This code, including any appendices hereto, shall be known as the Los Santos Fire Code, hereinafter referred to as “this code” or “the code”. All section numbers in this code shall be deemed to be preceded by the designation “FC”.
The purpose of this code is to establish reasonable minimum requirements and standards for life safety and property protection, to accomplish the purposes set forth.
If a section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this code is adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR FIRE PROTECTION SERVICES
Appointment of the Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers
There shall be a Fire Marshal who shall be appointed by the local government and all inspection officers are appointed under the Fire Marshal by the Fire Marshal. The Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers must be members of the Los Santos Fire Department.
Employment of expert, etc.
The Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers may employ legal, technical, scientific, clerical or other assistance that the Fire Marshal and the Inspection Staff considers advisable or necessary in the conduct of any inquiry, inspection or investigation under this Act or in carrying out any of his or her powers or duties under this Act. 2010.
The Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers may delegate any power or duty that is granted to or vested in the Fire Marshal under this Act to any person or class of persons provided that they are employees of the Los Santos Fire Department, subject to such limitations, restrictions, conditions and requirements as may be set out in the delegation.
Duty to Report
The Inspection Officers that represent the Fire Marshal shall report to the Fire Marshal all fires and other matters related to fire protection services as may be specified by the Fire Marshal. 2010.
A report under subsection, under above, shall be made in the form and manner and within the time period specified by the Fire Marshal. 2010.
Los Santos Fire Department
The Los Santos Fire Department shall provide fire suppression services and may provide other fire protection services in a municipality, group of municipalities or in territory without municipal organization such as Red County and Bone County.
FIRE MARSHAL AND INSPECTION OFFICERS
Powers of Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers
The Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers has the power,
A.) To monitor, review and advise municipalities respecting the provision of fire protection services and to make recommendations to municipal councils for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of those services;
B.) To issue directives to assistants to the Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers respecting matters relating to this Act and the regulations;
C.) To advise and assist ministries and agencies of government respecting fire protection services and related matters;
D.) To issue guidelines to municipalities respecting fire protection services and related matters;
E.) To co-operate with any body or person interested in developing and promoting the principles and practices of fire protection services including Law Enforcement;
F.) To issue long service awards to persons involved in the provision of fire protection services;
G.) To exercise such other powers as may be assigned under this Act or as may be necessary to perform any duty assigned under this Act; and
H.) To carry a badge authorizing them to preform their duties.
Duties of Fire Marshal
It is the duty of the Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers,
A.) To investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any fire or of any explosion or condition that in the opinion of the Fire Marshal might have caused a fire, explosion, loss of life or damage to property;
B.) To advise municipalities in the interpretation and enforcement of this Act and the regulations;
C.) To provide information and advice on fire safety matters and fire protection matters by means of public meetings, newspaper articles, publications, electronic media and exhibitions and otherwise as the Fire Marshal considers advisable;
D.) To develop training programs and evaluation systems for persons involved in the provision of fire protection services and to provide programs to improve practices relating to fire protection services;
E.) To keep a record of every fire reported to the Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers with the facts, statistics and circumstances that are required under this Act;
F.) To develop and maintain statistical records and conduct studies in respect of fire protection services; and
H.) To perform such other duties as may be assigned to the Fire Marshal under this Act. 2010.
When entering property pursuant to section PART IV and PART III, The Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers and Fire Chief hall identify themselves by exhibiting the badge or other official identification of the department; and other authorized representatives of the Fire Marshall or Inspection Officers shall identify themselves by producing and exhibiting their authority in writing signed by the Fire Marshal or Inspection Officers ((Screenshot))
Notices And Orders
Notices, orders and violations may be issued by or in the name of the Fire Marshal in accordance with Los Santos City Administrative Code to enforce the provisions of this code or the rules.
Obstructing Fire Marshal and Inspection Officers Representatives
It shall be unlawful to obstruct, interfere with or otherwise hamper any representative of the department in conducting any inspection, issuing any notice, order or violation, or otherwise enforcing the provisions of this code, or any other law, rule or regulation enforced by the department, or otherwise executing the performance of his or her lawful duties.
