibus sit amet. Duis quis consectetur ligula. Proin eleifend commodo eros ac pulvinar. Sed venenatis sem sit amet velit placerat lacinia at eu tortor. Aenean vitae tortor a arcu ultrices accumsan dapibus in lacus. Duis ultricies, tortor a feugiat egestas, velit metus porta purus, vitae hendrerit dui mauris sed ante. Phasellus id nibh enim. Nulla facilisi. Integer ac velit aliquam sapien cursus adipiscing.

In iaculis enim ut ligula egestas malesuada. Aenean placerat mi quis ipsum sagittis interdum. Curabitur faucibus augue ac nulla placerat tincidunt. Curabitur faucibus sodales sapien, aliquet dictum dolor tempus id. Pellentesque nec felis felis. Nulla fermentum dolor eget nisl hendrerit sit amet facilisis erat pellentesque. Quisque cursus tempus quam, a imperdiet nisi mollis blandit. Nunc fringilla nisi et metus pharetra ac luctus eros fermentum. Mauris porttitor, quam vitae ornare ullamcorper, neque nunc facilisis purus, sit amet volutpat lectus eros nec erat. Nam condimentum enim nec leo dignissim tristique. Sed enim purus, vulputate vel gravida eu, iaculis ut velit. Maecenas porttitor justo non orci placerat vitae laoreet dui posuere. In venenatis diam sed tellus rutrum sodales aliquam augue mollis. Sed eleifend, ante id lacinia euismod, odio leo viverra orci, ut sagittis eros purus et enim.

Donec eu arcu augue, sed vehicula tortor. Vestibulum velit velit, elementum nec viverra vitae, gravida sit amet nisi. Cras aliquet facilisis est, at suscipit lacus condimentum a. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Cras quis diam suscipit diam vulputate varius imperdiet quis est. Integer convallis fermentum velit, eu tincidunt odio tincidunt nec. Morbi nec massa nisl. Aliquam sed est tortor. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Cras semper rhoncus varius. Mauris hendrerit feugiat elit eget mollis. Nulla at purus mauris. Vivamus ipsum ante, tincidunt sed faucibus non, volutpat id diam. Nullam egestas dui vitae purus condimentum aliquam. Sed vestibulum dapibus mauris at varius. Vestibulum tempus convallis sem, suscipit commodo sem tincidunt quis.

Curabitur egestas dapibus urna, lacinia gravida ante dictum ac. Proin vel porta urna. Nulla ullamcorper consequat mi et luctus. Suspendisse hendrerit, nisi eu suscipit tristique, erat tellus bibendum ligula, vitae scelerisque nulla odio ut risus. Ut eu rutrum nulla. Etiam lobortis odio molestie dui tincidunt viverra. Phasellus congue, felis at mattis malesuada, nulla tortor suscipit ante, a pellentesque tellus lectus suscipit nunc. Vestibulum a varius tellus. Morbi sagittis aliquet malesuada. Vivamus massa justo, mollis non consequat in, sollicitudin ut leo. Donec mollis dictum laoreet. Nullam tincidunt, libero in hendrerit hendrerit, elit neque commodo ante, vel aliquet arcu odio nec massa. Morbi suscipit, lectus sit amet iaculis rhoncus, lectus justo interdum erat, ut lobortis velit mi sit amet velit. Proin quis augue quam, a pretium nulla. Proin eget diam eu massa rutrum pretium. Sed non nibh nec magna euismod dictum. Pellentesque semper pellentesque tellus, id tempor enim faucibus nec. Duis tempor neque nec quam mollis convallis ut ut nisi.

Proin id nunc nunc, in cursus ipsum. Nunc pretium tortor ut odio bibendum cursus a quis lorem. Pellentesque iaculis eros sed justo consectetur luctus. Quisque eros nibh, convallis nec tristique nec, auctor non tellus. Vivamus sed ultricies lectus. Donec viverra sapien ac urna scelerisque ultrices. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Nullam orci est, egestas at porttitor vitae, congue at velit. Nullam non viverra neque. Sed mollis purus mauris, ut placerat urna. Etiam ut eros velit. Vestibulum quis nulla mi, sed dignissim lectus. Praesent non orci sit amet felis iaculis commodo. In sit amet sapien justo, in vehicula tellus. Sed nec massa et purus dignissim accumsan sed at ante. Aliquam erat volutpat. Etiam scelerisque posuere nibh, sed ultricies sapien volutpat ut.

In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Nullam vel nunc non quam cursus mattis. Sed eu viverra massa. Etiam sit amet orci in erat rutrum dictum ut sed dui. Sed non congue orci. Sed mi lorem, tincidunt ut luctus a, adipiscing nec odio. Maecenas volutpat nulla ac odio eleifend luctus. Nam fermentum, mi non bibendum ultrices, nisi urna vehicula est, a fringilla urna ligula egestas magna. Sed sodales feugiat purus. Nulla ut tellus in dui sagittis suscipit quis sit amet mi. Aenean velit tellus, tincidunt quis consectetur suscipit, pellentesque eget dolor. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Nunc quis bibendum nibh. Nullam tempor molestie purus a iaculis. Donec aliquet, lacus eget cursus facilisis, diam ipsum elementum elit, vel malesuada justo mauris ac erat.

Donec arcu nibh, ultricies in viverra eu, luctus a nunc. Nunc tincidunt posuere sem, et mattis enim cursus at. Nunc consectetur rhoncus risus quis accumsan. Proin facilisis consectetur molestie. Morbi euismod eleifend sapien, eu porta metus iaculis vel. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Nulla dapibus, lacus in lacinia tincidunt, enim ipsum condimentum diam, id egestas nunc nibh pellentesque purus. Nunc mattis est at lacus porttitor id sollicitudin velit porttitor. Integer quam urna, semper accumsan mattis quis, hendrerit et erat. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Nam sit amet odio vel velit accumsan aliquam. Nunc feugiat ornare risus at eleifend. Sed at aliquam odio. Vivamus semper suscipit lorem quis tincidunt. Sed cursus molestie sem, eget eleifend arcu semper ut. Nam quis est id nisl accumsan blandit ut at dolor. Cras a placerat risus. Quisque id nisi eget turpis lobortis adipiscing eleifend quis eros. Aenean luctus auctor elit vel porta. Nulla condimentum velit a est porta sit amet pulvinar leo sagittis. Integer in lobortis orci. Praesent est dolor, pretium sit amet posuere non, euismod sed leo. Fusce facilisis urna turpis.

Vivamus purus sapien, dictum et tempor ultrices, vulputate vitae purus. Donec euismod nunc a velit dignissim sodales fermentum est cursus. Vivamus sagittis, felis vel congue scelerisque, purus tellus mollis ante, nec fringilla odio velit vel dolor. Aenean scelerisque sapien in urna fermentum tempor. Duis viverra, lacus iaculis vestibulum ultrices, nunc eros imperdiet urna, at lacinia dui est nec augue. Donec at sem at eros luctus auctor. Vestibulum tristique condimentum consectetur. Sed non orci felis, nec vestibulum lorem. Vestibulum placerat feugiat lorem, sit amet volutpat sem consectetur eget. Duis quis sem erat. Vivamus rutrum lobortis tellus sit amet eleifend. Phasellus lacinia augue sed sapien dapibus rhoncus. Duis sapien nisi, tempus vitae venenatis et, adipiscing eget leo. Vivamus lobortis varius nulla ut iaculis. Phasellus posuere, dolor eget adipiscing lobortis, leo sem rutrum risus, eu vehicula ante justo ac orci. Cras auctor tempus ante, luctus ultricies quam imperdiet vitae. Pellentesque neque lorem, luctus a tincidunt congue, ullamcorper id sapien. Proin posuere, massa in vehicula porta, odio leo auctor enim, quis aliquam tortor lectus eu neque. Nam tempor tempor bibendum.

Nunc fringilla, nunc fermentum cursus aliquet, dui diam vulputate erat, ac condimentum diam elit quis nisi. Aenean sapien lorem, dapibus ut tincidunt et, tincidunt ut ante. Cras laoreet, leo quis condimentum facilisis, ligula erat aliquam elit, a euismod magna neque sed orci. Morbi lectus velit, sodales a ullamcorper ac, rutrum mollis metus. Nulla sollicitudin vestibulum faucibus. Aliquam eu enim justo. Curabitur rutrum interdum scelerisque. Donec nunc nulla, tristique quis euismod sed, mattis nec mauris. Aliquam elementum, leo non faucibus gravida, elit justo eleifend nisl, id aliquet justo nulla vel est. Proin blandit mollis nulla in fermentum. Nunc non sodales nulla.

Cras sit amet quam turpis, ac adipiscing turpis. Suspendisse ut nunc sapien. Maecenas mi magna, rutrum sed congue ut, eleifend at tortor. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. In accumsan mattis neque, eget porta nunc consequat eu. Ut consequat odio at nulla blandit bibendum. Aliquam erat volutpat. Vestibulum vitae luctus odio. Donec turpis massa, dictum sit amet fermentum ac, tincidunt nec turpis. Sed ornare nibh eget massa vehicula in interdum leo placerat. Mauris pretium sagittis faucibus. Nulla venenatis tristique posuere. Morbi nec lectus metus. Maecenas sed tortor dictum arcu auctor tempus.

Morbi blandit urna neque. Vestibulum gravida sodales erat, a elementum elit mattis ut. Nulla facilisi. Nulla faucibus arcu laoreet odio congue consectetur. Curabitur non lacus nec enim ultricies vulputate. Nullam magna nunc, posuere id tempor nec, dignissim congue nunc. Sed posuere erat a est pretium gravida. Vestibulum sagittis elementum ipsum, eu semper eros congue id. Morbi quis pulvinar tellus. Pellentesque vel justo risus, sit amet consectetur elit. Vestibulum ligula nulla, commodo at lacinia sit amet, laoreet non tortor. Nunc eu erat quis nulla tempor faucibus. Donec fringilla nunc eget diam placerat ornare. Aliquam euismod aliquet dui, a feugiat eros posuere et. Aenean sollicitudin, mauris vel adipiscing vehicula, sapien leo pellentesque metus, id malesuada urna libero ac magna. Praesent est mauris, mollis at elementum quis, consectetur id velit. Cras diam mi, bibendum vel mattis ultricies, tincidunt eget tellus. Curabitur pretium enim sed leo tristique a placerat sapien lobortis. Nam rhoncus mauris eget risus lobortis non congue nibh posuere.

Morbi quis lectus vel ante egestas tincidunt. Donec et lacus in dui faucibus rutrum sed vel ipsum. Ut sem elit, elementum vitae venenatis et, mattis in dui. Maecenas dolor metus, sollicitudin at posuere at, volutpat at purus. Sed quis dui eget neque ultricies congue id sed neque. Curabitur sed mi eu mi condimentum vehicula in in urna. Morbi vel neque lorem, et tempor lectus. Etiam fermentum consequat lacus, ut iaculis quam elementum non. Suspendisse potenti. Morbi lacinia interdum facilisis. Sed ornare, tortor vitae placerat tristique, lorem ipsum vulputate tortor, fringilla sollicitudin nisi velit et lorem. Praesent posuere varius tempus. Morbi faucibus, magna ac ornare volutpat, libero nulla consectetur tellus, et congue augue ipsum nec ante. Integer in tincidunt ligula. Integer elementum, massa pellentesque ultrices iaculis, purus dolor molestie enim, id tincidunt est ligula ac est.

Ut ac volutpat neque. Proin at nisl sem. Sed est leo, faucibus ullamcorper mollis sed, dictum in lorem. Proin a mi sem. Vivamus lorem ligula, rutrum ac ornare sit amet, commodo eu massa. Suspendisse ullamcorper pretium dolor, eget rhoncus sapien congue eu. Phasellus sed eros risus, semper luctus urna. In libero tortor, eleifend nec pellentesque eget, gravida a libero. Donec libero nunc, facilisis ut aliquet et, venenatis sit amet mauris. Sed tellus massa, porta bibendum varius non, hendrerit id lorem. Ut nisl nisi, faucibus ac luctus eget, bibendum id velit. Phasellus rhoncus sodales enim, vel posuere lorem mollis at. Maecenas vitae nisl quis lorem ullamcorper mollis vitae et nunc.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vestibulum feugiat sodales sagittis. Nam vel magna velit, sed fringilla nulla. Nulla vehicula mi pellentesque sapien ultrices in scelerisque turpis pulvinar. Donec mollis egestas lectus, in aliquet lectus aliquam ac. Nunc suscipit magna vel felis sagittis at ultrices ipsum vehicula. Phasellus dictum quam dignissim diam viverra porta rutrum est interdum. Mauris et sapien vel felis scelerisque bibendum a viverra nibh. Aenean pellentesque ullamcorper auctor. Sed mauris risus, gravida sed ornare vel, porta at lacus. Pellentesque vitae erat eros, at tempus augue.

Integer hendrerit adipiscing odio non sagittis. Phasellus pretium sem in quam condimentum vitae porttitor nibh eleifend. Vestibulum at nibh quam, a ultrices libero. Mauris at lorem velit. Phasellus in purus eros. Ut congue, mauris tristique molestie vehicula, elit felis interdum magna, id adipiscing ipsum quam ac arcu. Pellentesque augue mauris, tempor quis imperdiet sit amet, vestibulum quis magna. Curabitur eget neque vel lacus suscipit mollis. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Fusce sed urna sapien. Donec tempus hendrerit ante ut pulvinar. In tincidunt lectus ligula. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aenean sed interdum orci. Aenean mattis ullamcorper diam id fermentum. Nulla feugiat, lectus ac ultricies vulputate, nunc est tempus turpis, quis rhoncus felis diam in magna. Nam cursus lectus sed est sollicitudin eu egestas metus adipiscing. Suspendisse quis ornare nisi. Etiam non vulputate tellus. Vestibulum lectus neque, posuere non dictum non, vestibulum sit amet mi.

Duis dapibus, ligula sed varius malesuada, dolor lectus facilisis sem, eget imperdiet lacus elit in tortor. Aliquam molestie, libero nec porta gravida, est ipsum pharetra mi, ac fringilla arcu leo quis metus. Pellentesque tincidunt orci vel erat rutrum nec fringilla tortor sollicitudin. Vestibulum euismod risus ut quam interdum rhoncus. Nulla scelerisque leo id augue pulvinar ornare. Etiam laoreet quam a ante congue non vehicula neque ultrices. Sed nibh erat, mollis vitae tempus sit amet, adipiscing sit amet lacus. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Cras pellentesque consequat rhoncus. Sed convallis, mauris eget vestibulum laoreet, nulla justo euismod libero, at accumsan tortor ligula sit amet tortor.

In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Integer feugiat aliquam odio vehicula accumsan. Aliquam blandit dignissim erat vitae dapibus. Vestibulum ligula lectus, convallis sollicitudin varius ac, elementum et risus. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Maecenas eleifend dolor ut lacus pharetra sed vulputate eros imperdiet. Sed non massa euismod nisi scelerisque bibendum. Vivamus quis massa quam. Fusce ac purus ante, id posuere neque. Nam eu velit urna, in malesuada massa. Curabitur venenatis accumsan velit nec aliquam. In pharetra, dui et scelerisque lobortis, orci leo ultrices urna, nec egestas est nisi in arcu. Integer euismod nisl at arcu iaculis non pellentesque sapien lacinia.

Nunc tincidunt, nulla quis aliquam sollicitudin, metus sem tempus magna, at iaculis est dolor vitae enim. Curabitur sodales dolor in felis fringilla feugiat. Suspendisse potenti. Fusce in velit dui. Mauris est tellus, accumsan ullamcorper molestie at, semper at augue. Sed lobortis ultricies dolor at iaculis. Praesent ac placerat neque. Quisque fermentum diam quis urna pulvinar et consectetur libero egestas. Praesent justo dolor, molestie imperdiet dapibus et, malesuada et ligula. In commodo ornare mauris eget aliquam. Sed ut neque ut elit porta rhoncus. Fusce vel bibendum magna. Mauris eget felis diam. Integer vitae lectus erat. Integer id libero ac ligula feugiat aliquam a sed mi.

Sed sagittis metus fermentum sem dignissim sed placerat odio facilisis. Nam tempus dignissim leo, eu gravida orci molestie sit amet. Phasellus molestie feugiat cursus. Nulla sapien nunc, tristique rutrum accumsan in, imperdiet id risus. Ut nunc arcu, accumsan a dictum nec, pharetra eu enim. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Morbi aliquam viverra risus, vehicula euismod purus ultricies eget. Aliquam erat volutpat. Curabitur tincidunt fermentum elementum. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Mauris eros nisi, porta in rhoncus in, suscipit non velit. Maecenas vehicula ipsum a sem rutrum et sagittis dui tempus. Proin commodo dui id elit commodo aliquam. Integer semper, tortor et pretium dignissim, quam nunc lacinia dolor, luctus ullamcorper magna leo rhoncus mauris. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Donec luctus eleifend metus.

Duis in interdum risus. Proin tempor, urna non faucibus feugiat, lacus mauris ultricies neque, et laoreet justo leo ut quam. Donec imperdiet, orci nec auctor tristique, sapien leo ornare est, non molestie augue velit eu lorem. Pellentesque mattis molestie accumsan. In dictum mi quis ipsum consequat eu tempus elit lobortis. Fusce faucibus cursus sem, ut convallis leo ullamcorper sed. Nulla hendrerit fringilla est ac viverra. Duis blandit accumsan mattis. Donec sit amet odio mi, a iaculis nibh. Nunc ut odio turpis, sed luctus sapien. Cras eget risus ut neque eleifend euismod. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Etiam viverra bibendum elit egestas fringilla. Suspendisse risus lectus, semper ut fringilla et, rutrum quis neque.

Aliquam interdum massa eget nisi pharetra aliquet. Nullam venenatis ligula a felis ultricies ultrices. Integer ut mauris viverra lectus molestie hendrerit. Morbi congue enim ut lectus rhoncus iaculis. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Proin non urna nec nisl rutrum euismod nec ut ligula. Etiam massa sapien, dignissim nec bibendum nec, dictum ac erat. Sed sagittis leo ipsum, quis lacinia neque. Sed semper, nisi nec ornare pulvinar, massa tellus tristique diam, ut adipiscing arcu purus quis dui.

Donec fringilla dolor accumsan eros iaculis sed interdum est facilisis. Maecenas vel libero et tortor tincidunt dictum in quis leo. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Morbi adipiscing tellus vel sapien ultricies vulputate. Morbi vitae lectus arcu, at cursus dui. Vestibulum convallis, velit at volutpat molestie, felis nibh molestie nulla, mattis porta urna leo non lacus. Aenean quis lectus sit amet elit euismod convallis. In ante eros, fermentum a pellentesque vel, scelerisque ut nibh. Fusce a urna ac tellus commodo pharetra non at felis. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. In vestibulum, elit vel venenatis cursus, tortor leo convallis ligula, in malesuada lacus odio ut nulla. Aliquam tortor neque, sollicitudin placerat suscipit in, ultricies id tellus. Donec et purus vel enim venenatis faucibus. Morbi bibendum eros sed justo tincidunt a tristique eros interdum. Aliquam erat volutpat. Nam tristique ultricies elit quis ornare. Nullam ullamcorper, mi eget fermentum condimentum, sapien tellus eleifend mi, non ultrices purus eros at magna. Nulla lobortis lobortis condimentum. Morbi ac augue magna, a auctor augue.

Sed et nibh orci. In non ipsum nisi. Fusce tincidunt sem vel orci mattis rutrum. Sed turpis metus, ornare sit amet varius at, ultrices non tellus. Maecenas suscipit lacinia porta. Fusce in nibh ipsum, in commodo sapien. Sed ut est a nisi ornare volutpat. Curabitur id neque ipsum. Integer porttitor dui ut purus porttitor hendrerit in at risus. Donec turpis dui, suscipit sit amet porta at, ornare id lacus. Aliquam dolor sem, bibendum sed condimentum at, condimentum ac purus. Donec feugiat turpis nec urna fringilla faucibus. Morbi ac eros enim, in mattis leo. Nullam consectetur venenatis libero, ac accumsan diam scelerisque vel. Ut malesuada lectus vitae purus vulputate sed facilisis augue accumsan. Sed in diam a erat venenatis iaculis. Nam mauris mauris, ornare quis hendrerit id, mollis ac odio. Aliquam sit amet cursus augue. Nulla eget enim enim, in porta ligula.

Curabitur non orci in nisl euismod congue. Pellentesque consequat purus ut quam vulputate nec varius magna luctus. In erat nisl, faucibus quis cursus et, sodales id erat. Curabitur sodales, risus blandit fermentum lacinia, eros mauris porttitor leo, eget adipiscing lacus dui non massa. Fusce est dui, interdum et mattis vehicula, blandit ac justo. Sed in justo felis, eu lobortis neque. Sed blandit mauris quam, non tristique erat. Duis ultrices congue massa semper condimentum. Nam volutpat eleifend quam vulputate cursus. Ut velit sem, iaculis ornare blandit quis, sollicitudin non erat. Nam vel libero magna, varius feugiat sem. Pellentesque ornare velit eget nisl porttitor a commodo est mattis. Maecenas mauris nunc, iaculis et bibendum vitae, mollis vel est. Etiam ac lectus turpis, eu volutpat magna. Etiam mattis malesuada leo id malesuada. Nunc pulvinar commodo hendrerit. Morbi vel lacinia leo.

Maecenas quis neque sed eros ultricies aliquam. Ut vel aliquam urna. Praesent mattis ante quis enim dapibus vel varius felis pellentesque. Phasellus facilisis tincidunt semper. Cras nec mi et nunc gravida consectetur at sed ante. Duis condimentum lobortis consequat. Integer placerat lobortis suscipit. Aenean urna elit, laoreet eget adipiscing sit amet, tempus mollis nisl. Duis pretium iaculis erat non fringilla. Nulla nec malesuada nisl. Morbi interdum, est vitae imperdiet blandit, leo ipsum hendrerit nunc, non aliquet ligula justo eget orci. Fusce non luctus mauris. Suspendisse congue gravida sem quis ultricies. Integer luctus dignissim ante, in viverra mi dictum non. Fusce magna tellus, congue nec volutpat vel, pulvinar dignissim odio. Aliquam in massa a ligula tristique cursus euismod at dui. Morbi varius quam quis neque egestas volutpat congue mi semper. Suspendisse vitae iaculis enim. Vivamus non velit vitae lectus mollis eleifend.

Fusce velit tellus, malesuada id scelerisque mollis, porttitor sed nulla. Ut dignissim mi leo. Mauris aliquam, tortor nec volutpat vehicula, libero felis semper risus, in tempor diam odio nec mi. Vestibulum bibendum interdum elit eget imperdiet. Morbi elementum rutrum turpis, ut fringilla enim luctus tempus. Aliquam erat volutpat. Praesent convallis suscipit odio in faucibus. Ut pretium elit a diam auctor eget placerat nisl tincidunt. Suspendisse eget velit nec tortor convallis suscipit. Integer in lorem velit, nec blandit nisi.

Vivamus molestie porta nisi id lacinia. In quis nibh ipsum. Integer eu orci lacus, ac tempus sapien. Integer molestie diam et mauris semper eu placerat neque laoreet. Cras cursus pharetra nisi id congue. Morbi a augue accumsan eros porta ullamcorper. Donec non purus eu erat lobortis laoreet. Vestibulum est lectus, viverra venenatis volutpat eget, rutrum ac nibh. Duis turpis magna, aliquet eget aliquam nec, tincidunt viverra mauris. Sed a lorem rhoncus metus semper ultrices. Vivamus tortor lorem, placerat eu volutpat at, dignissim ut nisi. Fusce congue magna volutpat lectus tincidunt iaculis.

Aliquam mattis eros et lorem volutpat gravida. Nam velit dolor, tristique non lacinia eu, sollicitudin non eros. Etiam ultricies quam luctus magna tincidunt at varius lorem lacinia. Nunc convallis leo eget nisi luctus iaculis. In imperdiet tristique magna, a interdum leo euismod in. Donec mollis, mauris vel tristique blandit, libero libero rhoncus massa, vel scelerisque mi quam mollis ante. Suspendisse sapien mauris, ullamcorper et lacinia ac, euismod sed nulla. Proin in massa in odio ultricies venenatis. Praesent tempor aliquet consectetur. Nullam posuere, sapien nec porttitor viverra, metus ante condimentum est, ut lacinia sapien risus a eros. Ut in justo diam, a rutrum eros. Duis eu orci tortor, sed aliquam diam. Phasellus euismod arcu vitae elit venenatis cursus. Etiam semper viverra ante at fringilla. Etiam sapien nisi, dictum ut cursus eu, facilisis vel erat. Donec suscipit diam ac sapien pulvinar nec faucibus augue mattis. Nunc ac nisl non diam volutpat egestas. Vestibulum dignissim rhoncus sollicitudin. Curabitur volutpat scelerisque augue vitae varius. Duis ut est sit amet justo mattis ornare.

In interdum dolor at felis posuere at rutrum ante interdum. Morbi dapibus volutpat sapien, eu auctor dolor cursus in. Nulla lobortis auctor mauris, id aliquam orci congue rutrum. Fusce imperdiet odio eu nisl euismod varius. Sed tristique facilisis purus, vitae commodo dui commodo tempor. Proin orci purus, pharetra at ullamcorper at, placerat eu ante. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vestibulum dignissim metus eu risus porta pharetra. Nunc id lorem a ligula vestibulum faucibus. Pellentesque interdum scelerisque nibh, eu consequat eros gravida id.

Vestibulum id urna eu nisi laoreet imperdiet. Praesent hendrerit arcu dui. Duis faucibus quam sit amet mauris bibendum id blandit tellus malesuada. Fusce tincidunt justo venenatis odio egestas ac vestibulum mauris vestibulum. Maecenas lorem nibh, sollicitudin et mollis id, accumsan eu justo. Aenean quis mauris erat, sed vehicula augue. Sed ut est elit. In euismod sem nec justo bibendum eu viverra ante scelerisque. Proin tincidunt sodales venenatis. Curabitur pulvinar tellus non purus consectetur aliquam. Donec vel porta nisi. Fusce tristique ullamcorper turpis, non posuere ante porta in. Nam ut mi sed arcu sollicitudin accumsan non condimentum lacus. Donec non libero et velit pharetra hendrerit. Donec mattis porttitor sapien, convallis pharetra erat aliquam non. Donec viverra sapien lacus.

Nullam arcu purus, vehicula id sodales semper, auctor in dolor. Integer varius eros eget ante pharetra in pellentesque tortor imperdiet. Nullam vestibulum, dolor a mollis ultricies, lacus nisl molestie tellus, eu blandit elit nulla eget odio. In rutrum magna a libero semper ullamcorper. Duis dui nisl, aliquet sit amet pellentesque et, convallis quis sapien. Maecenas felis purus, semper et sodales et, pellentesque in felis. Vestibulum vulputate venenatis felis eu tempor. Mauris vitae neque ante. Vivamus nec odio et ipsum vehicula semper. Etiam condimentum iaculis diam, non congue tellus fringilla non. Nunc sed neque non quam rhoncus bibendum. Pellentesque id arcu sodales risus dictum semper in id felis. Duis at fermentum arcu.

Ut sed urna elit. Aenean tincidunt, nisi ut vehicula rhoncus, libero nibh euismod purus, at dictum orci nibh ut mi. Nulla nec posuere nulla. Pellentesque nec congue neque. Sed porta ultrices arcu, eget gravida arcu viverra mollis. Nulla in ligula sed leo scelerisque dictum ut id nisi. Nunc aliquam dictum massa, quis suscipit dolor malesuada a. Sed cursus euismod odio sed congue. Aenean aliquam tellus sed purus ultrices imperdiet. Maecenas lacinia magna vel massa consequat convallis. Vivamus sapien tellus, venenatis non interdum eu, posuere vel purus. Donec nisi tellus, sagittis quis gravida at, tempus eget lacus.

Nam non nunc eu tortor viverra tempor. Donec et elit magna, at pellentesque erat. Curabitur orci massa, cursus quis elementum eu, porta nec dolor. Ut vulputate turpis turpis. Proin eget volutpat lacus. Aenean gravida eros ornare magna ullamcorper venenatis. Cras urna ligula, lacinia facilisis egestas vel, mollis eget elit. Integer vel libero lectus. Proin quis ante a magna placerat placerat. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Sed facilisis mattis odio, id egestas leo suscipit et. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Curabitur eget eros metus. Pellentesque placerat tellus at orci feugiat mollis. Suspendisse vel turpis lorem. Nullam eget neque eget orci congue ullamcorper. Etiam at massa nec libero aliquet viverra sed nec lectus.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Curabitur non lobortis orci. Nunc augue urna, tincidunt et elementum quis, tincidunt a risus. Aliquam at purus at tellus aliquam mollis. Cras ullamcorper, est eu adipiscing tempor, lectus lacus tincidunt neque, in ornare sem odio sed sapien. Suspendisse laoreet mollis nunc a adipiscing. Nullam nisi nulla, ullamcorper vitae placerat vel, laoreet vel felis. Phasellus sollicitudin sem ut nibh lobortis accumsan. Sed magna justo, condimentum nec varius vitae, sollicitudin vitae sem. Cras accumsan, erat eu condimentum malesuada, neque nisl scelerisque justo, eget condimentum risus neque quis purus. Suspendisse quis scelerisque felis. Proin cursus bibendum ligula sed scelerisque. Proin id facilisis dui. Maecenas in tempus diam. Curabitur sollicitudin rutrum tempus. Pellentesque nisi massa, lacinia eu ultrices non, congue ut est. Proin posuere dui ut lacus egestas hendrerit. Maecenas at quam elit. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Pellentesque interdum ligula faucibus erat pharetra dictum ut et erat.

Nulla facilisi. Suspendisse eu libero vitae enim lacinia sagittis sit amet in enim. Proin non consequat lectus. Phasellus diam diam, vehicula sagittis lobortis sed, viverra bibendum sapien. Aliquam a tortor augue, eget dictum eros. Nulla ligula erat, ultricies a imperdiet nec, suscipit ac ante. Fusce ipsum ligula, blandit vitae rutrum vitae, tempus nec nunc. Quisque eget lorem tortor. Suspendisse tristique pulvinar euismod. Duis porta, elit et vulputate lobortis, magna magna sodales purus, eget porta nisl felis eu erat. Duis et velit vel urna tempor vulputate. Praesent pellentesque arcu non tellus viverra quis condimentum diam consequat. Nunc ac justo nibh. Maecenas eu nisl sed orci blandit malesuada. In ultrices ullamcorper convallis. Integer tristique sem id tortor semper nec ultricies erat commodo.

Duis commodo, magna sit amet imperdiet sagittis, erat sapien tempus dui, a molestie tellus dolor id ligula. Etiam feugiat arcu in mauris vehicula eget porta nulla ornare. Suspendisse lorem tortor, mattis convallis elementum nec, pulvinar sit amet libero. Aliquam a risus massa. Pellentesque nulla eros, volutpat id porttitor quis, viverra et nunc. Quisque feugiat ante in dolor feugiat mattis. Nam sodales rhoncus sapien, vel hendrerit libero lacinia non. In consequat, nunc id tristique volutpat, orci turpis scelerisque mi, vitae elementum metus magna a orci. Aenean vitae sem felis. Nullam egestas neque sit amet ipsum ornare eu scelerisque leo luctus. Curabitur id turpis quam. Quisque id sapien nunc. Integer tincidunt convallis mauris quis semper. Suspendisse viverra, massa vel congue elementum, libero enim interdum urna, eu blandit libero tellus eu diam. Maecenas dignissim sollicitudin sem, quis tempor erat auctor ac. Etiam scelerisque turpis eget massa tempor iaculis. Phasellus ullamcorper elit eu orci sollicitudin sed dictum lectus pretium.

