FIRST STATE PRISONS ACTIVATED
In 1851, San Andreas activated its first state run institutions. These prisons operated independently and held jurisdictional authority over their own prisons. In 1949, the San Andreas Board of Prison Commissioners was founded to have managerial authority over the state prison system. In 1955, the San Andreas High Facility Prison was activated. Located in Bone County, it was the first prison in the state designed to house maximum security inmates. The prison also had a gas chamber for death row inmates. In 2009, the Los Santos Prison was activated. Located in downtown Los Santos, it became the state's primary general population institution for medium security inmates.DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS ESTABLISHED
In 2009, an independent review panel appointed by the Governor of San Andreas determined that the prison management system in use by the state was costly and inefficient. The panel referenced a recidivism rate exceeding all other states, reported abuse of inmates by correctional officers, an disciplinary system that fails to promise wrongdoers, and a lack of organization. In 2010, to combat these issues, the state prisons were consolidated into the San Andreas Department of Corrections.
Daniel Undr, the Warden of Los Santos Prison, was appointed to become the Department's first Commissioner. Under Commissioner Undr's direction, the Department underwent major reform that turned a formerly unconnected prison system into a statewide correctional program, including changes to structure, organization, policy, procedures, and personnel.
Commissioner Under appointed Timothy Bradshaw to become the new Warden of Los Santos Prison. In mid 2010, Warden Bradshaw was arrested and charged with several felonies stemming from an internal corruption investigation. Although Warden Bradshaw pled not guilty and was eventually acquitted, he was not permitted to remain in the Department. Commissioner Undr selected Adam Williams to succeed Warden Bradshaw.THE DEPARTMENT CONTINUES TO EXPAND
In late 2010, Commissioner Undr announced his resignation. Warden Williams was appointed as his successor and became the second Commissioner in the Department's history. In 2011, Commissioner Williams oversaw even bigger changes to the Department. New policy and procedures were created that further increased the efficiency and accountability of the department. New units were activated, designed to supplement the duties of regular officers. The Department's recruitment process was streamlined, leading to an increase in personnel. The position of prison warden was removed and direct control of prisons became vested with the Commissioner.
Commissioner Williams soon resigned thereafter. He was succeeded by Dexter Abbruzi. Commissioner Abbruzi led a campaign to increase the Department's budget to purchase more equipment. The campaign succeeded and the Department was able to replace outdated equipment and vehicles and advance the Department's technological capabilities. In late 2011, the Los Santos Prison underwent renovations designed to expand the prison to account for an increased inmate population.
In early 2012, new legislation made parole, a task formerly given to the municipal police and county sheriff with jurisdiction over a parolee's residence, a responsibility of the Department. This further expanded the Department's responsibilities and allowed them to better rehabilitate offenders and prepare them for release back into the community.NEW FLAGSHIP PRISON BEGINS OPERATIONS
In response to overcrowding at Los Santos Prison, the San Andreas High Facility Prison was completely redesigned and reopened in 2012 as the new San Andreas Correctional Facility. The new prison was totally state of the art and boasted two general population housing buildings, one security housing building, six housing units, and a total of 120 cells. Most of the functions of Los Santos Prison were moved to the new institution.
Commissioner Abbruzi led the Department until 2013, the longest tenure to date by any Commissioner. He was succeeded by Galen Hawkins. In early 2014, Commissioner Hawkins reintroduced the position of prison warden and appointed John Winnfield to become the first Warden of San Andreas Correctional Facility. On June 28, 2014, Commissioner Hawkins resigned. Appointed as his successor, Warden Winnfield chose to retain his title, thereby making the Warden of San Andreas Correctional Facility the highest ranking officer in the department. Warden Winnfield implemented additional organizational changes, such as the division of the department into three distinct bureaus, during his first months of office.