Changes to the Fire Code
The Los Santos Government may make regulation changes at any time that are considered advisable or necessary for the purpose of keeping the a fire code up to date for the Los Santos governing of fire safety standards for equipment, systems, buildings, structures, land and premises including regulations. Such ammendments are likely to come as direct request from the Los Santos Fire Department or Fire Marshal.
Fire Code of Los Santos
Subsection 1 Smoking
1.1. Where conditions are such as to make smoking a fire or explosion hazard, smoking shall be permitted only in specifically approved smoking areas. This includes Gas Stations.
1.2. The areas where smoking is not permitted shall be identified by signs having black lettering 50 mm high with a 12.5 mm stroke on a yellow background, except that symbols of 150 mm by 150 mm may be used in lieu of lettering, or covered by instructions established under a fire safety plan and available to all persons.
1.3 Smoking and open flame devices shall not be permitted in a tent or air-supported structure unless provisions have been made for such activities under the fire safety plan.
1.5 Smoking within 100 feet of a room that contains compressed gas of any kind is prohibited. Signs that are 24 inches high and 24 inches wide must be posted within 100 feet of said room.
Subsection 2 Open Flames
2.1. Open flames shall not be permitted in buildings used for public assemblies in such quantities and in such a manner as to create a fire hazard unless approved.
2.2. Devices having open flames shall be securely supported in noncombustible holders and located or protected so as to prevent accidental contact of the flame with combustible materials.
Subsection 2 And A Half: Open-Air Burning
2.5.1. Open-air burning shall not be permitted unless approved, or unless such burning consists of a small, confined fire, supervised at all times, and used to cook food on a grill or a barbecue.
Subsection 3 Use of Hazardous Materials
3.1. Flammable liquids shall not be used for cleaning purposes except where the cleaning is an essential part of a process.
3.2 .Flammable gases shall not be used in conjunction with inflatable items such as balloons
Subsection 4 Electrical Hazards
4.1. Temporary electrical wiring shall not be used where it presents a fire hazard.
Subsection 5 Vacant Buildings
5.1. Vacant buildings shall be secured against unauthorized entry by the relevant Law Enforcement Agency.
Subsection 6 Maintaining Access Free of Obstructions
6.1. Fire access routes and access panels or windows provided to facilitate access for fire fighting operations shall not be obstructed by vehicles, gates, fences, building materials, vegetation, signs or any other form of obstruction, this includes the fire-lane in-front of Bank, Mall and other public areas.
6.2. Fire sprinkler and standpipe connections shall be clearly identified and maintained free of obstructions for use at all times.
6.3. Fire access routes shall be maintained so as to be immediately ready for use at all times by fire department vehicles, this includes the fire-lane in-front of Bank, Mall and other public areas.
6.4. Approved signs shall be displayed to indicate fire access routes.
Subsection 7 Exit Signs Inside A Public Building
7.1. Required exit signs shall be clearly visible and maintained in a clean and legible condition.
7.2. Exit signs shall be illuminated, externally or internally, as appropriate for each sign’s design, while the building is occupied.
Subsection 8 Smoke Alarm Installation
8.1. Smoke alarms conforming to CAN/ULC-S531, “Standard for Smoke Alarms”, shall be installed in accordance with this Article provided that the owners of such property approve the installation. This is mandatory for businesses, workplaces, government structures and any other type of public building.
8.2. Smoke alarms shall be installed between each sleeping area and the remainder of the dwelling unit, and where the sleeping areas are served by hallways, the smoke alarms shall be installed in the hallways of a home.
8.3. In addition to the requirements in Sentence (2), at least one smoke alarm shall be installed on each storey that does not contain a sleeping area in a dwelling unit.
8.4. Smoke alarms shall be installed by permanent connections to an electrical circuit and shall have no disconnect switch between the overcurrent device and the smoke alarm.
Subsection 9 Maintenance And Lighting For Exits
Means of egress shall be maintained in good repair and free of obstructions.