Nunc odio augue, porta non eleifend ut, fermentum a eros. Nulla leo mi, lacinia quis sagittis non, accumsan id arcu. Aliquam blandit imperdiet dignissim. Sed eu arcu arcu, nec faucibus purus. Aenean ac ipsum id urna tempor ultrices nec eu velit. Etiam dapibus dictum libero, non blandit nibh mattis vel. Aenean sodales mollis diam sed molestie. Integer aliquet cursus orci ut placerat. Sed condimentum scelerisque felis in vestibulum. Maecenas eget sollicitudin risus. Sed adipiscing lacus eu velit ultrices vitae gravida risus ornare. Praesent facilisis hendrerit sapien, lacinia congue ante porttitor quis. In accumsan fringilla enim et ultricies. Suspendisse aliquam semper nulla et volutpat.

Sed vitae velit sem, sit amet ultricies libero. Cras suscipit nisl eget lacus consequat tincidunt. Proin lorem justo, imperdiet varius venenatis nec, vestibulum non sapien. Nunc in velit non ligula vulputate tristique. Cras gravida euismod turpis ac rhoncus. Maecenas commodo venenatis ipsum, et rhoncus felis ultrices at. Fusce eleifend laoreet suscipit. Quisque tincidunt ultrices aliquam. Mauris vel mauris lorem. Integer vulputate sem in massa viverra pretium. Nullam porta imperdiet nulla ut eleifend. Integer tincidunt eros in velit euismod rhoncus. Ut odio arcu, pulvinar quis adipiscing sed, convallis nec lorem. Morbi euismod tellus tortor, eget euismod lorem. Sed in mollis odio. Phasellus nunc arcu, posuere non vehicula sed, consequat vel elit.

Etiam ultricies pretium mi, vitae sodales nunc imperdiet id. Duis luctus interdum justo, id imperdiet libero sodales et. Suspendisse aliquam viverra nisi quis interdum. Vivamus dolor eros, malesuada et laoreet ac, rhoncus pellentesque erat. Vestibulum a tortor mauris, in pellentesque tortor. Suspendisse lobortis bibendum nibh, eu mollis dolor tincidunt nec. Cras suscipit lectus ut neque porta vel sollicitudin turpis hendrerit. Duis turpis enim, tristique ut dictum ac, porta sit amet lectus. Donec convallis, orci vel elementum egestas, dolor nisl commodo neque, at malesuada velit mi et enim. Proin bibendum quam ut diam volutpat et commodo nibh bibendum. Integer faucibus urna nec augue faucibus id convallis nisi euismod.

Praesent massa nisi, volutpat nec dictum at, ultricies eu ante. Cras ac tellus a orci cursus sodales. Pellentesque iaculis vulputate nisl nec dignissim. Nam varius, leo aliquam gravida lobortis, dolor elit tincidunt orci, ut tempor ligula leo et massa. Aenean eleifend facilisis lorem, et hendrerit mi commodo non. Aliquam vestibulum felis id quam placerat porttitor. Proin a diam faucibus erat facilisis tristique. Ut sagittis accumsan dolor, non interdum ipsum condimentum nec. Ut quis dui vitae velit congue semper ut non velit. Duis odio enim, viverra sed rhoncus sed, ultricies quis nunc. Cras tempor feugiat lorem, at pulvinar tortor interdum nec.

Aliquam leo nunc, tempor non scelerisque nec, malesuada sit amet turpis. Cras vel ullamcorper est. Vestibulum sit amet quam ut justo condimentum suscipit id in nunc. Vivamus consequat pharetra magna eu commodo. Etiam sit amet felis id mi consequat fringilla. Maecenas feugiat neque et lacus blandit vitae aliquet augue imperdiet. Maecenas vitae urna nisl, quis mattis ipsum. Donec vitae risus eros, in auctor risus. Phasellus tempus aliquam libero at mollis. Nullam mollis, augue id dignissim elementum, nisl eros consectetur est, at rhoncus quam arcu sit amet est. Integer condimentum lectus ac turpis scelerisque lacinia scelerisque ligula aliquam. Cras ultrices tortor eget purus placerat pulvinar.

Quisque luctus mi et odio mollis molestie. Donec ut ante a turpis porta aliquam id et odio. Integer suscipit, magna quis mattis eleifend, justo velit laoreet diam, eget elementum ligula quam sit amet risus. Integer pulvinar arcu in massa mollis luctus convallis metus pretium. Ut molestie aliquam nulla sit amet blandit. Nulla non metus nulla, non condimentum mi. Nulla sed iaculis justo. Sed laoreet ante eu arcu tincidunt interdum. Nam adipiscing tellus ut eros adipiscing consectetur. Nulla mollis, nisl facilisis scelerisque aliquet, tellus nisi elementum nisl, at sagittis dui velit sit amet eros. Quisque in turpis eget erat tempor varius. Vivamus id orci a odio dapibus lobortis. Vivamus rutrum erat et lacus pulvinar luctus. Nunc dignissim porttitor arcu, ac suscipit libero sollicitudin eget. Vestibulum tristique sapien non neque placerat eget condimentum eros tincidunt. Donec in justo ut tortor sollicitudin pellentesque. Sed hendrerit pulvinar lacus, posuere volutpat tellus molestie vitae. Morbi ultrices pulvinar massa scelerisque semper. Suspendisse luctus odio quis augue varius vitae feugiat enim lacinia.

Cras dignissim malesuada laoreet. Donec interdum gravida nunc vitae suscipit. Aliquam dictum, dui id rutrum dapibus, nisi ligula posuere tellus, eu sodales nulla odio at sapien. In mollis, ligula non tristique tempor, sem arcu tristique justo, vel ullamcorper ante ante ut massa. Maecenas faucibus pharetra luctus. In scelerisque dolor diam. Donec eget neque eu turpis tristique scelerisque. Integer volutpat est condimentum urna ultrices adipiscing. Quisque sed tellus dui, nec porta est. Cras ac sapien non sapien ullamcorper consequat quis at leo. Fusce lobortis turpis nisi. Morbi lectus augue, egestas eu commodo ac, tincidunt quis odio. Donec egestas bibendum ante sit amet pulvinar. Vestibulum suscipit tempus mi, sed ultrices nisi mollis at.

Curabitur tristique neque et lacus hendrerit placerat. Donec facilisis sapien a leo posuere sollicitudin. Etiam adipiscing dictum turpis, ac ullamcorper velit fermentum vitae. Pellentesque elementum cursus massa at luctus. Nullam vitae mollis felis. Aenean at urna dui. Phasellus tortor ligula, tristique sit amet elementum id, ultrices ut lacus. Vestibulum consectetur erat imperdiet lacus dignissim lobortis. Quisque suscipit ultrices purus a suscipit. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vestibulum ac diam vitae mi lacinia lobortis vel et nisl. In volutpat ultrices neque, et tincidunt massa tincidunt laoreet. Nulla porta volutpat dictum. Sed et velit vitae nibh scelerisque hendrerit. Ut metus ligula, scelerisque sit amet porta ut, eleifend nec magna. Suspendisse imperdiet faucibus purus gravida vestibulum. Aliquam nulla enim, ornare ac consequat at, ultrices sit amet massa. Nam non aliquet augue. Mauris pulvinar odio iaculis felis feugiat eget malesuada nisi aliquam.

Duis lobortis est a quam blandit egestas. Donec vehicula turpis eu metus rutrum pharetra. Nunc cursus laoreet tortor, eget mattis diam convallis sit amet. Nulla facilisi. Nullam rhoncus eros in sem dignissim cursus. Etiam sodales porttitor metus id scelerisque. Proin magna nibh, elementum id vestibulum sit amet, aliquet sit amet felis. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam id quam justo. Sed quis tortor at dui pellentesque pellentesque ac quis mauris.

Nullam at erat non leo rutrum consectetur. Mauris ultricies, mauris non iaculis malesuada, elit orci consequat magna, a aliquet felis nibh euismod magna. Maecenas eget felis at felis ultricies aliquet vel sagittis erat. Integer ut odio quam. Nullam eleifend vehicula est nec fermentum. Sed elementum fermentum orci, a molestie elit vehicula a. Vivamus id tellus at odio posuere dignissim quis eget dui. Nullam at diam magna, et laoreet ipsum. In lobortis rhoncus augue et tristique. Sed ut lacus ipsum, vel volutpat erat. Cras cursus felis et erat tempor ac volutpat elit pretium. Maecenas molestie, justo nec sollicitudin dignissim, lacus urna tempor libero, in ornare justo odio id felis. Morbi tempor libero quis mauris tristique et fringilla lacus tempor. Praesent nisl libero, hendrerit a blandit at, fringilla ut nunc. Ut ut massa ut ligula scelerisque faucibus porttitor id eros.

Nam at eros nec mauris vulputate sollicitudin. Proin velit elit, congue eu lacinia et, tincidunt ac enim. Donec suscipit diam id massa porta porta. Mauris eu rutrum neque. Pellentesque blandit elementum massa ut feugiat. Maecenas ornare libero a felis ullamcorper condimentum. Quisque ut diam eros, quis mattis lacus. Pellentesque eu justo id dui aliquet blandit adipiscing in ante. Donec dapibus dignissim mollis. Vestibulum luctus augue in ante porttitor eleifend non non lectus. Fusce nec ante quis neque condimentum consectetur. Aenean rutrum ante eget arcu sagittis vulputate.

Vestibulum hendrerit purus et est ullamcorper lobortis. Duis ultricies dictum malesuada. Donec purus risus, sagittis a varius eu, fringilla ac tellus. Nullam adipiscing, lorem vitae dapibus dictum, diam turpis rhoncus mauris, sed pulvinar nibh mi sed lectus. Phasellus fermentum ligula sed ante mattis quis vehicula massa porta. Mauris sagittis, purus vel luctus tincidunt, justo odio rutrum eros, vel feugiat nunc metus ac dui. Mauris faucibus commodo massa, tincidunt fermentum massa dictum nec. Nullam at metus dolor. Donec blandit erat sed leo aliquam imperdiet quis eget ante. Nam facilisis, nibh sit amet laoreet pellentesque, turpis enim fermentum erat, nec dignissim ante erat sed libero. Aliquam dictum tortor sed velit ullamcorper iaculis. Fusce blandit, arcu at varius interdum, erat ipsum mattis eros, tincidunt tempus nibh tellus scelerisque urna. Aliquam et enim eu enim laoreet pulvinar. Mauris ullamcorper felis erat. Nam ac lorem ut urna iaculis malesuada. Sed quis dui ac urna ornare pellentesque eu ut arcu.

Sed eget ligula eros, nec ultrices lacus. Curabitur vel arcu in tortor tempor sollicitudin id in lacus. Duis hendrerit turpis eu tortor tempus quis eleifend turpis hendrerit. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Vestibulum non leo elit. Praesent arcu ipsum, laoreet vestibulum fringilla vitae, ultricies feugiat velit. Mauris pellentesque, mi et vehicula tempus, justo enim tincidunt arcu, ac venenatis dolor diam sed dui. Nulla nec eros sed nulla luctus facilisis vel ac magna. Vestibulum sit amet tortor a turpis fermentum dictum vel nec risus. Fusce magna mauris, venenatis et lobortis ac, ullamcorper sit amet arcu. In sed tempus libero. In vel risus libero, in varius dolor. Aliquam eros eros, bibendum vel semper a, imperdiet vitae mi. Suspendisse eleifend, nibh eu mattis venenatis, mi lorem pretium lorem, non venenatis odio dui ac urna. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vestibulum sit amet lacus vel erat tincidunt bibendum. Maecenas ut arcu vitae enim volutpat sollicitudin eleifend lobortis arcu.

Sed quis mauris neque, at malesuada erat. Sed a orci sed est congue pellentesque. Aenean venenatis rutrum fringilla. Vestibulum ornare, risus vel ornare scelerisque, nibh lectus sagittis erat, ut pretium ante orci at libero. Nullam malesuada tristique justo. Mauris at tortor quis risus congue fringilla vitae et nunc. Curabitur nisl augue, laoreet ut placerat quis, rutrum id mauris. Suspendisse nec dui eget augue tempus iaculis ac gravida urna. Cras luctus consequat orci, et eleifend mi tempor a. Integer leo odio, laoreet non malesuada aliquam, dapibus id massa. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Curabitur malesuada ultrices metus, nec aliquam felis dignissim sed. Curabitur eget ultrices nisl. Quisque congue erat sed felis condimentum nec sagittis metus aliquet. Sed nibh lorem, malesuada ac auctor ullamcorper, pellentesque sed erat.

Etiam ut enim nisi, lobortis posuere risus. Ut varius enim sed sapien mollis id ultricies nulla aliquet. Donec accumsan molestie varius. In condimentum egestas neque a convallis. Aliquam tristique, dolor non malesuada vulputate, arcu eros aliquet enim, quis vulputate risus justo eu orci. Ut magna sapien, tempor non tempus eu, lacinia vitae nunc. Praesent quis leo ligula. Fusce elementum molestie eleifend. Mauris est magna, porttitor non pellentesque vel, ornare at turpis. Pellentesque id ipsum sit amet leo iaculis venenatis.

Aliquam purus ipsum, dapibus vitae cursus vel, placerat ut metus. Mauris urna lorem, sagittis quis egestas vestibulum, convallis ut neque. Donec a erat nunc, ut commodo tortor. Maecenas convallis elit pellentesque est imperdiet a convallis erat mattis. Curabitur ultrices felis quis est egestas feugiat. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Vestibulum urna metus, fermentum sit amet consequat vitae, dictum vitae lectus. Phasellus eget nisl enim. In fringilla ultrices faucibus. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Fusce semper, quam vel auctor rutrum, quam odio suscipit neque, eget elementum dolor nisl consectetur augue. Morbi molestie urna hendrerit nulla vehicula sagittis. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Nam eleifend lobortis velit, dapibus adipiscing ipsum gravida sed. Nunc eros neque, tempor in congue in, sollicitudin ut magna. Praesent adipiscing commodo enim. Fusce ac turpis vel velit feugiat fermentum quis sed quam. Mauris feugiat consectetur lacus et consequat. Suspendisse volutpat justo eu urna euismod nec egestas orci rhoncus. Pellentesque ultricies nulla vel purus feugiat adipiscing. Mauris venenatis aliquet velit, vitae rhoncus sem dapibus id. Cras nec lacus libero, quis auctor leo. Phasellus vel lacus vel metus porttitor tempus. Aenean elementum vehicula leo, nec imperdiet massa eleifend vel. Morbi nibh massa, egestas vel condimentum a, tempor quis lacus. Donec sagittis sem lacinia massa congue sed tincidunt odio hendrerit.

Suspendisse potenti. Fusce pellentesque velit ac tortor scelerisque sit amet lobortis mi scelerisque. Nunc volutpat nibh quis orci condimentum ultricies. Vivamus tortor risus, convallis at ornare ac, lobortis et metus. Sed gravida suscipit pharetra. Proin sem dui, bibendum dapibus volutpat non, mollis a mauris. Donec nisl tellus, ultricies malesuada consectetur ac, eleifend sit amet arcu. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Vestibulum volutpat, lectus id varius tempor, leo mauris elementum elit, vitae malesuada arcu diam eget dui. Nulla facilisi. Vivamus dignissim lobortis lorem, vel fermentum turpis vehicula at. Vivamus iaculis mi eu metus dictum suscipit. Mauris venenatis purus vel tellus accumsan a interdum velit auctor.

Aliquam facilisis ante vitae tortor pharetra eget aliquam mi aliquam. Curabitur nibh quam, semper quis pellentesque ac, dignissim eget elit. Morbi sagittis gravida elit, ac sollicitudin nibh accumsan at. Nulla placerat rutrum rutrum. Ut vel nibh adipiscing purus dignissim posuere eu scelerisque sapien. Vivamus nec metus at metus pellentesque egestas bibendum sit amet mi. Sed dignissim venenatis mi, sit amet elementum risus porta ut. Vivamus pellentesque turpis vitae nisi pharetra ut ultricies magna suscipit. Nunc et lectus et lacus fermentum porttitor. Phasellus eget mauris ut lectus congue posuere. Nam condimentum faucibus mi a vehicula. Proin nec dui ipsum. Donec non risus erat. Praesent non urna vitae dolor ullamcorper bibendum. Nunc risus eros, porttitor eu laoreet a, dictum quis augue. Nunc interdum neque pretium turpis dictum eu euismod nisi sollicitudin. Proin et ante turpis, fringilla ullamcorper massa. Morbi tellus tellus, facilisis at sagittis at, egestas ut odio. Nam feugiat ullamcorper tortor sit amet euismod. Ut tristique, massa adipiscing pellentesque euismod, dui tellus elementum libero, sed dictum purus elit in massa.

Proin semper magna nec nisl vestibulum ultricies. Aliquam dictum ultricies tortor, dapibus egestas eros luctus porttitor. In justo urna, volutpat at scelerisque id, varius a ligula. Vestibulum non lacus eget elit ullamcorper tempor. Integer mi arcu, porta eget fringilla ac, aliquam id nisi. Pellentesque ornare congue suscipit. Proin sit amet ante libero, eu faucibus orci. Mauris vel sem leo. Vivamus ornare volutpat augue, euismod bibendum tortor mollis sit amet. Proin in felis in purus semper mollis at sit amet orci. Phasellus ligula sem, molestie non pellentesque ut, lobortis non eros. Quisque in eros ac sapien rutrum congue non et lorem. Suspendisse interdum velit eu nibh consectetur rhoncus. Vivamus nec nulla urna, ac viverra ligula. Ut consectetur libero non magna accumsan rutrum.

Donec nisl sapien, molestie sed viverra a, mattis id tortor. Pellentesque rhoncus cursus dolor nec ultricies. Vivamus erat eros, tincidunt et scelerisque a, semper ac diam. Aenean id risus sed sem ullamcorper luctus et a felis. Donec eu risus nisi. Donec ac erat magna, id molestie tellus. Vivamus non mi tortor, eget ultrices elit. Nulla tincidunt suscipit varius. Donec nisi enim, adipiscing ac bibendum et, sollicitudin non nisl. Fusce facilisis malesuada magna in gravida. Aliquam odio urna, tincidunt non accumsan vitae, ullamcorper vel ipsum. Nunc commodo lorem ante, mattis placerat nisl. Sed dapibus, ipsum ut mattis aliquam, purus purus egestas risus, consectetur sodales magna quam aliquam libero. Suspendisse nec augue nisi. Aliquam ac tellus elit. Morbi tempor justo ut nulla vehicula vel convallis metus elementum. Etiam condimentum sapien eu magna pharetra hendrerit.

Donec pharetra elementum nibh, quis lobortis urna sodales id. Curabitur ut mi massa, non tincidunt diam. Aenean sed metus et velit cursus vehicula a quis mauris. Vestibulum posuere, mi a sollicitudin faucibus, turpis enim rhoncus diam, a congue sapien purus ut tortor. Fusce egestas dolor eu dolor placerat aliquet. Pellentesque gravida tempus massa vitae pharetra. Phasellus sed dignissim urna. Duis volutpat bibendum consectetur. Cras nunc erat, malesuada a fermentum sed, mattis at risus. Maecenas ut tortor vel lacus imperdiet vulputate sagittis nec odio. Sed fringilla nunc eu ligula rutrum accumsan fermentum lorem hendrerit. Vivamus mattis sagittis augue eu gravida. Vestibulum pretium dapibus nibh, non adipiscing justo interdum sed. Nam congue laoreet ante, quis varius lectus porta id. Ut non magna id magna molestie faucibus. Curabitur pellentesque consectetur neque, nec laoreet arcu vehicula quis. Donec nec lorem ac mauris pretium suscipit et ut orci. Etiam tempor viverra risus, non euismod erat gravida vitae. Aliquam vel risus sit amet sem hendrerit lobortis vitae sit amet nisl. Cras dictum laoreet nunc, sit amet tincidunt eros pretium vel.

Nulla pulvinar, leo sit amet volutpat pretium, risus lorem fringilla mi, sit amet ullamcorper justo risus non nunc. Proin sagittis risus et enim tincidunt accumsan. Vivamus non libero justo, id porttitor lectus. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec accumsan feugiat lacus. Ut in enim eu velit scelerisque vulputate. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Mauris mollis tristique libero sed sagittis. Integer at luctus nisl. Proin molestie felis vel lorem venenatis porttitor. Aliquam auctor scelerisque euismod. Suspendisse eu velit nisi. Fusce eu dui eget sapien dignissim ultricies ac vitae orci. Sed dictum bibendum nisl ut aliquet. Nulla euismod consequat nisl. Etiam feugiat viverra posuere. Curabitur consequat, eros in aliquet cursus, augue velit rutrum lorem, a mattis risus ante non ipsum. Donec at dui diam, id luctus felis. Nulla vel purus at nulla vulputate tristique.

Phasellus in leo mi. Praesent quis justo nunc. Praesent porttitor arcu ac odio aliquam at pellentesque tortor auctor. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Morbi felis elit, egestas sed eleifend a, adipiscing ut turpis. Fusce sodales, lectus id molestie commodo, odio arcu eleifend erat, id rutrum turpis mi et nunc. Aliquam posuere felis eget felis placerat tempor. Duis blandit lobortis nunc nec mattis. Fusce tincidunt ultricies venenatis. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam ac enim tellus, vel placerat velit. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Praesent gravida libero id massa rutrum et condimentum nisi dignissim. In pharetra sodales magna, lobortis dignissim ligula luctus sed.

Nullam eu libero lacus. Fusce scelerisque sapien eu turpis cursus sagittis. Proin viverra condimentum elit non lacinia. Praesent tristique metus ac diam mollis sed tempus metus adipiscing. Phasellus nec ligula et urna molestie tempor. Pellentesque sagittis volutpat egestas. Nullam commodo metus in augue ornare fermentum. Maecenas porta tincidunt pharetra. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce varius laoreet posuere.

Etiam metus urna, porta vel dapibus nec, volutpat ac nisl. Mauris mattis tincidunt odio a iaculis. Fusce vel sem at dui bibendum dapibus ornare in ipsum. Quisque eu magna lorem, vitae gravida nisi. Curabitur vel eleifend urna. Donec ac velit ante. Praesent tempor facilisis luctus. Donec sem est, rhoncus non malesuada quis, bibendum laoreet magna. Sed urna neque, fermentum eu semper varius, gravida quis sem. Morbi congue egestas nisi non bibendum. Duis rutrum purus non lectus accumsan ornare. Proin consequat metus a orci rutrum gravida. Nam dictum lacinia dignissim. Suspendisse vitae sapien lacinia dui vehicula tincidunt a id odio. Vivamus ornare, magna dictum blandit egestas, dolor turpis pretium arcu, eget consectetur lacus tellus sit amet mauris. Donec malesuada, ligula ut semper consequat, nisi diam malesuada elit, non aliquet nisl nisl eget dui. Donec at mauris enim, non pellentesque tortor. Nunc et nibh quis urna ullamcorper pharetra. Nam ac nisl ante, ac sagittis justo. Etiam purus sapien, bibendum ut tincidunt ac, iaculis quis nunc.

Vestibulum vitae odio vel diam porttitor blandit. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Cras lacinia tempor neque, ac tempor tortor molestie id. Morbi porta vehicula venenatis. Aliquam erat volutpat. Quisque vel lectus ut nisl vulputate laoreet et eget dolor. Nunc pulvinar nibh a massa viverra molestie. Etiam auctor euismod nibh, vitae ultricies nisi commodo at. Fusce viverra fringilla dolor et cursus. Nam tincidunt lacus in risus facilisis a vestibulum felis blandit. Morbi at turpis mollis lorem tempus imperdiet. Nam blandit varius purus vitae elementum. Morbi convallis accumsan leo. Aliquam lacinia vestibulum sodales. Cras ultrices hendrerit augue id vestibulum.

Duis egestas quam sagittis nisi volutpat eget scelerisque nibh tincidunt. Mauris tellus tortor, elementum rutrum hendrerit at, vestibulum nec ipsum. Nunc nec purus arcu, sed ultricies massa. Morbi cursus justo risus, non vulputate eros. Curabitur iaculis orci sed nulla feugiat facilisis. Vestibulum molestie consequat sollicitudin. Sed feugiat auctor accumsan. Integer malesuada placerat pulvinar. Integer auctor elit a lacus adipiscing sodales. Morbi eu metus quis est vestibulum fermentum. Donec sollicitudin leo massa. Duis sagittis purus ac sapien gravida dictum. Mauris elit augue, pulvinar sed laoreet vitae, convallis et tellus. In convallis suscipit urna. Maecenas sit amet felis nec lorem ultricies malesuada. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae;

Duis id diam erat, et sodales justo. Maecenas a nibh erat, eget auctor nulla. In augue dui, tincidunt vitae aliquam quis, ultrices non ipsum. Ut id augue justo, at faucibus magna. Duis sollicitudin, velit sit amet varius sollicitudin, magna magna tincidunt ante, dictum consequat dui dolor ac lectus. Sed eu diam in lacus pulvinar lobortis quis ut est. Cras a nunc eu urna auctor condimentum. Nam tempus congue ligula a rhoncus. Mauris facilisis, sem pretium commodo venenatis, mi leo fringilla ipsum, sed consectetur sem metus vitae orci. Nunc viverra, turpis at pretium pretium, tortor enim aliquet quam, ut venenatis lacus risus eu orci. Nulla leo tellus, pharetra non condimentum vitae, euismod quis lectus. Duis non mauris massa. Proin sapien massa, tristique quis convallis a, laoreet sit amet augue. Nam posuere tortor nec enim laoreet feugiat. Fusce nec facilisis felis. Fusce in justo non dolor varius eleifend. Quisque non tortor diam, a consectetur arcu. Mauris ornare, elit ut imperdiet laoreet, justo magna placerat eros, sed lobortis felis augue eu sem. Phasellus et magna libero.

Nullam tincidunt orci sed massa venenatis in sollicitudin ligula mattis. In ante nulla, elementum quis ullamcorper id, dictum at mi. Vivamus tempus, mi vitae dapibus pharetra, diam elit tristique augue, sed malesuada turpis eros sed quam. Aenean lorem tellus, sodales quis aliquet non, consequat non sapien. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Sed accumsan aliquet nibh, mollis viverra diam aliquet a. Morbi turpis mi, ornare nec dignissim sit amet, condimentum eget tortor. Proin auctor, justo sit amet mattis suscipit, tortor dui vulputate justo, quis hendrerit risus mauris sit amet velit. Proin ut risus at purus lacinia ornare at vitae nisi. Sed faucibus aliquet tortor, eu ullamcorper neque imperdiet et. Aliquam ut sem enim. Etiam tempor interdum mauris venenatis pretium. Suspendisse id lacus risus. Maecenas quis venenatis massa.

Aliquam placerat diam non eros aliquet at fringilla justo euismod. In et risus est. Vivamus quis erat lectus. Integer venenatis dictum rhoncus. Etiam blandit suscipit sem vel porttitor. Donec ornare euismod libero, at interdum ligula sagittis eget. Mauris pellentesque eleifend ligula, sed venenatis dolor adipiscing sed. Cras venenatis consectetur tellus quis feugiat. Pellentesque adipiscing tortor nec urna dapibus condimentum. Etiam mollis sem sed dolor eleifend ac vestibulum orci eleifend. Donec euismod felis nec dolor faucibus vulputate. In a nibh diam. Vestibulum magna ligula, mollis nec malesuada et, faucibus sed leo. Cras porttitor tellus non ipsum tempor commodo. Nulla hendrerit posuere felis, at rutrum lorem porta in.

Nulla laoreet enim eget dolor fermentum ut iaculis arcu pharetra. Vestibulum ac ante et dolor consequat mattis. Fusce nibh nulla, tempor vitae faucibus id, volutpat non nisi. Aliquam erat volutpat. Aliquam ut mauris tincidunt tortor venenatis vehicula ut id orci. Quisque lacinia sagittis neque, id gravida erat hendrerit non. Mauris mattis, ante a mollis placerat, leo purus mollis orci, eget blandit libero urna eget sem. Maecenas vel quam vitae erat rhoncus luctus. Etiam vestibulum ornare lectus, et feugiat nibh viverra in. Sed nisi neque, pellentesque non rutrum vitae, pulvinar id mauris. Sed dictum semper gravida.

Pellentesque felis augue, fringilla at venenatis at, imperdiet ac libero. Morbi dolor quam, hendrerit non posuere id, condimentum a tellus. Nunc mattis scelerisque aliquam. Maecenas hendrerit nunc vitae est tincidunt et sagittis sapien pharetra. Nullam risus arcu, tempor eu pretium sit amet, aliquam sit amet nisl. Ut vel lorem lorem, sit amet venenatis lacus. Nullam consequat tempor lacus, a fermentum dolor ullamcorper eget. Curabitur aliquam est id mi euismod ac euismod magna commodo. Phasellus tincidunt est in enim euismod varius. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Proin a tellus non tellus mattis euismod in at mi. Vivamus pretium volutpat ipsum adipiscing molestie. Morbi tempor, dolor id aliquam mattis, justo sem condimentum lectus, ac mollis urna lectus at dolor. Nulla eget molestie leo. Quisque posuere interdum iaculis. Vivamus eget turpis orci, ut fermentum dolor. Sed in erat libero. Quisque laoreet enim a dolor semper gravida. Nam sit amet leo vitae est convallis dapibus quis bibendum nisi. In tristique tempus ligula. Curabitur adipiscing ante eu nisl pretium sodales a et sem. Pellentesque lobortis elit quis odio mollis at pellentesque dolor consectetur. Ut dapibus nulla at nunc ornare tempor. Nam a sapien quis tortor blandit rhoncus. Nunc at ipsum eu metus tincidunt sodales non in lacus. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus.

Ut commodo neque tempus magna fringilla fringilla. Nunc hendrerit tellus at tortor fringilla convallis vel non sapien. Sed at consequat nisi. Mauris consectetur interdum magna id vestibulum. Fusce magna odio, posuere sed scelerisque quis, suscipit nec mauris. Morbi facilisis dignissim consequat. Maecenas ac velit neque, quis elementum dolor. Ut fringilla quam nulla, non lacinia ipsum. Sed id odio id dui rutrum imperdiet sed mattis velit. Ut vel auctor neque.

Maecenas tellus libero, vestibulum sed ultrices id, pharetra quis enim. Pellentesque ornare dapibus mi, ac dapibus metus tincidunt sit amet. Vivamus ut laoreet libero. Suspendisse semper dignissim eros non condimentum. Praesent ut erat velit, eget adipiscing tellus. Morbi eu tellus non purus cursus ullamcorper a at odio. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Quisque augue enim, pellentesque a dignissim vel, cursus quis dolor. Nullam eu enim id nisl consectetur aliquam. Maecenas sit amet nunc sit amet ipsum placerat auctor.

Curabitur in lorem erat, iaculis accumsan dolor. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce varius dapibus diam nec elementum. Nullam pulvinar, turpis molestie facilisis adipiscing, ante purus vulputate neque, eu egestas tortor risus luctus odio. Nam ac nisl lacus. Aliquam quam augue, eleifend sit amet tempor et, gravida et leo. Nulla vitae tellus a dui vehicula pellentesque. Aenean aliquam, elit vel iaculis dignissim, tellus ipsum euismod quam, pretium euismod tortor eros quis justo. Pellentesque non est orci. Ut sit amet aliquam elit. Nam et leo vitae tellus mollis auctor.