9.1. Lighting provided for illumination in exits and access to exits, including corridors used by the public, shall be maintained.
Subsection 10 Fire Escapes
10.1. Exterior passageways, exterior stairways and fire escapes in occupied buildings shall be maintained in good repair and operational and kept free of snow and ice accumulations.
10.2. Where equipment is provided to melt snow or ice on exterior passageways, exterior stairways and fire escapes in an occupied building, the equipment shall be maintained in working order or alternative measures shall be taken as specified in Sentence (1).
10.3 Fire doors must be maintained at an appropriate width of 3 feet wide, 7 feet high, to accommodate all types of evacuees.
RIGHTS OF ENTRY IN EMERGENCIES AND FIRE INVESTIGATIONS
Authority At Fires And Other Emergencies
The firefighting personnel in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property, or any part thereof, shall have the authority to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the existence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazardous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such power, firefighting personnel may prohibit any person, vehicle, marine vessel or object from approaching the scene and may remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the scene, any vehicle, vessel or object which could impede or interfere with the operations of the department and, in the judgment of firefighting personnel, any person not actually and usefully employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preservation of property in the vicinity thereof.
Entry on Adjacent Lands/Buildings by Firefighters, etc.
Firefighters or such other person as may be authorized by the fire chief, the Fire Marshal or Inspection Officer of the Fire Marshal may, without a warrant, enter on lands or premises,
A.) That are adjacent to the lands or premises on which a fire or emergency has occurred or is occurring, for the purposes of fighting the fire or of providing rescue or emergency services; or
B.) That are adjacent to the lands or premises on which there is a serious threat to the health and safety of any person or the quality of the natural environment, for the purpose of removing or reducing the threat.
Prevention of Fire Spreading
A firefighter or such other person as may be authorized by the fire chief may, without a warrant, enter on lands or premises on which a fire is occurring, or that are adjacent to those lands or premises, for the purposes of pulling down or removing buildings, structures or things on or attached to the lands or premises on which a fire is occurring or that are adjacent to those lands or premises if, in the opinion of the fire chief, it is necessary to do so to prevent the spread of the fire.
Entry Onto Land Outside Of Los Santos.
A firefighter or such other person as may be authorized by the fire chief may, without a warrant, enter on lands or premises that are outside the territorial limits of the municipality of the fire department that employs the firefighter or fire chief for the purposes of fighting a fire or of providing rescue or emergency services on such lands or premises if,
A.) in the opinion of the fire chief, the fire or emergency threatens persons, property or the environment within the territorial limits of the municipality served by the fire department; and
B.) there is no fire department or other emergency response capability for the area in which the lands or premises are situated.
A firefighter or such other person as may be authorized by the fire chief may, without a warrant, enter on lands or premises that are outside the territorial limits of the municipality of the fire department that employs the firefighter or fire chief for the purposes of fighting a fire or of providing rescue or emergency services on such lands or premises if the council of the municipality has entered into an automatic aid agreement or any other agreement under which the entry is permitted.
Common Law Right Of Entry Preserved
Nothing in this section derogates from a firefighter’s right of entry at common law.
Entry Where The Fire Has Occurred Or Is Likely To Occur
The Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers or The Fire Chief may, without a warrant, enter on land or premises if,
A.) A fire has occurred on the land or premises; or
B.) He or she has reason to believe that a substance or device that is likely to cause a fire may be situated on the land or premises.
Powers Upon Entry
Upon entering on land or premises under the above, the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers or the Fire Chief may,
A.) Close, and prevent entry to, the land or premises for the length of time necessary to complete the examination of the land or premises, provided that such a timescale takes into account basic human rights (closing down residences for example would be a delicate issue);
B.) In the case of an entry under clause (A,), remove from the land or premises, retain and examine any article or material, and take such samples or photographs, make videotapes and other images electronic or otherwise that in his or her opinion may be of assistance in determining the cause of the fire under investigation;
C.) Make such excavations on the land or premises as he or she considers necessary;
D.) Require that any machinery, equipment or device be operated, used or set in motion under specified conditions; and
E.) make any reasonable inquiry of any person, orally or in writing.
Entry To Adjacent Lands
A person who enters on land or premises under part IV may, without a warrant, enter on adjacent land or premises if the entry is necessary for the purposes of conducting an investigation into the cause of a fire or of determining whether a substance or device that is likely to cause fire is situated on the land or premises.
Use Of Force
A person who enters land or premises under part IV may not use force to enter the land or premises; they will rather use support from law enforcement to enter.
Warrant Authorizing Entry
A Justice of the Department of Justice may issue a warrant authorizing the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers And Fire Chief named in the warrant to enter on land or premises and exercise any of the powers referred to above, the Department of Justice is satisfied on evidence under oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry on the lands or premises is necessary for the purposes of conducting an investigation into the cause of a fire or of determining whether a substance or device that is likely to cause fire is situated on the land or premises and,
A.) The Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers And Fire Chief has been denied entry to the land or premises or has been obstructed in exercising any other of those powers with respect to the land or premises; or
B.) There are reasonable grounds to believe that the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers And Fire Chief will be denied entry to the land or premises or obstructed in exercising any other of those powers with respect to the land or premises.
Use Of Force With A Warrant
A person authorized by a warrant, issued under the above, to enter land or premises for the purpose of doing a thing may call on police officers and deputy sheriffs as necessary and may use force as necessary to make the entry and do the thing.
Immediate Threat To Lives
If the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers or Fire Chief has reasonable grounds to believe that a risk of fire poses an immediate threat to life, he or she may, without a warrant, enter on any land or premises and, for the purpose of removing or reducing the threat, may,
A.) Remove persons on the land or premises;
B.) Post a fire watch;
C.) Remove combustible or explosive material or anything that may constitute a fire menace;
C.1.) Dispose of any material or thing that was removed under clause (c), in accordance with any directives issued by the Fire Marshal;
D.) Eliminate ignition sources;
E.) Install temporary safeguards, including fire extinguishers and smoke alarms;
F.) Make minor repairs to existing fire safety systems;
G.) Do any other thing that the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers or Fire Chief has reasonable grounds to believe is urgently required to remove or reduce the threat to life.
Notice To Owner
A person who enters land or premises under the above shall promptly after exercising any powers under this section give notice thereof to the owner if the owner’s whereabouts in Los Santos are known.
Notice To Be Posted
The person who gives notice under subsection (2) shall post a copy of the notice on the land or premises.
Contents Of The Notice
The notice shall,
A.) Describe the location of the land or premises;
B.) State the reason for the entry; and
C.) State the things done to remove or reduce the threat to life.
For the purposes of this Part, fire safety includes safety from the risk that a fire, if started, would seriously endanger the health and safety of any person or the quality of the natural environment for any use that can be made of it.
The Fire Marshal, Inspection Officer is an inspector for the purposes of this Part.
An inspector may enter and inspect land and premises for the purposes of assessing fire safety. This is not mandatory for residential property however is so for business or public property such as workplaces.
Time Of Entry
The power to enter and inspect land and premises without a warrant may be exercised at all reasonable times.
An inspector who enters land or premises under this section may take with him or her a police officer or such other person as he or she considers advisable to assist.
On the request of an owner or occupant of the land or premises, an inspector shall identify himself or herself and shall explain the purpose of the entry.
Powers During Inspection
An inspector conducting an inspection may,
A.) Examine a document or other thing that is relevant to the inspection;
B.) Demand the production for inspection of a document or other thing that is relevant to the inspection;
C.) Remove any thing that is relevant to the inspection for review and examination and remove any document that is relevant to the inspection for review and copying;
D.) Conduct tests, take and remove samples, take photographs and make videotapes and other images, electronic or otherwise, that are relevant to the inspection;
E.) In order to produce a document in readable form, use data storage, information processing or retrieval devices or systems that are normally used in the premises being inspected; and
F.) Question a person on matters relevant to the inspection.