Phasellus at arcu et metus ultrices vestibulum. Aliquam interdum, enim id iaculis pellentesque, libero lorem iaculis libero, vitae venenatis orci tortor dictum nibh. Aliquam ut tempus augue. Proin rhoncus tellus quis est posuere ac porttitor tortor aliquet. Donec nulla elit, scelerisque consectetur faucibus id, condimentum a enim. Maecenas ut tincidunt erat. Donec tincidunt, enim non sodales tincidunt, eros eros rutrum augue, vitae vestibulum lorem nibh a mi. Nunc eu mauris ultricies purus semper laoreet. In sapien dui, sollicitudin et accumsan eu, egestas id erat. Sed tristique laoreet tempus. Fusce non arcu arcu. In tristique faucibus purus, ac ultrices est dictum at. Sed posuere luctus accumsan. Sed porttitor, turpis nec eleifend elementum, risus enim sagittis massa, a tempor urna libero tincidunt neque. Nam id nisi elit. Quisque ultrices nunc porta orci consectetur sed consectetur diam eleifend. Nam non faucibus enim. Integer sollicitudin interdum magna, at varius dolor pretium sit amet.

Aenean molestie vestibulum sodales. In felis sapien, rhoncus eget ultricies eu, placerat id enim. Suspendisse iaculis sapien lobortis urna dignissim interdum. Sed ornare lacus a magna pellentesque non aliquam lorem semper. Donec mauris velit, dignissim at dictum ut, convallis at metus. Proin sit amet tristique odio. Sed molestie tempor consectetur. Cras sit amet mi diam, ut condimentum risus. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Sed lorem tellus, malesuada nec rutrum nec, laoreet vitae nisl. Maecenas tortor leo, rhoncus eu feugiat lacinia, laoreet id dui. Aenean convallis felis vel orci lobortis nec iaculis orci imperdiet. Duis dignissim tristique sem commodo viverra. Sed sollicitudin aliquam molestie. Pellentesque convallis cursus pharetra. Nam congue rutrum tempus. Integer facilisis mattis dignissim.

Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Mauris luctus, ipsum ac dapibus auctor, mauris libero tristique sapien, ac imperdiet nulla lectus at lectus. Sed sollicitudin pulvinar dolor. Vivamus est tellus, rhoncus sed congue at, pellentesque id arcu. Etiam aliquam accumsan justo non malesuada. Donec nec libero ligula, nec elementum odio. Curabitur venenatis, ante eget tempor facilisis, leo nisi auctor massa, in porta libero risus a arcu. Sed ac lorem sed metus ultrices convallis. Quisque aliquam suscipit tincidunt. Aliquam ullamcorper est sit amet est fringilla pretium. Ut euismod tempor euismod. Aliquam accumsan commodo turpis, id porta sem tempus ut. Nullam vel elit magna. Morbi vulputate placerat augue, vel eleifend sem ornare eget. Sed vitae pharetra ante. Curabitur dictum diam sit amet turpis egestas pulvinar. Suspendisse libero risus, lacinia ac luctus vel, pulvinar nec nisi. Proin mauris nibh, ultricies a posuere ac, consequat nec felis. Ut condimentum leo ac turpis laoreet bibendum. Aenean et dui sapien, non pretium nulla.

Nullam laoreet enim in libero dictum ac accumsan mi ornare. Morbi in neque lobortis risus ultrices eleifend eget sit amet mauris. Nulla rhoncus consectetur ligula, faucibus faucibus lorem iaculis non. Morbi non purus tellus. Nullam tellus sem, tristique ut ultricies nec, placerat ac tellus. Fusce ac ipsum non nisl iaculis sollicitudin accumsan eu libero. Proin quam eros, sagittis at iaculis a, condimentum ut dolor. Praesent a leo dui. Nullam sit amet tellus ac mi tempus adipiscing. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Fusce vulputate posuere magna id fermentum. In accumsan dui ut lacus dictum venenatis. Cras lectus lorem, posuere in bibendum tincidunt, congue vitae risus. In dignissim neque non justo pulvinar nec pellentesque lorem pharetra. Donec rhoncus lacinia egestas. Vivamus lorem felis, interdum a sagittis in, facilisis vitae sapien.

Integer molestie dignissim justo, eu rhoncus eros condimentum et. Aenean sollicitudin sollicitudin mauris id imperdiet. Integer placerat diam non augue posuere dictum. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Vestibulum tempor gravida ligula, dictum dictum urna placerat at. Quisque ullamcorper ullamcorper ante sit amet hendrerit. Aliquam erat volutpat. Aliquam erat volutpat. Quisque mattis tincidunt nunc vel lobortis. Donec varius, nibh et cursus posuere, augue orci ultricies ante, vestibulum blandit tellus arcu eu lorem. Nulla eu congue justo. Vestibulum elementum blandit mi, sed cursus erat accumsan quis. Nam ut velit lectus, eget volutpat ante. Donec id sem dui, non tempor mi.

Sed porta felis a nunc pulvinar sagittis. Sed semper pulvinar turpis non venenatis. Phasellus eget metus elementum nisi porta posuere vel ac tellus. Quisque sit amet justo sit amet arcu feugiat volutpat sit amet id est. Cras vehicula, ante et luctus dapibus, nibh elit laoreet dolor, quis porttitor arcu quam in est. Aliquam est turpis, sollicitudin id varius vel, ornare non ligula. Maecenas gravida magna non nibh euismod ut lobortis risus adipiscing. Curabitur mi est, viverra vel laoreet et, tincidunt faucibus justo. Phasellus viverra condimentum diam sed blandit. Fusce mi elit, fringilla egestas faucibus nec, interdum id massa. Proin ipsum tortor, placerat at gravida non, gravida vitae lectus. Donec mattis mi eget elit lacinia vitae aliquet massa sodales.

Donec porta nisi non nulla convallis condimentum. Etiam leo mi, vestibulum ac suscipit id, consequat vel metus. In quis fermentum tellus. In dictum leo a massa pharetra dictum. Morbi ac quam nunc, ac viverra felis. Suspendisse non massa vel ipsum auctor aliquam eu non metus. Nulla eu scelerisque massa. Pellentesque iaculis fringilla ligula, euismod ullamcorper leo vehicula ut. Vestibulum ut sapien eu purus volutpat euismod at vitae lectus. Mauris elementum arcu non enim venenatis sollicitudin. Aenean id ligula at enim rhoncus volutpat. Cras congue elit aliquet ligula egestas non pellentesque elit tempor. Donec ipsum sapien, faucibus ac fringilla nec, pulvinar ac quam. Donec aliquet molestie purus eget eleifend.

Etiam tristique, lacus sed lacinia tempor, lectus nisi tempor augue, vitae consequat augue urna nec lectus. Mauris varius vestibulum lorem, vitae viverra nisl commodo non. Duis non erat ac lacus viverra lacinia et quis purus. Donec hendrerit placerat urna vel luctus. Etiam a lectus ut lacus accumsan rutrum sit amet dignissim ipsum. Quisque nibh diam, feugiat in porttitor non, malesuada eget nisl. Praesent dapibus hendrerit nunc nec aliquam. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Nulla vehicula ultrices neque, ut dignissim turpis scelerisque in. Nullam vel lacus et ante luctus porta. Nulla facilisi. Curabitur id erat et diam elementum feugiat. Suspendisse ac fermentum ligula. Sed tincidunt orci in magna commodo scelerisque vel eu urna. Duis mollis mi lectus, in cursus augue. Etiam eu neque tellus, id auctor est. Vestibulum nec facilisis elit. Nam erat magna, porttitor at tincidunt a, tristique ac erat. Nulla aliquet leo sed metus pharetra quis bibendum velit interdum.

Suspendisse ac nunc placerat erat tristique commodo. Nulla non tortor metus. Nam auctor lacus quis nisl sagittis ut vehicula massa bibendum. Maecenas sed nisl sit amet tellus blandit aliquet vitae vel justo. Nulla ultricies risus a urna pharetra ac luctus nunc feugiat. Vestibulum iaculis, odio a egestas vehicula, augue odio elementum sapien, id sodales sapien odio eu risus. Donec vel sollicitudin urna. Sed ut leo ante, sit amet pharetra neque. Sed volutpat tempus risus, sed bibendum risus iaculis eu. Donec bibendum, turpis nec ullamcorper tempus, nisi velit interdum nibh, nec bibendum nulla quam a est. Proin tempor sapien ut leo placerat gravida. Suspendisse tortor nisi, faucibus quis volutpat non, suscipit ac quam. Morbi id felis ipsum. Praesent tempor, libero id commodo luctus, mauris arcu accumsan massa, eget bibendum enim odio vel enim. Sed tristique nulla ac nisi suscipit at tempus velit aliquet.

Suspendisse ultrices tortor sed nisi tincidunt id ultrices dui placerat. Proin ut tristique purus. Phasellus ut massa vitae tortor eleifend facilisis. Duis orci diam, rutrum non euismod eget, rhoncus in tortor. Aliquam risus velit, fermentum in eleifend ac, suscipit eu est. Ut et justo diam. Cras ac lorem sed ipsum lobortis ultricies. Pellentesque ullamcorper fringilla felis, eu dignissim odio facilisis et. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Cras elementum posuere interdum. Proin non massa nec ante aliquet aliquam in a felis. In sed enim mauris. Suspendisse potenti. Etiam vitae nunc in urna sodales tincidunt non vitae ligula. Fusce rutrum massa nec tellus condimentum sagittis eget eget ante. Donec a massa arcu, et tincidunt risus. Maecenas lacus quam, mollis ut sodales vitae, consectetur vitae nunc. Ut consequat, sapien ut rutrum mattis, ante magna sollicitudin nibh, quis fringilla metus lectus in dui.

Praesent dignissim, diam ac commodo porta, quam turpis gravida turpis, ut mattis lectus odio eu urna. Suspendisse ultricies pretium diam vitae pharetra. Quisque orci augue, rutrum et imperdiet ac, consectetur ut turpis. Quisque egestas sodales eros in ornare. Donec luctus purus arcu. Morbi eleifend urna eget justo ornare varius. Proin tristique, risus quis congue aliquet, risus libero volutpat felis, at pharetra eros nulla eu sapien. Donec vestibulum urna lobortis mauris tincidunt ornare. Phasellus convallis nisl id felis posuere id tincidunt mi luctus. Praesent eu augue euismod erat consectetur varius sit amet ac nisl. Nunc sed imperdiet tellus. Morbi lectus libero, convallis pretium pulvinar a, laoreet et magna. Cras at velit nisl, eget pretium risus. Nunc eu lacus eget urna eleifend condimentum eget sed turpis. Aenean at nisl eu magna feugiat sagittis. Duis non libero sed dui consectetur consequat. Duis orci massa, tempus eget egestas a, sodales vel erat.

Vivamus iaculis, augue quis venenatis ullamcorper, justo est pulvinar neque, faucibus adipiscing nibh purus sit amet diam. Ut dui lacus, imperdiet sit amet fringilla eu, tristique eu massa. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus tincidunt nulla eros. Integer varius pharetra erat in gravida. Sed eget lacus sed ipsum porta convallis et nec urna. Aliquam sit amet sapien venenatis arcu feugiat egestas. Mauris nec tincidunt justo. Nullam posuere nibh id nulla rutrum viverra vitae elementum neque. Donec nisl purus, eleifend at viverra non, pharetra non est. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aenean elementum libero a arcu placerat eu cursus orci tincidunt. Etiam ut sodales nulla. Phasellus a enim turpis, ut euismod lacus.
Paulie Gagliano
Paulie_Anello
Gangster
Gangster
 
Posts: 83
Joined: Sat Sep 04, 2010 10:26 am
Location: Neastved, Denmark, Earth
Ingame name: Paulie_Anello

Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Felix on Sun Sep 05, 2010 8:28 pm

List of licensed and localized editions of Monopoly
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The following is a list of game boards of the Parker Brothers/Hasbro board game Monopoly adhering to a particular theme or particular locale. The game is licensed in 103 countries and printed in 37 languages.[1]
Contents
[hide]

* 1 USA releases
o 1.1 A
o 1.2 B
o 1.3 C
o 1.4 D
o 1.5 E
o 1.6 F
o 1.7 G
o 1.8 H
o 1.9 I
o 1.10 J
o 1.11 K
o 1.12 L
o 1.13 M
o 1.14 N
o 1.15 O
o 1.16 P
o 1.17 Q
o 1.18 R
o 1.19 S
o 1.20 T
o 1.21 U
o 1.22 V
o 1.23 W
o 1.24 X
o 1.25 Y
o 1.26 Z
o 1.27 USA (Spanish language)
o 1.28 Cities
o 1.29 States
o 1.30 Territories
o 1.31 Regions
* 2 United Kingdom
o 2.1 England
+ 2.1.1 Towns and Cities
+ 2.1.2 Counties
o 2.2 Scotland
o 2.3 Wales
o 2.4 Northern Ireland
* 3 Argentina
* 4 Australia
* 5 Austria
* 6 Belgium
o 6.1 City Editions
* 7 Brazil
* 8 Canada
* 9 Chile
* 10 China
* 11 Colombia
* 12 Costa Rica
* 13 Croatia
* 14 Czech Republic
* 15 Denmark
* 16 Ecuador
* 17 Egypt
* 18 Estonia
* 19 Europe
* 20 Finland
* 21 France
* 22 Germany
* 23 Greece
* 24 Guatemala
* 25 Hungary
* 26 Iceland
* 27 India
* 28 Indonesia
* 29 Iran
* 30 Iraq
* 31 Ireland
* 32 Israel
* 33 Italy
* 34 Japan
* 35 Lithuania
* 36 Luxembourg
* 37 Malaysia
* 38 Malta
* 39 Mexico
* 40 Netherlands
* 41 New Zealand
* 42 Norway
* 43 Pakistan
* 44 Peru
* 45 Philippines
* 46 Poland
* 47 Portugal
* 48 Panama
* 49 Paraguay
* 50 Rhodesia
* 51 Romania
* 52 Russia
* 53 Saudi Arabia
* 54 Serbia
* 55 Singapore
* 56 South Africa
* 57 South Korea
* 58 Spain
* 59 Sweden
* 60 Switzerland
* 61 Turkey
* 62 Uruguay
* 63 Venezuela
* 64 Yugoslavia (SFRY)
* 65 Other / Parody games
* 66 References
* 67 External links

[edit] USA releases
USA releases
Top A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
USA (Spanish language) Cities States Territories Regions
1935 Deluxe First Edition (2002 re-production)
Copyright date: 1937/2002 Released by: Winning Moves Games Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Kentucky Avenue
$220 Chance Indiana Avenue
$220 Illinois Avenue
$240 B&O Railroad
$200 Atlantic Avenue
$260 Ventnor Avenue
$260 Water Works
$150 Marvin Gardens
$280 Go To Jail
New York Avenue
$200 1935 Deluxe First Edition (2002 re-production) Pacific Avenue
$300
Tennessee Avenue
$180 North Carolina Avenue
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
St. James Place
$180 Pennsylvania Avenue
$320
Pennsylvania Railroad
$200 Short Line
$200
Virginia Avenue
$160 Chance
States Avenue
$140 Park Place
$350
Electric Company
$150 Luxury Tax
(pay $100)
St. Charles Place
$140 Boardwalk
$400
In Jail/Just Visiting Connecticut Avenue
$120 Vermont Avenue
$100 Chance Oriental Avenue
$100 Reading Railroad
$200 Income Tax (pay 10% or $300) Baltic Avenue
$60 Community Chest Mediter-ranean Avenue
$60 Go
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This is a reproduction of a 1935 Monopoly set (specifically the Deluxe Edition #9). The board has the imprint "1933, Chas B. Darrow" in the Jail corner, and the Parker Brothers signature in the Go corner. Many of the graphics are the same, though the icon for Community Chest had not been designed. The Income Tax space is also Pay 10% or $300, instead of the later Pay 10% or $200. Property values are omitted from the board (they were not printed on the original) – a Banker's Rate Card is included with those values, as well as Mortgage values, and the required interest and repayment rates if a property is mortgaged. The property, Chance and Community Chest cards are all reprints from the 1935 edition, and the latter two types feature artwork that was replaced after the development of the more familiar Uncle Pennybags/Mr. Monopoly figure, and had not been seen since 1935. Some boards came with two packs of currency, instead of the usual one. The dice are a standard black pips on white dice, and the houses and hotels are both wooden.
Tokens: A lantern, an iron, a thimble, a rocking horse, a purse, a battleship, a cannon, a tophat, a shoe and a car.
Other features: Some of the cards feature instructions that were changed after 1935, such as "A collection has been taken up and everyone must donate 10% of his holdings to you (cash)," and "We're off the Gold Standard, collect $50."



Atlantic City
Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Kentucky Avenue
$220 Chance Indiana Avenue
$220 Illinois Avenue
$240 B&O Railroad
$200 Atlantic Avenue
$260 Ventnor Avenue
$260 Water Works
$150 Marvin Gardens
$280 Go To Jail
New York Avenue
$200 Atlantic City Pacific Avenue
$300
Tennessee Avenue
$180 North Carolina Avenue
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
St. James Place
$180 Pennsylvania Avenue
$320
Pennsylvania Railroad
$200 Short Line
$200
Virginia Avenue
$160 Chance
States Avenue
$140 Park Place
$350
Electric Company
$150 Luxury Tax
(pay $100)
St. Charles Place
$140 Boardwalk
$400
In Jail/Just Visiting Connecticut Avenue
$120 Vermont Avenue
$100 Chance Oriental Avenue
$100 Reading Railroad
$200 Income Tax
(pay $200) Baltic Avenue
$60 Community Chest Mediter-ranean Avenue
$60 Go
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png



Atlantic City (pre 2008)
Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Kentucky Avenue
$220 Chance Indiana Avenue
$220 Illinois Avenue
$240 B&O Railroad
$200 Atlantic Avenue
$260 Ventnor Avenue
$260 Water Works
$150 Marvin Gardens
$280 Go To Jail
New York Avenue
$200 Atlantic City (pre 2008) Pacific Avenue
$300
Tennessee Avenue
$180 North Carolina Avenue
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
St. James Place
$180 Pennsylvania Avenue
$320
Pennsylvania Railroad
$200 Short Line
$200
Virginia Avenue
$160 Chance
States Avenue
$140 Park Place
$350
Electric Company
$150 Luxury Tax
(pay $75)
St. Charles Place
$140 Boardwalk
$400
In Jail/Just Visiting Connecticut Avenue
$120 Vermont Avenue
$100 Chance Oriental Avenue
$100 Reading Railroad
$200 Income Tax(pay 10% or $200) Baltic Avenue
$60 Community Chest Mediter-ranean Avenue
$60 Go
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

[edit] A

American Chopper Edition
The American Express Funds Edition
Copyright date: 2000 Released by: American Express Mutual Fund Co. (AXP Funds), a subsidiary at the time of American Express, Inc., under license from USAopoly Issued through: Not sold to the public. This was a limited release used by the company as a promotional prize to its financial advisors.
Game description: Only 2000 games were ever produced, the minimum run allowed at the time by USAopoly. The game was distributed in the year 2000 by the American Express Funds Company to its captive network of financial advisors. The intent was to reward advisors who sold a high volume of American Express Funds and to encourage other advisors to increase their sales of AXP funds. The game was designed so that the advisors could also give the game to their clients or use it as a sales tool to introduce AXP funds. The board was populated by various AXP Mutual Funds, with the places of Boardwalk and Park Place taken by AXP New Dimensions and AXP Growth, two of the company's best performing funds at the time. Because securities are a regulated industry, the game had to meet NASD legal requirements, which required careful wording of everything to avoid misleading investors. In 2005, American Express Financial Advisors was spun off from its parent company, American Express, Inc. It is now Ameriprise Financial, Inc. and the AXP Funds Company is now RiverSource Funds.
Tokens: To reduce costs, the traditional pewter tokens were used.
Other features: Chance and Community Chest cards were replaced due to legal concerns to Service and Planning Cards. A package of 32 Asset Allocations 12 Comprehensive Plans were also included.


Auburn University Edition (Auburnopoly)
[edit] B

Bass Fishing Lakes Edition

Batman Edition
Batman and Robin (1997)

Free Parking
Alfred's Pantry
Batman Card Wayne Manor Garage
Wayne Fountain
Freeze's Mobile
Mr Freeze's Lair
Mr Freeze's Vault
Ice Cream Factory
Gotham City Observatory
Go To Jail
Mr Freeze's Cell Batman and Robin (1997) Blossom Street Station
Gotham City Museum
Poison Ivy's Lair
Robin Card Robin Card
Diamonds
Botanical Gardens
Bathammer
Robin's Redbird
Crime Alley
Batman Card
Holographic Gym
Batcave
Arkham Asylum
Political Bribes
Observatory Island
Wayne Manor
Jail Gotham City Airport
Dr Woodrue's Lab
Batman Card Pamela Isley's Lab
Batmobile
Police Protection
Biker Race
Robin Card Biker Alley
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Tokens: Batman, Robin, Ivy, Freeze, The Batmobile, The Freezemobile, The Bathammer, The Redbird


BBK Clinical Research and Development Edition

Birdopoly (Bird Edition)
The Beatles Edition
Released by: Apple Studios Issued through: General Release
Game description: The Beatles Collector's Edition replaces all normal properties with Beatles albums and other points of interest, and includes every single known album ever produced by The Beatles, listed in chronological order from their release dates. It also includes special Fabs versions of the pewter tokens. Many other aspects of the game are changed. For example, the railroads are concert tickets, chance and community chest are The Fab Four and Beatlemania, the houses (white) and hotels (black) are listening parties and concerts, and money is called love, a reference to All You Need Is Love.
Tokens: An octopus (Octopus’s Garden), a walrus (I Am The Walrus), a strawberry (Strawberry Fields Forever), a raccoon (Rocky Raccoon), the sun (Here Comes The Sun), and a hammer (Maxwell’s Silver Hammer)


Berkshire Hathaway Diamond Edition

Best Buy Corp. Edition

Betty Boop Edition

Bible Edition (Bibleopoly)

Boston Celtics Edition

Boy Scouts of America Edition

Bratz Edition

Belkin Edition

Buck-opoly. A localized version set on the Ohio State campus.
[edit] C

California Centers Magazine Edition

Casey's Caseyopoly

Cat Lover's Edition

50th Anniversary Chevy Corvette Edition

Chicago Edition

Chicago Bears Edition

Chicago Cubs Edition

Chicago White Sox World Series 1917-2005 Edition

Chocolateopoly Edition

Christmas Story Edition

Clemsonopoly (Clemson University Edition)

Coca-Cola Edition

Coca-Cola Classic Ads Edition
[edit] D
The .com Edition
Copyright date: 2000 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: This was a special edition to capitalize on the dot Com craze of the late 1990s. The properties feature the logos of many Internet companies, including Yahoo!, E*TRADE, eBay and Priceline.com. Currency was changed so that it was denominated in millions of dollars; the dark purple properties sold at $60 million each, and the dark blue properties sold at $350 million and $400 million. Community Chest became Download and Chance became E-mail Just In! Houses and hotels were changed from their familiar green and red colors to blue and red, and were renamed Households and Offices. The Income Tax space remained fairly similar (10% or $200 million), but the Luxury Tax space became ISP Fee: Pay $75 million. The four railroad spaces became four companies involved in telecommunications: Nokia, MCI Worldcom, Sprint and AT&T. The two utilities became Linux and Sun Microsystems. Trademark disclaimers were made for all participating companies in fine print on the game board itself.
Tokens: Eight pewter tokens were available, plus a special Mr. Monopoly at his computer token that could be used as a game piece, or for a special rule variant. The other eight tokens are: a computer desktop (tower, monitor and keyboard), a pointing hand (such as the icon that appears in many web browsers when the mouse pointer hovers over a hyperlink), a surfboard, a flat panel monitor, a mouse (made to look like a real mouse, instead of a computer mouse), another hand holding an envelope (supposedly representing e-mail), a pixelated arrow cursor and a microchip made to look like a bug.
Other features: This edition introduced an offline rule, for optional use with the Mr. Monopoly at his computer token. This token is moved onto any space that has a Title Deed card whenever any player moves doubles. That space is considered offline, and no rent can be collected for it unless someone rolls doubles again and moves the token, or someone lands on the space and moves the token (bringing the site back online, thus rent can be charged for it again the next time someone lands on the space, provided the special token wasn't returned there in the meantime).

Disney Theme Park Edition
Copyright date: 2002 Issued through: Available only in Disney theme parks.
Free Parking
Hollywood Tower Hotel
Wishing Well Kilimanjaro Safaris
Spaceship Earth
Walt Disney World Resort Bus
Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin
Splash Mountain
Disney Magic
The Haunted Mansion
Go To Jail
Journey to the Center of the Earth Disney Theme Park Edition Mr. Toad's World Ride
Big Thunder Mountain Railroad
Mad Tea Party
Magic Lamp Magic Lamp
Jungle Cruise
California Screamin'
Tokyo Disneyland Boat
Disneyland Resort Monorail
Dumbo The Flying Elephant
Wishing Well
Peter Pan's Flight
"It's a Small World"
Disney Wonder
Villain's Tax
Castle Carousel
Matterhorn.
In Jail/Just Visiting Pirates of the Caribbean
Space Mountain
Wishing Well Orbitron
Disneyland Paris Train
Villain's Tax
Star Tours
Magic Lamp Indiana Jones And The Temple Of Peril
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This is a special edition sold only in Disney theme parks. The game comes in a tin with a quarter-fold board. Properties have been replaced by various attraction in Disney theme parks around the world. The railroads are replaced with a form of transportation used in each of four Disney parks: The Disneyland Monorail, the Disneyland Paris Train, the Tokyo Disneyland Boat (which is actually used in Tokyo DisneySea), and the Walt Disney World Bus. Chance and Community Chest have become Wishing Well and Magic Lamp, respectively. Houses became Main Street Buildings, and hotels became Castles (which came in two designs, one modeled after Sleeping Beauty Castle and the other after Cinderella Castle). The money is slightly smaller than the original and are referred to as wishes instead of dollars; however, they're included in the same denominations and colors as the original game. The game also includes a black plastic tray with slots which can be used to hold the banker's wishes in a vertical position.
Tokens: Tokens are pewter and include a Splash Mountain log, a monorail cab, a Mr. Toad's Wild Ride car, an Astro Orbiter rocket, a ship from Tokyo DisneySea, a train locomotive, a Mad Tea Party teacup, and a Haunted Mansion Doom Buggy. In the newest edition there are different tokens then in the first edition. Also they added Expedition Everest as the best property. In this newer,still special edition, there are "Sorcerer's hat" and "Magic Mirror" instead of Wishing Well and Magic Lamp.


Disney Pixar Edition

The Dog Artist Edition

Dog Lover's Edition
Dominick's Collector's Edition
Copyright date: 2006 Released by: USAopoly under license from Hasbro Issued through: Exclusive to Dominick's supermarkets.
Game description: In December 2006, the Dominick's division of Safeway, Inc. produced a Collector's Edition Monopoly set, honoring the chain's approximately ninety-year history. The game board has been changed to reflect departments within Dominick's supermarkets, with properties such as Grocery Department, Frozen Department, Dairy Department, Health & Beauty Department and Bakery Department. The four railroads became the Commissary, Donna's Distribution, Distribution Center and CPS Warehouse. Community Chest and Chance became Plastic and Paper (bags), respectively, with themes such as "Store Manager caught standing on a milk crate! Pay each player $50 for setting a bad example." The Electric Company and Water Works became Ludwig Dairy and Rancher's Reserve Ranch respectively. Income Tax and Luxury Tax kept their usual amounts, but became Repair Fee and Charitable Donation respectively.
Tokens: Tokens are pewter and include: a shopping cart, an apple, a pizza, a cash register, a gallon of milk and a truck bearing the Dominick's logo.
Other features: Properties, houses, hotels and currency retained their usual colors, based on the US Standard Edition. Houses and Hotels also retain the same shape, but are known as New Products and Merchandise Displays respectively. The currency features the Monopoly logo in a banner scroll at the top of every bill, and each uses the Chicago skyline as a full backdrop. The varying denominations each have a different Dominick's corporate logo from the company's history, with the exception of the 20, which uses the logo for the now defunct Omni Superstore, a former Dominick's division.


Doraemon Edition

Duel Masters Edition

Dale Earnhardt Edition (The first edition based on a person.)
[edit] E

ESPN Ultimate Sports Fan Edition

East Longmeadow Edition

Electronic Banking Edition

Elvis Monopoly

European Edition
[edit] F

Family Guy Edition

Fantastic Four Edition

Federal Express FedEx Edition

Florida State University Edition

Ford Edition
[edit] G

Garfield Edition
General Mills Edition
Copyright date: 2006 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General Mills Employees
Game description: This is a limited edition item made available to employees only! Rumor has it only 1300 of these games were made.
Tokens: General Mills characters: Hamburger Helper Helping Hand, Betty Crocker Spoon, Trix Rabbit, Lucky Leprecheun, Cheerios Racecar, Totino's Pizza, Green Giant Sprout, and the Pillsbury Doughboy.

Golf Edition
Copyright date: 1996 Released by: USAopoly Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Doral
$220 Chance La Quinta
$220 PGA West
$240 Nabisco Dinah Shore
$200 Kapaulua
$260 Spyglass Hill
$260 Water Works
$150 Bay Hill
$280 Go To Jail
PGA Tour
$200 Golf Edition Ahworth Golf Company
$300
Senior PGA Tour
$180 Top Flite
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
LPGA
$180 Callaway
$320
AT&T Pebble Beach
$200 The Players Championship
$200
TPC Sawgrass
$160 Chance
TPC Woodlands
$140 Pinehurst
$350
Electric Company
$150 Luxury Tax
(pay $100)
TPC Scottsdale
$140 Pebble Beach
$400
In Jail/Just Visiting The Homestead
$120 Aviara Golf Club
$100 Chance Torrey Pines
$100 Andersen Consulting World Golf Championship
$200 City Tax (pay 10% or $300) Golf Digest
$60 Community Chest Golf World
$60 Go
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This is the 1996 Golf Edition of Monopoly. The gameplay is the same as in the regular version. The only noticeable differences are that the regular properties are replace with Golf Clubs and Championships, and that the Income Tax is renamed City Tax.
Tokens: A car, a Top Hat, A shoe, a timble, a iron, a battleship, a horse & rider, a wheelbarrow, a dog, and a wheel.
Other features: {{{Other_features}}}



[edit] H

Hard Rock Cafe Edition
Harley Davidson (1997)

Free Parking
Harley Davidson XR750
Chance Harley Davidson Super Twins
Harley Davidson VR1000
Shovelhead
www.harleydavidson.com
Harley Owners Group
Motorcycle Oil
Enthusiast
Go To Jail
Heritage Springer Harley Davidson (1997) Road King Classic
Heritage Softail Classic
Electra Glide Standard
Community Chest Community Chest
Fat Boy
Road Glide
Panhead
Evolution
Softail Custom
Chance
Dyna Wide Glide
Bar and Shield
Spark Plug
Luxury Tax
Dyna Super Glide
Juneau
Jail Sportster 1200 Sport
Sportster Custom
Chance Sportster 883
Knucklehead
Income Tax
Sturgis, South Dakota
Community Chest Daytona Beach, Florida
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Heinz Edition
Here & Now Edition
Copyright date: 2006 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General U.S. release
Game description: In April 2006, Hasbro launched a promotion through their monopoly.com website to select properties for a US version of the Here and Now Edition. The first Here and Now Edition of Monopoly had launched successfully in the UK in 2005. Like the UK edition, the US version has been updated for the twenty-first century, with higher property values and updated scenarios on the Chance cards and Community Chest cards. But unlike the UK edition, properties that appear on the US version were selected by visitors to monopoly.com, choosing one of three landmarks for each of twenty-two US cities. The voting lasted for three weeks. The landmark with the highest vote total per city is displayed on the final board, and the cities that received the most total votes have the highest property values, while those with the lowest total votes received the lowest property values. Thus New York City and Boston, Massachusetts have the dark blue properties, and Cleveland, Ohio and Dallas, Texas have the dark purple properties. The railroads became the four busiest airports in the US: Chicago's O'Hare International, Los Angeles International, New York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport, and Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport. The Income Tax space remained the same, though it becomes 10% or $2,000,000, but the Luxury Tax space changed to Interest on Credit Card Debt: Pay $750,000. The Electric Company became Cell Phone Service and the Water Works became Internet Service.
Tokens: There are eight pewter tokens: a laptop, a labradoodle, a jet plane, a Motorola RAZR phone, a New Balance running shoe, a Toyota Prius, a cup of Starbucks coffee and a container of McDonald's french fries.
Other features: A two page document about the voting process and protests by cities which were not included as candidates for the final board is included with the game, particularly that by Atlantic City, New Jersey, which remains the setting of the US Standard Edition and the Mega Edition. Houses and hotels retained their familiar shapes, but became blue and silver plastic, respectively. Similarly, the tops of the Community Chest and Chance cards are no longer yellow and orange, but became blue and silver, respectively.