Obligation To Produce And Assist
If an inspector demands that a document or other thing be produced for inspection, the person who has custody of the document or thing shall produce it and, in the case of a document, shall on request provide any assistance that is reasonably necessary to interpret the document or to produce it in a readable form. This only applies to documents which are highly related to the integrity of the inspection itself.
Document And Things Removed From Place
A document or other thing that has been removed from land or premises,
A.) Shall be made available to the person from whom it was removed on request and at a time and place that are convenient for the person and for the inspector; and
B.) Shall, if it is possible to return the document or thing to the person, be returned within a reasonable time.
Copy Admissible in Evidence
A copy of a document that purports to be certified by an inspector as being a true copy of the original is admissible in evidence to the same extent as the original and has the same evidentiary value.
An inspector who has carried out an inspection of land or premises under this Part may order the owner or occupant of the land or premises to take any measure necessary to ensure fire safety on the land and premises and may for that purpose order the owner or occupant,
A.) To remove buildings or structures from the land or premises;
B.) To make structural and other repairs or alterations, including material alterations, to the buildings or structures;
C.) To remove combustible or explosive material or any thing that may constitute a fire hazard;
D.) To install and use specified equipment or devices as may be necessary to contain hazardous material on the land or premises and, in the event of a fire, to remove or transport the material;
E.) To discontinue the manufacturing, production or fabrication of any material, device or other thing that creates or poses an undue risk of fire or explosion;
F.) To do anything respecting fire safety including anything relating to the containment of a possible fire, means of egress, fire alarms and detection, fire suppression and the preparation of a fire safety plan;
G.) To remedy any contravention of the fire code.
Same, Closure of Premises
An inspector who has carried out an inspection of land or premises under section this Part may, with the approval of the Fire Marshal and upon such terms and conditions as the Fire Marshal considers proper,
A.) Order that the owner or occupant of the land or premises close the land or premises and prevent persons from entering thereon until such time as the corrective actions ordered under the Part have been completed; or
B.) If the inspector is of the opinion that it is necessary for the immediate protection of persons and property that the lands or premises be closed immediately, cause the land or premises to be closed immediately and persons on the premises to be removed and direct that the lands or premises remain closed and that the premises be vacated until such time as the corrective actions ordered under Part have been completed.
C.) This subsection only applies to businesses and public structures. This cannot be ordered upon residences.
OFFENSES AND ENFORCEMENT
Every person is guilty of a criminal offense if he or she,
A.) Hinders, obstructs or interferes with the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers or Fire Chief in the exercise of his or her powers and duties;
B.) Prevents an inspector from entering land or premises under section 19 or 20, refuses to answer questions on matters relevant to the inspection or provides the inspector with information, on matters relevant to the inspection, that the person knows, or ought reasonably to know, to be false or misleading;
C.) Refuses or neglects to obey or carry out the directives of the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers or Fire Chief if given under the authority of this Act.
Penalty For Above
An individual convicted of an offense under this Part is liable to,
A.) In the case of an offense other than one described in clause A (Offenses A.), a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for a term of not more than one hour or both; and
B) In the case of an offense for contravention of the fire code, a fine of not more than $25,000 or imprisonment for a term of not more than one hour, or both.
Offense, Director Or Officer of A Corporation
A director or officer of a corporation who knows that the corporation is violating or has violated a provision of the fire code is guilty of an offense and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $50,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both. Said fine would be carried out by the relevant LEO institution.
Offense, Removal Of Posted Notice
Any person who removes a copy of an order or of a notice posted in accordance with this Part without the approval of the Fire Marshal, Inspection Officers or Fire Chief is guilty of an offense and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $2,000 or an arrest for a term of not more than 10 minutes, or to both
Offense, Failure To Comply With An Inspection Order
Every person who fails to comply with an order made is guilty of an offense and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $100 for every day during which the default continues, and the imposition or payment of the fine does not relieve the person from complying with the order.
Credits to Brad Elliot
MAYOR OF LOS SANTOS
N . Williams
M . Suran
ASSISTANT FIRE MARSHALL
K . Reynolds
J . Scotts
S . Collins