Here & Now: The World Edition
Copyright date: 2008
Free Parking
Sydney
2.2M Chance New York City
2.2M London
2.4M Monopoly Cruise Beijing
2.6M Hong Kong
2.6M Wind Energy Jerusalem
2.8M Go To Jail
Vancouver
2M Here & Now: The World Edition Paris
3M
Shanghai
1.8M Belgrade
3M
Community Chest Community Chest
Rome
1.8M Cape Town
3.2M
Monopoly Air Monopoly Space
Toronto
1.6M Chance
Kiev
1.4M Riga
3.5M
Solar Energy
1.5M Luxury Tax
(pay 1M)
Istanbul
1.4M Montreal
4M
In Jail/Just Visiting Athens
1.2M Barcelona
1M Chance Tokyo
1M Monopoly Rail Income Tax
(pay 2M) Taipei
600k Community Chest Gdynia
600k Go
(collect 2M)
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Other features: M equals million. Pay 2M equals Pay $2,000,000


Hershey Park Edition (Hershey Parkopoly)

Horse Edition

Hull Edition

Huskeropoly Edition
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Illiopoly I Love Lucy Edition

I Love Lucy: California Here We Come Edition

Inflatable Edition

Indiana Jones Edition
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James Bond 007: Collector's Edition
Copyright date: 2006 Released by: USAopoly under license from Sony/MGM and Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: This edition focuses solely on James Bond movies, though the three non-Eon versions have been omitted. The only property on the board that is not a movie is 007 Assignment; the twenty-first movie, the 2006 Casino Royale is included. The Chance and Community Chest spaces have been replaced by: Bond Women and Bond Villains. There is a different colour photo on top of each card. The railways have been replaced by: Aston Martin DB5, Mustang, Lotus Esprit and Aston Martin DBS. The Luxury tax space has been replaced by Casino Tax.
Tokens: 007 logo, Aston Martin DBS, Lotus Esprit sub, BD-5J, Rosa Klebb's Shoe and Oddjob's Hat.


Juicy Couture Edition

Justice League Of America Edition
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KISSopoly
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Lionel Trains Edition

Littlest Pet Shop Edition

Looney Tunes Collectors Edition
Looney Tunes: Official Classic Cartoon Edition
Copyright date: 1999 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: Warner Brothers Studio Store
Free Parking
Bugs Bunny
What's Up Doc? She Devil
Tasmanian Devil
Wile E. Delivery
Marvin The Martian
Daffy Duck
Acme Pipeline
Porky Pig
Go To Jail
Sylvester Looney Tunes: Official Classic Cartoon Edition Elmer Fudd
Granny
Bugs Bunny
That's All Folks! That's All Folks!
Tweety
Daffy Duck
Marvin The Martian's Taxi
Rocket Airlines
Miss Prissy
What's Up Doc?
Mandrake
Wile E. Coyote
Acme Power
Carrot Tax
Foghorn Leghorn
Road Runner
In Jail/Just Visiting Hippety Hopper
Sylvester
What's Up Doc? Sylvester Jr.
Witch Hazel's Shuttle
Gravity Tax
Michigan J. Frog
That's All Folks! Construction Worker
Go
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Game description: This was a numbered, limited edition board. Properties bear the names of actual Looney Tunes cartoons and characters. Currency was denominated as laughs (1 laugh, 5 laughs, 10 laughs, etc.). Orange "What's Up, Doc?" cards replaced Chance, and yellow "That's All Folks!" cards replaced Community Chest. Grey plastic television sets replaced houses, gold movie theaters replaced hotels. Set also comes with a pewter Looney Tunes Trophy which can be awarded to the winner.
Tokens: Eight pewter tokens: Bugs Bunny, Marvin the Martian, Road Runner, Tasmanian Devil, Sylvester, Tweety Pie, Daffy Duck and Wile E. Coyote.
Other features: Rule variation: doubles take on extra meanings, or Looney Tunes effects. Extra tasks can be carried out depending on the value of the dice roll (double ones, double twos, etc.).


The Lord of the Rings Edition
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Marvel Super Heroes Edition
Marshall Field's Edition
Copyright date: 1997 Released by: USAopoly, Inc. under license from Hasbro Issued through: Marshall Field's stores
Free Parking
The Great Tree
Chance Cozy Cloud Cottage
Uncle Mistletoe
Ravenswood Line
Atrium Fountain
Tiffany Dome
Water Works
State Street Clock
Go To Jail
Fashions Of The Hour Marshall Field's Edition English Room
28 Shop
Hinky Dink's
Community Chest Community Chest
Charlie's Door
Walnut Room
Lake/Dan Ryan Line
Evanston Express
Flowering Field's
Chance
Crest
Frango
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Field's Afar
111 No State Street
In Jail/Just Visiting Trend House
Shopping Bag
Chance Jingle Elves
Union Station
City Tax
Washington Avenue
Community Chest Randolph Avenue
Go
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Game description: This edition is essentially a customized game board sold at Marshall Field's stores in 1997. The board itself consists of locations and items best known at the chain's flagship store (111 North State Street, Chicago, Illinois, USA): the Walnut Room, the English Room, the Tiffany Dome, the Atrium Fountain, etc. The railroads consist of three CTA rapid transit lines and one station. Community Chest, Chance, the Electric Company and Water Works remained unchanged, although the Community Chest and Chance cards were updated for the new property names. Currency bears the Marshall Field's logo and houses and hotels are the standard plastic green and red, respectively.
Tokens: The tokens are the same as in a U.S. standard edition set as of 1997: cannon, boot, thimble, wheelbarrow, car, horse and rider, dog, hat, battleship and iron.

MCI Classic (1997)

Free Parking
Liberty Oak
Chance Sea Pines Circle
Harbour Town Lighthouse
MCI Network One
Lanny Wadkins
Loren Roberts
Water Works
Arnold Palmer
Go To Jail
MCI Classic Pro-Am MCI Classic (1997) Sea Pines Resort
Pro-Am Draw Party
The Heritage Classic Foundation
Community Chest Community Chest
Harbour Town Cup Pro-Am
Bert C Roberts Jr
MCI Local Service
MCI Prepaid
Closing Ceremonies
Chance
The Heritage Plaid Jacket
MCI
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Opening Ceremonies
MCI Classic
Jail Harbour Town Yacht Basin
South Carolina Low Country
Chance Calibogue Sound
MCI Systemhouse
Income Tax
Harbour Town Golf Links
Community Chest MCI Classic Volunteers
Go
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Monopoly Junior (U.S. version)

Uncle Pennybag's Loose Change
Chance Video Arcade
$3 Haunted House
$3 Chance Blue Line Railway (Roll Again) Helicopter Ride
$4 Pony Ride
$4 Pay $2 To See The Water Show Chance Pay $3 To Take The Bus To The Cafe
Mini Golf
$3 Monopoly Junior (U.S. version) Dodgems
$4
Water Slide
$3 Big Wheel
$4
Green Line Railway (Roll Again) Red Line Railway (Roll Again)
Paddle Boats
$2 Loop The Loop
$5
Merry-Go-Round
$2 Roller Coaster
$5
Cafe Chance Pay $2 To See The Fireworks Magic Show
$2 Puppet Show
$2 Yellow Line Railway (Roll Again) Chance Candy Floss
$1 Balloon Stand
$1 Chance Go
(collect $2 pocket money)
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Game description: A simplified version of the board game Monopoly, aimed at young children. It has a smaller, rectangular board and instead of being based on street names it is based on a funfair, to make it more child-friendly.
See also: Monopoly Junior
Other features: There are different versions of the game, such as Dig'n Dinos[2], a Disney Channel version, and a Canadian version. In the Canadian version Cafe is Lunch and Uncle Pennybags is Mr. Monopoly.
Image at unclesgames.com

Monopoly: The Mega Edition
Copyright date: 2006 Released by: Winning Moves Games Issued through: Initially, Game Specialty Stores and Winning Moves' own website; later, Toys "R" Us stores
Free Parking
Kentucky Avenue
$220 Chance Indiana Avenue
$220 Illinois Avenue
$240 Michigan Avenue
$240 Bus Ticket B&O Railroad
$200 Atlantic Avenue
$260 Ventnor Avenue
$260 Water Works
$150 Marvin Gardens
$280 California Avenue
$280 Go To Jail
New York Avenue
$200 Monopoly: The Mega Edition Pacific Avenue
$300
New Jersey Avenue
$200 South Carolina Avenue
$300
Tennessee Avenue
$180 North Carolina Avenue
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
St. James Place
$180 Pennsylvania Avenue
$320
Pennsylvania Railroad
$200 Short Line
$200
Virginia Avenue
$160 Chance
States Avenue
$140 Birthday Gift
take $100 or a Bus Ticket
Electric Company
$150 Florida Avenue
$350
St. Charles Place
$140 Park Place
$350
Maryland Avenue
$140 Luxury Tax
(pay $75)
Auction any unowned property Boardwalk
$400
In Jail/Just Visiting Connecticut Avenue
$120 Vermont Avenue
$100 Gas Company
$150 Chance Oriental Avenue
$100 Massa-chusetts Avenue
$100 Reading Railroad
$200 Income Tax
(pay 10% or $200) Arctic Avenue
$80 Baltic Avenue
$60 Community Chest Mediterranean Avenue
$60 Go
collect $200 salary as you pass
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This is an expanded edition of the classic game. The larger board encompasses 9 new properties (one for each Color Group and one new Utility) and three new spaces (AUCTION, BUS TICKET and BIRTHDAY GIFT). The gameplay is expedited by inclusion of a third Speed Die (which adds to or affects movement, or awards bonuses) and by an additional deck of 16 Bus Ticket cards (which allow forward movement to any space on the side currently occupied by a player's token; 3 of the cards also negate Tickets held by players by having them expire). It is also enhanced by the inclusion of 8 Skyscrapers (which can be built on full monopolies after Hotels are erected) and 4 Train Depots (which double the rent values of the Railroad spaces).
See also: Monopoly: The Mega Edition
Tokens: The current group of eleven standard tokens are included (cannon, boot, thimble, wheelbarrow, car, horse and rider, dog, hat, battleship, iron & money bag).
Other features: Because of the additional properties, the gameboard is approx. 50% bigger, and the set includes grey-colored $1000 bills. Players start the game with $2500 (adding a $1000 bill to the standard $1500 distribution in the regular game). In addition, gameplay allows players to build Houses and Hotels on a Color Group if they have a Majority Ownership (own all but one of the properties in the Group), but Skyscrapers can only be built on a full Monopoly (owning all the properties in the given Group).

Michael Graves Design Edition
Copyright date: 2002 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: Target stores
Game description: This is a special edition of the standard U.S. Atlantic City board and properties. The set comes in a hardwood case, which can be folded out. A drawer in the front of the case holds the money, cards, tokens, houses and hotels. The houses and hotels feature new designs, and come in light blue and red, instead of the standard green and red.
Tokens: Tokens


Mayberry Edition |- Michigan State University Edition (Spartanopoly)
Mickey Mouse 75th Anniversary Edition
Copyright date: 2004 Released by: USApoly under licenses from The Walt Disney Company and Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: As part of Disney's 75th anniversary of Mickey Mouse, a special edition of Monopoly was released with properties being many of Mickey's famous cartoon appearances. Depicted cartoons include Steamboat Willie, The Band Concert, The Prince and the Pauper and Mickey's appearance in Fantasia. The four railroads are depicted by four television series: The Mickey Mouse Club, The Wonderful World of Disney, The Mouse Factory and House of Mouse. Community Chest and Chance became Original Mickey and Present Day Mickey respectively. The Income Tax space became Magic Broom Flood Damage, depicting a broom from The Sorcerer's Apprentice from Fantasia. The Luxury Tax space became Dog License, depicting Pluto. The Electric Company became Mickey Avenue on the Walt Disney Studios lot, and Water Works became Walt Disney Studios.
Tokens: Six pewter tokens are included: Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Donald Duck, Daisy Duck, Pluto and Goofy.


Millennium Edition (2000)

Mississippi State University Edition (M-Stateopoly)

Monopoly City

Muppets Edition

Mustang (Ford) Edition

Mustang (Ford) 40th Anniversary Edition

My American Idol Edition

My Disney Villains Edition

My Fantasy Baseball Edition

My MLB Edition

My NBA Edition

My NFL Edition

My NHL Edition
[edit] N
NASCAR Nextel Cup Series (1997)

Free Parking
Circuit City
Chance Parts America
Pennzoil
Charlotte Motor Speedway
Texaco
Tide
76 Official Fuel
Ford Quality Care
Go To Jail
The Family Channel NASCAR Nextel Cup Series (1997) Valvoline
Exide Batteries
Kellogg's
Community Chest Community Chest
Interstate Batteries
McDonald's
Florida Speedway
Daytona International Speedway
Kodak Gold Film
Chance
QVC
Du Pont
Bellsouth
Luxury Suite
Bellsouth
Goodwrench
Jail Cartoon Network
Skittles
Chance Lowe's Home Improvement
California Speedway
Black Flag
Caterpillar
Community Chest First Union
Go
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National Parks (1996)

Free Parking
Dinosaur
Chance Badlands
Agate Fossil Beds
Window Trail
Isle Royale
Acadia
Hot Springs
Padre Island
Go To Jail
Little Bighorn National Parks (1996) Everglades
Gettysburg
Great Smoky Mountains
Community Chest Community Chest
Valley Forge
Olympic
Limberlost Trail
Chilkot Trail
Hawaii Volcanoes
Chance
Grand Canyon
Yosemite
Edison
Luxury Tax
Glacier Bay
Yellowstone
Jail Canyon De Chelly
Petroglyph
Chance Mesa Verde
Flattop Mountain Trail
Income Tax
Mount Rushmore
Community Chest National Mall
Go
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NFL (1998)

Free Parking
Tennessee Oilers
AFC Washington Redskins
New York Jets
Dolphins vs Lions
Minnesota Vikings
New England Patriots
Television
Tampa Bay
Go To Jail
Seattle Sea Hawks NFL (1998) New York Giants
Carolina Panthers
Jacksonville Jaguars
NFC NFC
Cincinatti Bengals
Pittsburgh Steelers
Eagles vs Falcons
Chiefs vs 49ers
Baltimore Ravens
AFC
Buffalo Bills
Green Bay Packers
Radio
Luxury Box
Dallas Cowboys
Denver Broncos
Jail New Orleans Saints
St Louis Rams
AFC Chicago Bears
Chargers vs Raiders
Exceed Salary Cap
Arizona Cardinals
NFC Indianapolis Colts
Go
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Tokens: The Quarterback, The Football, The Helmet, The Referee, The Shoe, Pennybags, The Runningback, The Defensive


NHL Edition

NHL Original Six Edition
The National Trust Edition (2009)[3]
Copyright date: 2009 Released by: Parker
Free Parking
Powis Castle and Garden
Chance Stourhead
Sissinghurst Castle Garden
Studland Beach
Blickling Hall
Knole
Farmer's Market
Cragside
Go To Jail
Ightham Mote The National Trust Edition (2009)[3] High Peak Estate
Little Moreton Hall
Giant's Causeway
Community Chest Community Chest
Baddesley Clinton
Snowdonia
Blakeney National Nature Reserve
Strangford Lough
Souter Lighthouse
Chance
Ham House
Hardwick Hall
National Trust Green Energy
National Trust Insurance
Chartwell
Lyme Park
Jail The Workhouse Southwell
Cornish Mines and Engines
Chance Quarry Bank Mill
Woolacombe
National Trust Books
Birmingham Back to Backs
Community Chest 20 Forthlin Road
Go
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Game description: Released in September 2009 to raise money for the National Trust, the properties are replaced by National-Trust-owned sites around the United Kingdom.


New York Mets Edition

New York Yankees Edition

Night Sky Edition
Nintendo Collector's Edition
Copyright date: 2006 Released by: USAopoly under license from Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: This Nintendo Collector's Edition features characters from Nintendo's most popular video game series, including Mario, Metroid, and Zelda. The property spaces are replaced with characters from the games. Each color set represents characters from the same series or game. For instance, the green spaces are Ganondorf, Princess Zelda, and Link. The board background is also made up of a huge number of screenshots of Nintendo games from all series, systems, and generations. The Chance and Community Chest cards are replaced with Coin Block and ? Block cards.
Tokens: Six tokens: Koopa Shell, Mario's Hat, DK Barrel, NES controller, Hylian Shield, Iron Boots.


Notre Dame Edition

Nightmare Before Christmas Edition
Parker Brothers Nostalgia Games Series Edition
Copyright date: 2001 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: Target stores until 2005, general release (except Target stores) as of 2005.
Game description: This is a reproduction of a 1957 board and Monopoly set. It uses the standard U.S. Atlantic City properties. The set comes in a wooden case, with a lid that slides off, and holds the board, with compartments for the cards, tokens and paper money. A brief history of the game is reprinted inside the lid. The houses and hotels are similarly made of wood, and come in the original green for houses and red for hotels.
Tokens: Racecar, dog, top hat, thimble, locomotive and shoe.
Other features: Slats cut in the box's wooden compartment dividers allow for storage of money by denomination during game play. This game was released as part of a series of Parker Brothers Nostalgia Games, and was exclusive to Target until the line was discontinued in 2005. Other retailers (such as Barnes and Noble Booksellers) bought up the remaining stock for sale. Target replaced the product line with the Hasbro Library series.



[edit] O

Ole Miss Edition
Olympic Games Centennial Edition (1996)

Free Parking
Rome (1960)
Chance Tokyo (1964)
Mexico (1968)
Gymnastics
Munich (1972)
Montreal (1976)
Water Works
Moscow (1980)
Go To Jail
Melbourne (1956) Olympic Games Centennial Edition (1996) Los Angeles (1984)
Helsinki (1952)
Seoul (1988)
Community Chest Community Chest
London (1948)
Barcelona (1992)
Basketball
Athletics
Berlin (1936)
Chance
Los Angeles (1932)
Athens (1896)
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Amsterdam (1928)
Atlanta (1996)
Jail Paris (1924)
Belgium (1920)
Chance Stockholm (1912)
Cycling
Income Tax
London (1908)
Community Chest St Louis (1904)
Go
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Onyx Limited Edition

Option One Mortgage Corporation Limited Edition
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Peanuts Collector's Edition
Copyright date: 2002 Released by: USAopoly under license from Hasbro. Peanuts design licensed from United Feature Syndicate, Inc.
Game description: This was a board released in 2002 to honor the comic strip Peanuts. The board features artwork by Charles M. Schulz; virtually all of the printed text on the box, the game board, the title deed, Chance and Community Chest cards, as well as the currency, is done in a style similar to the style Schulz used in writing out text in word balloons and thought balloons for his characters (this includes the four corner spaces, which rarely change for any licensed Monopoly game set). All of the currency features Snoopy: First Beagle on the Moon for the $1, as a frustrated writer in front of his typewriter for the $5, a golfer for the $10, a Beagle Scout for the $20, dressed in his Attorney outfit for the $50, the WWI flying ace on the $100 and Joe Cool on the $500. Properties are characters and situations from the strip's 50 year history: Peppermint Patty and Marcie are one of the dark purple properties, Schroeder is a light purple property, Suppertime! is a green property, and Flying Ace is one of the dark blue properties. Community Chest was changed to Pitcher's Mound and Chance became Psychiatric Booth, and the texts on their respective cards also reflect the theme. Houses were recolored brown, and have become nests. The Hotels stayed red, but have been renamed Dog Houses (as Snoopy's own dog house was shown to be red). The utilities became Bus Stop and French Café (instead of Electric Company and Water Works) and the tax spaces became No Valentine and Kite-Eating Tree (instead of Luxury Tax and Income Tax, though the spaces retained the usual rates). Railroads are replaced by holidays: Valentine's Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas and Halloween.
Tokens: Six pewter collector's tokens are included: Snoopy sleeping on top of his dog house, Snoopy's supper dish, Woodstock, a football on a kicking tee, Schroeder's piano, and Lucy's psychiatric booth.


Pedigree Dog Lover's Edition

Pennsylvania State University Edition (Penn State-opoly)
Pirates of the Caribbean Collector's Edition
Copyright date: 2006 Released by: USAopoly under license from Parker Brothers/Hasbro
Pirates of the Caribbean elements licensed from Disney. Issued through: General release
Game description: This edition of Monopoly was issued to coincide with the release of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest. It features special pewter tokens, money, and deed cards to items featured in the film and its predecessor, Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. The Community Chest and Chance cards were replaced with Aztec Gold and Compass cards. Docks and Harbors were used in place of houses and hotels. Cursed Loot replaces the Income Tax space, various ships including the Interceptor, the Black Pearl, and the Flying Dutchman replace the railroads, and Davy Jones' chest and key replace the utilities. The printed money continues the movies' theme, printed to look like old cash certificates, but maintaining the usual colors for U.S. edition Monopoly money.
Tokens: Six pewter tokens which include the dog with the keys to the jail cell, Jack Sparrow's Compass, a pirate skull, Jack the Monkey, Davy Jones' Chest, and a cannon from the Black Pearl.


Pixar Edition
Pokémon Edition (1999)
Copyright date: 1999 Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: General release
Game description: The Pokémon edition is based on the Pokémon Red and Blue video games, with minor influences from the Pokémon anime. Each color group represents the eight Pokémon Gyms of the Kanto region, and each property represents a particular Pokémon used at the Gym. A player is said to have won the corresponding Gym Badge if they have all of the Pokémon in the gym. Poké Balls are used for the four railroads, while Articuno and Zapdos represents Water Works and the Electric Company, respectively. Gary Oak and Team Rocket represent Income Tax and Luxury Tax, respectively. Players earn Pokédollars (the currency of the games), which feature Ash Ketchum and Pikachu on each denomination. Houses are represented by Pokémon Centers, while Poké Marts take the place of hotels. Professor Oak takes the place of Chance cards, while Trainer Battles (represented by Ash Ketchum and Pikachu) take the place of Community Chest cards.
Tokens: The standard edition comes with six pewter tokens, representing Charmander, Meowth, Pikachu, Poliwhirl, Psyduck, and Snorlax. The collector's edition comes with six colored plastic tokens, representing Blastoise, Bulbasaur, Charmander, Clefairy, Mewtwo, and Pikachu.
Other features: An optional set of rules is featured that allow players to take special actions (Pokémon Powers) whenever doubles are rolled in lieu of taking an extra turn. They are as follows: moving to any space on the board (akin to Mewtwo's Teleport), collect an extra 200 Pokédollars (akin to Clefairy's Rest), collecting 50 Pokédollars from every player (akin to Bulbasaur's Leech Seed), drawing a Professor Oak card, drawing a Trainer Battle card, and attacking another Pokémon. When choosing to attack another Pokémon, the player names any Pokémon held by an opponent that is not part of a completed color group (except for Articuno and Zapdos). The player and the property's owner both roll the dice, with the player rolling the higher number keeping control of the Pokémon (any ties result in a re-roll).

Pokémon Edition (2001)
Copyright date: 2001 Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: General release
Game description: The Pokémon edition is based on the Pokémon Gold and Silver video games, with minor influences from the Pokémon anime. Like the previous edition, players earn Pokédollars, which feature Ash Ketchum and Pikachu on each denomination. Houses and hotels, as before, are represented by Pokémon Centers and Poké Marts. As before, each color group represent the eight Pokémon Gyms and each property represent the particular Pokémon used at the Gym, but are of the Johto region in this game (similarly, Professor Elm and not Professor Oak represents the Chance cards, while Ash Ketchum and Pikachu continue to represent the Community Chest cards, which are simply termed Ash cards in this game). Unlike the previous edition, the Zephyr and Hive Badges, the first two obtained in the video games, take the place of the utilities, while Chikorita, Cyndaquil, Totodile, and Heracross represent the four railroads. Gary Oak and Team Rocket represent Income Tax and Luxury Tax, respectively.
Tokens: The collector's edition comes with six colored plastic tokens, representing Bellossom, Chikorita, Cyndaquil, Marill, Pikachu, and Totodile.
Other features: The same optional rules from the 1999 edition are also featured in this edition. The Pokémon representing some of these powers have changed to reflect the second generation of Pokémon games (Hoppip instead of Mewtwo, Bellossom using Absorb instead of Clefairy using Rest, and Skiploom instead of Bulbasaur). The four Pokémon representing the railroads may not be named in an attack.

The Powerpuff Girls Edition
Copyright date: 2001 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: This edition of Monopoly was based on the Cartoon Network series of the same name. The box lid is made of a special reflective foil paper. The game board features locations from the series' fictional setting of The City of Townsville, illustrated with representative artwork. Community Chest and Chance are renamed into Forces of Evil and Hotline, respectively. The four railroads also become City of Townsville locations: Townsville Bank, Pokey Oaks School, The Mayor's Office and The Museum. The utilities are the Power Plant and the Water Tower. All of the currency features the face of The Mayor. This edition also features purple, stackable buildings in place of houses, and pink skyscrapers in place of hotels.
Tokens: Six full color plastic tokens were included: Blossom, Bubbles, Buttercup, The Mayor, Ms. Keane and Professor Utonium. In addition three cardboard punchout tokens are available, which can be used as regular playing tokens, or for a special rule variation. The three tokens represent Mojo Jojo, Fuzzy Lumpkins and Sedusa.
Other features: A special, optional set of rules was included for the three villain tokens. When using these rules, the three villains begin the game in Jail. Any of the three villain tokens can be moved from jail onto any property space (owned or unowned). If a villain token is moved onto an unowned property space, players who have enough money for the space can fight for it through rolls of the dice - the player with the highest dice roll wins the right to buy the property at its full printed value. If the villain was moved from jail to an owned property, the villain can prevent the owner from collecting rent. When another player (not the owner) lands on the occupied space, they must roll the dice. If a seven or higher is rolled, the villain is defeated and returned to jail, and no rent is owed. If a six or lower is rolled, the villain continues his/her/its occupation and rent is owed. If the owner lands on an occupied space, they too must roll - seven or higher returns the villain to jail, six or lower lets the villain token stay on that property. No penalty (or forced dice roll) is made if a villain token is moved onto a space already occupied by a player token.



Purdue University Edition (Purdueopoly)
[edit] Q

QVC
[edit] R

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer Edition

Red Sox Edition

RIM (BlackBerry) 25th Anniversary Edition
[edit] S

Scooby-Doo Edition

Seattle Mariners Edition

Seinfeld Edition

Sephora Edition

Sesame Street Edition
Seventieth 70th Anniversary Edition (Collector's Tin)
Copyright date: 2005 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: This anniversary edition came in a silver colored collector's tin with an outer plastic cover. Some copies came with a card, imprinted with a code, which could be used for a special anniversary contest: the chance to win US $15,140, which is the total amount of money included in every U.S. Monopoly game. The board is foil-wrapped, and the center artwork is done in a 1930s-art deco style, as are the playing tokens, houses and hotels. The currency and cards are also imprinted with a special art deco/70th anniversary motif.
Tokens: These are chrome-plated art-deco renderings of standard tokens: A dog, a speedboat, a locomotive, a ladies' high-heeled shoe, a wheelbarrow, an iron, a tophat, a thimble, a sportscar, a sack of money, a cannon and a horse with rider.
Other features: Each of the twelve hotels has a unique design, and the thirty-two houses come in four distinct styles.


Sheraton Edition

Shrek Edition
The Simpsons Edition
Copyright date: 2003 Released by: USAopoly under license from Hasbro Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Ye Olde Off Ramp Inn
$220 Chance Rancho Relaxo
$220 Sleep Eazy Motel
$240 Shelbyville Express
$200 The Frying Dutchman
$260 The Happy Sumo
$260 Springfield Dam Hydroelectric Company
$150 The Gilded Truffle
$280 Go To Jail
Barneys Bowl-a-Rama
$200 The Simpsons Edition Duff Gardens
$300
Sir Putt-a-Lots
$180 Itchy and Scratchy Land
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
Noiseland Video Arcade
$180 Krustylu Studios
$320
Springfield Station
$200 Ogdenville Express
$200
Disco Stu's
$160 Chance
The Jazz Hole
$140 Springfield Glen Country Club
$350
Springfield Nuclear Power Plant
$150 First Church of Springfield Offering Plate
(pay $100)
Moe's Bar
$140 Burns Manor
$400
In Jail/Just Visiting Kwik-E-Mart
$120 TheAndroids Dungeon
$100 Chance Hermans Military Antiques
$100 North Haverbrook Express
$200 Legitimate Business men's Protection Tax
(pay $200) Cletus' Shack
$60 Community Chest Tire Yard
$60 Go
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This is a special The Simpsons edition. The properties were replaced by landmarks such as Moe's Tavern and Mr. Burns Mansion, and every single card has been changed to reflect the theme.
Tokens: Eight tokens are included: The Springfield schoolbus, a donut, Homer, Bart in a Car, Jebediah Springfield, Kang the Alien, Blinky the Fish, and Santa's Little Helper.


The Simpsons: Treehouse of Horror Edition
Snoopy: It's a Dog's Life Edition

Game description: Chance and Community Chest have been replaced by Lucy's Pyschiatric Booth and Pitcher's Mound. Properties are some of Snoopy's favorite possessions.
Tokens: Snoopy, Charlie Brown, and others.


Snowboarding Edition

Spider-Man Edition
SpongeBob SquarePants Edition
Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Palace of Pranks Life Preserver
Gnome-help.svg Grandma's House Mrs. Puff's Boating School Monster Truck Rentals Snailpo World Headquarters Mr. Krab's Anchor House Bikini Bottom Water Oyster Stadium Go to Jail
Tentacle Acres SpongeBob SquarePants Edition Sandy's Treedome
Tough Tavern Mermalair
Treasure Chest
Treasurchest.svg Treasure Chest
Treasurchest.svg
Bikini Bottom Hospital Squidward's Island Tiki House
Bikini Bottom Bike Tours Mrs. Puff's Training Boat
Barg'N Mart Life Preserver
Gnome-help.svg
Salty Spitoon Spongebob's Pineapple
Bikini Bottom Electric Employee of the Month Tax
Flying Dutchman's Ship Krusty Krab
In Jail/Just Visiting Weenie Hut Jr. Snack Bar Life Preserver
Gnome-help.svg Patrick's Rock Anchovies Bus Bubble Tax Chum Bucket Treasure Chest
Treasurchest.svg Plankton's Lab Go
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This game is for two to six players and uses the same rules as the normal version of Monopoly. The game's rulebook details a optional quicker way to play using an including coin which depicts Plankton.
Tokens: The main playing tokens depict SpongeBob holding a jellyfishing net, Sandy out of her suit, Patrick happily saluting with his hand, Squidward with his hands on his hips, Mr. Krabs standing on a pile of coins with a few in his hand, and Gary wearing shoes. A pewter coin depicting Plankton on both sides is also included for use with a special method of gameplay.
Other features: Instead of red hotels and green houses made of wood, the game features red models of the Krusty Krab and yellow models of Spongebob's Pineapple made of plastic. The currency for the game uses clams instead of dollars and features the same values and colors of each bill as the classic Monopoly game, but the bills have a SpongeBob-style design, featuring a picture of Mr. Krabs in the center and the number value of the bill on either side of him in the middle of a old ship steering wheel. The top of the box for this game shows the top of SpongeBob's face, and the pupils of his eyes appear to move when the box is tilted.[4][5][6]
Spongebob Monopoly.jpg

Star Trek: The Next Generation Collectors' Edition
Copyright date: 1998 Released by: USAopoly/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Lore
Chance The Traveler
Ardra
Shuttlecraft Feynman
Tamarian
Crystalline Entity
Replicator
J'Nai
Go To Jail
Gomtuu Star Trek: The Next Generation Collectors' Edition Human
Acamarian
Cardassian
Community Chest Community Chest
Mintakan
Takaran
Shuttlecraft Magellan
Shuttlecraft Justman
Antedian
Chance
Pakled
Borg
Warp Core
Luxury Tax
Allasomorphs
Q
In Jail/Just Visiting Armus
Bynars
Chance Fanged Humanoid
Shuttlecraft Hawking
Income Tax
Ferengi
Community Chest Farpoint Station
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: First in a proposed series of four Star Trek Monopoly editions (only two were made; this and the Original Series edition listed below), the game's elements drew heavily from the series' seven-season run. The paper currency was made to be different values of gold-pressed latinum, houses became Galaxy-class Starships, hotels became Starbases, Community Chest and Chance became Starfleet Orders and Captain's Log, respectively, and the cards were changed to reflect scenarios from different episodes, complete with the respective episode's Stardate. The Electric Company became Warp Core, and the Water Works became Replicator. The four railroads became shuttlecraft of the Enterprise NCC-1701-D: Hawking, Magellan, Feynman and Justman. The property spaces became alien races or specific alien adversaries, such as the Ferengi, Bynars, Armus, the Borg or Q.
Tokens: Eight included tokens represented the characters of Jean-Luc Picard, William Riker, Data, Geordi La Forge, Worf, Beverly Crusher, Deanna Troi and Wesley Crusher. An included certificate allowed game owners to mail or fax USAopoly for four additional tokens, representing Tasha Yar, Katherine Pulaski, Miles Edward O'Brien and Guinan.
Other features: A numbered Certificate of Authenticity was included, with two signatures. One was from Rich Uncle Pennybags, the fictional spokes-character of Monopoly, and the other was from Majel Barrett Roddenberry. The instructions booklet was titled Prime Directive, and it indicated that this edition was to be the first of four Star Trek themed games intended for release (though only one other, based on the Original Series, was produced). If all four had been produced, they were intended to be linked in order to form a larger square board. Also included was an additional booklet, the U.S.S. Enterprise NCC-1701-D Ship's Manifest/Alien Species Identification Guide. The booklet could be flipped so that one side or the other could be read.

Star Trek: The Original Series Limited Edition
Copyright date: 1998 Released by: USAopoly/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: Second in a proposed series of four Star Trek Monopoly editions (see entry on TNG edition above), the game's elements drew heavily from the Original Series' three-season run (but not the Animated Series). The paper currency was made to be different values of Federation Credits, houses became Constitution-class Starships, hotels became Starbases, Community Chest and Chance became Starfleet Orders and Captain's Log, respectively, and the cards were changed to be scenarios from different episodes, complete with the respective episode's Stardate. The Electric Company became Engineering, and the Water Works became Replicator. The four railroads became other Constitution-class Starships: The Constellation, the Intrepid, the Potemkin and the Defiant. The property spaces became aliens or specific adversaries, such as the Gorn, Kor, Nomad, tribbles, or the Keeper.
Tokens: Eight included tokens represented the characters of James T. Kirk, Spock, Leonard McCoy, Montgomery Scott, Hikaru Sulu, Nyota Uhura, Pavel Chekov and Christine Chapel. An included certificate allowed game owners to mail or fax USAopoly for two additional tokens, representing characters from the original Star Trek pilot The Cage: Christopher Pike and Number One.
Other features: A numbered Certificate of Authenticity was included, with two signatures. One was from Mr. Monopoly (the renamed Rich Uncle Pennybags), the fictional spokes-character of Monopoly, and the other was from William Shatner. The instructions booklet was titled Prime Directive, and it indicated that this edition was to be the second of four Star Trek themed games intended for release (though only one other, based on The Next Generation, was produced). If all four had been produced, they were intended to be linked in order to form a larger square board. (The instructions still give directions for playing with the boards from the two produced games.) Also included was an additional booklet, the U.S.S. Enterprise NCC-1701 Ship's Manifest/Alien Species Identification Guide. The booklet could be flipped so that one side or the other could be read.


Star Wars Episode 1 Edition
Star Wars Original Trilogy Edition (1996)
Copyright date: 1996 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Free Parking
Landing Platform
Imperial Cards Carbon Freezing Chamber
Reactor Control Room
X-Wing Fighter
Throne Room
Central Core
Moisture Farm
Landing Bay
Go To Jail
Massassi Temple Star Wars Original Trilogy Edition (1996) Ewok Village
War Room
Forest
Rebel Cards Rebel Cards
Temple Throne Room
Shield Generator
Millennium Falcon
Star Destroyer
Lars Homestead
Imperial Cards
Spaceport
Monument Square
Reactor Core
Bounty
Mos Eisley
Imperial Palace
In Jail/Just Visiting Frozen Plains
Echo Base
Imperial Cards North Ridge
Tie Fighter
Docking Tax
Swamp
Rebel Cards Yoda's Hut
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: To mark the 20th anniversary of the release of Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, two versions of Monopoly were released. One was a numbered, limited edition, which came with special Imperial Credit coins. The other (photographed here), was a general release. Paper currency in both editions are also printed as Imperial Credits - Coruscant, but use Aurebesh on the paper (as well as Arabic numerals - a translation guide to Aurebesh is printed on the back of the rules booklet). The game board features artwork and locations from Episodes IV-VI (the Classic Trilogy). Community Chest becomes Rebel Cards and Chance becomes Imperial Cards. The two tax spaces become Docking Tax (10% or 200 credits) and Bounty (75 credits). Some of the artwork (such as the photo stills used for the Tatooine spaces) comes from the 1997 Special Edition releases of the Classic Trilogy, whereas the illustration for the Imperial Palace comes from original concept artwork.
Tokens: Nine pewter tokens were included: Darth Vader, an Imperial stormtrooper, Emperor Palpatine, Boba Fett, Obi-Wan Kenobi, Luke Skywalker, C-3PO, Princess Leia Organa and Han Solo.
Other features: Houses and hotels are replaced by X-Wing fighters and Corellian freighters (if the player is using a token of one of the rebels) or by TIE fighters and Star Destroyers (if the player is using the token of one of the Imperials (which includes Boba Fett). However, by standard Monopoly rules, only thirty-two maximum X-Wings/TIE Fighters are allowed to be in use (in place of houses), as well as a maximum of twelve Corellian freighters/Star Destroyers (in place of hotels).

Star Wars Original Trilogy Edition (2004)
Copyright date: 2004 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: This edition is essentially a re-release of the Classic Trilogy edition, above. The board game artwork did not change, nor did the Title Deed cards, paper currency, or Rebel/Imperial cards (in place of Community Chest and Chance, respectively). The outer box artwork was changed, and the board in this edition is a quarter fold (as opposed to the half fold version in the Classic Trilogy edition).
Tokens: Eight pewter tokens were included: Darth Vader (in a new pose), Luke Skywalker (in a new pose), Obi-Wan Kenobi (in a new pose), R2-D2, Grand Moff Tarkin, Lando Calrissian, a TIE fighter pilot, and a Tusken Raider.
Other features: See details in the Classic Trilogy edition listing, above. Gameplay variants are unchanged between the two releases.


Star Wars The Clone Wars Edition

St. Louis Cardinals World Series Championship Edition (2006)

Sun-Maid Edition
Super Bowl XXXII (1998)

Free Parking
Jet Flyover
Defence Cards Opening Ceremonies
Coin Toss
Extra Point
Kickoff
Halftime Show
Water Works
Scoreboard
Go To Jail
Super Bowl Program Super Bowl XXXII (1998) Quarterback
Super Bowl Football
Coach 1
Offense Cards Offense Cards
Super Bowl Ticket
Coach 2
Field Goal
Touchdown
Denver Broncos
Defence Cards
Broncos' Cheerleaders
Lombardi Trophy
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Broncos' Mascot
Super Bowl Champions
Jail Qualcomm Stadium
Mile High Salute
Defence Cards Broncos' Fans
Safety
Stadium Tax
AFC Conference Champions
Offense Cards NFC Conference Champions
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Superman Returns Edition

Surfing Edition
[edit] T

Target Corporation Edition

Texas A&M University Edition (Aggieolopy)

Tennessee Volunteers Edition

Ford Thunderbird 50th Anniversary Edition
Transformers Collector's Edition
Copyright date: 2007 Released by: USAopoly, under license by Hasbro Issued through: General retail
Game description: To help promote the release of the new Transformers live action film, Hasbro created a special board based on Generation 1 continuity. Chance and Community Chest cards have been replaced by Autobot and Decepticon cards, and require a card scanner to read them, much like the old tech specs on the back of Generation 1 packaging. Energon cubes and Anti-Matter replace houses and hotels, and new rules have been added for additional gameplay.
Tokens: 6 tokens are included, with each one based upon their appearances in Generation 1: Optimus Prime, Megatron, Starscream, Jazz, Bumblebee, and Soundwave.

Toys "R" Us 50th Anniversary Edition - Monopoly Deluxe Edition
Copyright date: 1998 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: Toys "R" Us stores exclusive
Game description: To mark the 50th Anniversary of the Toys "R" Us toy store chain, its parent company released an exclusive Monopoly Deluxe Edition set. These are standard U.S. Deluxe Edition games, with the exceptions being the plastic sleeve having the 50 Years Forever Fun logo, and a different set of pewter tokens inside the box, replacing the regular Deluxe Edition tokens. A pewter medallion with the Toys "R" Us mascot, Geoffrey the Giraffe, was also included, to be placed in the center of the rotatable Title Deed card holder.
Tokens: Ten pewter tokens were included, nine of which represent popular toys by Hasbro, sold within Toys "R" Us stores. They are: Mr. Potato Head, G.I. Joe, Rich Uncle Pennybags (shortly before he was renamed Mr. Monopoly), an Easy-Bake Oven, a Tinkertoy, a log cabin made of Lincoln Logs, a can of Play-Doh, a Nerf football on a kickstand, and a Tonka dump truck. The tenth token is a bust of Toys "R" Us mascot Geoffrey the Giraffe.



[edit] U

United Parcel Service Edition

United States Air Force Edition

U.S. Army Edition

United States Marine Corps Edition

United States Navy Edition

United States Coast Guard Edition

University of Connecticut Edition (UConnopoly)

University of Georgia Edition (Dawgopoly)

University of Michigan Edition (Michiganopoly)

University of Leeds Edition

University of Texas at Austin Edition (Texasopoly)
U.S. Space Program Edition
Copyright date: 1998 Released by: USAopoly, Inc., under license from Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: This edition was released in 1998, to highlight achievements of the U.S. Space Program, including the then-recent Mars Pathfinder mission, and to mark the fortieth anniversary of NASA. The board features photographs related to the U.S. Space Program from 1960-1990. Properties include TIROS-1, the X-15, missions from the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo and Shuttle programs. Railroads became the Redstone rocket, the Titan rocket, the Saturn V rocket and the Shuttle. Community Chest and Chance became Earth and Moon, respectively. The tax spaces became Payload Tax (10% or $200) and Docking Tax ($75). The Electric Company and Water Works spaces remained the same.
Tokens: Eight pewter tokens were included: A generic satellite, an Astronaut, a Shuttle (though without a vertical stabilizer), a Lunar Rover, an Apollo Space Capsule, a Lunar lander, the Mars Sojourner rover, and the Hubble Space Telescope.
Other features: The included Mission Manual (at the end of the rules booklet) explains the reasons behind the inclusion of the various Space Program missions on the game board. Currency features the Rich Uncle Pennybags character holding a space helmet and an American flag (rather than his usual tophat and cane). Houses and hotels retained their usual shapes, but became silver hangars and black space centers respectively.



[edit] V

Vintage Game Collection Edition

Virginia Techopoly Edition

Volopoly
[edit] W
The Wizard of Oz Collector's Edition
Copyright date: 1998 Released by: USAopoly under license from Hasbro, Wizard of Oz film elements licensed from Turner Entertainment Company Issued through: Originally exclusive to the Warner Brothers Studio Stores, copies also became available through USAopoly's website and other retailers.
Free Parking
Wicked Witch Corner
Good Witch Cards Haunted Forrest
Monkey Mountain
Courage
Witch's Castle
Guard's Quarters
Water Works
Glenda Gardens
Go To Jail
Poppy Field The Wizard of Oz Collector's Edition Emerald City
Land Of Oz
The Wizard's Hall
Bad Witch Cards Bad Witch Cards
Apple Orchard
Balloon Central
A Heart
A Way Home
Cowardly Lion's Lair
Good Witch Cards
Tin Man's Wood Hill
Ruby Slippers Way
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Scarecrow's Cornfield
Home Sweet Home
In Jail/Just Visiting Glenda's Bubble
Munchkinland
Good Witch Cards The Rainbow
A Brain
Tornado Insurance
Kansas
Bad Witch Cards Auntie Em's Farm
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This was one of USAopoly's first boards that mixed a popular film license with their license to produce themed Monopoly boards. For The Wizard of Oz, properties are placed around the board in a sequence roughly paralleling the plot of the movie. Thus the dark purple spaces feature stills from the sepia-toned sequences of Kansas, the light blue spaces are from Munchkinland, and the green spaces are from the Emerald City. The Utilities remained the same, but the Electric Company is represented by a photo of the jolt that the Wicked Witch of the West received when trying to remove the Ruby Slippers, and the Water Works is represented by a photo of the sequence from the Wicked Witch melting (the space is also subtitled "I'm Melting!!!"). The Community Chest and Chance cards retained those names, but the spaces on the board are represented by the Wicked Witch's hat and Glinda's crown, respectively (and card texts were changed to match the theme). Houses and Hotels were recolored grey and green, and were renamed Farmhouses and Palaces. The dice are described as being ruby red. Currency features photographs of characters from the movie (from Toto on the $1 to Dorothy on the $500). While the dollar sign $ is used, the denominations are said to be in bricks (instead of dollars), issued by the Bank of Emerald City.
Tokens: Eight pewter tokens were included: Heads of Dorothy/Toto, the Scarecrow, the Cowardly Lion, the Tin Man, a Tornado (with a house inside it), the Wicked Witch's hat, Glinda's crown and the pair of ruby slippers.

World Cup 1998

Free Parking
Yugoslavia
Away France
Sweden
Stade De France
Uruguay
Russia
Soft Drinks Company
Spain
Go To Jail
Hungary World Cup 1998 England
Poland
Argentina
Home Home
Netherlands
Italy
Stade Du Parc Des Princes
Stade De Gerland
Czechoslovakia
Away
Austria
Germany
Lighting Company
Sign On Fee
Belgium
Brazil
Jail Mexico
Chile
Away Romania
Stade Velodrome
Transfer Fee
Switzerland
Home Scotland
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


World Cup 2006 Edition

Walnut Creekopoly
[edit] X

X-Men Collector's Edition
[edit] Y

Yankees Monopoly

Yorkshire Monopoly
[edit] Z
[edit] USA (Spanish language)
U.S. Standard Edition en Español
Copyright date: 1985 Released by: Parker Brothers/Kenner Parker Toys Issued through: General release
Game description: This is a Spanish translation of a U.S. Standard Edition Monopoly set. All placenames are literal translation of the original Atlantic City, New Jersey locations. Even the infamous misspelling of Marven Gardens is carried over, as Jardines Marvin on this board. All four railroads have the same names, the Electric Company and Water Works are also both kept. Under the space for Go, the Spanish word ¡Adelante! is written. The currency has the same colors and design as a standard U.S. set, with the legend "Copyright 1935 by Parker Brothers Inc." Similarly, the Community Chest (Arca Communal) and Chance (Casualidad) cards feature the Uncle Pennybags/Mr. Monopoly character that was introduced in 1936. Houses are the standard green plastic, and hotels are the standard red plastic.
Tokens: These are also based on the standard U.S. Edition game set, as of 1985 they were: a cannon, a battleship, a dog, a horse and rider, a shoe, a tophat, a wheelbarrow, a thimble, an iron and a car.
Other features: This 1985 edition was released by Parker Brothers as a division of the then Kenner Parker Toys, which was later bought out by Hasbro.

[edit] Cities

Atlanta, issued in 1994 and 1995.

Atlantic City (standard edition). First issued by Parker Brothers in 1935. Mega Edition featuring more Atlantic City streets released in 2006.

Baltimore, issued in 1997.
Boston

Free Parking
Bloomingdale's
Chance Prudential Center
Filene's
The Boston Common Parking Garage
The Lenox Hotel
The Bostonian Hotel
Bostongas
The Colonnade
Go To Jail
Ye Olde Union Oyster House Boston Deloitte & Touche llp
The Capital Grille
Smith Barney
Community Chest Community Chest
Legal Sea Foods
Federated Services Company
North Station
South Station
The New Museum
Chance
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
Bank Boston
Boston Edison
Luxury Tax
The Children's Museum
Shreve, Crump & Low
Jail The Sports Museum Of New England
Boston Celtics
Chance Boston Red Sox
Massport
Income Tax
USS Constitution Museum
Community Chest The Boston Public Library
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Boston - two editions: Boston, issued in 1994, 1995, 1996 and Boston (Historic) issued in 1998.

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, issued unknown

Charlotte issued in 1997.
Chicago Edition
Copyright date: 2000 Released by: USAopoly under license from Hasbro Issued through: General release (issued in 1995, 1996 and 2000)
Game description: This was one in a series of officially licensed city edition Monopoly game boards for various U.S. cities. The Chicago edition board features photographs of 21 existing Chicago landmarks, and one historical landmark: Fort Dearborn. The main background of the board is a photograph overlooking the Chicago River. The four railroad spaces were replaced with four well-known companies headquartered in Chicago: Bank One (which was absorbed by Chase in 2005, but whose logo also appeared on this edition's currency), Yellow Cab, Chicago Tribune and Eli's Cheesecake. Houses and hotels are the standard green and red plastic. The utility spaces are ComEd and the Chicago Water Works.
Tokens: Six pewter tokens were included: A rolled up Chicago Tribune, the Chicago Water Tower, Sears Tower, a Wolley Cab car, the Navy Pier Ferris wheel and a slice of Eli's Cheesecake.


Cincinnati, issued in 1998.
Cleveland (1996)

Free Parking
Pierre's
Chance Kaufmann's
Cleveland Museum Of Art Store
Green Line
Marymount
Fairview Health System
City Of Cleveland Water
The Cleveland Clinic Center
Go To Jail
Cleveland Indians Cleveland (1996) Sherwin Williams
Cleveland Browns
National City
Community Chest Community Chest
Cleveland Cavaliers
Ameritech
Blue Line
Continental Airlines
Severance Hall
Chance
Karamu House Inc
The Avenue Tower City Centre
Cleveland Public Power
Luxury Tax
Playhouse Square Center
Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame Museum
Jail Cleveland Magazine
Wmji Magic 105.7
Chance Sun Newspapers
Red Line
City Tax
Seaworld
Community Chest Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Dallas (1996)

Free Parking
Fao Schwarz Fifth Avenue
Chance Foley's
Macy's
Dart Rail Light Rail Transit
Quadrangle
Highland Park Village
Lone Star Gas
North Park Center
Go To Jail
The Staubach Company Dallas (1996) The Stoneleigh Hotel
Ebby Holiday Realtors
The Fairmont
Community Chest Community Chest
Eds
The Mansion Of Dallas-Fortworth
Dallas Love Field
Southwest Airlines
Simon David And Tom Thumb
Chance
Weir's Furniture Village
Texas Stadium
Tuelectric
Luxury Tax
Zen Floral Design Studio
Cowboys
Jail Star Canyon New Texas Cuisine
Cafe Pacific
Chance Patrizio
Commuter Rail Dart
City Tax
African American Museum
Community Chest Dallas Zoo
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Dana Point, issued in 1996.

Denver,issued in 1996

Detroit, issued in 1997.

Fox Cities, Wisconsin, issued in 2003.

Grand Rapids, issued in 2004.

Green Bay, issued in 2000.
Hollywood (1997)

Free Parking
California Film Commission
Chance United Talent Agency
International Creative Management
Network NBC
Miramax Films
Dimension Films
Water Works
Polygram Films
Go To Jail
Hollywood Reporter Hollywood (1997) Tristar
Premiere Movie Magazine
Columbia
Community Chest Community Chest
Billboard Live
Sony Pictures
Network ABC
Network E!
Capitol Records
Chance
Palace
Twentieth Century Fox
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Hollywood Bowl
Paramount
Jail Dolby Digital
Panavision Woodland Hills
Chance Color By Deluxe
Network CBS
City Tax
Hollywood Boulevard
Community Chest Hollywood & Vine
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Houston (1996)

Free Parking
Oshman's Supersports Vsa
Chance Macy's
Foley's
BMW
Hermann
Tirr Systems
Southwestern Bell
Texas Children's Hospital
Go To Jail
Houston Astros Houston (1996) George R Brown Convention Center
TPC The Woodlands
The Houstonian Hotel Club and Bar
Community Chest Community Chest
Houston Livestock Show And Rodeo
The Wyndham Warwick Hotel
Port Of Houston Authority
Southwest Airlines
The Children's Museum Of Houston
Chance
Fao Schwarz
Space Center Houston
HL&P
Luxury Tax
The Houston Zoo
Astrodome
Jail Landry's Seafood House
Willie G's Oyster Bar
Chance Joe's Crab Shack
Metro
City Tax
The Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion
Community Chest Theater District
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Indianapolis (1996)

Free Parking
StVincent Hospitals
Chance Dow Brands
Eli Lilly And Company
Indiana Railroad
Indianapolis Business Journal
The Saturday Evening Post
Ameritech
The Star Indianapolis
Go To Jail
StElmo Steakhouse Indianapolis (1996) Talk To Tucker's Realtors
Rathskeller Restaurant
Bank One
Community Chest Community Chest
Indiana Roof Ballroom
Anthem
Union Station
Indygo
Indianapolis Pacers
Chance
Indianapolis Indians
American United Life Insurance Co.
Ipalco Enterprises
Luxury Tax
Indianapolis Colts
Indianapolis Speedway
Jail Parisian
L-S Ayres
Chance Circle Centre
American Trans Air
City Tax
Eiteljorg Museum
Community Chest Children's Museum
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Kansas City, issued in 1997.

La Jolla, issued in 1994.

Las Vegas, issued in 1997, 2000.

Los Angeles, issued in 1996.
New York City (1994, 1995, 1996, 1998 and 2001)

Free Parking
Macy's
Chance Fao Schwarz
Bloomingdale's
John F Kennedy International Airport
Les Celebrites
The Rainbow Room
Con Edison Gas
The Four Seasons
Go To Jail
Lincoln Center New York City (1994, 1995, 1996, 1998 and 2001) The Regency Hotel
American Museum Of Natural History
Essex House
Community Chest Community Chest
New York Yankees
The Plaza
Penn Station
Grand Central Station
Empire State Building
Chance
Statue of Liberty
Tiffany & Co.
Con Edison Electric
Luxury Tax
Central Park
Trump Tower
Jail George Washington Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
Chance Holland Tunnel
La Guardia Airport
City Tax
World Trade Center
Community Chest South Street Seaport
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Manitowoc, issued in 2000.

Menomonie, Wisconsin, issued in 2004 (Menomonopoly).

Minneapolis, Saint Paul (Twin Cities Edition), issued 1997.

Orlando, issued in 1997.

Palos Verdes, issued in 2007. [3]
Philadelphia (1996)

Free Parking
Temple Owls
Chance Academy Of Music Of Philadelphia
Avenue Of The Arts
Suburban
Philadelphia Eagles
Core States Complex
Gas Company
Philadelphia Phillies
Go To Jail
The Old Original Bookbinders Philadelphia (1996) City Hall
Katmandu
Boathouse Row
Community Chest Community Chest
Di Lullo
The Free Library of Philadelphia
University City
Frankford
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Chance
The Franklin Institute Science Museum
Independence Hall
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
The Philadelphia Zoo
Core States
Jail The Shops at Liberty Place
Strawbridge's
Chance Franklin Mills
Market East
City Tax
Italian Market
Community Chest Mummers Museum
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Pittsburgh, issued in 1996.

Rochester (issue date unknown)
San Diego (1994, 1995, 1996, 2002)

Free Parking
Macy's
Chance Fao Schwarz
Horton Plaza
San Diego Trolley
Aviara Golf Club
San Diego Chargers
Water Works
San Diego Padres
Go To Jail
Z Gallerie San Diego (1994, 1995, 1996, 2002) Old Town Mexican Cafe
Brady's
Bully's East
Community Chest Community Chest
Robinsons May
Coruehe Diner
Old Town Trolley Tours
Southwest Airlines
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Chance
Ruben H Fleet Space Theater and Science Park
Panda's
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
US Olympic Training Center, San Diego
Seaworld
Jail Shelter Island
Mission Bay Park
Chance Balboa Park
Giant Dipper, Belmont Park
City Tax
San Diego Hall of Champions Sports Museum
Community Chest Seaus, The Restaurant
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

San Francisco (1995)

Free Parking
Fao Schwarz
Chance Z Gallerie
Macy's
Caltrain
Smith Barney
Deloitte & Touche
Water Works
Citibank
Go To Jail
Masa's San Francisco (1995) The Westin St Francis
Fog City Diner
Mark Hopkins Inter-Continental
Community Chest Community Chest
Vertigo
The Fairmont
Southwest Airlines
Hornblower Dining Yachts
Big 98.1
Chance
San Francisco Ficus
Wilkes Bashford
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
San Francisco Chronicle
Gump's
Jail Pier 39
San Francisco Zoo
Chance San Francisco Museum Of Modern Art
Samtrans
City Tax
Golden Gate Bridge
Community Chest Coit Tower
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


San Francisco, issued in 1995; historic edition, issued in 1998.

Seattle, issued in 1997.

St. Louis, issued in 1997.
Washington DC (1997)

Free Parking
Fahrney's Pens Inc
Chance Fao Schwarz
Hecht's
Anacostia
1789 Restaurant
Clyde's
Washington Gas
Old Ebbitt Grill
Go To Jail
Georgetown Park Washington DC (1997) Renaissance Mayflower Hotel
Union Station
Loews l'Enfant Plaza Hotel
Community Chest Community Chest
Mazza Gallerie
Hotel Washington
Archives & Navy Memorial
Metro Center
The Kennedy Center
Chance
Pentagon
Capitol
Pepco
Luxury Tax
Smithsonian Institution
White House
Jail Washington Monument
Jefferson Memorial
Chance Lincoln Memorial
Woodley Park Zoo
City Tax
Bullets
Community Chest US Air Arena
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png



[edit] States
Alaska (1997, 2003)

Free Parking
Ketchikan
Chance Juneau
Anchorage
Float Plane
Black Bear
Grizzly Bear
Portage Glacier
Polar Bear
Go To Jail
Wolf Alaska (1997, 2003) Kenai Fjords
Caribou
Glacier Bay
Community Chest Community Chest
Moose
Denali National Park
Dog Sled
Cruise Ship
Whale
Chance
Walrus
Bald Eagle
Pipeline
Luxury Tax
Otter
Mount McKinley
Jail Seward Harbor
King Salmon
Chance Silver Salmon
White Pass Railroad
Income Tax
Artic Sunset
Community Chest Northern Lights
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Arizona, issued in 1998.

Florida, issued in 1998.

Hawaii, issued in 1996.

Maine, issued in 1999.

Oregon, issued in 1998.

Rhode Island, issued in 1998.

Texas, issued in 1999, also available in a container in the shape of the state.

Utah, issued in 1998.
[edit] Territories

Puerto Rico, issued in 2005.
[edit] Regions

Napa Valley, California, issued in 1997.

New England, issued in 2001.
[edit] United Kingdom
London (standard edition) (1935)

Free Parking
Strand
£220 Chance Fleet Street
£220 Trafalgar Square
£240 Fenchurch Street station
£200 Leicester Square
£260 Coventry Street
£260 Water Works
£150 Piccadilly
£280 Go To Jail
Vine Street
£200 London (standard edition) (1935) Regent Street
£300
Marlborough Street
£180 Oxford Street
£300
Community Chest Community Chest
Bow Street
£180 Bond Street
£320
Marylebone station
£200 Liverpool Street station
£200
Northumberland Avenue
£160 Chance
Whitehall
£140 Park Lane
£350
Electric Company
£150 Luxury Tax
(pay £100)
Pall Mall
£140 Mayfair
£400
In Jail/Just Visiting Pentonville Road
£120 Euston Road
£100 Chance The Angel Islington
£100 King's Cross station
£200 Income Tax
(pay £200) Whitechapel
£60 Community Chest Old Kent Road
£60 Go
(collect £200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Tokens: dog, top hat, wheel barrow, race car, boot, iron, battleship, thimble

London (60th anniversary edition) (1995)
Copyright date: 1995
Free Parking
Strand
£220 Chance Fleet Street
£220 Trafalgar Square
£240 Fenchurch Street station
£200 Leicester Square
£260 Coventry Street
£260 Water Works
£150 Piccadilly
£280 Go To Jail
Vine Street
£200 London (60th anniversary edition) (1995) Regent Street
£300
Marlborough Street
£180 Oxford Street
£300
Community Chest Community Chest
Bow Street
£180 Bond Street
£320
Marylebone station
£200 Liverpool Street station
£200
Northumberland Avenue
£160 Chance
Whitehall
£140 Park Lane
£350
Electric Company
£150 Luxury Tax
(pay £100)
Pall Mall
£140 Mayfair
£400
In Jail/Just Visiting Pentonville Road
£120 Euston Road
£100 Chance The Angel Islington
£100 King's Cross station
£200 Income Tax
(pay £200) Whitechapel
£60 Community Chest Old Kent Road
£60 Go
(collect £200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Released as limited edition for the 60th anniversary of Monopoly. Each set is individually numbered and the box is gold with a green bar across the centre.
Tokens: Elephant, Bathtub, Trophy, Candlestick, Tram, Rich Uncle Pennybags, Boot and Car

London (Millennium edition) (1999)
Copyright date: 1999
Free Parking
Strand
£220 Chance Fleet Street
£220 Trafalgar Square
£240 Fenchurch Street station
£200 Leicester Square
£260 Coventry Street
£260 Water Works
£150 Piccadilly
£280 Go To Jail
Vine Street
£200 London (Millennium edition) (1999) Regent Street
£300
Marlborough Street
£180 Oxford Street
£300
Community Chest Community Chest
Bow Street
£180 Bond Street
£320
Marylebone station
£200 Liverpool Street station
£200
Northumberland Avenue
£160 Chance
Whitehall
£140 Park Lane
£350
Electric Company
£150 Luxury Tax
(pay £100)
Pall Mall
£140 Mayfair
£400
In Jail/Just Visiting Pentonville Road
£120 Euston Road
£100 Chance The Angel Islington
£100 King's Cross station
£200 Income Tax
(pay £200) Whitechapel
£60 Community Chest Old Kent Road
£60 Go
(collect £200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Produced for the millennium in 1999, the properties are the same as the standard British edition. The houses and hotels are stackable, the board is silver with holographic foil, and the money is translucent.
Tokens: Mobile Phone, Aeroplane, Car, Bike, Computer, Dog, Globe, In-line Skate

UK Here & Now edition (2007)[7]
Copyright date: 2007 Released by: Hasbro
Free Parking
Dundee
Chance Keele
Norwich
Fenchurch St Station
Birmingham
Oxford
Water Works
Stoke-on-Trent
Go To Jail
Lincoln UK Here & Now edition (2007)[7] Sheffield
Plymouth
Cambridge
Community Chest Community Chest
Derby
Nottingham
Marylebone Station
Liverpool St Station
London
Chance
Manchester
Exeter
Electric Company
Super Tax
Colchester
St Albans
Jail York
Cardiff
Chance Middlesbrough
Kings Cross Station
Income Tax
Leeds
Community Chest Liverpool
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The properties are all UK towns and cities, with the order defined by an online voting campaign that received over a million votes.
Tokens: Mobile phone, Roller blade, Hamburger, Jumbo Jet, Racing Car, Skateboard and London Bus

[edit] England

1999 Rugby World Cup (1999)

Coronation Street Edition

Desi (2005)

Premier League 1999/2000 (1999)

Premier League 2000/2001 (2000)

Howard DeWalden Estate

Jersey Channel Islands Edition - Locations from around Jersey, including streets and landmarks. The stations are replaced by Jersey airport, two harbours and a lighthouse. (2004)

Mega Edition (2007)
Stock Exchange
Copyright date: 2001 Released by: Waddingtons/Hasbro Issued through: General release in the United Kingdom.
Game description: Thirty companies were represented on the board, with twenty-two presidency cards (in place of the usual street properties), four retail cards (in place of the railroads/railway stations), and two utilities. Community Chest and Chance were replaced by Bull and Bear cards, respectively. The UK standard Super Tax space became a Capital Gains Tax space, though the Income Tax space remained unchanged (except for value - values of all spaces, including the tax spaces, were multiplied by millions of Pounds). The companies represented on the board were international, including Gillette, Unilever, Swissair, Pizza Hut, DaimlerChrysler, Toshiba, Alcatel, Tesco and BT.
Tokens: Six standard Monopoly tokens were included: the racecar, iron, Scottie dog, battleship, hat and shoe.
Other features: Rules for the game were widely changed for this edition. The doubles rule (taking an extra turn, or going to jail after three consecutive doubles rolls) remained, as did the auction rule (a space, when landed on, if not purchased by the player whose token landed on it, would be auctioned by the bank). Landing on a coloured company space allowed the player to buy a majority of shares if it hadn't already been floated, or pay rent, which went to the bank, and not the player possessing the card. Extra shares could also be purchased during a turn: one share of any floated company, or two of the company that the player's token is on. Dividends (a minimum of £200 million, plus accumulated rents) were collected each time a player passed Go. The construction of offices/head offices (in place of houses and hotels) could only commence when all companies in a colour-group were owned, similar to standard rules, and building shortages, also as in standard rules, could also be caused. Shares of companies (up to 9 per company) could be bought from and sold to the bank, or traded with other players. If a shareholding plurality is achieved by another player, that player assumes control of the company, which could break a monopoly. All transactions were intended to be entered into the included Electronic Share Unit.


Thomas Cook (2005)

Ya Gymraeg (Welsh Edition) (2007)[8]
[edit] Towns and Cities

Bath (2005)
Birmingham (1998, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2005)
Copyright date: 1998
Free Parking
Atherstone
£220 Chance Union Street
£220 Coventry Road
£240 Corporation Street Bus Stops
£200 Broad Street
£260 Hagley Road
£260 Cable & Wireless
£150 New Street
£280 Go To Jail
Cannon Street
£200 Birmingham (1998, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2005) Printing House Street
£300
Halesowen
£180 Newhall Street
£300
Community Chest Community Chest
New Bull Ring
£180 Waterloo Street
£320
New Street Station
£200 Snowhill Station
£200
Villa Park
£160 Chance
Nec Arena
£140 Bickenhill
£350
East Midlands Electricity
£150 Luxury Tax
(pay £100)
Edgbaston
£140 Hurst Street
£400
In Jail/Just Visiting Centenary Square
£120 Victoria Square
£100 Chance The Nec
£100 Moor Street Information Centre
£200 Income Tax
(pay £200) Bannerley Road
£60 Community Chest Dominion Court
£60 Go
(collect £200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


University of Birmingham (limited edition 2003) [9]

Bournemouth & Poole (2007)

Brighton & Hove (2003)
Bristol (2000, 2001, 2004, 2007)

Free Parking
Cribbs Causeway
Chance Denmark Street
Harbourside
Bristol Port
TV Centre Bath Road
Bristol Cathedral
Communications (Orange)
University of Bristol
Go To Jail
Lewins Mead Bristol (2000, 2001, 2004, 2007) Somerset House
Broadmead
Aztec West
Community Chest Community Chest
King Street
Narrow Quay
Centre (First City Line)
Bristol Temple Meads
County Ground
Chance
Ashton Gate
Bristol Old Vic
Water Company (Bristol Water)
Luxury Tax
The Memorial Stadium
Anchor Road
Jail Clifton Suspension Bridge
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Chance Great Western Dock (SS Great Britain)
International Airport Bristol
Income Tax
St Andrews Road
Community Chest Temple Street
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Cambridge (2004)

Carlisle (2007)
Chester & Cheshire (2001)

Free Parking
Watergate Street, Chester (Cheshire Cat Purrductions)
Chance High Street, Crewe (Chronicle Newspapers)
Alderley Edge
Crewe Station
Jodrell Bank Observatory
Mersey Road, Widnes (Catalyst Science Discovery Centre)
Water Works
Bridge Street, Chester (Grosvenor)
Go To Jail
Tatton Park Chester & Cheshire (2001) Roe Street, Macclesfield (Heritage Centre)
Lyme Park
Ellesmere Port (Vauxhall)
Community Chest Community Chest
Whitchurch Road, Nantwich (Hack Green Secret Nuclear Bunker)
Alderley Road, Wilmslow (Royal London)
Wilmslow Station
Stockport Station
Heywood Road, Sale (Sale Sharks)
Chance
Oulton Park
Eastgate, Chester (The Chester Grosvenor)
Telecommunications (One.Tel)
Luxury Tax
Chester Racecourse
Chester Cathedral
Jail Chester Zoo
Chester Amphitheatre Trust
Chance Quarry Bank Mill
Chester Station
Income Tax
Risley Biffa
Community Chest Wrexham Road, Chester (Grosvenor Garden Centre)
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Coventry (2002)

East Grinstead (2007)

Ipswich (2006)

Kingston upon Hull (2004)

Hull City Football Club Edition

Lancashire Edition
Leeds (1989)[10]

Free Parking
Boar Lane
Chance Wellington Street
City Square
Horsforth Station
Vicar Lane
The Headrow
Yorkshire Water
Briggate
Go To Jail
Kirkgate Leeds (1989)[10] Albion Street
The Calls
Lands Lane
Community Chest Community Chest
Eastgate
Commercial Street
Crossgate Station
New Pudsey Station
Cookridge Street
Chance
Woodhouse Lane
East Parade
Yorkshire Electricity
Luxury Tax
Great George St
Park Row
Jail North Street
Regent Street
Chance Chapeltown Road
City Station
Income Tax
Sheepscar
Community Chest Burmantofts
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Released in limited edition of 500 for charity in 1989.

University of Leeds (2002)[11]

Free Parking
Medical School
Chance Mechanical Engineering
EC Stoner Building
Town Hall
Headingley Stadium
Corn Exchange
Alumni Office
Hyde Park Cinema
Go To Jail
Michael Sadler Building University of Leeds (2002)[11] Leeds University Business School
Roger Stevens Building
Bretton Hall Campus
Community Chest Community Chest
Geography
Brotherton Library
Kirkgate Market
Leeds Train Station
The Union
Chance
St. George's Field
Parkinson Building
Careers Centre
Luxury Tax
Sports Centre
Great Hall
Jail The Old Bar
The Refectory
Chance The Original Oak
Civic Hall
Income Tax
Bodington Hall
Community Chest Henry Price Flats
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Liverpool (1999, 2000, 2007)

Free Parking
Pier Head
Chance Sir John Moores Building
Tarleton Street
Mersey Ferry
Albert Dock
Hope Street
Communications
Mathew Street
Go To Jail
Ranlagh Street Liverpool (1999, 2000, 2007) Whitechapel
St John's Shopping Centre
Old Hall Street
Community Chest Community Chest
St George's Way
Water Street
Liverpool Airport
Paradise Street Bus Station
Aintree Racecourse
Chance
Goodison Park
High Street
Energy Company
Luxury Tax
Anfield
Royal Liver Building
Jail Britannia Vaults
Lime Street
Chance William Brown Street
Lime Street Station
Income Tax
Hackins Hey
Community Chest Wavetree Road
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Everton F. C. (2008)

Liverpool F. C. European Champions (2005)

Liverpool F. C. (2007)
London - Here And Now Limited Edition (2005)
Copyright date: 2005 Released by: Parker/Hasbro Issued through: General release in the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.
Free Parking
London Eye
£2,200,000 Chance Hyde Park
£2,200,000 Trafalgar Square
£2,400,000 Gatwick Airport
£2,000,000 Tottenham Court Road
£2,600,000 Covent Garden
£2,600,000 The Sun
£1,500,000 Regent Street
£2,800,000 Go To Jail
Tate Modern
£2,000,000 London - Here And Now Limited Edition (2005) Notting Hill
£3,000,000
Natural History Museum
£1,800,000 Soho
£3,000,000
Community Chest Community Chest
Science Museum
£1,800,000 Kings Road
£3,200,000
Stansted Airport
£2,000,000 Heathrow Airport
£2,000,000
Wembley Stadium
£1,600,000 Chance
Wimbledon
£1,400,000 Canary Wharf
£3,500,000
Telecoms
£1,500,000 Super Tax
(pay £750,000)
The Oval
£1,400,000 The City
£4,000,000
In Jail/Just Visiting GMTV Studios
£1,200,000 Wembley Arena
£1,000,000 Chance Hammersmith Apollo
£1,000,000 London City Airport
£2,000,000 Income Tax
(pay £2,000,000) Camden Market
£600,000 Community Chest Portobello Road Market
£600,000 GO
(collect £2,000,000)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This board was released in 2005, to honor the 70th anniversary of Parker Brothers acquisition and commencement of sales of the board game Monopoly. The concept of the game is to update the board and gameplay through inflation, use of currently valuable properties, new tokens, new artwork, use of airports in place of railroads, use of apartments in place of houses, and new scenarios on the Community Chest and Chance cards. The Electric Company was replaced with Telecoms (a tower in London), and Water Works was replaced by The Sun newspaper.
Tokens: Limited editions included a cheeseburger, inline skate, cellular phone, skateboard, Formula-1 race car, passenger jetliner and a London bus. The standard edition omitted the bus.
Other features: Trafalgar Square is the only property to have the exact same location on both the classic board and the Here & Now Edition board. Regent Street is also on both boards, but was demoted from a dark green to a yellow property, and thus draws less rent than before.


London Underground Edition - replaces streets with Underground stations, with colours matching lines

King's College London Edition (2004) [12]

Arsenal Football Club Edition (2002, 2007)

Arsenal - Farewell to Highbury (2005)

Chelsea Football Club Edition (2001, 2004)

Fulham F.C. Edition (2009)

Tottenham Hotspur Football Club Edition
Manchester (1998, 1999, 2001)

Free Parking
Prestage Street
£220 Chance Bury New Road
£220 Coronation Street
£240 Manchester Airport
£200 Ringway
£260 Wilmslow Road
£260 Communications
£150 Victoria
£280 Go To Jail
Arndale Centre
£200 Manchester (1998, 1999, 2001) Barbirolli Square
£300
Market Street
£180 Garstang Road
£300
Community Chest Community Chest
StMary Street
£180 Mount Street
£320
Piccadilly Station
£200 Aytoun Street
£200
Old Trafford
£160 Chance
Huntsbank
£140 Whitworth Park
£350
Electric Company
£150 Luxury Tax
(pay £100)
Storm Shelter
£140 Eastgate
£400
In Jail/Just Visiting Eastlands
£120 Liverpool Road
£100 Chance Albert Square
£100 Oxford Road Station
£200 Income Tax
(pay £200) Eccles New Road
£60 Community Chest Portland Street
£60 Go
(collect £200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Manchester United Football Club (1999, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009) Edition

Middlesbrough (2006)
Newcastle & Gateshead (1998, 1999, 2000, 2004)

Free Parking
Quayside
Chance Eldon Square
Tyne Brewery
River Tyne (Shields Ferry)
Grainger Street
Stowell Street (China Town)
Gas Company/Market Street (Northern Electric+Gas)
New Bridge Street
Go To Jail
Leazes Park Road Newcastle & Gateshead (1998, 1999, 2000, 2004) Collingwood Street
The Haymarket
Mosley Street
Community Chest Community Chest
Metro Centre
Dean Street
Newcastle Central GNER
Monument (Metro)
St.James' Park
Chance
County Ground
Northumberland Street
Electric Company/Carliol House (Northern Electric+Gas)
Luxury Tax
Gateshead Int'l Stadium
Grey Street
Jail Tyne Bridge
Grey's Monument
Chance Gateshead Angel
Newcastle Airport
Income Tax
Acorn Road
Community Chest The Wills Building
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Newcastle United Football Club Edition (2006)
University of Newcastle Upon Tyne (2001)

Free Parking
Old Library
Chance Percy Building
Medical School
Grey's Monument
Playhouse Theatre
Center For Life
Alumni Association
Hatton Gallery
Go To Jail
Merz Court University of Newcastle Upon Tyne (2001) King George VI Building
Daysh Building
Armstrong Building
Community Chest Community Chest
Claremont Tower
The Quad
Tyne Bridge
Central Station
Close House
Chance
Cochrane Park
Robinson Library
Careers Service
Luxury Tax
Athletic Union
King's Hall
Jail Quayside
Bigg Market
Chance Union Society
Gateshead Angel
Income Tax
Henderson Hall
Community Chest Castle Leazes Halls
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Northampton
Copyright date: 2009
Free Parking
Lodge Farm Industrial Estate (Travis Perkins)
£220 Chance (BBC Northampton) Upper Mounts (Northampton Chronicle & Echo)
£220 Abington Square (Guy Salmon Jaguar Northampton)
£240 River Nene
£200 78 Derngate
£260 Wellingborough Road
£260 Water Works
£150 Swan Street (Royal & Derngate)
£280 Go To Jail
Grosvenor Shopping Centre
£200 Northampton Bridge Street (Carlsberg [disambiguation needed])
£300
Abington Street (Watts Furnishers)
£180 Northampton College
£300
Community Chest (Warwickshire and Northamptonshire Air Ambulance) Community Chest (Crazy Hats Breast Cancer Appeal)
LJB Rutherfords, Northampton Market
£180 Castilian Street (Tollers Solicitors)
£320
Greyfriars Bus Station
£200 Grand Union Canal
£200
Franklin's Gardens
£160 Chance (Summit)
Sixfields Stadium
£140 The Guildhall
£350
Electric Company
£150 Super Tax
(pay £100)
The County Ground (Northants Cricket)
£140 Althorp House
£400
In Jail/Just Visiting Guildhall Road (Northampton Museums)
£120 Delapre Abbey
£100 Chance (Heart 96.6) Church of the Holy Sepulchre
£100 Northampton Railway Station
£200 Income Tax
(pay £200) Abington Park
£60 Community Chest (friends of Cynthia Spencer Hospice) National Lift Tower
£60 Go
(collect £200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Norwich (2002)
Nottingham (2001, 2003, 2004)

Free Parking
Kimberley Brewery (Hardys & Hansons)
Chance Hockley (guppi)
Long Row (Going Places)
River Trent
Brewhouse Yard
Talbot Street (Rock City)
Utilities (Powergen)
Wollaton Street (Moat House Hotels Nottingham Royal)
Go To Jail
Victoria Centre Nottingham (2001, 2003, 2004) University Boulevard (University of Nottingham)
Lower Parliament Street (National Ice Centre)
High Pavement (Galleries of Justice)
Community Chest Community Chest
Holme Pierrepont (National Water Sports Centre)
Lace Market (Lace Market Centre)
Broad Marsh Bus Station
East Midlands Airport
Trent Bridge Notts
Chance
City Ground (Nottingham Forest)
Theatre Square (Theatre Royal Nottingham)
Telecommunications (One.Tel)
Luxury Tax
Meadow Lane (Notts County FC)
Nottingham Castle
Jail Council House
Wollaton Hall
Chance Robin Hood Statue
Nottingham Station (Central Trains)
Income Tax
Sherwood Forest Nottinghamshire
Community Chest Colwick (Biffa)
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Oxford (2001)

Free Parking
Broad Street (Blackwell's)
Chance Great Clarendon Street (Oxford English Dictionary)
St. Thomas' Street (Morrells of Oxford)
Folly Bridge (Salter Passenger Boats)
Walton Street (Phoenix Picture House)
High Street (QUOD)
Waste Services (Biffa)
Banbury Road (95.2fm BBC Radio Oxford)
Go To Jail
The Clarendon Centre Oxford (2001) Oxpens Road (Oxford College of Further Education)
Market Street (The Covered Market)
Headington Brookes University
Community Chest Community Chest
Cowley (Templars Square)
University of Oxford
Pear Tree (Park & Ride)
Gloucester Green (Oxford Express)
Iffley Road
Chance
The Parks
The Randolph Hotel (Heritage Hotels)
Telecommunications (One.Tel)
Luxury Tax
The Kassam Stadium (Oxford United)
Ashmolean Museum
Jail St. Michael At The Northgate
Cornmarket
Chance St. Aldates (Museum of Oxford)
Oxford Station
Income Tax
St. Giles (Eagle and Child)
Community Chest Wolvercote (The Trout)
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Oundle

Portsmouth

Reading (2003)

Sheffield (2007) (limited edition)

Southampton (2004)

Stoke-on-Trent

Sunderland (2004)

Wigan (2005)

Worcester (2006)
[edit] Counties
Cornwall (2001, 2004)
Released by: Hasbro
Free Parking
Coverack, Helston
Chance Callington
Penhallow, Truro
Tresco, The Scilly Isles
Fistral Beach, Newquay
Porthcunro
Water Works
Alverton Manor Hotel, Truro
Go To Jail
Arwenack Street, Falmouth Cornwall (2001, 2004) Prideaux Place, Padstow
Pydar Street, Truro
Trevarno Estate Gardens, Helston
Community Chest Community Chest
Fore Street, Bodmin
National Maritime Museum, Cornwall
Newquay Airport
Land's End
?
Chance
Recreation Ground, Redruth
St Michael's Mount
Telecommunications
Luxury Tax
St. Mellion Golf Club
Eden Project
Jail High Cross, Truro
Tintagel Castle
Chance Lanhydrock House
St. Ives
Income Tax
Poniou Way, Penzance
Community Chest Looe
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Derbyshire

Free Parking
Osmaston Road
£220 Chance Nelson Street, Derby
£220 County Hall, Matlock
£240 Peak Rail
£200 The Pavilion, Matlock Bath
£260 Bakewell
£260 Broadcaster
£150 Castleton
£280 Go To Jail
The Eagle Centre
£200 Derbyshire Markeaton Street, Derby
£300
Market Place, Derby
£180 Devonshire Royal Campus, Buxton
£300
Community Chest Community Chest
Irongate, Derby
£180 Kedleston Road, Derby
£320
Matlock Bath
£200 The Roundhouse, Barrow Hill
£200
Pride Park, Derby
£160 Chance
County Cricket Ground, Derby
£140 The Peak District
£350
Hospitals
£150 Bank Deposit
(pay £100)
Recreation Ground
£140 Chatsworth
£400
In Jail/Just Visiting Church Way, Chesterfield
£120 Derwent Valley Mills
£100 Chance Ashbourne
£100 Derby Midland Station
£200 Income Tax
(pay £200) The National Forest
£60 Community Chest Bellington Hill, Shardlow
£60 Go
(collect £200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Devon (2002)

Durham
Essex (2001, 2004)
Released by: Hasbro
Free Parking
Tiptree
Chance Waterhouse Lane, Chelmsford
High Road, Chigwell
Stansted Airport
Hylands Estate, Chelmsford
Copped Hall, Epping
Water Works
Hartford End, Chelmsford
Go To Jail
Thurrock Essex (2001, 2004) Colchester Road, Harold Wood
The Meadows, Chelmsford
The Drive, Brentwood
Community Chest Community Chest
The Brewery, Romford
Langston Road, Loughton
Queen Elizabeth II Bridge
Clacton Station
The County Ground, Chelmsford
Chance
Layer Road, Colchester
Castle Park, Colchester
Telecommunications
Luxury Tax
Roots Hall Stadium, Southend
Southend Pier
Jail Layer Marney Tower
Mountfitchet Castle, Stansted
Chance Audley End House, Saffron Walden
Harwich Port
Income Tax
County Hall, Chelmsford
Community Chest Rawreth Lane, Basildon
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Gloucestershire (2003)

Kent (2002)
Lancashire (2000, 2001, 2002)
Released by: Hasbro Issued through: Winning Moves Int. Ltd
Free Parking
Mallison Street, Bolton
Chance Fleetwood
Baxenden
Lancaster Canal
Bromley Cross, Bolton
Rochdale (Gracie Fields Theatre)
Communications (Orange)
Market Square, Preston
Go To Jail
Whalley Lancashire (2000, 2001, 2002) Lord Street, Southport
Avroe Crescent, Blackpool
South King Street, Blackpool
Community Chest Community Chest
St James Street, Burnley
Richmond Terrace, Blackburn
Bolton Street Station, Bury
Leyland
JJB Stadium, Wigan
Chance
Reebok Stadium, Bolton
Blackpool Tower & Circus
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Elwood Park, Blackburn
Lancaster Castle
Jail Deepdale Stadium, Preston
Blackpool Pleasure Beach
Chance Ribble Valley, Clitheroe
Blackpool Airport
Income Tax
Great Eccleston
Community Chest Bamber Bridge
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Leicestershire (2003)
Released by: Hasbro Issued through: Winning Moves
Free Parking
Castle Donington
Chance City Campus, Leicester
Gallowtree Gate, Leicester
Foxton Locks
Charles Street, Leicester
Belgrave Road, Leicester
Broadcaster
Belvoir Castle
Go To Jail
High Street, Leicester Leicestershire (2003) Loughborough
Leicester Market
?
Community Chest Community Chest
Fosse Park, Leicester
Melton Mowbray
Donington Park
Grand Union Canal
Welford Road, Leicester
Chance
Walkers Stadium, Leicester
Bradgate Park
Transport
Luxury Tax
Grace Road, Leicester
Exploration Drive, Leicester
Jail Market Harborough
Beacon Hill
Chance Bosworth Battlefield
Great Central Railway
Income Tax
National Forest
Community Chest Hodds Close, Leicester
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Somerset
Yorkshire (1999, 2000, 2006)

Free Parking
Castleford
Chance High Street, Northallerton
Marfleet, Hull
Leeds Bradford International Airport
Aidensfield
Emmerdale
Communications (Orange)
Coppergate York
Go To Jail
Sunbridge Road, Bradford Yorkshire (1999, 2000, 2006) Tadcaster Road, York
Pagoda House, Harrogate
York Street, Sheffield
Community Chest Community Chest
The Headrow, Leeds
Piccadilly, Bradford
Humber Bridge
Doncaster Station
Headingley, Leeds
Chance
Valley Parade
Castle Howard
Energy Company (Yorkshire Electricity)
Luxury Tax
Elland Road, Leeds
York Minster
Jail Wilberforce House, Hull
Caphouse Colliery, Wakefield
Chance Ilkley Moor
Halifax Station
Income Tax
Wellington Street, Leeds
Community Chest Bowers Row, Woodlesford
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Yorkshire Building Society (1999)
[edit] Scotland
Scotland (2001)
Released by: Hasbro
Free Parking
Loanhead, Edinburgh
Chance Westertown Farm, Aberdeenshire
Aberlour On Spey, Speyside
West Highland Railway
Strathclyde Country Park
Wick
Water Works
Easter Elchies, Speyside
Go To Jail
Cairngorm Mountains Scotland (2001) Stirling
Edinburgh
Edinburgh Castle
Community Chest Community Chest
Inverness
Braemar
Edinburgh Airport
Lerwick
Murrayfield
Chance
Ibrox Stadium
St Andrews
Utilities
Bank Deposit
Celtic Park
Balmoral
Jail South Queensferry
Dundee
Chance Dumfries
Forth Railway Bridge
Insurance Premium
Trossachs
Community Chest Aberdeen
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Aberdeen (2006)

Dundee
Scotland (Edinburgh) (2008)
Copyright date: 2008
Free Parking
Newhaven Harbour
M220 Chance Morningside Road
M220 Penicuik
M240 Edinburgh Airport
M200 Castle Street
M260 Grindlay Street
M260 Communications
M150 Rose Street / North Lane
M280 Go To Jail
George Street
M200 Scotland (Edinburgh) (2008) Leith Walk
M300
Royal Mile
M180 Rutland Court
M300
Community Chest Community Chest
Corstorphine Road
M180 St. Andrews Square
M320
Haymarket Station
M200 Waverley Station
M200
Murrayfield / Scottish Rugby Union
M160 Chance
Tynecastle Stadium
M140 Princes Street
M350
Electric Company
M150 Super Tax
(pay M100)
Easter Road
M140 Edinburgh Castle
M400
In Jail/Just Visiting Princes St Gardens
M120 Lauriston Castle
M100 Chance Lady Stair's Close
M100 Forth Road Bridge
M200 Income Tax
(pay M200) Barnton Grove
M60 Community Chest Shore Place
M60 GO
(collect M200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Other features: (other versions: 1998, 1999, 2000)

Glasgow (1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006)

Free Parking
Auchentoshan Distillary
Chance Duke Street
Gallowgate
Buchanan Street Bus Station
Bath Street
Sauchiehall Street
Water Works
West Nile Street
Go To Jail
Howard Street Glasgow (1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006) West Regent Street
Byres Road
Charing Cross
Community Chest Community Chest
Buchanan Street
Bothwell Street
Queen Street Station
Central Station
National Stadium
Chance
Argyle Street
George Square
Energy Company "Powergen"
Luxury Tax
Celtic Park
Pollok Coutry Park
Jail The Lighthouse
Kelvingrove
Chance Richmond Street
St Enoch Underground Station
Income Tax
Queens Park
Community Chest Botanic Gardens
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


(Glasgow) Rangers F. C. (2000)

Yorkshire Building Society (1999)

Celtic F. C. (2001, 2004)
[edit] Wales
Wales-Cymru (1999, 2000)

Free Parking
Southern Snowdonia
Chance Oakwood, Pembrokeshire
The Cardiff Brewery
Swansea Station
Pobol y Cwm
Portmeirion
Communications (Orange)
Havannah Street, Cardiff
Go To Jail
Llanarthne Wales-Cymru (1999, 2000) Royal Mint
The Quadrant Centre, Swansea
Caerphilly Business Park
Community Chest Community Chest
Vale Road
Wood Street, Cardiff
Cardiff International Airport
Fishguard
Millennium Stadium
Chance
The Race Course, Wrexham
Pembrokeshire, St Davids
Electric Company
Luxury Tax
Sophia Gardens, Cardiff
Caernarvon Castle
Jail Snowdonia National Park
Pembrokeshire Coast
Chance Brecon Beacons
Holyhead
Income Tax
Port of Aberystwyth
Community Chest New Inn
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Yn Gymraeg
Copyright date: 2007 Issued through: Winning Moves
Parcio di-dâl (Free Parking)
Beddgelert
Siawns (Chance) Talacharn (Laugharne)
Llangollen
Pont Cleddau
Aberystwyth
Llandudno
Llyn Brianne (Water Works)
Penarth
Ewch i'r Carchar (Go to Jail)
Caerfyrddin (Carmarthen) Yn Gymraeg Bro Morgannwg (Vale of Glamorgan)
Caernarfon
Pen Llyn (Lleyn Peninsula)
Cist y gymuned (Community Chest) Cist y gymuned (Community Chest)
Aberhonddu (Brecon)
Penrhyn Gwyr (Gower)
Pont Hafren (Severn Bridge)
Pontcysyllte
Y Fenni (Abergavenny)
Siawns (Chance)
Y Bala
Glannaur Fenai (Menai Straits)
Dinorwig
Treth y cyngor (Super Tax)
Y Trallwng (Welshpool)
Bae Caerdydd (Cardiff Bay)
Yn i Carchar (In Jail) Caergybi (Holyhead)
Blaenau Ffestiniog
Siawns (Chance) Cwm Rhondda
Pont Menai (Menai Suspension Bridge)
Treth incwm (Income tax)
Cwm-sgwt Isaf
Cist y gymuned (Community Chest) Cwm-sgwt Uchaf
Ewch
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Cardiff (2009)

Swansea (2005)
[edit] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland Edition (2000, 2001)
Released by: Hasbro Issued through: Winning Moves Int. Ltd.
Free Parking
Irwin's Bakery, Co. Armagh (Irwin's)
Chance Boucher Road, Belfast (Toyota)
Moira Road, Lisburn (Pure & Natural McKinney's)
Belfast City Airport
Lanyon Place, Belfast (Belfast Waterfront)
Botanic Adventure, Belfast (The Belfast Empire)
Disc Drives Company (Seagate)
Victoria Street, Belfast (Marco Polo)
Go To Jail
Bow Street, Lisburn (Eason) Northern Ireland Edition (2000, 2001) Russell Court, Belfast (GCAS Group)
Lisburn Road, Belfast (Winemark Wine Merchant)
Upper Crescent, Belfast (Kains)
Community Chest Community Chest
The Quays, Newry (Newry Shopping & Leisure)
Great Victoria Street, Belfast (PWC)
Larne Harbour
Belfast Central Station (Enterprise)
?
Chance
Castlereagh (International Ice Bowl)
Belfast City Hall (Belfast City Council)
Natural Gas Company (Phoenix Natural Gas)
Luxury Tax
Upper Malone Road, Belfast (Sports Council NI)
Giant's Causeway
Jail Antrim Road, Belfast (Belfast Zoo)
Rowallane, Saintfield (The National Trust)
Chance Head Road, Kilkeel
Belfast International Airport
Income Tax
Donegall Place, Belfast (vodafone)
Community Chest Hillview House, Newtownabbey (Service & Systems Solutions)
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Belfast (2009)
[edit] Argentina
Argentina Edition - El Estanciero

Libre Estacionamiento
Villa Carlos Paz Termas de Río Hondo Valle de la Luna Ferrocarril Belgrano Tren de las Nubes Quebrada de Humahuaca Aguas Corrientes Cataratas del Iguazú Vaya a la cárcel
Cosquín Argentina Edition - El Estanciero Gualeguaychú
Aconcagua Rosario

Puente del Inca Mar del Plata
Ferrocarril Mitre Ferrocarril San Martín
Valle de las Leñas
San Martín de los Andes La Boca
Energía Eléctrica
Cerro Tronador Obelisco
Lago Nahuel Huapi Esquel Península de Valdes Ferrocarril Roca Glaciar Perito Moreno Ushuaia Salida
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: El Estanciero, with streets changed for estancias located in different provinces of Argentina.



[edit] Australia

An Australian Edition with streets from all over the country. The McGuinness-McDermott Foundation released three special editions to raise money for children's cancer research. The three editions were Adelaide (city) and the Adelaide and Port Adelaide football clubs. There has also been versions for Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia, with proceeds from both going to charities. McGuinness-McDermott Foundation also released a 2007 AFL Premiership edition which features the Geelong Football Club. Early 2008 saw the release of 2 more McGuinness-McDermott Foundation AFL editions, those being Carlton and Collingwood football Clubs. McGuinness-McDermott Foundation are also responsible for releasing a V8 Supercars edition and in late 2008 will be releasing an Icons of South Australia charity edition.

Two other unofficial editions were released with relation to Kasoft Software. They were released as part of the Amstrad CPC prototype.[13]
Australia Edition[14]
Copyright date: 1990 Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: General release, exclusive to Australia
Free Parking
Stanley Street
$220 Chance Petries Bight
$220 Wickham Terrace
$240 Flinders Street Station
$200 Collins Street
$260 Elizabeth Street
$260 Telecom Australia
$150 Bourke Street
$280 Go To Jail
Rundle Mall
$200 Australia Edition[14] Castlereagh Street
$300
Victoria Square
$180 George Street
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
North Terrace
$180 Pitt Street
$320
Adelaide Station
$200 Sydney Station
$200
Hay Street
$160 Chance
Barrack Street
$140 Flinders Way
$350
Australia Post
$150 Luxury Tax
(pay $100)
William Street
$140 Kings Avenue
$400
In Jail/Just Visiting Macquarie Street
$120 Davey Street
$100 Chance Salamanca Place
$100 Perth Station
$200 Income Tax
(pay $200) Smith Street
$60 Community Chest Todd Street
$60 Go
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The first Australian Edition of Monopoly was released in 1990. The enclosed booklet describes the selection of the twenty-two colored properties and four railroads, from Stanley Street and Collins Street in Melbourne, Kings Avenue and Flinders Way in Canberra, Macquarie Street in Sydney, and Barrack Street and Hay Street in Perth. The four railroads included are Flinders Street Station, Sydney Station, Perth Station and Adelaide Station. Telstra and Australia Post take the places of Electric Company and Water Works, respectively. The currency denominations are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 Australian Dollars.
Tokens: Cannon, horse and rider, top hat, iron, battleship, race car and shoe.


Australian Football League Edition
Australian Here and Now Edition
Copyright date: 2007 Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: General release, exclusive to Australia.
Game description: This edition represents certain locations from each state in Australia decided by an online poll in early 2007. The winning locations include Sovereign Hill, the Great Ocean Road, Lake Burley Griffin and the Great Barrier Reef. This edition includes more modern monetary amounts as well as updated Chance and Community Chest cards. The currency denominations are 10 000, 20 000, 50 000, 100 000, 200 000, 500 000, 1 000 000 and 5 000 000 Australian Dollars.
Tokens: Surfboard, thongs, ute, koala, labradoodle, mobile phone, laptop computer


Bunnings Warehouse Edition
Growth Equities Mutual Limited Edition
Copyright date: 1990 Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: Not sold to the public, Growth Equities Mutual Limited issued it to selected employees.
Game description: A version of Monopoly with the properties that were managed by Growth Equities Mutual Limited at the time of production (1990). The Chance and Community Chest have also been altered, however the player pieces are the same. As well as the properties managed by GEM the board features several Australian land marks including the Sydney Opera House and Kirribilli House. The four railroads are Sydney Central Station, Flinders Street Station, Brisbane Transit Centre and Perth Central Station respectively. The currency denominations are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 Australian Dollars.
Tokens: Cannon, horse and rider, top hat, iron, battleship, race car, wheel-barrow, dog, thimble and shoe.

Port Sorell Edition[13]
Copyright date: 1991 Released by: Play-K, Kasoft Software Issued through: Limited release in Port Sorell, Shearwater and Hawley Beach areas, software prototype release.
Free
Parking
Dumbleton Street
$220 Chance Kermode Street
$220 Darling Street
$240 Shearwater Shoppe
$200 Seabreeze Avenue
$260 Bluewater Crescent
$260 Ampol Port Sorell
$150 Shearwater Esplanade
$280 Go To
The Police
Station
Archer Street
$200 Port Sorell Edition[13] Pitcairn Street
$300
Port Street
$180 Parkes Ford Road
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
River Road
$180 Alexander Street
$320
Meridith St. Shop
$200 Hawley Beach Store
$200
The Dunes
$160 Chance
Anderson Street
$140 The Club Driveway
$350
Mobil Shearwater
$150 Sales Tax
(pay $100)
Highwater Lane
$140 Shearwater Boulevard
$400
Police Station
(Just Visiting) Arthur Street
$120 Seymour Street
$100 Chance Short Street
$100 Wilmot St. Shop
$200 Income Tax
(pay $200 or 10%) St. Georges Crescent
$60 Community Chest Hugh Street
$60 GO
(collect
$200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The Port Sorell edition of Monopoly was released in 1991. Designed by Kade Hansson, three beach resort towns on the Rubicon River in Northern Tasmania are featured in the properties; these are Port Sorell, Shearwater and Hawley Beach. Chance and Community Chest remain unchanged, while "Jail" or "Gaol" is now referred to as the "Police Station". The four railroads included are popular shops in the areas, including Wilmot St. Shop, Meridith St. Shop, Shearwater Shoppe, and the Hawley Beach Store. The utilities become Mobil Shearwater and the now-defunct Ampol Port Sorell, service stations in the areas. The currency denominations are unchanged, and the chance and community chest cards - other than the new square names being used - are virtually identical to the originals (though you place second in a beach athletics competition for $10 and you attend a film screening at town hall to collect $50 from every player). This edition was released both as a board game and as a support to a prototype of Kasoft's Monopoly software project "Multipoly"[15]. Kasoft Base was located in the featured area for most of the 1980s.

Sandy Bay Edition[13]
Copyright date: 1997 Released by: Play-K, Kasoft Software Issued through: Software prototype release.
Free
Parking
Lord Street
$220 Chance King Street
$220 Princes Street
$240 McDonald's Sandy Bay
$200 Marieville Esplanade
$260 Drysdale Place
$260 Regine's Night Club
$150 Beach Road
$280 Go To
Gaol
Queen Street
$200 Sandy Bay Edition[13] Ascot Avenue
$300
Duke Street
$180 Edith Avenue
$300
Community Chest Community Chest
View Street
$180 Cheverton Parade
$320
Mondo's Pizza House
$200 KFC Sandy Bay
$200
Proctors Road
$160 Chance
Fitzroy Crescent
$140 Churchill Avenue
$350
Club Surreal
$150 Sales Tax
(pay $100)
French Street
$140 Sandy Bay Road
$400
Gaol
(Just Visiting) Grosvenor Street
$120 Parliament Street
$100 Chance Elboden Street
$100 Mykonos Takeaway
$200 Income Tax
(pay $200 or 10%) Greenlands Avenue
$60 Community Chest Lynton Avenue
$60 GO
(collect
$200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The Sandy Bay edition of Monopoly was released in 1998. Another Kade Hansson design, the properties originate from the southern suburbs of Hobart, Tasmania, generally around the southern campus of the University of Tasmania in Sandy Bay. Chance and Community Chest remain unchanged, while the "Gaol" (Jail) this time retains the name. The four railroads are Takeaway Shops (fast food joints) in the area, which includes a McDonald's location in Sandy Bay. The utilities become nightclubs. The currency denominations are the usual, and the chance and community chest cards - other than the new square names being used - are virtually identical to the originals (collect $50 from every player is used for an opera grand opening, meanwhile). This edition didn't become a regular board game but instead joined Kasoft's Monopoly software project "Multipoly"[15]. Kasoft Base has been located in the Sandy Bay area since the 1990s.

V8 Supercars Monopoly Edition
Copyright date: 2007 Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: Limited Release. On sale at Supercheap Auto stores.
Game description: Released for charity, this version replaces train lines and properties with race tracks and drivers, including Mount Panorama and Peter Brock. The currency denominations are 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 Australian Dollars.
Tokens: Cannon, horse and rider, top hat, iron, battleship, race car, wheel-barrow, dog, thimble and shoe.



[edit] Austria
Austrian Edition[16]
Copyright date: 1961 Released by: Parker Brothers Issued through: General release, exclusive to Austria
Frei Parken
Ignaz-Harrer Straße
$220 Ereignis-Feld Auersperg Straße
$220 Hellbrunner Straße
$240 Nordbahnhof
$200 Salurner Straße
$260 Herzog-Ono-Straße
$260 Wasser-Werk
$150 Kaiserjäiber Straße
$280 Gehen Sie In Das Gefängnis
Viktringer Ring
$200 Austrian Edition[16] Opernning
$300
StVeiter Straße
$180 Hoher Markt
$300
Gemeinschafts-Feld Gemeinschafts-Feld
Beethoven Straße
$180 Graben
$320
Westbahnhof
$200 Franz-Josef Bahnhof
$200
Mozart Straße
$160 Ereignis-Feld
Bismarck Straße
$140 Römer Straße
$350
Elektrizitäts-Werk
$150 Zusatzsteuer
(pay $100)
Weiner Straße
$140 Rhein Straße
$400
Gefängnis Schloßberg
$120 Herrengasse
$100 Ereignis-Feld Grieskai
$100 Südbahnhof
$200 Einkommensteuer
(pay $200) Schloßpark
$60 Gemeinschafts-Feld Esterhazy Straße
$60 Los
(collect $200)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This national edition is based on a standard board with street names from eight Austrian state capitals. Each capital gets one set of color properties. In order around the board, these include Eisenstadt, Graz, Linz, Klagenfurt, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Vienna, and Bregenz.



[edit] Belgium

There have been several editions of Belgian boards, in Dutch and in French. Some of the editions also use bilingual game boards.[17] Street names taken from cities across the country equally divided between the Dutch and French speaking halves of the kingdom. To date, there have been no city editions. Even so, with anniversary/deluxe and other special editions included, there are some 53 listed versions using these variants, including translations of other variants (FIFA World Cup, Star Wars, etc.).[17]

The currency values in the Belgian edition are in francs. The bills that come with the set show 20, 100, 200, 400, 1,000, 2,000, and 10,000 francs. The property and penalty prices are presumed to match the new billset, with the starting cash equal to 30,000 francs (1,500 x 20).

In the political turmoil after the 2007 federal elections, Hasbro decided to postpone the production of a renewed version of Belgian Monopoly. The company wanted to take a national survey on which streets and/or cities needed to be included. Because of the separatist slant of certain newly elected politicians, 'Belgium' as a single theme for the board game (as opposed to three board games: a Flemish, Wallonian and bilingual Brussels Monopoly) seemed too risky a concept.[citation needed]
Belgium Walloon Edition[17][18]
Copyright date: 1938 Released by: Waddington (though suggested it may have been made by Miro, in France) Issued through: General release in Walloon areas, in Belgium.
Parc Gratuit
Place du
Monument
4400 Chance Grand Rue
4400 Grand Place
4800 Tramway
Vicinaux
4000 Place St.Lambert
5200 Rue de Laeken
5200 Cie. De
Distribution
Des Eaux
3000 Rue des
Champs
5600 Allez En Prison
Rue de
Lille
4000 Belgium Walloon Edition[17][18] Rue de l'Ange
6000
Rue Adolphe
Buyl
3600 Place Verte
6000
Caisse De
Communauté Caisse De
Communauté
Rue des
Pierres
3600 Rue du Demer
6400
Gare Centale
4000 Gare Du Midi
4000
Le Zoute Avenue
du Littord
3200 Chance
Rue de
Marcinelle
2800 Place de Meir
7000
Cie. De
Distribution
D'Électricité
3000 Taxe De
Luxe
(pay 2000)
Avenue de
la Gare
2800 Rue Neuve
8000
Prison Grand Rue
2400 Grande Rue
2000 Chance Rue Royale
2000 Gare Du
Nord
4000 Impots Sur
Le Revenu
(pay 4000) Rue de
Catherine
1600 Caisse De
Communauté Rue de
Diest
1200 Départ
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The Belgian Walloon edition of Monopoly features cities and streets from both the Walloon and Flemish areas of the country. The railroads are the three big Brussels railroad stations (Brussels North, Central and South) and one 'Buurtspoorwegen' or 'Chemins de Fer Vicinaux' which used to be the Belgian light railway and tram company. Electric Company and Waterworks stay the same, with translations.
Tokens: Colored wooden Man-What-You-Not-pin nets are used at tokens.
Other features: The houses and the (long) hotels are in the form of a triangular tent of beautiful shiny wood. The dice are standard white plastic with black pips.

Belgium Flemish Edition[17][18]
Copyright date: 1963 Released by: Parker Brothers/deSka Brussels Issued through: General release in Flemish areas, in Belgium.
Vrij Parking
Leuvensestraat
4400 Kans Kortrijksestraat
4400 Grote Markt
4800 Buurtspoorwegen
4000 Groenplaats
5200 Lakenstraat
5200 Waterleiding
3000 Veldstraat
5600 Naar De Gevangenis
Rijselstraat
4000 Belgium Flemish Edition[17][18] Huidevettersstraat
6000
Kapelstraat
3600 Vlaanderenstraat
6000
Algemeen Fonds Algemeen Fonds
Steenstraat
3600 Demerstraat
6400
Station Centraal
4000 Station Zuid
4000
Kustlaan
du Littord
3200 Kans
Vlamingenstraat
2800 Meir
7000
Electriciteits Bedrijf
3000 Extra Belasting
(pay 2000)
Lange Zoutstraat
2800 Nieuwstraat
8000
Gevangenis Leopoldstraat
2400 Gasthuisstraat
2000 Kans Bondgenotenlaan
2000 Station Noord
4000 Inkomsten Belasting
(pay 4000) Bruul
1600 Algemeen Fonds Dieststraat
1200 Start
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: This special edition features streets from Antwerp, Belgium. The language used is Flemish.
Tokens: Colored wooden Man-What-You-Not-pin nets are used at tokens.
Other features: The houses and the (long) hotels are in the form of a triangular tent of beautiful shiny wood. The dice are standard white plastic with black pips. The box on the original Flemish edition didn't state as such, though a 1964 release did indicate the Flemish edition. The second 1963 release used official Monopoly money.

Brussels Edition (Bilingual)[17][18]
Copyright date: 1991 Released by: Parker Bros./Tonka Issued through: General release in Brussels, Belgium.
Parc Gratuit/
Vrij Parking
Rue StLéonard
4400 Chance/
Kans Lange Steenstraat
4400 Grand Rue
4800 Tramway Vicinaux/
Buurtspoorwegen
4000 Grand Place/
Grote Markt
5200 Place De L'Ange
5200 Cie. De Distribution Des Eaux/
Waterleiding
3000 Rue Haute
5600 Allez En Prison/
Naar De Gevangenis
Groenplaats
4000 Brussels Edition (Bilingual)[17][18] Veldstraat
6000
Rue Royale
3600 Boulevard Tirou
6000
Caisse De
Communauté/
Algemeen Fonds Caisse De
Communauté/
Algemeen Fonds
Lippenslaan
3600 Boulevard D'Avroy
6400
Gare Centale/
Station Centraal
4000 Gare Du Midi/
Station Zuid
4000
Place Verte
3200 Chance/
Kans
Bruul
2800 Place De Meir/
Meir
7000
Cie. De Distribution
D'Électricité/
Electriciteits
Bedrijf
3000 Taxe De Luxe/
Extra Belasting
(pay 2000)
Rue De Diekirch
2800 Rue Neuve/
Nieuwstraat
8000
Prison/
Gevangenis Kapellestraat/
Kapelstraat
2400 Place Du Monument
2000 Chance/
Kans Steenstraat
2000 Gare Du Nord/
Station Noord
4000 Impots Sur Le Revenu/
Inkomsten Belasting
(pay 4000) Rue De Diest/
Diestsestraat
1600 Caisse De
Communauté/
Algemeen Fonds Rue Grande
1200 Départ/
Start
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The Brussels edition of Monopoly features a mix of cities from Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels. Ten street names come from Flanders areas, ten from Wallonia, and two additional street names are added from Brussels itself. The grid above incorporates both language versions; the French version is on the left and the Dutch on the right where two names are given. The railways are the same as the other respective versions, as are the utilities.
Tokens: Standard Monopoly tokens: thimble, wheelbarrow, car, boat, gun, horseman, hat, dog, shoe, and iron. This is the case with each city edition.
Other features: This version still uses the adjusted values and the franc bills. A second edition uses regular values and the regular bills, and was released in 2000.



[edit] City Editions

Starting in 2000, Hasbro and TFL Games began releasing special -opoly editions based on cities in Belgium. The original Brussels edition got a facelift with a new board and standard dollar values and playing pieces. A number of Wallonian cities also got special editions, including Namur (capital of Wallonia), Liège, Charleroi, and Arlon, all in the Wallonian province along with 1 Flemish city Antwerp.
Antwerp Edition[17]
Copyright date: 2000 Released by: Parker / TFL Games Issued through: General release in Antwerp, Belgium.
Gratis Parkeren
Schuttershof-straat Kans Oude Koornmarkt Grote Markt Franklin Rooseveltplaats Anselmostraat Noorderlaan Antwerpse Waterwerken Huidevetter-straat Ga naar de Gevangenis
Kammenstraat Antwerp Edition[17] Cogels Osylei
Groenplaats Jan van Rijswijcklaan
Algemeen Fonds Algemeen Fonds
Nationalestraat Leopoldstraat
Berchem Station Centraal Station
Kasteelplein-straat Kans
Carnotstraat De Keyserlei
Electrabel Extra Belasting
Vogelmarkt Meir
Gevangenis Jordaenskaai Holland Kans Major Peter Potstraat Grote Pieter Potstraat Inkomsten Belasting Stadswaag Algemeen Fonds Sint-Jansplein Start
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The Antwerp edition of Monopoly features 22 streets of Antwerp as well as some railway stations within the locale.
Tokens: Standard Monopoly tokens: thimble, wheelbarrow, car, boat, gun, horseman, hat, dog, shoe, and iron. This is the case with each city edition.
Other features: The game is published in Flemish. The property values go back to normal values, and the bills included are the standard 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500.


Arlon Edition

Charleroi Edition

Liège Edition

Namur Edition
[edit] Brazil
Brazil Edition (mix of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) Banco Imobiliário
Copyright date: 1989 Released by: Brinquedos Estrela S.A./Parker Bros./Tonka Corp.
Parada Livre
Flamengo Sorte.Revés Botafogo Imposto de Renda Companhia de Navegação Av. Brasil Sorte.Revés Av. Paulista Jardim Europa Vá para a Prisão
Morumbi Brazil Edition (mix of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) Banco Imobiliário Copacabana
Lucros ou Dividendos Companhia de Aviação
Interlagos Av.Vieira Souto
Sorte.Revés Av. Atlântica
Companhia de Taxi Companhia de Taxi Aéreo
Av. Pacaembú Ipanema
Rua Augusta Sorte.Revés
Sorte.Revés Jardim Paulista
Av. Europa Brooklin
Prisão Av. 9 de Julho Av. Rebouças Companhia de Viação Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima Companhia Ferroviária Av.Nossa S. de Copacabana Av. Presidente Vargas Sorte.Revés
(Luck.Adversity) Leblon Ponto de Partida
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Banco Imobiliário (Real Estate Bank) Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, mix version. It also has a lot of special differences like doing away with the Electric Company and Water Works and replacing them with Railroads, so there are 6 of those, and its rent is $50 times the amount shown on the dice, being very different from the original game.
Other features: Unusual property layout: 3 indigo, 2 orange, 2 red, 4 green and no Luxury Tax.



[edit] Canada

Major streets from cities across the country; from cheap to expensive: St. John's, Fredericton, Charlottetown, Halifax, Quebec City, Montreal, Ottawa, Mississauga, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver. See Canadian Monopoly.
Canadian Edition (1982 release)
Copyright date: 1982 Released by: Parker Issued through: General release, exclusive to Canada.
Game description: This is the first Canadian Edition of Monopoly, released in 1982. The enclosed booklet describes the selection of the twenty-two colored properties and four railroads, from St. John's; Fredericton; Charlottetown; Halifax; Quebec City; Montreal; Ottawa; Toronto; Winnipeg; Regina; Edmonton; Calgary; Vancouver; and Victoria. The four railroads included are CN Rail, Ontario Northland Railway, CP Rail and B.C. Rail. Telephone Company and Gas Company take the places of Electric Company and Water Works, respectively. And the police officer illustrated on the Go to Jail space is redrawn to appear as a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Tokens: Cannon, horse and rider, top hat, iron, battleship, race car, shoe, and beaver - this last being exclusive to this edition.
Other features: All aspects of printed text in the game are bilingual English/French, including the booklet about the game, the game's instructions, the Chance and Community Cards, game spaces on the board, and property cards.

Canadian Edition (2000 release)
Copyright date: 2000
Game description: This is an edition having famous parks, buildings,airports, utilities, bridges, mountain trails, malls, streets etc. in Canada as properties. In the box is the instruction booklet, and a bonus map of Canada that has dots on the properties in the game. The properties are Cabot Trail, Peggy's Cove, St. Johns International Airport, Confederation Bridge, Grand Prix of Canada, West Edmonton Mall, Perce Rock, Cellular (utility), Magnetic Hill, Rogers Centre, Vancouver International Airport, Churchill Manitoba, Assiniboine Park, Tunnels of Moose Jaw, Calgary Stampede, Banff National park, Stanley Park.
Other features: This edition was released in honor of the 2000 World Monopoly Championship being held in Toronto.

French Canadian edition
Released by: Hasbro
Stationnement Gratuit
Avenue Kentucky
Chance Avenue Indiana
Avenue Illinois
Chemin de fer B. & O.
Avenue Atlantique
Avenue Ventnor
Aqueduc
Jardins Marvin
Allez en Prison
Avenue New York French Canadian edition Avenue Pacifique
Avenue Tennessee
Avenue Caroline du Nord
Caisse Commune Caisse Commune
Place St-Jacques
Avenue Pennsylvanie
Chemin de fer Pennsylvanie
Chemin de fer Petit Réseau
Avenue Virginie
Chance
Avenue des États-Unis
Place du Parc
Compagnie d’Éléctricité
Taxe de Luxe
Place St-Charles
Promenade
En Prison / Pour une Visite Avenue Connecticut
Avenue Vermont
Chance Avenue de l’Orient
Chemin de fer Reading
Impôt sur le Revenu
Avenue de la Baltique
Caisse Commune Avenue de la Méditerranée
Go. Réclamez $200 de salaire en passant à
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The standard French-Canadian version consists of French translations of the original US version.

I Luv London Edition
Copyright date: 2009 Released by: Big Brothers and Sisters, Farhi Holdings Corp. Issued through: Canadian Tire stores and Libro Financial Group in London, Ontario.
Game description: The I Luv London Edition revolves around locations and landmarks in London, Ontario. This edition was released in 2009 to benefit local charities, being sponsored by Big Brothers and Sisters and by Farhi Holdings Corp. The "Bank" is represented by Libro Financial Group, the sponsors take over the Chance and Community Chest spaces, and landmarks such as the Western Fair, streets such as Huron Rd. and Fanshawe College St., and restaurants such as Boston Pizza make an appearance as purchasable properties. The humorous note is that the Jail is represented by Wendy's fast food restaurant; to go to jail means going to eat a meal at Wendy's, while the Just Visiting is represented by the drive-thru. Fortunately, there is no cost to eat at Wendy's.
Tokens: Token information unknown as yet.



Kitchener-Waterloo On Board
[edit] Chile

Metropoli - Each square is an important street from Santiago.
[edit] China
See also: Hong Kong Monopoly

China: 3 editions including a China edition, special Beijing edition released during the 2008 Olympics as well as a Hong Kong Monopoly edition.

In Chinese-speaking regions (including Hong Kong),The First Chinese name Called 財源廣進(1965),The second edition(started from 1973) the game is called 大富翁 (lit. rich person), with most of them being unauthorized clones of the original. Hasbro eventually gave a new official Chinese title: 地產大亨 (lit. Real Estate Tycoon). Many Monopoly game sets are relabled as a result.[19] But the Hong Kong version is officially branded as 大富翁.

However, many Monopoly clones still use the old Chinese name. When Chinese developers start making computerized versions of Monopoly clones, the clone games diverge from the original in board layout and game rules, but the key elements of dice rolls and land acquisitions remain.

In mid 1990s, Monopoly was sold in Mainland China under a different name (强手棋), which does not have localized place names.
[edit] Colombia

Each color group is a different city, including Bogotá, Medellín, Cali, Cartagena, etc.
[edit] Costa Rica

Gran Banco with the states of Costa Rica.
[edit] Croatia
Croatian

Parking
Tršćanska ulica
? Ciriški bulevar
Londonski trg
Sjeverna željeznička stanica
Minhenska ulica
Hamburški bulevar
Vodovod
Berlinski trg
Idi u zatvor
Rimski trg Croatian Varšavska ulica
Milanski bulevar
Praški bulevar
Šansa Šansa
Venecijanska ulica
Bečki trg
Zapadna željeznička stanica
Istočna željeznička stanica
Pariški trg
?
Madridski bulevar
Azurna obala
Elektra
Porez na luksuz
Atenska ulica
Ženevski trg
Zatvor Briselska ulica
Kelnska ulica
? Atlanska ulica
Južna željeznička stanica
Porez na baštinu
Balkanski put
Šansa Apeninski put
Start
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Known as 'Monopoly'. The possessions are invented street names, mostly named after major world cities.



[edit] Czech Republic

Prague
[edit] Denmark
Danish edition (Copenhagen) (1961)

Gratis parkering
Filosofgangen
Chancen Mageløs
Hunderupvej
Odense Banegård
Købmagergade
Nørregade
Vandforsyningen
Fiolstræde
Gå i fængsel
Vejlevej Danish edition (Copenhagen) (1961) Gl. Strand
Lillebælts alle
Gråbrødre torv
Statskassen Statskassen
Danmarksgade
Vesterbrogade
Fredericia Banegård
Københavns Hovedb
Dalgas avenue
Chancen
Marselis boulevard
Strøget
Elværkerne
Særlig Indkomstskat
Store Torv
Rådhuspladsen
Fængsel/På besøg Mejl gade
Guldsmede gade
Chancen Sct. Clemens stræde
Århus Hovedbanegård
Indkomstskat
Jomfru Ane gade
Statskassen Boulevarden
Start - Modtag Kr.20.000 hver gang du passerer
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Two nearly identical versions, Matador and Monopoly. The Matador version was introduced in the 1930s, and the Monopoly version in 1996.[20] Both localized with a board with prominent Copenhagen streets. Denominated in Danish kroner. Most expensive is the The City Hall Square (Danish: Rådhuspladsen). Additionally Monopoly Junior exists.


Odense A localized version was published in the 1980s, known as Kong Gulerod i Odense [21]
[edit] Ecuador
Ecuador edition (2008)

Parada Libre
Parque de las Iguanas
Casualidad Parque Histórico Guayaquil
Malecon 2000
Aeropuerto Guayaquil
Las Penas
Municipio de Guayaquil
Agua Potable (Represa Paute)
Parque Centenario
¡Váyase a la cárcel!
Parque Itchimbía Ecuador edition (2008) Cuenca
Iglesia DeGuapulo
Ruinas de Inga Pirca
Arca Comunal Arca Comunal
Panecillo
El Chimborazo
Aeropuerto Quito
Aeropuerto Manta
Palacio de Carondelet
Casualidad
Parque la Carolina
Islas Galápagos
Empresa Electrica
Impuestos de Lujo
Plaza de la Independencia
Mitad del Mundo
En la cárcel/De visit nada más Manta
Portoviejo
Casualidad Santo Domingo
Aeropuerto Cuenca
Impuestos Sobre La Renta
Machala
Arca Comunal Península De Santa Elena
Salida
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: In May 2009, Hasbro Inc. presented the new Monopoly Ecuador. Instead of streets, property names are famous landmarks and touristic sites of the country.[22]



[edit] Egypt

Cairo
[edit] Estonia
Estonia edition (2001)

Tasuta parkla
Narva maantee
Loos Tartu maantee
Pärnu maantee
Tondi
Gonsiori tänav
Rävala puiestee
Veevõrk
Estonia puiestee
Mine vanglasse
Pikk tänav Estonia edition (2001) Liivalaia tänav
Harju tänav
Vabaduse väljak
Ühisfond Ühisfond
Suur Karja tänav
Viru väljak
Tallinn Väike
Balti Jaam
Sõpruse puiestee
Loos
Mustamäe tee
Viru tänav
Elektrivõrk
Lisamaks
Paldiski maantee
Raekoja plats
Vanglas/Lihtsalt külastad Vene tänav
Aia
Loos Uus tänav
Lilleküla (Station)
Tulumaks
Tatari tänav
Ühisfond Ravi tänav
Start
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Properties are streets and stations of Tallinn.



[edit] Europe
European Union

Free Parking
Oxford Street (Great Britain)
Chance Piccadilly (Great Britain)
Park Lane (Great Britain)
Athens Airport (Greece)
Via Veneto (Italy)
Via Condotti (Italy)
Water Works
Via Monte-Napoleone (Italy)
Go To Jail
Las Ramblas (Spain) European Union Avenue Foch (France)
Gran Vía (Spain)
Avenue Des Champs-Elysées (France)
Community Chest Community Chest
Paseo De La Castellana (Spain)
Rue De La Paix (France)
Portugal Airport (Portugal)
Dublin Airport (Ireland)
Kalverstraat (Netherlands)
Chance
Lange Poten (Netherlands)
Königsallee (Germany)
Electric Company
Super Tax
Coolsingel (Netherlands)
Kurfürstendamm (Germany)
Jail Grote Markt (Belgium)
Beenhouwersstraat (Belgium)
Chance Louizalaan (Belgium)
Luxembourg Airport (Luxembourg)
Income Tax
Slotsgade (Denmark)
Community Chest Strandvejan (Denmark)
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

European Union - Special Edition

Free Parking
Madrid
Chance Athens
Dublin
Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport
Copenhagen
London
European Court of Justice
Luxembourg
Go To Jail
Lisbon European Union - Special Edition Brussels
Vienna
Amsterdam
Community Chest Community Chest
Stockholm
Rome
Frankfurt Airport
London Heathrow Airport
Helsinki
Chance
Berne
Berlin
European Parliament
Luxury Tax
Budapest
Paris
Jail Warsaw
Bucharest
Chance Sofia
Schiphol Airport
Income Tax
Riga
Community Chest Vilnius
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Instead of streets, it uses the names of capital cities of countries which are already members of the European Union, in order of their admission to the EU (or its predecessor organizations), and some which are expected to be. Currency in euros.



[edit] Finland
Finland (Helsinki) Edition

Vapaa pysäköinti
Lönnrotinkatu Sattuma
(Chance) Annankatu Simonkatu Rautatieasema Mikonkatu Aleksanterinkatu Vesijohtolaitos
(Water Works) Keskuskatu Mene vankilaan
Unioninkatu Finland (Helsinki) Edition Tehtaankatu
Snellmaninkatu Eira
Yhteismaa
(C.Chest) Yhteismaa
(C.Chest)
Liisankatu Bulevardi
Sörnäisten asema Tavara-asema
Kaisaniemenkatu Sattuma
(Chance)
Siltasaari Mannerheimintie
Sähkölaitos
(Electric Company) Lisävero
(Special Tax)
Hämeentie Erottaja
Vankilassa käynti Esplanadi Kauppatori Sattuma
(Chance) Rantatie Pasilan asema Tulovero
(Income Tax) Kasarmikatu Yhteismaa
(C.Chest) Korkeavuorenkatu Lähtö
4000 mk (or €200 in the euro version)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Playing in the streets of Helsinki.



[edit] France
Paris Edition

Parking Gratuit
Avenue Matignon Chance Boulevard Malesherbes Avenue Henri-Martin Gare du Nord Faubourg Saint-Honoré Place de la Bourse Compagnie des eaux Rue Lafayette Allez en prison
Place Pigalle Paris Edition Avenue de Breteuil
Boulevard Saint-Michel Avenue Foch
Caisse de communauté Caisse de communauté
Avenue Mozart Boulevard des Capucines
Gare de Lyon Gare Saint-Lazare
Rue de Paradis Chance
Avenue de Neuilly Avenue des Champs-Élysées
Compagnie d'électricité Taxe de luxe
Boul. de la Villette Rue de la Paix
En prison Avenue de la République Rue de Courcelles Chance Rue de Vaugirard Gare Montparnasse Impôt sur le revenu Rue Lecourbe Caisse de communauté Boul. de Belleville Départ
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Main French board, also updated for Monopoly - Nouveau plateau in 2005.
Other features: 1st color group lilac[23]


Alsace Edition

Amiens Edition

Angers Edition

Avignon Edition

Bassin d'Arcachon Edition

Beauvais Edition

Besançon Edition

Bordeaux Edition

Brest Edition

Brittany Edition

Caen Edition

Camargue Edition

Chamonix Edition

Corse Edition
Côte d'Azur Edition (2000)

Parc gratuit
Menton: Promenade du Soleil
Chance Antibes: Boulevard du Cap
Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat: Pointe Sainte-Hospice
Casino de Nice
Sainte-Maxime: Promenade Simone Lorière
Compagnie de distribution des eaux
Cassis: Quai des Beaux
Saint-Raphaël: Rue Félix Martin
Allez en prison
Juan-les-Pins: Boulevard Charles Guillaumont Côte d'Azur Edition (2000) Saint-Tropez: Quai de Suffren
Toulon: Boulevard de Strasbourg
Grasse: Boulevard J-H. Fragonard
Caisse de communauté Caisse de communauté
Saint-Paul-de-Vence: Place du Jeu de Boule
Principauté de Monaco: Boulevard des Moulins
Casino de Monaco
Casino de Cannes
Le Lavandou: Avenue Delattre de Tassigny
Chance
Hyères: Avenue Gambetta
Cannes: La Croisette
Compagnie de distribution d'électricité
Taxe de luxe
Bormes-les-Mimosas: Rue Carnot
Nice: Promenade des Anglais
En prison Bandol: Quai Général de Gaulle
Sanary-sur-Mer: Avenue Portissol
Chance Cagnes-Sur-Mer: Boulevard du Maréchal Juin
Casino de Cassis
Impôt sur le revenu
Cavalaire-sur-Mer: Avenue des Alliés
Caisse de communauté La Ciotat: Allée Lumière
Départ
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Released on the occasion of the International Games Festival in Cannes.


Dijon Edition

Dunkerque Edition

Gironde Edition

Grenoble Edition
Guadeloupe Edition (1999)

Parc Gratuit
Basse-Terre: Champ d'Arbaud
Chance Bouillante: Plage de Malendure
Pointe-à-Pitre: Place du Marché aux Épices
Marina de Saint-Martin
Jarry: Boulevard de Houelbourg
Basse-Terre: Boulevard Maritime
Compagnie de distribution des eaux
Deshaies: Pointe Batterie
Allez en Prison
Les Saintes: Baie des Saintes Guadeloupe Edition (1999) Petit-Bourg: Hauteurs de Vernou
Capesterre: Allée Dumanoir
Pointe-à-Pitre: Rue Frébault
Caisse de communauté Caisse de communauté
Sainte-Anne: Plage de la Caravelle
Saint-Claude: Plateau de la Soufrière
Marina du Gosier
Marina de Saint-Barthélémy
Anse-Bertrand: Pointe de la Vigie
Chance
Marie-Galante: Habitation Murat
Hauteurs de Saint-François
Compagnie de distribution d'électricité
Taxe de luxe
Le Moule: Baie du Moule
Gosier: Pointe de la Verdure
En Prison Route de la Traversée
Lamentin: Ravine Chaude
Chance Pointe-Noire: Plage de Petite Anse
Gourbeyre: Marina de Rivière-Sens
Impôt sur le revenu
La Désirade: Petite-Terre
Caisse de communauté Sainte-Rose: Sofaïa
Départ
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Le Havre Edition

Lille Edition

Lorraine Edition
Lyon Edition (1998)
Copyright date: 1998
Parc Gratuit
Place Bellecour
Chance Rue Auguste Comte
Rue Victor Hugo
Gare des Brotteaux
Boulevard des Brotteaux
Avenue du Maréchal de Saxe
Compagnie de distribution des eaux
Boulevard de la Croix Rousse
Allez en Prison
Rue de Brest Lyon Edition (1998) Rue du Président E.Herriot
Cours Lafayette
Avenue Foch
Caisse de communauté Caisse de communauté
Rue Garibaldi
Cours Vitton
Gare de Perrache
Gare de Satolas
Cours de la Liberté
Chance
Avenue Jean Jaurès
Rue de la République
Compagnie de distribution d'électricité
Taxe de luxe
Rue Saint Jean
Boulevard des Belges
En Prison Avenue Berthelot
Avenue Tony Garnier
Chance Rue Marrietton
Gare de Lyon Part-Dieu
Impôt sur le revenu
Rue des Capucins
Caisse de communauté Boulevard des États-Unis
Départ
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Marseille Edition
Martinique Edition (1999)

Parc Gratuit
Sainte-Anne: Cap Chevalier
Chance Trois Ilets: Domaine de la Pagerie
Route des Anses
Marina des Trois Ilets
La Montagne Pelée
Le François: Ilet Oscar
Compagnie de distribution des eaux
Rade de Saint-Pierre
Allez en Prison
Tartane: Chateau Dubuc Martinique Edition (1999) Fort-de-France: Quai de Suffren
Ajoupa Bouillon: Gorges de la Falaise
Rocher du Diamant
Caisse de communauté Caisse de communauté
Montagne Vauclin
Les Anses d'Arlets: Grande Anse
Marina de Fort-de-France
Marina du Marin
Saint-Joseph: Coeur Bouliqui
Chance
Fort-de-France: Fort Saint-Louis
Trois Ilets: Pointe du Bout
Compagnie de distribution d'électricité
Taxe de luxe
Trace des Jésuites
Sainte-Anne: Les Salines
En Prison Pitons du Carbet
Route de la Trace
Chance Fort-de-France: Place de la Savane
Marina du François
Impôt sur le revenu
Le Precheur: Anse Couleuvre
Caisse de communauté Route du Rhum
Départ
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Metz Edition

Montcuq Edition

Montpellier Edition

Nantes Edition

Nice Edition

Nîmes Edition

Nord-Pas de Calais Edition

Orléans Edition

Pays Basque Edition

Périgord Edition

Poitou Edition

Reims Edition

Rennes Edition
Réunion Edition (2000)

Parc Gratuit
Les Avirons: Le Tévelave
Chance Le Port: Rue François de Mahy
Saint-Leu: Rue du Général Lambert
Le Port
Saint-Paul: Rue du Commerce
Compagnie de distribution des eaux
Le Tampon: Rue Hubert Delisle
L'Étang-Sale-les-Bains: Avenue Octave Bénard
Allez en Prison
Saint-Joseph: Rue Raphaël Babet Réunion Edition (2000) La Saline-les-Bains: Route du trou d'eau
Saint-André: Avenue Bourbon
Boucan-Canot: Rue de Boucan-Canot
Caisse de communauté Caisse de communauté
Saint-Louis: Rue du docteur Raymond Vergès
Saint-Gilles-Les-Bains: Forum
Aéroport de Saint-Pierre
Aéroport de Roland Garros
Saint-Benoit: Rue Georges Pompidou
Chance
Sainte-Marie: Route de Gillot
Saint-Pierre: Rue des bons enfants
Compagnie de distribution d'électricité
Taxe de luxe
Trois-Bassins: Rue du Général de Gaulle
Saint-Denis: Rue du Maréchal Leclerc
En Prison La Plaine des Cafres: Route du Volcan
La Plaine-des-Palmistes: Rue de la République
Chance Saint-Philippe: Rue Leconte Delisle
La Possession
Impôt sur le revenu
Sainte-Suzanne: Rue Pierre Mendès France
Caisse de communauté Bras-Panon: Rivière des Roches
Départ
Monopoly Go Arrow.png


Saint-Étienne Edition

Strasbourg Edition

Toulon Edition

Toulouse Edition

Tours Edition

Vendée Edition

Versailles Edition
[edit] Germany
German Edition

Frei Parken
Theater Straße
€220 Ereignis Feld
(Chance) Museum Straße
€220 Opernplatz
€240 Nord Bahnhof (Northern Station)
€200 Lessing Straße
€260 Schiller Straße
€260 Wasser Werk
€150 Goethe Straße
€280 Gehen Sie in das Gefängnis
Berliner Straße
€200 German Edition Rathausplatz
€300
Wiener Straße
€180 Haupt Straße
€300
Gemeinschafts Feld
(C.Chest) Gemeinschafts Feld
(C.Chest)
Münchner Straße
€180 Bahnhof Straße
€320
West Bahnhof (Western Station)
€200 Haupt Bahnof (Central Station)
€200
Neue Straße
€160 Ereignis Feld
(Chance)
Hafen Straße
€140 Park Straße
€350
Elektrizitäts Werk
€150 Zusatz Steuer
(€100)
See Straße
€140 Schlossallee
€400
Im Gefängnis/Nur zum Besuch Post Straße
€120 Elisen Straße
€100 Ereignis Feld
(Chance) Chaussee Straße
€100 Süd Bahnhof (Southern Station)
€200 Einkommens Steuer
(€200) Turm Straße
€60 Gemeinschafts Feld
(C.Chest) Bad Straße
€60 Los
Ziehen Sie im vorübergehen €200 -Gehalt ein
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Other features: Los (Go) - DM 4,000 on classic boards, €200 on boards after 2000.


Aachen Edition

Aschaffenburg Edition

Baden-Baden Edition

Berlin Edition, including the 70th Anniversary Edition (Monopoly Heute or Monopoly Today)

Bremen Edition

Coburg Edition

Dresden Edition

Düsseldorf Edition

Essen Edition
Europa Edition
Copyright date: 2001 Released by: Parker/Hasbro Issued through: General release, EU only
Game description: This was a special Europa (Europe) Edition of Monopoly, released in Germany in 2001. The board was released just prior to the adoption of the euro, and features licensed paper replicas of the 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 euro notes. A package of licensed plastic replica 1 euro coins is also included. The dice come in the official Blue and Gold colors of the European Union, as do the houses (blue) and hotels (gold). The game board features the capital cities of twenty-two European nations, for buying, selling and trading. The European Parliament and the European Court of Justice take the places of the two utilities. Four major airports (London's Heathrow, Paris's Charles de Gaulle, Amsterdam's Schiphol and Frankfurt's Rhein-Main) take the places of the four railroads.
Tokens: The eight tokens represent famous European landmarks: The Palace of Westminster, UK, the Eiffel Tower, France, the Brandenburg Gate, Germany, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy, a windmill, The Netherlands, the Manneken Pis, Belgium, the Sagrada Família, Spain and the Parthenon in Greece.
Other features: As the properties are nations and their capital cities, they are laid out in reverse order by the year they joined the European Union (or its predecessor organizations). Thus France and Germany occupy the dark blue spaces, and are the most expensive. Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium occupy the green spaces, Luxembourg, the UK and Denmark occupy the yellow spaces, and so on.

Frankfurt Edition
Copyright date: 2002 Released by: Winning Moves Games, Germany Issued through: General release, EU only
Game description: This board is localized for the German city of Frankfurt am Main. Spaces on the board use streets and locations local to the city, as well as logos of local businesses and interests (for example: Eintracht Frankfurt, Senckenberg Museum). The train station spaces are the Central Train Station (Hauptbahnhof), Rhein-Main Airport (Flughafen Rhein-Main), East Harbour (Osthafen) and Hauptwache Underground station (U-Bahnhof Hauptwache). The set comes with now standard currency denominations (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500); property values are given in euros. Pieces include green plastic houses and red plastic hotels.
Tokens: Ten metal tokens: Cannon, dog, wheelbarrow, car, battleship, iron, thimble, horse and rider, hat and shoe.
Other features: The box proclaims that it is an Authorized Opoly Game. A diagonal band in the top left of the box reads Limitierte Neuauflage in € (New Limited Edition with euros).


Freiburg Edition

Fulda Edition

Giessen Edition
Hamburg Edition
Copyright date: 2004 Released by: Winning Moves Games, Germany Issued through: General release, EU only
Game description: This board is localized for the German city of Hamburg. Spaces on the board use streets and locations local to the city, as well as logos of local businesses and interests (for example: Hamburger SV, Hafen Hamburg, Reeperbahn or Jungfernstieg). Also, apart from the Hauptbahnhof (central station), the train station spaces read Flughafen Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel (Hamburg Airport), Bahnhof Dammtor and Bahnhof Altona. The set comes with now standard currency denominations (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500); property values are given in euros. Pieces include green plastic houses and red plastic hotels.
Tokens: Ten metal tokens: Cannon, dog, wheelbarrow, car, battleship, iron, thimble, horse and rider, hat and shoe.


Hanover Edition

Heidelberg Edition

Heilbronn Edition

Ingolstadt Edition

Karlsruhe Edition

Kassel Edition

Kiel Edition
Köln (Cologne) Edition
Copyright date: 2002 Released by: Winning Moves Games, Germany Issued through: General release, EU only
Game description: This a board localized for the German city of Köln (Cologne). Spaces on the board use streets and locations local to the city, as well as logos of local businesses and interests (for example: 4711 Cologne, and the Cologne Philharmonic). The set comes with now standard currency denominations (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500); property values are given in euros. Pieces include green plastic houses and red plastic hotels.
Tokens: Ten metal tokens: Cannon, dog, wheelbarrow, car, battleship, iron, thimble, horse and rider, hat and shoe.
Other features: The box proclaims that it is an Authorized Opoly Game.


Leipzig Edition

Magdeburg Edition

Mainz Edition

Munich Edition

Nuremberg Edition

Oberhausen Edition
Österreich (Austria) Edition
Copyright date: 2001 Released by: Parker/Hasbro Issued through: General release, EU only
Game description: This a board localized for the nation of Austria. Based on a Standard Edition game set, the streets used are from various Austrian cities. These include Eisenstadt (brown properties), Graz (light blue properties), Linz (maroon properties), Klagenfurt (orange properties), Salzburg (red properties), Innsbruck (yellow properties), Vienna (green properties) and Bregenz (dark blue properties). The set comes with standard currency denominations (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500); property values are given in euros. Pieces include green plastic houses and red plastic hotels.
Tokens: Ten metal tokens: Cannon, dog, wheelbarrow, car, battleship, iron, thimble, horse and rider, hat and shoe.
Other features: The train stations from the standard German edition are changed to North station, West station, South station and Franz Josef's station (in German: Nordbahnhof, Westbahnhof, Südbahnhof and Franz-Josefs-Bahnhof). This board edition also grants the same choice on the Income Tax space as the U.S. original; in this case it's 10% or €200. Many of the European boards simply charge €200. The Luxury Tax space is also called that (instead of the regular German Zusatzsteuer or add-on tax), but has a rate of €100.


Regensburg Edition

Rostock Edition

Wiesbaden Edition

Würzburg Edition
[edit] Greece

Athens - Monopoly today version (Monopoly - Modern Greece, Μονόπολη - Σύγχρονη Ελλάδα) features city landmarks from Athens, Thessaloniki and Patras as well as place names around Greece. Currency is circulated by the use of plastic credit cards.
[edit] Guatemala

Bancopoly, with the states of Guatemala.
[edit] Hungary
Hungarian (Budapest) (1992)

Ingyen Parkolhatsz
Móra Park
Szerencse-Kártya Oskola Utca
Dóm Tér
Déli Vasútvonal
Dobó Tér
Almagyar Utca
Vízmû Társaság
Gárdonyi Út
Irány A Börtön
Bethlen Utca Hungarian (Budapest) (1992) Kôfaragó Tér
Nagyerdô
Óváros
Meglepetés-Kártya Meglepetés-Kártya
Meglepetés-Kártya
Ötvös Utca
Keleti Vasútvonal
Nyugati Vasútvonal
Janus Pannonius Út
Szerencse-Kártya
Színház Tér
Vörösmarty Tér
Elektromos Társasóg
Pótadó
Egyetem Utca
Dunakorzó
Börtön Kisfaludy Út
Lestár Tér
Szerencse-Kártya Nagykôrösi Út
Északi Vasútvonal
Jövedelem Adó
Török Udvar
Meglepetés-Kártya Piac Tér
Start
Monopoly Go Arrow.png



[edit] Iceland
Iceland Edition
Copyright date: 2007 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Nordic Issued through: Icelandic release only
Frítt stæði
Ármúli
22.000 kr. Áhætta Síðumúli
22.000 kr. Suðurlandsbraut
24.000 kr. Akureyrar-
flugvöllur
20.000 kr. Bankastræti
26.000 kr. Austurstræti
26.000 kr. Orkuveita
Reykjavíkur
15.000 kr. Laugavegur
28.000 kr. Farðu í fangelsi
Krókháls
20.000 kr. Iceland Edition Mávanes
30.000 kr.
Fossháls
18.000 kr. Haukanes
30.000 kr.
Samfélagssjóður Samfélagssjóður
Lyngháls
18.000 kr. Blikanes
32.000 kr.
Egilsstaða-
flugvöllur
20.000 kr. Leifsstöð
20.000 kr.
Bíldshöfði
16.000 kr. Áhætta
Höfðabakki
14.000 kr. Smáralind
35.000 kr.
Rarik
15.000 kr. Fjármagns-
tekjuskattur
borgaðu
(10.000 kr.)
Stórhöfði
14.000 kr. Kringlan
40.000 kr.
Fangelsi/Bara í heimsókn Haukalind
12.000 kr. Jöklalind
10.000 kr. Áhætta Kaldalind
10.000 kr. BSÍ Umferðar-
miðstöðin
20.000 kr. Tekjuskattur-
borgaðu
(20.000 kr.) Brávallagata
6.000 kr. Samfélagssjóður Bárugata
6.000 kr. BYRJUN
Þú færð 20.000 kr. í hvert skipti sem þú ferð hér framhjá
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The spaces are named after streets in Reykjavik, and the currency is the Icelandic króna. As there are no railways in Iceland, the four spaces with railroads in the original edition are replaced with three airports and a bus station. The airport spaces have airplane symbols instead of locomotive symbols, but curiously the bus station space retains the locomotive symbol. The Chance and Community Chest cards lack the Rich Uncle Pennybags illustrations of the American edition.



[edit] India

India Edition - Called Business (English version) and Vyapar (Hindi version), using Major Indian Cities, Airports and Railway Stations and Indian Rupee for currency.
[edit] Indonesia
Indonesian

Parkir Bebas
Prambanan
Kesempatan Kraton Yogya
Bengawan Solo
Stasiun Pasar Turi
Sarangan
Selecta
Perusahaan Air
Gunung Kawi
Pergi ke Penjara
Borobudur Indonesian Pantai Sanur
Kopeng
Tampak Siring
Dana Umum Dana Umum
Gedung Batu
Taman Laut Banda
Terminal Bis Semarang
Pelabuhan Belawan
Tangkuban Perahu
Kesempatan
Pelabuhan Ratu
Danau Toba
Perusahaan Listrik
Pajak Istimewa
Kebun Raya Bogor
Brastagi
Penjara Taman Pluit
Binaria
Kesempatan Ragunan Pasar Minggu
Bandara Kemayoran
Pajak Jalan
Taman Mini
Dana Umum Monas
Mulai - Rp 200
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Known as 'Monopoli', the properties are towns, attractions and geographic features in Indonesia.



[edit] Iran

Tehran Edition - called Iropoly using Iranian rial for currency. In various versions, with the major difference being the use of pre- or post-Iranian Revolution street names.
[edit] Iraq
Iraq Edition (1986)[24]
Copyright date: 1986 Released by: Doudabdulrahim Works
Intidar Mazani
Aalaija Had
(Chance) Shareaa Zeria
(Zeria street) Babylon Shareaa Goulafeh
(Goulafeh street) El Zjaniya Sahat Teherir
(Teherirs place)
Shareaa Cefa
(Cefa street) Iraq Edition (1986)[24] Shareaa Aladoun
(Aladoun street)
Ouaziria
(Ministry) Shareaa Al Rasheed
(Al Rasheed street)
Sandok Aleuba
(C.Chest) Sandok Aleuba
(C.Chest)
Shareaa Philisten
(Palestine street) Shareaa Abinazes
(Abinazes street)
Al-Mansour Mella Al Rasheed
Medina Marmouk
(Marmouk Town) Had
(Chance)
Zebounah
(Customer) Mansour
Djazira Bagdad Sijaha
(Bagdad Tourist Island) Dharebet Daghel
(Income Tax)
Bagdad Zsedida
(New Bagdad) Alzahria
Shareaa Senaha
(Industry street) Beyaha
(Salesman) Had
(Chance) Kanoun Raribetou
(Gerechtshof) Ishtar Sheraton Dharebet Emlek
(Property Tax) Hai Shar
(Public street) Sandok Aleuba
(C.Chest) Hai Khahera
(Khahera street) Start
(200 Dinar)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png



[edit] Ireland

In three versions, Irish pound (now discontinued) and euro, and a 'Here and Now' edition, with updated landmarks, and all monetary values multiplied by a factor of 10,000. Original version used mainly Dublin placenames, except for the red squares which were from Cork, and Shannon Airport as a station.
Dublin Edition

Free Parking
Abbey Street Chance
?
Capel Street Henry Street Heuston station Talbot Street North Earl Street Water Works O'Connell Street Go To Jail
Westmoreland Street Dublin Edition George's Street
Dame Street Wicklow Street
Community Chest Community Chest
Pearse Street Grafton Street
Dublin Airport Shannon Airport
Nassau Street Chance
?
Kildare Street Ailesbury Road
Electric Company Super Tax
Dawson Street Shrewsbury Road
In Jail/Just Visiting Rathmines South Circular Road Chance
?
Rathgar Road Busáras Income Tax
(pay £200) Kimmage Community Chest Crumlin Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png

Ireland edition (2000)

Free Parking
Newcastle West, Co. Limerick
Chance Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford
Waterford, Co. Waterford
Dun Laoghaire
Johnson Place, Dublin
Ormand Quay, Dublin
Communications
Shelbourne Park, Dublin
Go To Jail
O'Connell Street, Dublin Ireland edition (2000) Wellington Quay, Dublin
Greenhills Road, Dublin
IFSC, Dublin
Community Chest Community Chest
The Blanchardstown Centre, Dublin
Sandyford Industrial Est., Dublin
Shannon Airport
Busarus Dublin
Straffan, Co. Kildare
Chance
Landsdowne Road, Dublin
Gov. Buildings
Energy Company
Bank Deposit
Croke Park, Dublin
Dublin Castle
Jail New Grange, Co. Meath
Aran Islands, Co. Galway
Chance Rock of Cashiel, Co. Tipperary
Kent Station, Cork
Income Tax
Upper Merrion Street, Dublin
Community Chest Dawson Street, Dublin
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png



[edit] Israel

Israel Edition - Known as 'מונופול' - Monopol.
[edit] Italy
Milan Edition (Monopoli)

Posteggio gratuito
Via Marco Polo Imprevisti
(Chance) Corso Magellano Largo Colombo Stazione Nord Viale Costantino Viale Traiano Società Acqua Potabile Piazza Giulio Cesare In Prigione!
Piazza Dante Milan Edition (Monopoli) Via Roma
Corso Raffaello Corso Impero
Probabilità
(C.Chest) Probabilità
(C.Chest)
Via Verdi Largo Augusto
Stazione Ovest Stazione Est
Piazza Università Imprevisti
(Chance)
Corso Ateneo Viale dei Giardini
Società Elettrica Tassa di lusso (10,000 Lire)
Via Accademia Parco della Vittoria
Prigione Viale Vesuvio Viale Monterosa Imprevisti
(Chance) Bastioni Gran Sasso Stazione Sud Tassa patrimoniale (20,000 Lire) Vicolo Stretto Probabilità
(C.Chest) Vicolo Corto VIA!
(20,000 Lire, pre-2000)
Monopoly Go Arrow.png



[edit] Japan

Japan Edition - Both Japanese and American English boards are sold in Japan. The Japanese board includes districts from several major Japanese cities: the most expensive property is Tokyo's Ginza, followed by Osaka's Umeda.
Ultraman Edition
Copyright date: 2004 Released by: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Issued through: General release
Game description: A Japanese board using Ultraman characters. Placenames are replaced by monsters' home planets and Earth Defence forces headquarters.
Tokens: Different versions of Ultraman.
Other features: Currency in this game is Star (eg: *5 in place of $5 in original board game).
Image: see BoardGameGeek entry



[edit] Lithuania
Lithuanian (Vilnius)

Nemokama stovėjimo aikštelė
Žirmūnų gatvė
Šansas Antakalnio gatvė
A. Goštauto gatvė
Kauno geležinkelio stotis
Kalvarijų gatvė
Laisvės prospektas
Vandentekis
Ukmergės gatvė
Eik į kalėjimą
Savanorių prospektas Lithuanian (Vilnius) Pilies gatvė
J. Basanavičiaus gatvė
Vokiečių gatvė
Visuominės fondas Visuominės fondas
Pylimo gatvė
Vilniaus gatvė
Klaipėdos geležinkelio stotis
Vlniaus geležinkelio stotis
Dariaus ir Girėno gatvė
Šansas
Švitrigailos gatvė
Didžioji gatvė
Elektros tinklai
Turto mokestis
Kauno gatvė
Gedimino prospektas
Kalėjimas Kęstučio gatvė
Vytauto gatvė
Šansas Latvių gatvė
Šiaulių geležinkelio stotis
Pajamų mokestis
Gariūnų gatvė
Visuominės fondas Kirtimų gatvė
EIK. Pasiimk 200Lt, kai praeisi
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: The streets and train stations are in Vilnius. The game is called Monopolis.



[edit] Luxembourg
Luxembourg edition (2000)

Fräi Parken
Friddenplatz käl
Téiteng
Ereegnesfeld Avenue des Alliés
Ettelbréck
Rue Basse
Schëffleng
Nordgare
Route de Mondorf
Beetebuerg
Rue de la Montagne
Hesper
Wasserwierk
Rue du Château
Suessem
Gitt an de prisong
Place de l'Église
Miersch Luxembourg edition (2000) Rue de l'hôtel de ville
Péiteng
Rue du Marché
Mamer
Rue du Commerce
Diddeleng]]
Gemeinschaftsfeld Gemeinschaftsfeld
Rue du Nord
Walfer
Avenue de la Liberté
Déifferdéng
Westgare
Ostgare
Lëtzebuergerstrooss
Nidderkäerjeng
Ereegnesfeld
Route d'Esch
Monnerech
Uelzechtsstrooss
Esch Uelzecht
Elektrizitéitswierk
Zousazsteier
Esplanade
Dikrech
Boulevard Royal
Lëtzebuerg
Am Prisong
Nëmmen op Besuch Tréiererstrooss
Nidderaanven
Rue du Village
Jonglënster
Ereegnesfeld Route d'Arlon
Luxembourgeois (CFL)
Akommessteier
GrandRue
Wolz
Gemeinschaftsfeld Op der Maartplaatz
Iechternach
Go
Monopoly Go Arrow.png
Game description: Luxembourg Edition - (Editioun Lëtzebuerg). The street names are taken from various Luxembourgian cities. The highlighted name in each case is the name of the city.



[edit] Malaysia
Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur)
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby noxis93 on Sun Sep 05, 2010 9:08 pm

I WANNA KNOOOW WHAT LOVE IS...I WANT YOU TO SHOW MEEEEEEEEEEE
Please give 25 seconds to the most ambitious forum game of LS-RP's history.
Click me and contribute
Thank you.

Characters:
N/A
Brick Wrote:1. Approach the intersection.
2. Stop at the intersection as the white line dictates.
3. Wait a second and look forward, left, right and behind.
4. Drive on.
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Re: [Game] 1337 pages.

Postby Paulie_Anello on Sun Sep 05, 2010 9:11 pm

noxis93 Wrote:I WANNA KNOOOW WHAT LOVE IS...I WANT YOU TO SHOW MEEEEEEEEEEE

What is love? It is one of the most difficult questions for the mankind. Centuries have passed by, relationships have bloomed and so has love. But no one can give the proper definition of love. To some Love is friendship set on fire for others Maybe love is like luck. You have to go all the way to find it. No matter how you define it or feel it, love is the eternal truth in the history of mankind.

Love is patient, love is kind. It has no envy, nor it boasts itself and it is never proud. It rejoices over the evil and is the truth seeker. Love protects; preserves and hopes for the positive aspect of life. Always stand steadfast in love, not fall into it. It is like the dream of your matter of affection coming true. Love can occur between two or more individuals. It bonds them and connects them in a unified link of trust, intimacy and interdependence. It enhances the relationship and comforts the soul. Love should be experienced and not just felt. The depth of love can not be measured. Look at the relationship between a mother and a child. The mother loves the child unconditionally and it can not be measured at all. A different dimension can be attained between any relationships with the magic of love. Love can be created. You just need to focus on the goodness of the other person. If this can be done easily, then you can also love easily. And remember we all have some positive aspect in us, no matter how bad our deeds maybe. And as God said �Love all�

Depending on context, love can be of different varieties. Romantic love is a deep, intense and unending. It shared on a very intimate and interpersonal and sexual relationship. The term Platonic love, familial love and religious love are also matter of great affection. It is more of desire, preference and feelings. The meaning of love will change with each different relationship and depends more on its concept of depth, versatility, and complexity. But at times the very existence of love is questioned. Some say it is false and meaningless. It says that it never exist, because there has been many instances of hatred and brutality in relationships. The history of our world has witnessed many such events. There has been hatred between brothers, parents and children, sibling rivalry and spouses have failed each other. Friends have betrayed each other; the son has killed his parents for the throne, the count is endless. Even the modern generation is also facing with such dilemmas everyday. But �love� is not responsible for that. It is us, the people, who have forgotten the meaning of love and have undertaken such gruesome apathy.

In the past the study of philosophy and religion has done many speculations on the phenomenon of love. But love has always ruled, in music, poetry, paintings, sculptor and literature. Psychology has also done lot of dissection to the essence of love, just like what biology, anthropology and neuroscience has also done to it.

Psychology portrays love as a cognitive phenomenon with a social cause. It is said to have three components in the book of psychology: Intimacy, Commitment, and Passion. Also, in an ancient proverb love is defined as a high form of tolerance. And this view has been accepted and advocated by both philosophers and scholars. Love also includes compatibility. But it is more of journey to the unknown when the concept of compatibility comes into picture. Maybe the person whom we see in front of us, may be least compatible than the person who is miles away. We might talk to each other and portray that we love each other, but practically we do not end up into any relationship. Also in compatibility, the key is to think about the long term successful relationship, not a short journey. We need to understand each other and must always remember that no body is perfect.

Be together, share your joy and sorrow, understand each other, provide space to each other, but always be there for each others need. And surely love will blossom to strengthen your relationship with your matter of affection.
Paulie Gagliano
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